Macleod Trail is a major road in Calgary, Alberta. It is a six- to eight-lane principal arterial road extending from downtown Calgary to the south of the city, where it merges into Highway 2. South of Anderson Road, Macleod Trail is an expressway and is slated to be upgraded to a freeway in the future, it is named for its destination to Fort Macleod. Macleod Trail divides the south-west and the south-east quadrants of the city, many communities were developed along its course. Macleod Trail constitutes one of the four major north-south corridors of the city. In the downtown section, the road passes by Calgary City Hall, Olympic Plaza, the Calgary Public Library, the EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts. South of downtown, it defines the western edge of the Calgary Stampede grounds, as it passes through the Beltline district provides access to Talisman Centre as it runs between the historic inner city communities of Mission and Ramsay. South of Elbow River, Macleod Trail becomes a two-way road and has various motels established on its sides, Chinook Centre faces the road as it passes between the communities of Meadowlark Park and Fairview.
Macleod Trail is lined with commercial developments on both sides for its entire length between Erlton and Lake Bonavista, including strip malls, auto malls, big-box stores and shopping centres such as Southcentre Mall, Calgary's largest suburban office complex at Southland Park. The southern leg of the C-Train LRT system is developed along Macleod Trail. In November 2007, Calgary City Council approved a functional planning study for the portion of Macleod Trail that extends from Anderson Road north to Downtown. Expected recommendations include interchanges at Heritage Drive and Southland Drive, as well as possible traffic signal refinements. In addition, three other interchange locations are planned to be constructed within ten years, they are at the intersection with Lake Fraser Gate, at the intersection with 162 Avenue, at the intersection with 194 Avenue. This would make Macleod Trail a freeway from Anderson Road to the city limits. On August 13, 2017, the first diverging diamond interchange in Canada was opened at 162 Avenue.
From north to south: Transportation in Calgary
Stoney Trail is a 69-kilometre freeway in Calgary, Alberta. Signed as Highway 201, it is a ring road, 70% complete, serving as an important bypass around the city and an alternate route to the congested Highway 1 and Highway 2. Stoney Trail begins in the city's northwest at Highway 1 near Canada Olympic Park, running north across the Bow River and Crowchild Trail, it winds through neighbourhoods of northwest Calgary to Deerfoot Trail and the Queen Elizabeth II Highway. Turning south, the freeway again intersects Highway 1, crosses Glenmore Trail, curves west at the neighbourhood of Mahogany. Beyond a second major interchange with Deerfoot Trail, it descends across the Bow River and ends at Macleod Trail in the city's southeast; the "Stoney" name is derived from Alberta's Nakoda First Nation. Plans for the route were developed at a similar time as those for Anthony Henday Drive, a completed ring road that encircles Edmonton. Construction first began on the northwest leg as an expressway in the 1990s, incrementally extending east before two public–private partnership projects completed the northeast and southeast sections of the ring in 2009 and 2013, respectively.
After right of way was acquired from the Tsuu T'ina Nation in 2013, work began in 2016 to complete an additional section of the ring extending Sarcee Trail south across the Elbow River to Highway 22X. This section will be named Tsuut’ina Trail and is slated to open by October 1, 2021. At its busiest point near Beddington Trail in north Calgary, the six-lane freeway carries nearly 80,000 vehicles per day. Construction of the final short segment of Stoney Trail west of the city will begin in 2019, completing the ring, it will extend the freeway south to Glenmore Trail from its current northern terminus at Highway 1. Stoney Trail consists of the northern and southeastern sections of the ring road, and, at its completion, will be a freeway that encircles the entire city; the northern and southern sections create a northern and eastern bypass link between Highway 1 and Deerfoot Trail. Planning for the Calgary and Edmonton ring roads began in the 1970s when Alberta developed some restricted development areas in a corridor of land mostly outside the developed civic areas for future infrastructure, including high-speed ring-road systems.
This land is known as the Transportation and Utility Corridor, as land set aside for future road and utility purposes. Land acquisition started in 1974, by the time the ring road projects were initiated, Alberta had acquired 97% of the lands; the Calgary TUC failed to include a corridor in southwest Calgary between Glenmore Trail and Highway 22X. The City of Calgary is bounded along 37 Street SW by the Tsuu T'ina Nation; the developed areas of Calgary had reached 37 Street SW around the Glenmore Reservoir inhibiting the ability of the government to impose an RDA. The missing link in the TUC map created uncertainty in the future positioning of the southwest leg of the freeway. In 2013, a land acquisition agreement was signed by Alberta with the Tsuu T'ina Nation, construction began in 2016; the northwest quadrant of the ring road was the first to be constructed. In the mid-1990s, the province of Alberta built the first segment around the Bow River Bridge connecting Highway 1 with Crowchild Trail.
This was subsequently extended to Country Hill Boulevard. In 2003, the province announced plans for a 17-kilometre east Deerfoot Trail; the original design was limited in scope and incorporated two interchanges, one flyover and two signallized intersections with completion scheduled in 2007 at a cost of $250 million. In January 2005, the province announced an increase in scope of the project with the addition of three additional interchanges at Crowchild Trail, Country Hills Boulevard and Scenic Acres Link. In addition to increasing costs, the project was delayed and the full extension to Deerfoot Trail was not opened until November 2, 2009, although some sections were opened earlier; the portion of the ring road between Harvest Hills Boulevard and Deerfoot Trail opened to traffic on November 2, 2009. 30,000 to 40,000 vehicles were expected to use this segment daily. Actual peak traffic volumes exceeded 40,000 vpd between Crowchild Trail and Country Hills Boulevard in 2010. Grading has been completed for a future interchange at 11 Street NE.
This road would service undeveloped industrial land bounded to the east by Deerfoot Trail, north by Stoney Trail, west by the CPR right-of-way and south by Country Hills Boulevard. No schedule has been set for the construction of this interchange; the interchange will provide a road connection north of Stoney Trail. The northwest ring road opened on November 2, 2009, with traffic signals at Harvest Hills Boulevard but grading was completed for a future possible interchange. On November 25, 2009, the province announced construction of the Harvest Hills Boulevard Interchange to be opening in fall 2010; the cost of the interchange project was $14 million. The interchange opened to traffic in 2010. Grading has been completed for a future interchange at 14 Street NW. At present, there is a right-in-right-out access south of Stoney Trail into the Panorama Hills neighbourhood. No schedule had been set for the construction of this interchange; the interchange will provide a road connection north of Stoney Trail.
In summer 2014, grading began for westbound exit to 14th and southbound 14th entrance ramp to westbound Stoney. A signalized intersection was constructed at Beddington Trail and Symons Valley Road, but it was upgraded to an interchang
Crowchild Trail is a developing freeway in western Calgary, Alberta. The segment from 12 Mile Coulee Road to 16 Avenue NE is designated as Highway 1A by Alberta Transportation. Crowchild Trail's south terminus is located at North Glenmore Park as a minor arterial road. Exiting northbound from the park the road intersects several residential streets within the communities of Lakeview and North Glenmore Park, several residential dwellings are located on the Trail itself. Continuing northward, its first major intersection is with Glenmore Trail at an interchange, built in 1981, the point at which Crowchild becomes an freeway. After an interchange was completed at 50th Avenue SW in 2003, Crowchild Trail became a true freeway from Glenmore Trail to Kensington Road NW, with overpasses at Flanders Avenue SW, 33 Avenue SW and 17 Avenue SW and interchange intersections with 10 Avenue SW, Bow Trail and Memorial Drive; the speed limit on the freeway sections are 80 km/h. Traffic slows north of the Bow River, with signal-controlled intersections at Kensington Road NW and 5th Avenue NW, heavy use by football fans and transit users at McMahon Stadium and students of the University of Calgary.
After 24 Avenue NW the road veers northwest, once again becomes an uninterrupted freeway until the Stoney Trail ring road. As of 2012, the interchange was completed at Stoney Trail, which makes Crowchild Trail a freeway nearly to the city limits, at which point, Crowchild Trail continues as Bow Valley Trail linking to the towns of Cochrane and Canmore. Part of this road was the Morley Trail, it was first paved in the 1930s. It became the main highway to Banff and was the home of Eamon's Bungalow Camp and service station; when the Trans-Canada Highway was created it dropped in importance. The road was signed as 24 Street SW from North Glenmore Park to the Bow River, 24th Street NW from the Bow River to the intersection with 16 Avenue NW, Highway 1A from 16 Avenue NW to the city limits. In March 1971, it was renamed Crowchild Trail in honour of David Crowchild, Chief of the Tsuu T'ina Nation from 1946 to 1953. In the spring of 2017, the City of Calgary approved the recommendations of the Crowchild Trail Study which addressed the congestion and design issues between 17 Avenue SW and 24 Avenue NW.
Short-term improvements include adding additional lanes across the Bow River and modifying the Bow Trail and Memorial Drive interchanges. Medium-term improvements include new interchanges at Kensington Road, 5 Avenue NW, 24 Avenue NW, as well as replacement of the existing University Drive and 16 Avenue NW interchanges. Once the medium-term recommendations would be implemented, the remaining traffic signals would be removed and Crowchild Trail would be a freeway between Glenmore Trail and 12 Mile Coulee Road. From south to north, the following intersections are observed along Crowchild Trail; the entire route is in Calgary. All exits are unnumbered. Highway 1A Transportation in Calgary Crowchild Trail Upgrades - City of Calgary
Cut Bank, Montana
Cut Bank is a city in and the county seat of Glacier County, United States, located just east of the "cut bank" along Cut Bank Creek. The population was 2,869 at the 2010 census, the estimated population in 2015 was 3,002. Cut Bank is located in eastern Glacier County at 48°38′5″N 112°19′52″W. U. S. Route 2 passes through the city as Main Street, leading east 22 miles to Interstate 15 at Shelby and west 34 miles to Browning; the Blackfeet Indian Reservation is located just west of Cut Bank, on the western side of Cut Bank Creek. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.99 square miles, all of it land. The city is located 30 miles south of the Canada–United States border; the name of the city comes from the cut bank — a scenic hazard to navigation and a geologic feature of the same name. The Cut Bank Creek river is spanned cliffs to cliffs by a scenic elevated railway bridge high above the canyon floor less than a mile from the edge of the town; as of the 2010 census, there were 2,869 people, 1,249 households and 739 families residing in the city.
The population density was 2,927 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,441 housing units at an average density of 1,470 per square mile; the racial makeup of the city was 74.7% White, 0.2% African American, 19.0% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population. There were 1,249 households of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.8% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 41.2 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female. Cut Bank is served by Amtrak's Empire Builder long-distance train on its route from Chicago to Seattle.
There is one westbound train per day. A train of the same name served the city under the Great Northern Railway; the city, in conjunction with Amtrak and the current track owner BNSF Railway repainted its historic train station in the traditional Great Northern depot colors. The city contains an important railroad freight yard operated by the BNSF. Cut Bank experiences a semi-arid climate with long, dry winters and short, wetter summers. In winter, bitterly cold arctic air masses move south and impact the eastern side of the American Continental Divide. During such invasions Cut Bank, with its comparatively high elevation and topography is the coldest location in the lower 48 U. S. States. Being close to the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains makes the area subject to occasional Chinook winds that can increase the local temperature. Gerard Jones, comic book writer, born in Cut Bank but raised elsewhere James C. Nelson, Montana Supreme Court justice Hart Merriam Schultz, early American Indian artist Gloria Jean Siebrecht, amateur paleontologist Rob Quist, musician Alexis Wineman, Miss Montana 2012 Danielle Wineman, Miss Montana 2015 Cut Bank Cut Bank station List of oil pipelines City of Cut Bank official website
Alberta Highway 8
Alberta Provincial Highway No. 8 referred to as Highway 8, is a highway in Southern Alberta that connects Highway 22 in Rocky View County just north of Redwood Meadows to Deerfoot Trail in Calgary. In Rocky View County, the highway parallels the Elbow River before entering Calgary where it becomes a travelled expressway known as Glenmore Trail, named after the reservoir which it crosses. Glenmore Trail is a busy freeway between Richard Street in southwest Calgary to Ogden Road in the southeast, carrying nearly 160,000 vehicles per weekday at its busiest point placing it second only to Deerfoot Trail as the busiest road in Western Canada. East of Deerfoot Trail, Glenmore Trail continues east providing a key link to Stoney Trail, after which traffic levels decrease and it becomes Highway 560 en route to Langdon. Highway 8 begins west of Calgary in a rural area of Rocky View County, its terminus is a roundabout with Highway 22 in the Elbow River valley after which it proceeds east, paralleling the Elbow River through agricultural lands as a two-lane rural highway with a posted speed limit of 100 km/h.
In Rocky View County the highway is alternately designated as Township Road 241, after it crosses Range Road 32 the speed limit reduces to 80 km/h as the highway bisects a suburban residential area. After a signalized intersection at Clearwater Drive / Lott Creek Boulevard, the highway descends into the Elbow River valley before veering north to crosses the river, entering Calgary city limits immediately thereafter at 101 Street SW. In Calgary, Highway 8 is designated as Glenmore Trail and retains this designation, at a speed limit of 80 km/h, until Deerfoot Trail, it first passes between the communities of Springbank Hill. South of Signal Hill it meets Sarcee Trail and becomes a major divided arterial road, doubling to two lanes of traffic each way. In 2010, an interchange with two roundabouts opened at Glenmore's intersection with 37 Street SW; the bridge was built to be reused, depending on Alberta's firm plans for construction of the southwest portion of the Stoney Trail ring road. East of 37 Street traffic levels continue to increase and Glenmore Trail curves back to the south as a freeway toward its major interchange with Crowchild Trail.
Traffic levels double to nearly 160,000 vehicles per day, Glenmore Trail carries four lanes of traffic each way toward the Glenmore Reservoir. The causeway carrying Glenmore Trail over the reservoir was extensively upgraded beginning in 2005, as part of a $57 million project, completed in 2008. Prior to the improvements, seven lanes crossed the reservoir; the improvements saw construction of a new bridge carrying two lanes from northbound 14 Street SW to westbound Glenmore Trail, reconstruction of the existing bridge carrying westbound Glenmore Trail. Construction was planned to minimize disruption to existing traffic. Nine total lanes now cross the reservoir. East of the reservoir, the freeway passes under the major north-south arterial of 14 Street SW, it descends into a trough constructed beneath Elbow Drive and 5 Street SW. Construction of the $170 million complex began in 2005 and was a massive undertaking, the largest road project in the history of Calgary, it included lowering Glenmore Trail 9 m beneath the existing terrain by excavating 500,000 m3 of earth, the extensive use of mechanically stabilized earth walls to maintain the trough.
The retaining walls are adorned with 144 coloured concrete trout which serve as aesthetic design elements. East of Macleod Trail, Glenmore continues as a six lane freeway across the south leg of CTrain route 201 into commercial developments of southeast Calgary, where it meets Blackfoot Trail in a partial cloverleaf interchange, continues to the terminus of the Highway 8 designation at Deerfoot Trail; the interchange at Deerfoot Trail is congested for traffic travelling north-south on Deerfoot as the road squeezes to two lanes from three in each direction. East of Deerfoot, the freeway curves to the southeast and traffic levels decrease by one half, to less than 70,000 vehicles per weekday in 2015. Glenmore Trail passes to the north of Calgary Auto Mall before crossing the Bow River on the Graves Bridge, twinned in 2009 and now carries three lanes westbound and four lanes eastbound on two separate structures. East of the river, Glenmore Trail passes between the residential areas of Ogden and Calgary before a partial cloverleaf interchange at 18 Street SE.
The freeway ends shortly after at Ogden Road, the four lane expressway continues east through commercial and light industrial development across at-grade intersections with Barlow Trail and 52 Street SE, before its east terminus at a partial cloverleaf interchange at Stoney Trail. Beyond Stoney Trail, Glenmore becomes Highway 560 and continues to Langdon at 80 km/h as a rural two-lane highway. In the late 1800s, Calgary was a small town at the confluence of the Bow Rivers. A travelled road led away from the town to the southwest, following the alignment of present-day Richmond Road. In the early 20th century it was called South Morley Road before being renamed to Richmond Road, led west to Springbank, Alberta remaining north of the Elbow River. A spur from the road at 101 Street SW proceeding due south across the river had been constructed by the mid‑1920s. South of the river, it veered west following the present day alignment of Highway 8 to its current terminus, w
Waterton Park referred to as Waterton, is a hamlet in southwestern Alberta, Canada within Improvement District No. 4 Waterton. It is located at the southwestern terminus of Highway 5 54 kilometres west of the Town of Cardston and 55 kilometres south of the Town of Pincher Creek; this hamlet is north of Glacier National Park in Montana. It has an elevation of 1,280 metres; the hamlet is located in the federal riding of Lethbridge. As a designated place in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Waterton Park recorded a population of 105 living in 39 of its 168 total private dwellings, a change of 19.3% from its 2011 population of 88. With a land area of 485.66 km2, it had a population density of 0.2/km2 in 2016. As a designated place in the 2011 Census, Waterton Park had a population of 88 living in 31 of its 181 total dwellings, a -45% change from its 2006 population of 160. With a land area of 480.58 km2, it had a population density of 0.1831/km2 in 2011. Waterton Park has a humid continental climate, just above the subarctic climate.
List of communities in Alberta List of designated places in Alberta List of hamlets in Alberta
Del Bonita, Alberta
Del Bonita is a hamlet in southern Alberta, Canada within Cardston County. It is located 49 km south of Magrath at the junction of Highway 62 and Highway 501, it serves as a port of entry into the U. S. state of Montana at the nearby Canada – United States border crossing 3 km to the south. Del Bonita is a name derived from Spanish meaning "of the pretty". Del Bonita lies at an elevation of 1,305 m, on Shanks Creek, which flows into Shanks Lake and further east into the Milk River. Del Bonita/Whetstone International Airport is located 2 nautical miles south of the settlement, on the Canada–United States border. Various buildings and artifacts from the Whiskey Gap ghost town have been moved to Del Bonita, including the Whiskey Gap Oil Shed and the Huey Gum Restaurant, Pool Hall and Rooms. Statistics Canada has not published a population for Del Bonita. However, Industry Canada shows that Del Bonita's greater rural area had a total population of 651 living in 143 dwellings in 2001. With a land area of 630.5 km2, its greater rural area has a population density of 3.0/km2.
List of communities in Alberta List of hamlets in Alberta List of ghost towns in Alberta