Qemal Stafa Stadium
The Qemal Stafa Stadium, named after Qemal Stafa a World War II hero, was a national stadium and the largest football stadium in Tirana, Albania. Construction started in 1939 and the stadium was inaugurated in 1946 for the Balkan Cup, the stadium has been used for football matches of the Albanian Superliga and the national team, athletic events, and the six Albanian Spartakiads. Although it was enlarged in 1974 to accommodate up to 35,000 spectators, in the 1990s it became an all-seater stadium, the stadium was demolished in June 2016 to make way to new national stadium. A new stadium called the National Arena will be constructed on the site of the former Qemal Stafa Stadium. The Football Association of Albania and the Albanian government will divide the property rights of the stadium between them, the association will hold 75% rights and the government 25%. National Arena, with a capacity of over 22,500 spectators will be built at a cost of €60 million, the new stadium will be football-only, the athletics track will be removed and it is expected to meet the highest UEFA category.
The original stadium was built in an Olympic Stadium shape, as idealized by Gerardo Bozio and its planned capacity was 15,000, Tirana at that time had less than 60,000 inhabitants so the stadium would have been more than sufficient. The stadium was designed in an elliptical shape and was to have been completely clad in marble. Galeazzo Ciano symbolically placed the first stone in August 1939, construction lasted four years, work was interrupted in 1943 after the Capitulation of Italy. During the German invasion of Albania the stadium was used by the occupying German forces to store vehicles, after World War II,400 workers and 150 daily volunteers finished construction of the stadium. The planned marble cladding was installed on one stand. The stadium was named after Qemal Stafa, a Hero of Albania in World War II, the inauguration occurred when the Albania national football team played in the stadium for the first time on 7 October 1946, when the Balkan Cup was organized. The Cup was won by Albania, they overcame teams like Yugoslavia, afterwards the stadium was used for the Albanian Superliga matches, athletics events, and the six Albanian Spartakiads.
The Qemal Stafa stadium was thus enhanced for the 30th anniversary of the Liberation of Albania in 1974, one of the stands was extended from 10 to 28 rows, taking the capacity of the stadium to 35,000. An electronic display purchased in Hungary was added, the enlargement of the stadium was celebrated in November 1974, on the occasion of the Third National Spartakiad. After 1991, other projects took place, including the installation of seats which reduced the capacity to todays 19700. In 1996, Qemal Stafa had illumination for evening sports event for the first time, in 2008 the stadium was revamped with new areas for anti-doping procedures and internet rooms were added for journalists. The stadium is used by the Albania national football team and for the games of Tirana-based Albanian football clubs, KF Tirana, Partizani
The Albanian Superliga is a professional league for mens association football clubs. At the top of the Albanian football league system, it is the primary football competition. It is contested by 10 clubs, and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Albanian First Division, seasons run from August to May, with teams playing 36 matches each. The competition was founded in 1930 as the Albanian National Championship during the reign of King Zog, the current champions are Skënderbeu Korçë, who won their sixth consecutive title in 2015–16. Football was first introduced to Albania by an English-Maltese priest named Gut Ruter, the first football club in Albania was Indipendenca, founded in Shkodër in 1912 by Palokë Nika. The first 90-minute game to be played with two 45 minute halves took place in October 1913 between Indipendenca Shkodër and the occupying Austro-Hungarian Imperial Navy, Tirana won the tournament after defeating Peqini 6–1 in the final. The tournament is not officially recognised by the Albanian Football Association or UEFA, the Albanian Football Association did not organise the tournament as the organisation was not formed until 1930.
Albania was invaded by Italy in April 1939 and World War II soon broke out, meaning the Albanian Football Association, much like the other organisations in the country, ceased operating. Despite the war, three championships were held between 1939 and 1942, with Tirana winning the championships in 1939 and 1942 and Shkodra winning in 1940. Despite calls to recognise these championships, the Albanian Football Association maintains the position that the championships were not organised by them and cannot be formally recognised. Since the 2014–15 Albanian Superliga, the league consists of 10 clubs, at the end of the season, the two lowest-placed teams are relegated to Albanian First Division while two highest-placed teams of Albanian First Division are promoted in their place. Teams are ranked by points, head-to-head record, goal difference. The following teams are competing in the Superliga during the 2016–17 season, a list of champions, runners-up and top scorers is provided below, From 1958 to 1991, KF Tirana and KS Elbasani were named respectively 17 Nëntori Tirana and Labinoti Elbasani.
FSHF website Kategoria Superiore at FIFA Superliga at soccerway. com Albania – List of Champions at RSSSF. com
The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world footballs governing body FIFA, UEFA consists of 55 national association members. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, and in Bern, in 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Nyon, Switzerland. Henri Delaunay was the first general secretary and Ebbe Schwartz the first president, UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian and Belgian associations. The European football union began with 25 members, that number doubled by the early 1990s, UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there are some exceptions. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a recognized sovereign state in the context of international law. Some UEFA members are transcontinental states, countries which had been members of the Asian Football Confederation were admitted to the European football association, particularly Israel and Kazakhstan.
Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their associations main territory to take part in their domestic competition, saarland Football Union 1954–1956 German football association of the German Democratic Republic 1954–1990 Football Federation of the Soviet Union 1954–1991, in 1992 became Russian Football Union. The newly independent 14 Soviet Republics created their own football associations, Football Association of Yugoslavia 1954–1992, became Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia became independent, Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro 1992–2006, became Football Association of Serbia. Montenegro, which became independent, created its own football association, the main competition for mens national teams is the UEFA European Football Championship, started in 1958, with the first finals in 1960, and known as the European Nations Cup until 1964. It is called UEFA or the EURO, UEFA runs national competitions at Under-21, Under-19 and Under-17 levels.
For womens national teams, UEFA operates the UEFA Womens Championship for senior sides as well as Womens Under-19. UEFA organized the UEFA-CAF Meridian Cup with CAF for youth teams in an effort to boost youth football, UEFA launched the UEFA Regions Cup, for semi-professional teams representing their local region, in 1999. In futsal there is the UEFA Futsal Championship and UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship, the Italian, German and French mens national teams are the sole teams to have won the European football championship in all categories. A second, lower-ranked competition is the UEFA Europa League and this competition, for national knockout cup winners and high-placed league teams, was launched by UEFA in 1971 as a successor of both the former UEFA Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. A third competition, the UEFA Cup Winners Cup, which had started in 1960, was absorbed into the UEFA Cup in 1999, in womens football UEFA conducts the UEFA Womens Champions League for club teams. The competition was first held in 2001, and known as the UEFA Womens Cup until 2009, the UEFA Super Cup pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the Europa League, and came into being in 1973
Tirana /tᵻˈrɑːnə/ is the capital and largest city of Albania and as well the heart of Albanias cultural and governmental activity. It is located on the center of the country surrounded by hills with the Dajti Mountain on the east. The city is located some 700 kilometres north of Athens,290 km west of Skopje,250 km south-east of Pristina and 160 km south of Podgorica. Tirana is a city with a history dating from the Paleolithic times back 10,000 to 30,000 years ago to the present day. The oldest settlement located in the area of the city was the Cave of Pellumbas, as argued by various archaeologists and its suburbs are filled with ancient Illyrian toponyms as its precincts are some of the earliest regions in Albania to be inhabited. One of the ancient monuments, the Tirana Mosaic is believed to have part of a 3rd century ancient Roman house. Later, in the 5th and 6th centuries, a Paleo-Christian Basilica was built around this site, Tirana was founded as a city in 1614 although the area has been continuously inhabited since antiquity.
An almost unimportant centre until the beginning of the 20th century, the Congress of Lushnjë proclaimed Tirana as the capital of Albania, Tirana is one of largest cities in the Balkan Peninsula ranking 7th with a population of 800,000 and the largest Albanian-speaking city in the world. The municipality, has a population of 800,986. It is the biggest Metropolitan area in Albania and the one with a population of over 800.000. Being Albanias primate city, Tirana is the political and cultural center of Albania. Almost all of the largest companies and scientific institutions have their headquarters in the city, the city is ranked in the Top 10 of the sunniest cities in Europe with a total of 2,544 hours of sun. As argued by various archaeologists and its suburbs are filled with Illyrian toponyms, as its precincts are some of the earliest inhabited regions in Albania. A castle possibly called Tirkan or Theranda, whose remnants are found along Murat Toptani Street, was built by Emperor Justinian in 520 A. D.
the area had no special importance in Illyrian and classical times. Records from the first land registrations under the Ottomans in 1431–32 show that Tirana consisted of 60 inhabited areas, Tirana is mentioned since 1572 as Borgo di Tirana. In 1614, Sulejman Bargjini, a ruler, built the Old mosque, a small commercial centre. During this period, the Ethem Bey Mosque, built by Molla Bey of Petrela, was constructed and it employed the best artisans in the country and was completed in 1821 by Mollas son Etëhem, who was Sulejman Bargjinis grandnephew. In 1800, the first newcomers arrived in the settlement, the so-called ortodoksit and they were Vlachs from villages near Korçë and Pogradec, who settled around modern day Park on the Artificial Lake
KF Tirana is an Albanian football club based in the countrys capital city, Tirana. The mens football club is part of the sports club SK Tirana. They play their games at the Selman Stërmasi Stadium in Tirana and they compete in Albanias highest tier of football. They have competed under the name of SK Tirana between 1927 and 1947, when the communist regime renamed the club 17 Nëntori Tirana, Puna Tirana. In 1991 KF Tirana retook its pre-1947 name and was divided into two branches, the multi disciplinary SK Tirana and the branch of KF Tirana. KF Tirana is the most successful Albanian team in European competitions, the club holds the record of being the highest ever ranking Albanian club according to IFFHS, having been ranked 31st in the world in 1987, as a result of the success in their 1986–87 campaign. In addition, KF Tirana is an ECA member, although still an unofficial event in the official FSHF footballing history, in 2012 historians revealed what is believed to be the first ever competitive football tournament in the country.
It took place in Fier between 7 and 14 April 1911, the tournament featured 8 teams and was played in a one-legged format, similar to that of other European competitions at the time. Erebara, P. Jakova, A. Hoxha, Anastas Koja, P. Berisha, Avni Zajmi, H. Fortuzi, pazari, L. Berisha, S. Frasheri, H. Alizoti, A. Gjitomi, and V. Fekeci. The captain was Erebara, and the name of the team was Gjurmuesit Republikanë, the name Agimi, was taken from the building in the centre of Tirana where they would hold meetings near to. The club was formed as a multi disciplinary one, but the emphasis on football was far greater than that of other sports, in 1925 the associations governing council was elected and its members were Avni Zajmi, Selman Stërmasi, B. Toptani, Irfan Gjinali and Anastas Koja, shortly after in the same year, the club played its first international match against Yugoslav team Crnogorac Cetinje from Montenegro. On 16 August 1927, which was the anniversary of the formation of the Agimi Sports Association, the clubs name changed into Sportklub Tirana.
On that day the president of the club was Teki Selenica, the club reached the championship final after winning 5 games, drawing 4 and losing just one, to finish joint top, along with Skënderbeu Korçë, albeit with a slightly better goal difference. SK Tirana was awarded both games 2–0, and were crowned champions of Albania for the first time. Maçi and Hainali won the golden boot for being the joint top goal scorers with 3 goals each. As multi-disciplinary club, this was the national championship that Tirana won, as the athletics team had already won the national championship a year earlier. The team was received by Zog of Albania, and is, the following season the club introduced former Fenerbahçe goalkeeper Vasfi Samimi into the team, who had represented Sportklub Vlorë the previous season
2019 FIFA Women's World Cup
In March 2015, France won the right to host the event, the first time the country would host the tournament and the third time in Europe. Matches are planned for eleven cities across France, the current format of the tournament is to be among 24 national teams, including that of the host nation. The defending champions are the United States, on 6 March 2014, FIFA announced that bidding had begun for the 2019 FIFA Womens World Cup. Member associations interested in hosting the tournament had to submit a declaration of interest by 15 April 2014, five countries indicated interest in hosting the events, France, Korea Republic, New Zealand and South Africa. However, the number of bidding nations was narrowed down to two in October 2014, when the French Football Federation and Korea Football Association submitted their official bid documents to FIFA. Both The Football Association and New Zealand Football registered expressions of interest by the April 2014 deadline, the South African Football Association registered an expression of interest by the April 2014 deadline, however decided to withdraw prior to the final October deadline.
The decision came after a vote by the FIFA Executive Committee, the slot allocation was approved by the FIFA Council on 13–14 October 2016. The slots for each confederation are unchanged from those of the tournament except the slot for the hosts has been moved from CONCACAF to UEFA. Qualifying matches started in April 2017, and are expected to place until late 2018. The following teams qualified for the final tournament, the opening match and final will be played at Parc Olympique Lyonnais in the Lyon suburb of Décines, with 58,000 capacity. Roazhon Park in Rennes will host six matches—four in the stage, one in the round of 16. Ten other cities are candidates, with eight of them to be chosen to host matches, two of the stadiums were used at the UEFA Euro 2016, Parc Olympique in Lyon and Allianz Riviera in Nice. Another two stadiums were used at both the 1998 FIFA World Cup and 2007 Rugby World Cup, Stade de la Mosson in Montpellier, the other stadiums seat under 30,000 spectators. Vietnam – Vietnam Football Media Official website
Poland national football team
The Poland national football team represents Poland in association football and is controlled by the Polish Football Association, the governing body for football in Poland. Polands home ground is the Stadion Narodowy in Warsaw and their current head coach is Adam Nawałka, the most renowned Polish team was the one of the mid-1970s that held England to a draw at Wembley Stadium to qualify for the 1974 FIFA World Cup. They defeated Brazil 1–0 to claim third place in the tournament, Poland finished third in the 1982 tournament, beating France 3–2 in the third-place play-off. Poland won the medal in the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, the silver medal in 1976 in Montreal. Their Olympic success was helped by an amateur squad, similar to other nations behind the Iron Curtain. Poland first qualified for the UEFA European Championship in 2008 and they qualified automatically for Euro 2012 by virtue of being joint hosts alongside Ukraine. They finished bottom of their group on both occasions and their first win in the Euros was on 12 June 2016 in a group stage match of Euro 2016 against Northern Ireland.
They went on to reach the quarterfinals, the Polish Football Federation was established on 20 December 1919 in Warsaw. Poland would play its first official match on 18 December 1921 in Budapest. Their first international win would come on 28 May 1922 where they took on Sweden in Stockholm and beat them 2–1. Poland qualified for their first ever World Cup in 1937 when they beat Yugoslavia 4–0, during their debut in the World Cup, Poland would play Brazil in a match which would become one of the most memorable matches in World Cup history. Despite Brazil not being regarded as the top team in the 1930s. Under these circumstances, the Polish team – which had never participated on such a level – was expected to lose the game against the South Americans. Thus, the defeat was not a sensation, all fans were surprised at the style with which the Poles played their lone game of the tournament. The white and reds got to the time, only losing 5–6. Ernest Wilimowski, who played for Ruch Chorzów at the time, scored four of Polands five goals, Poland played what would be their last international match before the outbreak of World War II against Hungary, the runners-up in the 1938 World Cup.
The match stands out as an achievement as Poland defeated the strongly favored Hungarian side 4–2, on 11 June 1946, following the aftermath of World War II, Poland played their first international friendly match, against Norway in Oslo, a 3–1 defeat. The biggest success in the years after the war was the victory against one of Europes best at the time
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is the international governing body of association football and beach soccer. FIFA is responsible for the organisation of major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930. FIFA was founded in 1904 to oversee international competition among the associations of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Sweden. Headquartered in Zürich, its membership now comprises 211 national associations, although FIFA does not control the rules of football, it is responsible for both the organization of a number of tournaments and their promotion, which generate revenue from sponsorship. In 2013, FIFA had revenues of over 1.3 billion U. S. dollars, for a net profit of 72 million and those among these officials who were indicted in the U. S. are expected to be extradited to face charges there as well. Many officials were suspended by FIFAs ethics committee including Sepp Blatter, in early 2017 reports became public about FIFA president Gianni Infantino attempting to prevent the re-elections of both chairmen of the ethics committee during the FIFA congress in May 2017.
The need for a body to oversee association football became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. The French name and acronym are used even outside French-speaking countries, the founding members were the national associations of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland. Also, that day, the German Association declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram. The first president of FIFA was Robert Guérin, Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by a member of the association. Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1909, Argentina in 1912, Canada and Chile in 1913, and the United States in 1914. During World War I, with players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures severely limited. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann and it was saved from extinction, but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations, who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies.
The Home Nations resumed their membership, the FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum at Urbis in Manchester, England. The first World Cup in the world was in 1930 in Montevideo, FIFA is headquartered in Zürich, and is an association established under the Law of Switzerland. FIFAs supreme body is the FIFA Congress, a made up of representatives from each affiliated member association. Each national football association has one vote, regardless of its size or footballing strength, the Congress assembles in ordinary session once every year, and extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998. The congress makes decisions relating to FIFAs governing statutes and their method of implementation and application, only the Congress can pass changes to FIFAs statutes