William Forbes Skene
William Forbes Skene WS FRSE FSA DCL LLD, was a Scottish lawyer and antiquary. He co-founded the Scottish legal firm Skene Edwards, prominent throughout the 20th century but disappeared in 2008 when merged with Morton Fraser, he was born in Inverey, the second son of Sir Walter Scott's friend, James Skene, of Rubislaw, near Aberdeen, his wife, Jane Forbes, daughter of Sir William Forbes, 6th Baronet of Pitsligo. The family moved to Edinburgh in 1817 living with his uncle, Andrew Skene from 1820 living at 126 Princes Street facing Edinburgh Castle, he was educated at Edinburgh Academy in Edinburgh. He was apprenticed as a lawyer first to Francis Wilson WS at Parliament Square to Henry Jardine WS at Parliament Square, he studied Law at the University of St Andrews and Edinburgh University taking a special interest in the study of Celtic philology and literature. In 1832, he became a Writer to the Signet, shortly afterwards obtained an official appointment in the bill department of the Court of Session, which he held until 1865.
His early interest in the history and antiquities of the Scottish Highlands bore its first fruit in 1837, when he published The Highlanders of Scotland, their Origin and Antiquities. In 1847, during the Highland Potato Famine, he was appointed Secretary to the Central Board for Highland Relief. In this position he worked with Sir Charles Trevelyan, Assistant Secretary to the Treasury. In 1859 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh his proposer being Cosmo Innes, he served as the Society's Vice President from 1869 to 1871. His chief work, however, is his Celtic Scotland, a History of Ancient Alban the most important contribution to Scottish history written during the 19th century. In 1879 he was made a Doctor of Civil Law of the University of Oxford, in 1881 Historiographer Royal for Scotland. William Forbes Skene was a leading member of the congregation of St Vincent's Scottish Episcopal Church in St Vincent Street in Stockbridge in north Edinburgh, he is commemorated there by a prominent memorial on the south wall of the nave.
An avowed Evangelical, he had argued that, since the Scottish Episcopal Church's General Synod of 1863 had established the English Book of Common Prayer as the primary authority for the Church's worship and the Scottish Episcopal Church had adopted the Church of England's Thirty Nine Articles as a doctrinal yardstick, for St Vincent's to remain outside that church could no longer be justified. In his final years he had offices at 5 Albyn Place on the Moray Estate and lived at 27 Inverleith Row, he died unmarried and childless in Edinburgh on 29 August 1892. He is buried with his family in St Johns Episcopal Churchyard on Princes Street; the graves are marked by a bronze plaque. The most important of Skene's other works are: editions of John of Fordun's Chronica gentis Scotorum. MS 1467, a mediaeval Gaelic manuscript'discovered', translated by Skene "Skene, William Forbes." British Authors of the Nineteenth Century H. W. Wilson Company, New York, 1936; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed..
"Skene, William Forbes". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25. Cambridge University Press. P. 186. "Skene, William Forbes". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. 1910 – via Wikisource. "Skene, William Forbes". Dictionary of National Biography. 1885–1900. Skene, William Forbes, Alexander, ed; the Highlanders of Scotland, Stirling: Eneas Mackay Skene, William Forbes, ed. Collectanea de Rebus Albanicis, Consisting of Original Papers and Documents Relating to the History of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, Edinburgh: Thomas G. Stevenson Skene, William Forbes, "Introduction and Additional Notes", in M'Lauchlan, The Dean of Lismore's Book: A Selection of Ancient Gaelic Poetry, Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas, pp. i–xc, 137–152 Skene, William Forbes, ed. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots, Other Early Memorials of Scottish History, Edinburgh: Edinburgh General Register House Skene, William Forbes, The Four Ancient Books of Wales, I, Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas Skene, William Forbes, The Four Ancient Books of Wales, II, Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas Skene, William Forbes, The Coronation Stone, Edinburgh: Edmonston & Douglas Skene, William Forbes, The Gododdin Poems, Forgotten Books, ISBN 1-60506-167-0 Skene, Felix James Henry.
Royal High School, Edinburgh
For the A-listed building on Calton Hill, see Old Royal High School, Edinburgh. The Royal High School of Edinburgh is a co-educational school administered by the City of Edinburgh Council; the school is one of the oldest schools in Scotland. It serves 1,200 pupils drawn from four feeder primaries in the north-west of the city: Blackhall, Clermiston and Davidson's Mains; the school's profile has given it a flagship role in education, piloting such experiments as the introduction of the Certificate of Secondary Education, the provision of setting in English and mathematics, the curricular integration of European Studies and the International Baccalaureate. The Royal High School was last inspected by HMIE in April 2007; the rector is Pauline Walker who replaced the first woman to head the school. The Royal High School is, by one reckoning, the 18th-oldest school in the world, with a history of 900 years. Historians associate its birth with the flowering of the 12th century renaissance, it first enters the historical record as the seminary of Holyrood Abbey, founded for Alwin and the Augustinian canons by David I in 1128.
The Grammar School of the Church of Edinburgh, as it was known by the time Adam de Camis was rector in 1378, grew into a church-run burgh institution providing a Latin education for the sons of landed and burgess families, many of whom pursued careers in the church. In 1505 the school was described as a "high school", the first recorded use of this term in either Scotland or England. In 1566, following the Reformation, Queen of Scots, transferred the school from the control of Holyrood Abbey to the Town Council of Edinburgh, from about 1590 James VI accorded it royal patronage as the Schola Regia Edimburgensis, or King's School of Edinburgh. In 1584 the Town Council informed the rector, Hercules Rollock, that his aim should be "to instruct the youth in pietie, guid maneris and letteris"; as far as possible, instruction was carried out in Latin. The study of Greek began in 1614, geography in 1742; the egalitarian spirit of Scotland and the classical tradition exerted a profound influence on the school culture and the Scottish Enlightenment.
The Romantic era at the turn of the 19th century was for Scotland a golden age of literature, winning the Royal High School an international reputation and an influx of foreign students, among them French princes. The historian William Ross notes: "Walter Scott stood head and shoulders above his literary contemporaries. By the end of the Napoleonic Wars, an old scholar remembered,'there were boys from Russia, Switzerland, the United States, Barbadoes, St. Vincent, the East Indies, besides England and Ireland.' The Royal High School was used as a model for the first public high school in the United States, the English High School of Boston, in 1821. Learning Greek ceased to be compulsory in 1836, the time allotted to its study was reduced in 1839 as mathematics became recognised; the curriculum was broadened to include French, after-hours fencing and gymnastics, science, military drill, gymnastics as a formal subject and swimming and history. In 1866 classical masters were confined to teaching Greek.
A modern and commercial course was introduced in 1873. A school choir was instituted in 1895. Through the centuries, the school has been located at many sites throughout the city, including the Vennel of the Church of St. Mary in the Fields; the Jock's Lodge site is now the Royal High Primary, is no longer associated with the secondary school. For many years the school maintained a boarding facility for pupils from outside Edinburgh; the boarders ranged in age from six to eighteen. The House, as it was known, was located at 24 Royal Terrace and in years moved to 13 Royal Terrace; when the boarding house was closed the records of all boarders, the artefacts such as the board with the names of head boys, the memorial to boarders killed in the 1939–1945 war, were lost. The Royal High School moved to its current site at Barnton in 1968, vacating the Old Royal High School buildings. In 1973 it became a co-educational state comprehensive; the school's premises underwent extensive refurbishment between 2001 and 2003, funded by a £10 million public-private partnership project with Amey plc.
The most recent report was April 2007. HM Inspectors found "very high levels of attainment at all stages", "motivated pupils who took a pride in their school", "a positive school ethos". Pupils scored in national examinations outperforming those in comparator schools as well as the Edinburgh and national averages.130 university entrants from the Royal High School or 30.1% went to one of the ‘Sutton 13’ top UK universities in the five years between 2002 and 2006, second among Scottish state schools and colleges. In 2006 the Royal High School’s ranking for Higher grades was joint third in the Edinburgh state school league tables; the school has dropped down 11 places, out of the top 20, in the Scottish schools rankings since 2009 since the new rector took over. The school uniform is white, derived from the municipal colours of Edinburgh. Girls wear a plain white blouse, school tie, black blazer with crest, black skirt or
Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject. The historiography of a specific topic covers how historians have studied that topic using particular sources and theoretical approaches. Scholars discuss historiography by topic—such as the historiography of the United Kingdom, that of Canada, the British Empire, early Islam, China—and different approaches and genres, such as political history and social history. Beginning in the nineteenth century, with the development of academic history, there developed a body of historiographic literature; the extent to which historians are influenced by their own groups and loyalties—such as to their nation state—remains a debated question. The research interests of historians change over time, there has been a shift away from traditional diplomatic and political history toward newer approaches social and cultural studies. From 1975 to 1995 the proportion of professors of history in American universities identifying with social history increased from 31 to 41 percent, while the proportion of political historians decreased from 40 to 30 percent.
In 2007, of 5,723 faculty in the departments of history at British universities, 1,644 identified themselves with social history and 1,425 identified themselves with political history. In the early modern period, the term historiography meant "the writing of history", historiographer meant "historian". In that sense certain official historians were given the title "Historiographer Royal" in Sweden and Scotland; the Scottish post is still in existence. Historiography was more defined as "the study of the way history has been and is written – the history of historical writing", which means that, "When you study'historiography' you do not study the events of the past directly, but the changing interpretations of those events in the works of individual historians." Understanding the past appears to be a universal human need, the "telling of history" has emerged independently in civilizations around the world. What constitutes history is a philosophical question; the earliest chronologies date back to Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, though no historical writers in these early civilizations were known by name.
By contrast, the term "historiography" is taken to refer to written history recorded in a narrative format for the purpose of informing future generations about events. In this limited sense, "ancient history" begins with the early historiography of Classical Antiquity, in about the 5th century BCE. One of the Confucian Five Classics, the Shang Shu 尚書, has conventionally been given the English title Classic of History; this terminology is misleading as the book is a collection of speeches and anecdotes about ancient worthies, which while arranged in rough chronological order lacks any attempt to integrate them into a coherent narrative or indicate how much time has passed between two incidents. The purpose of the book is more about imparting moral lessons; the first true history of China is therefore the Spring and Autumn Annals, the official chronicle of the State of Lu covering the period from 722 to 481 BCE. It is among the earliest surviving historical texts to be arranged on annalistic principles in the world, was traditionally attributed to Confucius.
A "commentary" on the Spring and Autumn, the Zuo Zhuan attributed to Zuo Qiuming in the 5th century BCE, is considered the earliest work of narrative history in the world, covering the period from 722 to 468 BCE. It is many times longer and much more detailed and vivid than the laconic text it is purportedly commenting on, so that it is regarded as a work of history in its own right. Just as the Spring and Autumn annals has lent their name to the Spring and Autumn period they cover, the following Warring States period is named after the book Intrigues of the Warring States, compiled between the 3rd and 1st centuries BCE. Unlike the Annals, the Intrigues lack any chronological apparatus and is more of a return to the editorial style of the Classic of History; the purpose of the work is to teach the reader useful diplomatic and strategic skills rather than provide a coherent narrative of the period. The Han dynasty eunuch Sima Qian was the first in China to lay the groundwork for professional historical writing.
His written work was a monumental lifelong achievement in literature. Its scope extends as far back as the 16th century BCE, it includes many treatises on specific subjects and individual biographies of prominent people, explores the lives and deeds of commoners, both contemporary and those of previous eras, his work pioneered the "Annals-biography" format, which would become the standard for prestige history writing in China. In this genre a history opens with a chronological outline of court affairs, continues with detailed biographies of prominent people who lived during the period in question. Whereas Sima's had been a universal history from the beginning of time down to the time of writing, his successor Ban Gu wrote an annals-biography history limiting its coverage to only the Western Han dynasty, the Book of Han; this established the notion of using dynastic boundaries as start- and end-points, most Chinese histories would focus on a single dynasty or group of dynasties. The Records of the Grand Historian and Book of Han were joined by the Book of the Later Han and the Records of the Three Kingdom
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Carnegie United Kingdom Trust
The Carnegie United Kingdom Trust is an independent, endowed charitable trust based in Scotland, operating throughout Great Britain and Ireland. It is incorporated by a royal charter; the Trust is one of over twenty foundations established by Scottish-American steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. It is one of several trusts based in Dunfermline, where Carnegie was born in 1835, it shares purpose-built premises with the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust and the Carnegie Heroes Trust. The Carnegie United Kingdom Trust was founded in 1913 to address the changing needs of the people of the United Kingdom and Ireland, it is one of the oldest and most respected charitable trusts in the British Isles. The trust deed sets out Andrew Carnegie’s purpose in establishing the Trust as being: the improvement of the well-being of the masses of the people of Great Britain and Ireland by such means as are embraced within the meaning of the word ‘charitable’ and which the Trustees may from time to time select as best fitted from age to age for securing these purposes, remembering that new needs are arising as the masses advance.
The endowment of the Trust provided income of £100,000 to be spent every year from 1913. At that time this was a significant amount of money, causing one commentator to observe that ‘how they spent this money was a matter of national importance’; the Trustees had to fulfil promises made by Andrew Carnegie himself or by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. These commitments were for public libraries or church organs. While the Trust continued to spend significant sums on the public library service, they started to explore what else they could do within the broad remit given them by the Trust deed; this led to many debates about where the Trust should invest its efforts, but the breadth of the trust deed allowed the Trust a wide canvas on which to pursue its aims. The history of the Trust reflects the broad sweep of events in the 20th and early 21st century: the early concerns with physical welfare giving way to concerns about social welfare, and behind this, enduring concerns about the needs of rural communities, the importance of education in the broadest sense, the importance of promoting the wellbeing of individuals and communities.
Over the past century, the Trust has commissioned ground-breaking reports on major social issues, carried out extensive grant-giving programmes and supported new organisations, initiated innovative social projects like the Land Settlement programme in the 1930s which aimed to help unemployed men to make a living from the land. Projects have included everything from creating some of the first residential colleges of adult education and Carnegie College in Leeds, now part of Leeds Metropolitan University, funding the Workers Educational Association, to support for the first pre-school playgroups. Commissions have been set up to consider rural development, the Third Age, the role of civil society; the Trust has been ahead of its time: looking at diet in the UK before the Second World War, tackling the needs of disabled people, working for changes in social attitudes many years or decades before these were recognised in government policy or statute. The Trust was an early advocate for the establishment of National Parks, subsequently introduced by the post-war Labour government.
The Trust has had a longstanding interest in the arts and museums and over the decades funded numerous high-profile projects at national and local levels from the restoration of the Book of Kells in Ireland, the publication of ten volumes of Tudor church music, the publication of contemporary British musical compositions in the 1920s, to supporting national and local arts organisations. The Carnegie UK Trust's youth programme - The Carnegie Young People Initiative - ran between 1996 and 2007. CYPI was throughout this period the only independently funded national think tank in the UK dedicated to promoting young people’s voice in decision-making; the Trust funded research, demonstration projects, networking and online initiatives. The Trust engaged in advocacy, for example, supporting the right of 16-year-olds to have a vote in local and general elections. Furthermore, Trust staff acted as advisors to government departments, local authorities, the NHS, schools and the voluntary sector. Through an aligned grants programme, the Trust funded over one hundred community-based and young people-led projects across the UK in a spirit of experimentation, encouraging learning and the exchange of good ideas - sharing experiences as to what works and what does not.
In total, CYPI provided £1.78 million of direct funding to 130 projects across the British Isles which sought to help younger people participate more positively in society. In 2007 the Trust played a key convening role in bringing together a number of organisations and funders and securing over £4m to create Participation Works, the national centre for youth empowerment. In 2004 the Trust decided to end its ninety-year reactive grants programmes to become a proactive operating foundation, working at a more strategic
Stamford is a town on the River Welland in Lincolnshire, England, 92 miles north of London on the A1. The population at the 2011 census was 19,701; the town has 17th and 18th-century stone buildings, older timber-framed buildings and five medieval parish churches. In 2013, Stamford was rated the best place to live in a survey by The Sunday Times; the Romans built Ermine Street across what is now Burghley Park and forded the river Welland to the west of Stamford reaching Lincoln. In AD 61 Boudica followed the Roman legion Legio IX Hispana across the river; the Anglo-Saxons chose Stamford as their main town, being on a more important river than the Gwash. In 972 King Edgar made Stamford a borough; the Anglo-Saxons and Danes faced each other across the river. The town grew as a Danish settlement at the lowest point that the Welland could be crossed by ford or bridge. Stamford was the only one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw not to become a county town. A pottery centre, producing Stamford Ware, by the Middle Ages it had become famous for its production of wool and the woollen cloth known as Stamford cloth or haberget - which "In Henry III's reign... was well known in Venice."Stamford was a walled town, but only a small portion of the walls now remains.
Stamford became an inland port on the Great North Road, the latter superseding Ermine Street in importance. Notable buildings in the town include the mediaeval Browne's Hospital, several churches and the buildings of Stamford School, a public school founded in 1532. A Norman castle was built about 1075 and demolished in 1484; the site stood derelict until the late 20th century, when it was built over and now includes a bus station and a modern housing development. A small part of the curtain wall survives at the junction of Bath Row. Stamford has been hosting an annual fair since the Middle Ages. Stamford fair is mentioned in Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2; the mid-Lent fair is the largest street fair in one of the largest in the country. On 7 March 1190, crusaders at the fair led a pogrom. For over 600 years Stamford was the site of the Stamford Bull Run festival, held annually on 13 November, St Brice's day, until 1839. According to local tradition, the custom was started by William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey, after he saw two bulls fighting in the meadow beneath his castle viewpoint.
Some butchers came to part the combatants and one of the bulls ran into the town. The earl rode after the animal. Stamford Museum was in a Victorian building in Broad Street from 1980 to 2011. In June 2011 it was closed because of Lincolnshire County Council budget cuts; some of its exhibits have been relocated to the Discover Stamford area at the town's library and to the Town Hall. Stamford is part of the Parliamentary constituency of Stamford; the incumbent Member of Parliament is Nick Boles. Since April 1974 Stamford has been within the areas of Lincolnshire County and South Kesteven District Council, it belongs to the East Midlands region. Stamford has a town council; the arms of the town council are Per pale dexter side Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or and the sinister side chequy Or and Azure. The three lions are the English royal arms and the blue and gold chequers are the arms of the De Warenne family, who held the Manor in the 13th century. Stamford is a town and civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, on the River Welland in a southwesterly protrusion of Lincolnshire, between Rutland to the north and west, Peterborough to the south.
It borders Northamptonshire to the southwest. There have been mistaken claims of a quadripoint where four ceremonial counties, Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire seem to meet at a point. However, the location consists of two tripoints around 66 ft apart. In 1991, the boundary between Lincolnshire and Rutland in the Stamford area was rearranged and it now follows the A1 to the railway line; the conjoined parish of Wothorpe is in the city of Peterborough. Barnack Road is the Lincolnshire/Peterborough boundary; the river downstream of the town bridge and some of the meadows fall within the drainage area of the Welland and Deepings Internal Drainage Board. Much of Stamford is built on Middle Jurassic Lincolnshire limestone, as well as mudstones and sandstones. In 1968, a specimen of the sauropod dinosaur Cetiosaurus oxoniensis was found in the Williamson Cliffe Quarry, close to nearby Great Casterton in adjacent Rutland, it is about 170 million years old, from the Bajocian part of the Jurassic period.
It is 15 metres long and one of the most complete dinosaur skeletons found in the UK. In 1975, it was installed in the New Walk Museum in Leicester. Tourism plays an important part and there is substantial presence of professional law and accountancy firms. Health and other public service employers play a role in the local economy, notably the hospital, a large medical general practice and the further education college. Hospitality is provided by a large number of hotels, licensed premises and many restaurants and cafés; the licensed premises reflect the history of the town with the George Hotel, The Lord Burghley, The William Cecil, The