Macleod Trail is a major road in Calgary, Alberta. It is a six- to eight-lane principal arterial road extending from downtown Calgary to the south of the city, where it merges into Highway 2. South of Anderson Road, Macleod Trail is an expressway and is slated to be upgraded to a freeway in the future, it is named for its destination to Fort Macleod. Macleod Trail divides the south-west and the south-east quadrants of the city, many communities were developed along its course. Macleod Trail constitutes one of the four major north-south corridors of the city. In the downtown section, the road passes by Calgary City Hall, Olympic Plaza, the Calgary Public Library, the EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts. South of downtown, it defines the western edge of the Calgary Stampede grounds, as it passes through the Beltline district provides access to Talisman Centre as it runs between the historic inner city communities of Mission and Ramsay. South of Elbow River, Macleod Trail becomes a two-way road and has various motels established on its sides, Chinook Centre faces the road as it passes between the communities of Meadowlark Park and Fairview.
Macleod Trail is lined with commercial developments on both sides for its entire length between Erlton and Lake Bonavista, including strip malls, auto malls, big-box stores and shopping centres such as Southcentre Mall, Calgary's largest suburban office complex at Southland Park. The southern leg of the C-Train LRT system is developed along Macleod Trail. In November 2007, Calgary City Council approved a functional planning study for the portion of Macleod Trail that extends from Anderson Road north to Downtown. Expected recommendations include interchanges at Heritage Drive and Southland Drive, as well as possible traffic signal refinements. In addition, three other interchange locations are planned to be constructed within ten years, they are at the intersection with Lake Fraser Gate, at the intersection with 162 Avenue, at the intersection with 194 Avenue. This would make Macleod Trail a freeway from Anderson Road to the city limits. On August 13, 2017, the first diverging diamond interchange in Canada was opened at 162 Avenue.
From north to south: Transportation in Calgary
Executive Council of Alberta
The Executive Council of Alberta, or more the Cabinet of Alberta, is the Province of Alberta's equivalent to the Cabinet of Canada. The government of the province of Alberta is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy with a unicameral legislature—the Legislative Assembly, which consists of 87 members elected first past the post from single-member constituencies; the premier is a member of the Legislative Assembly, draws the members of Cabinet from among the members of the Legislative Assembly. The legislative powers in the province however, lie with the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, its government resembles that of the other Canadian provinces. The capital of the province is Edmonton. Government is conducted after the Westminster model; the executive powers in the province lie with the Premier of Alberta and the Cabinet of Alberta or the Executive Council of Alberta. The legislative powers in the province lie with the Legislature, which consists of two components: the Queen, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor, the Legislative Assembly.
The Executive Council of Alberta is headed by the Lieutenant-Governor, as representative of the Queen in Right of Alberta and is referred to as the Governor-in-Council. Although the lieutenant governor is technically the most powerful person in Alberta, he is in reality a figurehead whose actions are restricted by custom and constitutional convention; the government is therefore headed by the premier. The current premier is Rachel Notley, sworn in as the 17th premier on May 24, 2015; the Legislative Assembly meets in the Alberta Legislature Building in the provincial capital, Edmonton. The Legislative Assembly consists of 87 members, elected first past the post from single-member electoral districts; the current Legislature is the 29th, since the creation of the province in 1905. The last election was held on early May 2015, returned a majority parliament controlled by the Alberta New Democratic Party abbreviated to'NDP'. Although not consisting of members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, the Cabinet of Alberta is similar in structure and role to the Cabinet of Canada.
As federal and provincial responsibilities differ there are a number of different portfolios between the federal and provincial governments. The Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta, as representative of the Queen in Right of Alberta, heads the council, is referred to as the Governor-in-Council. Other members of the Cabinet, who advise, or minister, the vice-regal, are selected by the Premier of Alberta and appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor. Most cabinet ministers are the head of a ministry. In the construct of constitutional monarchy and responsible government, the ministerial advice tendered is binding, though it is important to note that, despite appearances of the contrary, the Royal Prerogative belongs to the Crown, not to any of the ministers,As at the federal level the most important Cabinet post after that of the leader is Minister of Finance. Today the next most powerful position is the health portfolio which has a vast budget and is of central political import. Other powerful portfolios include Energy.
The current Government has been in place since May 24, 2015, following May 5, 2015 Alberta general election. Members are listed in order of precedence. There was a cabinet shuffle on October 22, 2015. A second shuffle occurred February 2, 2016. Minor shuffles occurred January 19 and October 17, 2017. Klein cabinet Stelmach cabinet Redford cabinet Prentice cabinet In Alberta, the ministries' names have two forms coexisting; the usual one is "Alberta X", the older style is "Ministry of X". The newer style without the word "ministry" resembles the federal government's Federal Identity Program and the federal naming scheme, except in reverse order. Federal ministries and departments are "X Canada". With every new cabinet ministries can be created or disbanded, renamed or gain or lose responsibilities; some ministries such as finance or health are common to all provincial governments and are comparable to similar ministries or departments at the federal level or indeed in other countries. However, some ministries are quite distinct to Alberta, such as the Ministry of Sustainable Resource Development which oversees the management of public lands.
These are the current ministries as of 2015, listed alphabetically, with a short description and any notes to changes to that ministry's mandate. Albertans are the lowest-taxed people in Canada because of the province's considerable oil and gas income as well as the more conservative financial philosophies of successive governments, it is the only province in Canada where there is no provincial sales tax. Alberta is one of few provinces that has not received equalization payments from the federal government since 1962. Alberta is now the largest net contributor to the program; the 2016-2017 budget contained a $10.4 billion deficit, with $41.1 billion in revenue and $51.1 billion in expenditures. The budget contained a $700 million risk adjustment, intended to reflect "volatility of Alberta’s resource revenue." The provincial government's revenue, although described as predominantly coming from the province's resource base is derived from a variety of sources. Non-renewable resource revenue provided the government with 24 percent of its revenue in 2010–11 with about the same coming from individual income tax, 14 per cent from grants from the fede
Government of Canada
The Government of Canada Her Majesty's Government, is the federal administration of Canada. In Canadian English, the term can mean either the collective set of institutions or the Queen-in-Council. In both senses, the current construct was established at Confederation through the Constitution Act, 1867—as a federal constitutional monarchy, wherein the Canadian Crown acts as the core, or "the most basic building block", of its Westminster-style parliamentary democracy; the Crown is thus the foundation of the executive and judicial branches of the Canadian government. Further elements of governance are outlined in the rest of the Canadian Constitution, which includes written statutes, court rulings, unwritten conventions developed over centuries; the monarch is represented by the Governor General of Canada. The Queen's Privy Council for Canada is the body that advises the sovereign or viceroy on the exercise of executive power. However, in practice, that task is performed only by the Cabinet, a committee within the Privy Council composed of ministers of the Crown, who are drawn from and responsible to the elected House of Commons in parliament.
The Cabinet is headed by the prime minister, appointed by the governor general after securing the confidence of the House of Commons. In Canadian English, the word government is used to refer both to the whole set of institutions that govern the country, to the current political leadership. In federal department press releases, the government has sometimes been referred to by the phrase Government. In late 2010, an informal instruction from the Office of the Prime Minister urged government departments to use in all department communications the term in place of Government of Canada; the same cabinet earlier directed its press department to use the phrase Canada's New Government. As per the Constitution Acts of 1867 and 1982, Canada is a constitutional monarchy, wherein the role of the reigning sovereign is both legal and practical, but not political; the Crown is regarded as a corporation sole, with the monarch, vested as she is with all powers of state, at the centre of a construct in which the power of the whole is shared by multiple institutions of government acting under the sovereign's authority.
The executive is thus formally called the Queen-in-Council, the legislature the Queen-in-Parliament, the courts as the Queen on the Bench. Royal Assent is required to enact laws and, as part of the Royal Prerogative, the royal sign-manual gives authority to letters patent and orders in council, though the authority for these acts stems from the Canadian populace and, within the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy, the sovereign's direct participation in any of these areas of governance is limited; the Royal Prerogative includes summoning and dissolving parliament in order to call an election, extends to foreign affairs: the negotiation and ratification of treaties, international agreements, declarations of war. The person, monarch of Canada is the monarch of 15 other countries in the Commonwealth of Nations, though, he or she reigns separately as King or Queen of Canada, an office, "truly Canadian" and "totally independent from that of the Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms".
On the advice of the Canadian Prime Minister, the sovereign appoints a federal viceregal representative—the Governor General of Canada —who, since 1947, is permitted to exercise all of the monarch's Royal Prerogative, though there are some duties which must be performed by, or bills that require assent by, the king or queen. The government is defined by the constitution as the Queen acting on the advice of her privy council. However, the Privy Council—consisting of former members of parliament, chief justices of the supreme court, other elder statesmen—rarely meets in full; as the stipulations of responsible government require that those who directly advise the monarch and governor general on how to exercise the Royal Prerogative be accountable to the elected House of Commons, the day-to-day operation of government is guided only by a sub-group of the Privy Council made up of individuals who hold seats in parliament. This body of senior ministers of the Crown is the Cabinet. One of the main duties of the Crown is to ensure that a democratic government is always in place, which means appointing a prime minister to thereafter head the Cabinet.
Thus, the governor general must appoint as prime minister the person who holds the confidence of the House of Commons. Should no party hold a majority in the commons, the leader of one party—either the one with the most seats or one supported by other parties—will be called by the governor general to form a minority government. Once sworn in by the viceroy, the prime minister holds office until he or she resigns or is removed by the governor general, after either a motion of no confidence or his or her party's defeat in a general election; the monarch and governor general follow the near-binding advice of
Alberta Highway 43
Alberta Provincial Highway No. 43 referred to as Highway 43, is a major highway in northern and central Alberta, Canada that connects Edmonton to the British Columbia border via the Peace Country, forming the northernmost portion of the CANAMEX Corridor in Alberta. It stretches 499 km from Highway 16 near Carvel west of Edmonton to the British Columbia border west of Demmitt, it is designated as a core route in Canada's National Highway System, comprising a portion of a key international corridor that stretches from Alaska into Mexico. Highway 43 was numbered Highway 17, a short gravel road that ran only from Highway 16 to Onoway, it was extended to Whitecourt and renumbered as Highway 43 in the 1940s, an extension to Valleyview had been completed by the mid-1950s. In 1991 the highway was extended to included a portion of the existing Highway 34 from Valleyview to Donnelly, but was revised in 1998 to turn west through Grande Prairie, forming a contiguous route from Carvel to the border. Due to increasing traffic levels and the province's greater plan to upgrade their portion of the CANAMEX Corridor, work began in the 2000s to twin the entire length of the highway.
The Edmonton–Grande Prairie section was completed in summer 2014, construction began in 2016 on an expressway bypass to the northwest of Grande Prairie. Planning is underway for the remaining section between Beaverlodge. Highway 43 begins west of Demmitt at the British Columbia border and runs through Grande Prairie and Whitecourt to Highway 16 near Carvel west of Edmonton; the history of Highway 43 dates back to early 1930s. It was numbered Highway 17 and, by 1932, it spanned 17 km from Highway 16 to Onoway. By 1938, Highway 17 had been extended to Sangudo and it had reached Whitecourt via a jagged alignment with numerous 90° jogs by 1940. Sometime between 1942 and 1946, the highway was renumbered to Highway 43; the former number was transferred to Highway 17 that straddles the Alberta/Saskatchewan provincial boundary north and south of Lloydminster. By 1952, extension of Highway 43 from Whitecourt to Valleyview was well underway; the segment of the highway from Valleyview to Little Smoky was complete, while the segment from Whitecourt to Two Creeks was under construction.
The next segment of the highway, from Little Smoky to west of Giroux Lake, opened a year later. In 1954, the connecting segment of Highway 43 between west of Giroux Lake and Two Creeks was under construction. Meanwhile, paving of the highway between Highway 16 and Gunn was complete; the final segment of Highway 43 between Whitecourt and Valleyview was completed in 1955 and a ribbon-cutting ceremony was held in the Iosegun River valley 20 km southeast of Fox Creek. The completion of the highway provided the south Peace Region of northwest Alberta Grande Prairie and Valleyview, with a more direct and shorter route to Edmonton, it slightly shortened the driving distance from Peace River to Edmonton once the Highway 34 realignment north of Valleyview was completed by 1959. An aggressive paving program began shortly. Paving began northwest of south of Valleyview. By 1960, the entire length of the highway was paved, which included a significant realignment between Whitecourt and Cottonwood Corner south of Blue Ridge and other minor realignments between Cottonwood Corner and Gunn to smooth out the highway's numerous jogs.
In 1990/1991, Highway 43 was extended by the Province through a highway renumbering. In particular, the stretch of highway between Valleyview and Donnelly was renumbered to Highway 43. However, this extension proved to last only until 1998 when the Province completed a second set of highway renumberings in northwest Alberta. On March 1, 1998, the portion of Highway 43 north of Valleyview was renumbered to Highway 49 to allow for the renumbering of Highway 34 and Highway 2 was renumbered as Highway 43; the renumbering had two advantages – it established Highway 43 as a continuous highway number from Highway 16 through the Peace Country to the British Columbia border, simplifying travel. It created fewer highway number changes along the CANAMEX Corridor, the Alberta portion of which stretches from Coutts at the United States border to the BC border west of Grande Prairie; the initial twinning of Highway 43 began in the early 1970s with the first segment, from Highway 16 to north of Highway 633, open by 1974.
Eight years the second segment was twinned from north of Highway 633 to west of Gunn. Twinning of Highway 43 ceased for 15 years until a segment within Whitecourt from Govenlock Road/Mill Road, just east of the McLeod River, to east of 33 Street in Whitecourt's southeast end was opened by 1997. Shortly after this segment was twinned, the Province announced an aggressive twinning program for the highway from Gunn to the BC border as part of Alberta's North-South Trade Corridor initiative. By 1999, the twinning program saw its first two segments open – from Grande Prairie westward towards British Columbia and from Whitecourt eastward towards Edmonton. Two years the twinned portions of Highway 43 west of Grande Prairie and east of Whitecourt had been extended to Highway 724 serving Wembley and Highway 658 serving Blue Ridge respectively. In 2001, twinning in three other locations was complete – from east of Highway 2 to west of Highway 733, from the eastern bound
Stoney Trail is a 69-kilometre freeway in Calgary, Alberta. Signed as Highway 201, it is a ring road, 70% complete, serving as an important bypass around the city and an alternate route to the congested Highway 1 and Highway 2. Stoney Trail begins in the city's northwest at Highway 1 near Canada Olympic Park, running north across the Bow River and Crowchild Trail, it winds through neighbourhoods of northwest Calgary to Deerfoot Trail and the Queen Elizabeth II Highway. Turning south, the freeway again intersects Highway 1, crosses Glenmore Trail, curves west at the neighbourhood of Mahogany. Beyond a second major interchange with Deerfoot Trail, it descends across the Bow River and ends at Macleod Trail in the city's southeast; the "Stoney" name is derived from Alberta's Nakoda First Nation. Plans for the route were developed at a similar time as those for Anthony Henday Drive, a completed ring road that encircles Edmonton. Construction first began on the northwest leg as an expressway in the 1990s, incrementally extending east before two public–private partnership projects completed the northeast and southeast sections of the ring in 2009 and 2013, respectively.
After right of way was acquired from the Tsuu T'ina Nation in 2013, work began in 2016 to complete an additional section of the ring extending Sarcee Trail south across the Elbow River to Highway 22X. This section will be named Tsuut’ina Trail and is slated to open by October 1, 2021. At its busiest point near Beddington Trail in north Calgary, the six-lane freeway carries nearly 80,000 vehicles per day. Construction of the final short segment of Stoney Trail west of the city will begin in 2019, completing the ring, it will extend the freeway south to Glenmore Trail from its current northern terminus at Highway 1. Stoney Trail consists of the northern and southeastern sections of the ring road, and, at its completion, will be a freeway that encircles the entire city; the northern and southern sections create a northern and eastern bypass link between Highway 1 and Deerfoot Trail. Planning for the Calgary and Edmonton ring roads began in the 1970s when Alberta developed some restricted development areas in a corridor of land mostly outside the developed civic areas for future infrastructure, including high-speed ring-road systems.
This land is known as the Transportation and Utility Corridor, as land set aside for future road and utility purposes. Land acquisition started in 1974, by the time the ring road projects were initiated, Alberta had acquired 97% of the lands; the Calgary TUC failed to include a corridor in southwest Calgary between Glenmore Trail and Highway 22X. The City of Calgary is bounded along 37 Street SW by the Tsuu T'ina Nation; the developed areas of Calgary had reached 37 Street SW around the Glenmore Reservoir inhibiting the ability of the government to impose an RDA. The missing link in the TUC map created uncertainty in the future positioning of the southwest leg of the freeway. In 2013, a land acquisition agreement was signed by Alberta with the Tsuu T'ina Nation, construction began in 2016; the northwest quadrant of the ring road was the first to be constructed. In the mid-1990s, the province of Alberta built the first segment around the Bow River Bridge connecting Highway 1 with Crowchild Trail.
This was subsequently extended to Country Hill Boulevard. In 2003, the province announced plans for a 17-kilometre east Deerfoot Trail; the original design was limited in scope and incorporated two interchanges, one flyover and two signallized intersections with completion scheduled in 2007 at a cost of $250 million. In January 2005, the province announced an increase in scope of the project with the addition of three additional interchanges at Crowchild Trail, Country Hills Boulevard and Scenic Acres Link. In addition to increasing costs, the project was delayed and the full extension to Deerfoot Trail was not opened until November 2, 2009, although some sections were opened earlier; the portion of the ring road between Harvest Hills Boulevard and Deerfoot Trail opened to traffic on November 2, 2009. 30,000 to 40,000 vehicles were expected to use this segment daily. Actual peak traffic volumes exceeded 40,000 vpd between Crowchild Trail and Country Hills Boulevard in 2010. Grading has been completed for a future interchange at 11 Street NE.
This road would service undeveloped industrial land bounded to the east by Deerfoot Trail, north by Stoney Trail, west by the CPR right-of-way and south by Country Hills Boulevard. No schedule has been set for the construction of this interchange; the interchange will provide a road connection north of Stoney Trail. The northwest ring road opened on November 2, 2009, with traffic signals at Harvest Hills Boulevard but grading was completed for a future possible interchange. On November 25, 2009, the province announced construction of the Harvest Hills Boulevard Interchange to be opening in fall 2010; the cost of the interchange project was $14 million. The interchange opened to traffic in 2010. Grading has been completed for a future interchange at 14 Street NW. At present, there is a right-in-right-out access south of Stoney Trail into the Panorama Hills neighbourhood. No schedule had been set for the construction of this interchange; the interchange will provide a road connection north of Stoney Trail.
In summer 2014, grading began for westbound exit to 14th and southbound 14th entrance ramp to westbound Stoney. A signalized intersection was constructed at Beddington Trail and Symons Valley Road, but it was upgraded to an interchang
The Alaska Highway was constructed during World War II for the purpose of connecting the contiguous United States to Alaska across Canada. It begins at the junction with several Canadian highways in Dawson Creek, British Columbia, runs to Delta Junction, via Whitehorse, Yukon. Completed in 1942 at a length of 1,700 miles, as of 2012 it is 1,387 mi long; the difference in distance is due to constant reconstruction of the highway, which has rerouted and straightened out numerous sections. The highway was opened to the public in 1948. Legendary over many decades for being a rough, challenging drive, the highway is now paved over its entire length, its component highways are British Columbia Highway 97, Yukon Highway 1 and Alaska Route 2. An informal system of historic mileposts developed over the years to denote major stopping points, it is at this point that the Alaska Highway meets the Richardson Highway, which continues 96 mi to the city of Fairbanks. This is regarded, though unofficially, as the northern portion of the Alaska Highway, with Fairbanks at Historic Milepost 1520.
Mileposts on this stretch of highway are measured from Valdez, rather than the Alaska Highway. The Alaska Highway is popularly considered part of the Pan-American Highway, which extends south to Argentina. Proposals for a highway to Alaska originated in the 1920s. Thomas MacDonald, director of the U. S. Bureau of Public Roads, dreamed of an international highway spanning the United States and Canada. In order to promote the highway, Slim Williams traveled the proposed route by dogsled. Since much of the route would pass through Canada, support from the Canadian government was crucial. However, the Canadian government perceived no value in putting up the required funds to build the road, since the only part of Canada that would benefit was not more than a few thousand people in Yukon. In 1929 the British Columbia government proposed a highway to Alaska to encourage economic development and tourism. American President Herbert Hoover appointed a board with American and three Canadian members to evaluate the idea.
Its 1931 report supported the idea for economic reasons, but both American and Canadian members recognized that a highway would benefit the American military in Alaska. In 1933, the joint commission proposed the U. S. government contribute $2 million of the capital cost, with the $12 million balance borne by the Canadian and BC governments. The Great Depression and the Canadian government's lack of support caused the project to not proceed; when the United States approached Canada again in February 1936, the Canadian government refused to commit to spending money on a road connecting the United States. The Canadians worried about the military implications, fearing that in a war between Japan and North America, the United States would use the road to prevent Canadian neutrality. During a June 1936 visit to Canada, President Franklin D. Roosevelt told Prime Minister W. L. M. King that a highway to Alaska through Canada could be important in reinforcing the American territory during a foreign crisis.
Roosevelt became the first American to publicly discuss the military benefits of a highway in an August speech in Chautauqua, New York. He again mentioned the idea during King's visit to Washington in March 1937, suggesting that a $30 million highway would be helpful as part of a larger defense against Japan that included, the Americans hoped, a larger Canadian military presence on the Pacific coast. Roosevelt remained a supporter of the highway, telling Cordell Hull in August 1937 that he wanted a road built as soon as possible. By 1938, Duff Pattullo, the BC premier, favored a route through Prince George; the U. S. offered either a $15 million interest-free loan. The attack on Pearl Harbor and beginning of the Pacific Theater in World War II, coupled with Japanese threats to the west coast of North America and the Aleutian Islands, changed the priorities for both nations. On February 6, 1942, the construction of the Alaska Highway was approved by the United States Army and the project received the authorization from the U.
S. Congress and Roosevelt to proceed five days later. Canada agreed to allow construction as long as the United States bore the full cost, that the road and other facilities in Canada be turned over to Canadian authority after the war ended, it proved unimportant for the military because 99 percent of the supplies to Alaska during the war were sent by sea from San Francisco and Prince Rupert. The Americans preferred Route A, which starting at Prince George, went northwest to Hazelton, along the Stikine River, by Atlin and Tabish Lakes, from Whitehorse, Yukon to Fairbanks, Alaska via the Tanana Valley. However, the route was vulnerable to possible enemy attack from the sea, experienced steep grades, heavy snowfall and there were no airbases along the way; the Canadians favored Route B starting at Prince George, but followed the Rocky Mountain Trench up the valleys of the Parsnip and Finlay Rivers to Finlay Forks and Sifton Pass north to Frances Lake and the Pelly River in the Yukon. From there it went to Dawson City and down the Yukon Valley to connect the Richardson Highway to Fairbanks.
The advantages of this inland route was the safe distance from enemy planes, 209 miles shorter with lower elevations enabling lower construction and maintenance costs. The disadvantages were the bypassing of respective airbases, Whitehorse, the principal town in the Yukon. Optional variations in the southern p
Slave Lake is a small town in northern Alberta, Canada about 200 km northwest of Edmonton and a similar distance southwest of Fort McMurray. It is located on the southeast shore of Lesser Slave Lake, at the junction of Highway 2 and Highway 88, in the Municipal District of Lesser Slave River No. 124. Slave Lake serves as a local centre for the area; the administrative office for the Sawridge First Nation reserve is located in the town. The area of the present-day Town of Slave Lake was discovered by Europeans when David Thompson visited the area in 1799. Following his brief visit, several fur trading posts were established around Slave Lake, with a Hudson's Bay Company post established at the mouth of the lake; the first community, called Sawridge, was renamed Slave Lake in 1923. It was wiped out by a flood in the 1930s, was subsequently moved to its current location, it was incorporated as a town in 1965. The Town of Slave Lake was inundated by a flood of Sawridge Creek in July 1988. On May 15, 2011, large parts of the town were affected by wildfires in the area.
Winds destroyed many houses and businesses. Mandatory evacuation orders were issued, but with highways being closed, residents were urged to make their way to beaches, large parking lots, open spaces. Highway 2 had been closed at the outset of the fire, but re-opened for evacuation, with full evacuation ordered for Slave Lake. On May 16, 2011, provincial officials said that 40% of the town had been destroyed or damaged, including the town hall, the library, a radio station, a mall and a significant number of homes and other buildings. On May 17, 2011, Mayor Karina Pillay-Kinnee indicated one-third of the town had been destroyed by the wildfire. On May 20, 2011, a firefighting helicopter crashed into the Lesser Slave Lake near Canyon Creek where its pilot died at the scene, it crashed about 30 m off shore into water, 1.5 m deep. On July 6, Prince William and Catherine, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, visited the town to offer encouragement to residents and support for rebuilding efforts. Slave Lake experiences a subarctic climate.
In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Slave Lake recorded a population of 6,651 living in 2,329 of its 2,762 total private dwellings, a −1.9% change from its 2011 population of 6,782. With a land area of 14.44 km2, it had a population density of 460.6/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Slave Lake had a population of 6,782 living in 2,294 of its 2,554 total dwellings, a 1.2% change from its 2006 population of 6,703. With a land area of 14.18 km2, it had a population density of 478.3/km2 in 2011. The population of the Town of Slave Lake according to its 2007 municipal census was 7,031. In 1994, the town hosted the Arctic Winter Games, a celebration of circumpolar sports and culture. Residents of Slave Lake are in the electoral district of Peace River—Westlock for elections to the House of Commons of Canada, Lesser Slave Lake for elections to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Media outlets serving Slave Lake and surrounding area include BOOM and the Lakeside Leader, a local community newspaper.
Lane Caffaro, professional ice hockey player Gordon Kruppke, former professional ice hockey player Omar Mouallem known as A. O. K. Rapper and journalist Walter Patrick Twinn, former Canadian senator and chief of the Sawridge First Nation List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website