Albatros (1899)

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History
Flag of the Netherlands.svgNetherlands
Name: Albatros
Builder: Kalkman, Capelle aan den IJssel
Launched: 1899
Homeport: Amsterdam
Identification:
Status: in service
General characteristics
Tonnage: 119 tonnes gross
Displacement: 170 tonnes
Length: 40 m (131 ft 3 in)
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in)
Height: Air draught 28.75 m (94 ft 4 in)
Draught: 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in)
Propulsion: 415 m2 (4,470 sq ft) Sails, 160 hp (120 kW) Hundested 2 cylinder diesel engine
Sail plan: Ketch
Speed: 6 kn (11 km/h)
Capacity: 15 passengers
Crew: 4 crew
Notes: Was the last commercial sailing ship in Europe.
1:55 scale model

Albatros is a sailing ketch built in the Netherlands in 1899. Trading as a cargo sailing ship until 1996, she is now used as a training vessel.

History[edit]

1899-1987[edit]

Albatros was built at Capelle aan den IJssel in the Netherlands in 1899 as a Noordzee Klipper or Galliot. Her first captain was Johannes Muller of Middelharnis, near Rotterdam. In 1920 she was sold to Captain Lolk from Svendborg. In 1941, Lolk sold Albatros to Captain Rasmussen from Hobro. During the Second World War, Albatros was used to smuggle Jews and political dissidents from Nazi-occupied Denmark to neutral Sweden and smuggled weapons for the Danish Resistance hidden amongst her cargo on the return journey. See also Rescue of the Danish Jews. Her rigging was reduced in 1964 and the rivetted steel below the waterline replaced with welded steel,[1] and a more powerful engine fitted to replace the engine that was fitted in 1933. Rasmussen retired in 1978, and Albatros was laid up in Copenhagen. In 1980, Antonius "Ton" Brouwer bought Albatros, and made Amsterdam her new home port. She was restored under Germanischer Lloyd supervision between 1983 and 1987 and recommissioned as a sailing cargo ship.[2]

1988-1996[edit]

Her first cargo after restoration was soya beans to Macduff, Scotland. Between 1987 and 1996, she was often to be seen at Wells next the Sea delivering her regular cargos of soya beans. With the closure of Wells as a commercial port in 1996 her career as a cargo ship was finally over. The final load of 100 tons of soya beans were delivered on 5 September 1996.[2] At the time it was claimed that she was the last sailing ship carrying commercial cargo in Europe.[3][4] During this time, her cargos also included corn, phosphates and timber. Apart from the regular run between Ghent and Wells, Albatros visited ports in the Channel Islands, Denmark, England, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Norway, Poland, Scotland and Sweden, sometimes making faster passages than motor driven ships.[5]

Since 1996[edit]

Albatros was converted to a passenger ship in 1997-98. Between 1998 and 2000, she was chartered and rebuild by Greenpeace and used as a sailing classroom in an environmental education program that led to more than one case of plagiarism by Greenpeace and "The Albatros Project". In 2001, she returned to Wells, and The Albatros Project was created to support her upkeep. The ship established a programme of passenger and training voyages as well as private charters and events at Wells.[1][2] On 22 August 2004, a passenger on board Albatros died when he fell from the rigging. Albatros was in the Thames Estuary at the time, and an investigation was carried out by the Marine Accident Investigation Branch. The MAIB found shortcomings in the regulatory requirements for foreign passenger vessels operating in the UK, as well as in the safety management regime and manning of Albatros.[6]

From 2005, sailing trips were gradually replaced by the development of the ship as a bar, restaurant, music venue and [bed and breakfast]] at her Wells berth.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Albatros - A Dutch Sailing barge". Norfolk Broads. Archived from the original on 2007-12-30. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  2. ^ a b c "Introduction to the Albatros". The Albatros Project. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  3. ^ Goss, Keith (1992). Cooke, Anthony, ed. "Master and his Ship". Ships Monthly. Burton-on-Trent: Waterway Productions. 27: 16. 
  4. ^ "About Wells Harbour". Port of Wells. Wells Harbour Commissioners. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  5. ^ "The Ship". The Albatros Project. Archived from the original on 2008-07-23. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  6. ^ "Report No 7/2005" (PDF). Marine Accident Investigation Branch. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  7. ^ Gogerty, Clare (18 February 2013). "Dutch treat with pancakes and real ale in Wells". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 

External links[edit]