Namor the Sub-Mariner is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. During that period, known to historians and fans as the Golden Age of Comic Books, Everett said the characters name was inspired by Samuel Taylor Coleridges poem, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. Everett came up with Namor by writing down noble sounding names backwards, the first known comic book antihero, the Sub-Mariner has remained a historically important and relatively popular Marvel character. He has served directly with the Avengers, the Fantastic Four, the Invaders, the Defenders, the X-Men, and the Illuminati as well as serving as a foil to them on occasion. Namor the Sub-Mariner first appeared in April 1939 in the prototype for a planned giveaway comic titled Motion Picture Funnies Weekly, the only eight known samples among those created to send to theater owners were discovered in the estate of the deceased publisher in 1974. When the giveaway idea fell through, creator Bill Everett used the character for Marvel Comics #1, the final panel of the earlier, unpublished eight-page Sub-Mariner story had included a Continued Next Week box that reappeared, sans lettering, in an expanded 12-page story.
The series Marvel Comics was retitled Marvel Mystery Comics with issue #2, in his first appearances Namor was an enemy of the United States. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that Namor was a freak in the service of chaos, although the Sub-Mariner acted like a villain, his cause had some justice, and readers reveled in his assaults on civilization. His enthusiastic fans werent offended by the carnage he created as he wrecked everything from ships to skyscrapers, everetts antihero would eventually battle Carl Burgos android superhero, the Human Torch, when in 1940 Namor threatened to sink the island of Manhattan underneath a tidal wave. When the U. S. entered World War II, Namor would aid the Allies of World War II against Adolf Hitler and the Axis powers. Supporting characters included Betty Dean, a New York City policewoman introduced in Marvel Mystery Comics #3, who was a steady companion, Namor starred in the Golden Age comic book Sub-Mariner Comics, published quarterly, thrice-yearly, and finally bimonthly, from issues #1–32.
A backup feature each issue starred the detective-superhero the Angel, along with many other Timely characters, Namor disappeared a few years after the end of World War II and the decline in popularity of superhero comics. Both these super-groups were built around the core of Namor, Captain America, the Sub-Mariner experienced a brief revival in the mid-1950s at Atlas Comics, the 1950s iteration of Marvel. Along with Captain America and the original Human Torch, he was revived in Young Men #24, soon afterward, Sub-Mariner Comics was revived with issues #33–42. During this time, Namora had her own spin-off series, a planned live-action television program starring Namor did not appear and the revival of the comic book series was cancelled a second time. Storm helps him recover his memory, and Namor immediately returns to his undersea kingdom – identified, for the first time in the Marvel canon, finding it destroyed from nuclear testing, Namor assumes his people are scattered and that he will never find them.
He again becomes an antihero during this period, as two elements – a thirst for vengeance and a quest for identity – would dominate the Sub-Mariner stories of the 1960s. He was both a villain and a hero – striking against the race who destroyed his home
Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish satirist, political pamphleteer and cleric who became Dean of St Patricks Cathedral, Dublin. Swift is remembered for such as A Tale of a Tub, An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity, Gullivers Travels. He is regarded by the Encyclopædia Britannica as the foremost prose satirist in the English language and he originally published all of his works under pseudonyms – such as Lemuel Gulliver, Isaac Bickerstaff, Drapiers Letters as MB Drapier – or anonymously. He is known for being a master of two styles of satire, the Horatian and Juvenalian styles and his deadpan, ironic writing style, particularly in A Modest Proposal, has led to such satire being subsequently termed Swiftian. Jonathan Swift was born on 30 November 1667 in Dublin, Ireland and he was the second child and only son of Jonathan Swift and his wife Abigail Erick of Frisby on the Wreake. Swifts father died in Dublin about seven months before he was born, Swifts family had several interesting literary connections.
His grandmother Elizabeth Swift was the niece of Sir Erasmus Dryden, the same grandmothers aunt Katherine Dryden was a first cousin of Elizabeth, wife of Sir Walter Raleigh. His great-great grandmother Margaret Swift was the sister of Francis Godwin and his uncle Thomas Swift married a daughter of poet and playwright Sir William Davenant, a godson of William Shakespeare. Swifts benefactor and uncle Godwin Swift took primary responsibility for the young man and he attended Dublin University in 1682, financed by Godwins son Willoughby, from which he received his B. A. in 1686 and developed his friendship with William Congreve. Temple was an English diplomat who arranged the Triple Alliance of 1668 and he had retired from public service to his country estate to tend his gardens and write his memoirs. Gaining his employers confidence, Swift was often trusted with matters of great importance, within three years of their acquaintance, Temple had introduced his secretary to William III and sent him to London to urge the King to consent to a bill for triennial Parliaments.
Swift took up his residence at Moor Park where he met Esther Johnson, eight years old, Swift was her tutor and mentor, giving her the nickname Stella, and the two maintained a close but ambiguous relationship for the rest of Esthers life. In 1690, Swift left Temple for Ireland because of his health, the illness consisted of fits of vertigo or giddiness, now known to be Ménières disease, and it continued to plague him throughout his life. During this second stay with Temple, Swift received his M. A. from Hart Hall, he left Moor Park, apparently despairing of gaining a better position through Temples patronage, to become an ordained priest in the Established Church of Ireland. He was appointed to the prebend of Kilroot in the Diocese of Connor in 1694, with his parish located at Kilroot, Swift appears to have been miserable in his new position, being isolated in a small, remote community far from the centres of power and influence. While at Kilroot, however, he may well have become involved with Jane Waring, whom he called Varina.
A letter from him survives, offering to remain if she would marry him and promising to leave and she presumably refused, because Swift left his post and returned to England and Temples service at Moor Park in 1696, and he remained there until Temples death. There he was employed in helping to prepare Temples memoirs and correspondence for publication, during this time, Swift wrote The Battle of the Books, a satire responding to critics of Temples Essay upon Ancient and Modern Learning, though Battle was not published until 1704
Richard Dragon is a fictional comic book character created by Dennis ONeil and Jim Berry in the novel Dragons Fists under the pseudonym Jim Dennis. ONeil adapted the character for DC Comics in the comic book Richard Dragon, Dragon is a thief who was trained in martial arts and decides to use his abilities for good. Along with Karate Kid, Bronze Tiger and Lady Shiva he is considered one of the top artists in the DC Universe. As a teenage sneak thief in Japan, young Richard Dragon broke into a Chinese dojo outside of Kyoto to steal a priceless jade Buddha, before he could get away, Dragon was caught and beaten by the dojos teenage student, Ben Turner. O-Sensei, the master, saw something worth nurturing in Richard. Richard came to find a peace, only using his skill when absolutely necessary. Once he felt there was nothing more he could teach them and Dragon were recruited by Barney Ling, head of the law-keeping espionage agency known as G. O. O. D. to join the organization. Together Ben and Richard would defeat the corrupt businessman Guano Cravat, thirsty for revenge, Cravat would arrange for the murder of Carolyn Wu-San, one of O-Senseis god-daughters.
Aided by Barney Ling, Cravat tricked Carolyns sister, Sandra Wu-San, consumed with a need for revenge, Sandra trained to the peak of human capability, mastering martial arts to defeat Dragon. When the two finally met in battle, Dragon was able to show Sandra that Cravat had deceived her. Without Dragons death as a goal, Sandra no longer had a need for her martial arts mastery, sensing she needed guidance, Dragon helped her to explore the spiritual side of martial arts. Ultimately deciding that she was Sandra no more she rechristened herself Shiva and she fought crime with Dragon and Ben Turner until the three parted ways. Turner, brainwashed by the villainous Sensei of the League of Assassins, Dragon decided to retire, devoting himself to teaching others. Lady Shiva became one of the worlds greatest assassins, after the characters title was canceled, Dragon became a supporting character in the 1980s series, The Question. The title character of book, Vic Sage, was a masked crime-fighter based in Hub City.
After all but killing The Question, Shiva sent him to see Richard Dragon for training, Sages stubborn streak made him near impossible for most people to teach. However when he met Dragon he found himself reluctant to challenge his new sensei, Richard trained The Question both in martial arts and eastern philosophy, forcing him to question his world view and let go of much of his anger. Of note, he loosely quoted Zhuangzis story The Butterfly Dream, Richard would start referring to his student as Butterfly because of this
Epic Comics was a creator-owned imprint of Marvel Comics started in 1982, lasting through the mid-1990s, and being briefly revived on a small scale in the mid-2000s. Launched by editor-in-chief Jim Shooter as a spin-off of the successful Epic Illustrated magazine, co-edited by Al Milgrom and Archie Goodwin, the imprint allowed Marvel to publish more objectionable content without needing to comply with the stringent Comics Code Authority. Epic titles were printed on quality paper than typical Marvel comics. The first project was Dreadstar, an opera by writer-artist Jim Starlin. Dreadstar had first appeared in the Epic Illustrated magazine in issue #3, subsequent titles included Coyote by Steve Englehart, Alien Legion, Starstruck, a satirical space opera farce about female freedom fighters by Elaine Lee and Michael Wm. The line branched out with historical fiction, social commentary, although Epic was meant to be mainly a creator-owned line, Assassin became only the first title featuring Marvel characters published by the imprint.
Marvel commissioned writer and Marvel editor Archie Goodwin to create characters for a Mature Readers superhero line for Epic Comics. This took the form of The Shadowline Saga, a storyline spanning four different titles in 1987, Epic published Katsuhiro Otomos manga classic Akira, with translations by Marvel staffer Mary Jo Duffy and colors by Steve Oliff. As well, now edited by Potts, licensed a variety of literary material, other adapted works included William Shatners Tekworld, the Wild Cards anthologies, and William Gibsons Neuromancer. A subsequent comic-book sales bust, prompted Marvel to end Epic in 1994, in late 1995, the line was temporarily brought back to complete the reprinting of the Akira manga. Epic was ended again when that series was completed in early 1996, in 2003, the Epic imprint was brought back, with two stated goals, to scout for new creator-owned projects, and to offer new talent a chance to work on lesser-known Marvel properties. San Giacomo created his own character, Phantom Jack, henderson created Strange Magic, a story about a hitherto-unknown daughter of Marvels Doctor Strange.
Moreels was creating a super-team featuring various Australian Marvel characters, an open call for submissions was issued, which prompted a huge response, and resulted in months-long delays in reviewing submissions. The option of submitting creator-owned pitches was quickly downplayed and discontinued, other comics in the line, including a Crimson Dynamo title, were produced by lesser-known talents, and the line was cancelled. A number of solicitations were cancelled, titles that were in progress when Marvels new management ended the line were consolidated under one cover with the title Epic Anthology Presents, which was cancelled after the first issue. San Giacomo requested that the rights to Phantom Jack be returned to him, the story was published instead by Image Comics and returned in 2007 through Atomic Pop Art Enterprises. Since 2013 the Epic brand is used for Marvels Epic Collection tradepaperback collections, the logo can be found on the back cover of said collections. M. Nightbeed / Hellraiser, Jihad Pinhead, based on the works of Clive Barker Pinhead vs.
DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc. a division of Time Warner, the company has published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta and many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials DC came from the popular series Detective Comics. Random House distributes DC Comics books to the market, while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market. DC Comics and its major, longtime competitor Marvel Comics together shared 70% of the American comic book market in 2016, entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934. The company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun, The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a date of February 1935. That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, in 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics with its original numbering. In 1935, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult.
Wheeler-Nicholsons third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936, the themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27. By then, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone, Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfelds accountant, listed as owners. Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, shortly afterward, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied, known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction. Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, Action Comics #1, the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as superheroes—proved a sales hit. The company quickly introduced such popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. That year, Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, and kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, at that point, Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics.
Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, Independent News, National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961. The company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics Wonder Man and this extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics over Captain Marvel, at the time comics top-selling character. Despite the fact that parallels between Captain Marvel and Superman seemed more tenuous, the courts ruled that substantial and deliberate copying of copyrighted material had occurred, faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1955 and ceased comics publication
Captain Marvel (DC Comics)
Captain Marvel, known as Shazam, is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Artist C. C. Beck and writer Bill Parker created the character in 1939, Captain Marvel first appeared in Whiz Comics #2, published by Fawcett Comics. Based on book sales, the character was the most popular superhero of the 1940s, Fawcett expanded the franchise to include other Marvels, primarily Marvel Family associates Mary Marvel and Captain Marvel Jr. who can harness Billys powers as well. Captain Marvel was the first comic book superhero to be adapted into film, Fawcett ceased publishing Captain Marvel-related comics in 1953, partly because of a copyright infringement suit from DC Comics, alleging that Captain Marvel was a copy of Superman. In 1972, DC licensed the Marvel Family characters from Fawcett, by 1991, DC had acquired all rights to the characters. DC has since integrated Captain Marvel and the Marvel Family into their DC Universe and has attempted to revive the property several times, DC officially renamed the character Shazam when relaunching its comic book properties in 2011.
In addition, since 1972, the character has featured in two television series adaptations, one live action and one animated, by Filmation, and an upcoming Warner Bros. Feature film scheduled for release in 2019 as part of the DC Extended Universe, Captain Marvel was ranked as the 55th greatest comic book character of all time by Wizard magazine. IGN ranked Captain Marvel as the 50th greatest comic book hero of all time, UGO Networks ranked him as one of the top heroes of entertainment, saying, At his best, Shazam has always been Superman with a sense of crazy, goofy fun. Fawcett Comics executive director Ralph Daigh decided it would be best to combine the team of six into one hero who would embody all six powers, Parker responded by creating a character he called Captain Thunder. Staff artist Charles Clarence C. C. Beck was recruited to design and illustrate Parkers story, rendering it in a direct, somewhat cartoony style that became his trademark. When Bill Parker and I went to work on Fawcett’s first comic book in late 1939, we both saw how poorly written and illustrated the superhero comic books were, Beck told an interviewer.
The first issue of the book, printed as both Flash Comics #1 and Thrill Comics #1, had a low-print run in the fall of 1939 as an ashcan copy created for advertising. Shortly after its printing, Fawcett found it could not trademark Captain Thunder, Flash Comics, or Thrill Comics, because all three names were already in use. Consequently, the book was renamed Whiz Comics, and Fawcett artist Pete Costanza suggested changing Captain Thunders name to Captain Marvelous, the word balloons in the story were re-lettered to label the hero of the main story as Captain Marvel. Whiz Comics #2 was published in late 1939, inspiration for Captain Marvel came from a number of sources. His visual appearance was modeled after that of Fred MacMurray, a popular American actor of the period, Fawcett Publications founder, Wilford H. Fawcett, was nicknamed Captain Billy, which inspired the name Billy Batson as well as Marvels title. Fawcetts earliest magazine was titled Captain Billys Whiz Bang, which inspired the title Whiz Comics, in addition, Fawcett took several of the elements that had made Superman the first popular comic book superhero and incorporated them into Captain Marvel
Warren Publishing was an American magazine company founded by James Warren, who published his first magazines in 1957 and continued in the business for decades. Magazines published by Warren include After Hours, Eerie, Famous Monsters of Filmland, Help. initially based in Philadelphia, the company moved by 1965 to New York City. Warren soon published Spacemen magazine and in 1960 Help, with the first employee of the magazine being Gloria Steinem. We would overcome this by saying to the Code Authority, the industry, the printers, Creepy is magazine-sized and will be sold on magazine racks, not comic book racks. Creepys manifesto was brief and direct, First, it was to be a format, 8½ ×11. Russ Jones was the editor of Creepy in 1964. A year later, Archie Goodwin succeeded him, with Joe Orlando acting as a story editor. Goodwin, who would one of comics foremost and most influential writers. From 1965 to 1966, Warren published the four-issue Blazing Combat, after 17 issues of Creepy and 11 of Eerie, Goodwin resigned as editor in 1967.
During the next years, Warrens publications consisted primarily of reprints from the early issues. During this period, a variety of editors ran the magazines including Bill Parente, Nicola Cuti, things started picking up again for Warren in 1969 with the premiere of its third horror magazine, Vampirella. Many of Warrens original artists returned during this period, as would Goodwin for a period of time in 1970 and 1971, after Goodwins second departure, editors would J. R. Cochran. The art director was Billy Graham, in 1971, Warren began using artists from the Barcelona studio of Spanish agency Selecciones Illustrada. Over the next few years, Spanish artists would dominate the magazines, additional Spanish artists from S. I. s Valencia studio began freelancing for Warren in 1974. In 1973, new editor Bill DuBay, who had joined the company as an artist early in 1970. The following year, Warren Publishing was dissolved and replaced by Warren Communications, Dubay was editor for all three of Warrens horror magazines until 1976, except for a short period of time in 1974 where Goodwin returned to edit four issues of Creepy and two of Vampirella.
During this time the frequency of Warrens magazines was upped to nine issues a year, the magazine featured new covers by Eisner and an occasional reprint in color. The same year, Warren debuted Comix International, a color magazine reprinting earlier Warren stories, after Dubays departure, Louise Jones, his former assistant, headed the editorial staff from 1976 to 1980
The Avengers (comic book)
The Avengers is the name of several comic book titles featuring the team the Avengers and published by Marvel Comics, beginning with the original The Avengers comic book series which debuted in 1963. In 1960, DC Comics launched a book series featuring a team of superheroes called the Justice League. Impressed by that books strong sales, Martin Goodman, the owner of Marvel Comics predecessor Timely Comics, Lee recounts in Origins of Marvel Comics, Martin mentioned that he had noticed one of the titles published by National Comics seemed to be selling better than most. It was a book called The Justice League of America and it was composed of a team of superheroes, if the Justice League is selling, spoke he, why dont we put out a comic book that features a team of superheroes. Much like the Justice League, the Avengers were an assemblage of pre-existing superhero characters created by Lee, Kirby did the artwork for the first eight issues only, in addition to doing the layouts for issue #16. Marvel filed for a trademark for The Avengers in 1967 and the United States Patent, between 1996 and 2004, Marvel relaunched the primary Avengers title three times.
In 1996, the Heroes Reborn line, in which Marvel contracted outside companies to produce four titles and it took place in an alternate universe, with a revamped history unrelated to mainstream Marvel continuity. The Avengers vol.2 was written by Rob Liefeld and penciled by Jim Valentino, the final issue, which featured a crossover with the other Heroes Reborn titles, returned the characters to the main Marvel Universe. The Avengers vol.3 relaunched and ran for 84 issues from February 1998 to August 2004, Avengers vol.4 debuted in July 2010 and ran until January 2013. Vol.5 was launched in February 2013, after Secret Wars, a new Avengers team debuted, dubbed the All-New, All-Different Avengers, starting with a Free Comic Book Day preview. The roster changed almost immediately after the first issue, at the beginning of the issue, Ant-Man became Giant-Man, and at the end of the issue. Issue #4 brought the titles first major milestone, the revival, the creative team of writer Roy Thomas and artist John Buscema introduced new characters such as Arkon in issue #75 and Red Wolf in #80.
Novelist Harlan Ellison plotted two stories for the series, the first was published in issue #88 and the second in #101. Writer Steve Englehart introduced Mantis, who joined the team along with the reformed Swordsman, during the summer of 1973, Englehart and artists Bob Brown and Sal Buscema produced The Avengers-Defenders Clash storyline which crossed over between the two team titles. George Pérez became the titles artist with issue #141 which saw the start of a story featuring the Squadron Supreme. In 2010, Comics Bulletin ranked Engleharts run on The Avengers eighth on its list of the Top 10 1970s Marvels, shooter introduced the character of Henry Peter Gyrich, the Avengers liaison to the United States National Security Council. The true origins of Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch were revealed in a story that ran in issues #185-187. Stern developed several major storylines, such as Ultimate Vision, the formation of the West Coast Avengers, who would become a member of the X-Men, was introduced in The Avengers Annual #10 by writer Chris Claremont and artist Michael Golden
All-Star Western was the name of three American comic book series published by DC Comics, each a Western fiction omnibus featuring both continuing characters and anthological stories. The first ran from 1951 to 1961, the second from 1970 to 1972, with the postwar decline in the popularity of superheroes, publisher DC Comics changed the series format and title. All-Star Western ran 62 bimonthly issues through #119, the cover logo did not include a hyphen until issue #108, when it was much reduced in size and placed above the much larger logo for what was the title feature, Johnny Thunder. Johnny Thunder remained on the cover until the issue, #119, occasionally sharing it with Madame.44. The character had been created by writer Kanigher and artist Toth in DCs All-American Comics in 1948, the series was revived in the following decade, and ran 11 bimonthly issues before changing its title and, slightly its format to become Weird Western Tales. 2, #1 starred Pow-Wow Smith, scripted by John Broome, the next four starred the characters Outlaw and El Diablo.
With issue #5, the character Outlaw was dropped, with the cover logo Outlaw now referring to the replacement-feature star, issue #10 introduced the enduring and popular character Jonah Hex, created by writer John Albano and artist Tony DeZuniga. Hex continued as the star of the comic when it changed its name to Weird Western Tales with issue #12, the series was revived as part of the line-wide The New 52 relaunch in September 2011, written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti with art by Moritat. Beginning with issue #21 the comic was about Jonah Hex and his adventures in the present and he meets the heroes of the present. Vol.2 of All-Star Western has been collected into Showcase Presents Jonah Hex Showcase Presents Jonah Hex Vol.1 Vol
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois, and it is the county seat of Cook County. In 2012, Chicago was listed as a global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Chicago has the third-largest gross metropolitan product in the United States—about $640 billion according to 2015 estimates, the city has one of the worlds largest and most diversified economies with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce. In 2016, Chicago hosted over 54 million domestic and international visitors, landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Museum of Science and Industry, and Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicagos culture includes the arts, film, especially improvisational comedy. Chicago has sports teams in each of the major professional leagues. The city has many nicknames, the best-known being the Windy City, the name Chicago is derived from a French rendering of the Native American word shikaakwa, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum, from the Miami-Illinois language.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as Checagou was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir, henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the wild garlic, called chicagoua, grew abundantly in the area. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable was of African and French descent and arrived in the 1780s and he is commonly known as the Founder of Chicago. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn, the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis. The Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833, on August 12,1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people, on June 15,1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S.
The City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4,1837, as the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States. Chicagos first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, and the Illinois, the canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River. A flourishing economy brought residents from rural communities and immigrants from abroad and retail and finance sectors became dominant, influencing the American economy. The Chicago Board of Trade listed the first ever standardized exchange traded forward contracts and these issues helped propel another Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the national stage
Captain America is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by cartoonists Joe Simon and Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in Captain America Comics #1 from Timely Comics, Captain America was designed as a patriotic supersoldier who often fought the Axis powers of World War II and was Timely Comics most popular character during the wartime period. The popularity of superheroes waned following the war and the Captain America comic book was discontinued in 1950, since Marvel Comics revived the character in 1964, Captain America has remained in publication. Captain America wears a costume that bears an American flag motif, near the end of the war, he was trapped in ice and survived in suspended animation until he was revived in the present day. Captain America was the first Marvel Comics character to have appeared in media outside comics with the release of the 1944 movie serial, in 1940, writer Joe Simon conceived the idea for Captain America and made a sketch of the character in costume.
I wrote the name Super American at the bottom of the page, Simon said in his autobiography, there were too many Supers around. Captain America had a sound to it. There werent a lot of captains in comics, the boy companion was simply named Bucky, after my friend Bucky Pierson, a star on our high school basketball team. Simon recalled in his autobiography that Timely Comics publisher Martin Goodman gave him the go-ahead, there were two young artists from Connecticut that had made a strong impression on me. Al Avison and Al Gabriele often worked together and were successful in adapting their individual styles to each other. Actually, their work was not too far from Kirbys, if they worked on it, and if one inker tied the three styles together, I believed the final product would emerge as quite uniform. The two Als were eager to join in on the new Captain America book, but Jack Kirby was visibly upset, youre still number one, Jack, I assured him. Its just a matter of a deadline for the first issue.
Ill make the deadline, Jack promised, ill pencil it myself and make the deadline. I hadnt expected this kind of reaction, but I acceded to Kirbys wishes and, it turned out, was lucky that I did. There might have been two Als, but there was only one Jack Kirby, I wrote the first Captain America book with penciled lettering right on the drawing boards, with very rough sketches for figures and backgrounds. Kirby did his thing, building the muscular anatomy, adding ideas, he tightened up the penciled drawings, adding detailed backgrounds and figures. Al Liederman would ink that first issue, which was lettered by Simon and Kirbys regular letterer and we wanted to have our say too