Jared William Huffman is an American politician, the U. S. Representative for California's 2nd congressional district since 2013, he is a member of the Democratic Party. From 2006 to 2012, Huffman was a member of the California State Assembly, representing the 6th district. Huffman chaired the Assembly Water, Parks & Wildlife Committee and chaired the Assembly Environmental Caucus, he was elected to Congress in November 2012 with more than 70% of the vote, defeating Republican candidate Dan Roberts. His congressional district covers the North Coast from the Golden Gate Bridge to the Oregon border. Huffman graduated from William Chrisman High School in 1982 and received his Bachelor of Arts in Political Science magna cum laude from University of California, Santa Barbara, where he was a member of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. At UCSB, Huffman was a three-time All-American volleyball player. Huffman was a member of the USA Volleyball Team in 1987 when the team was ranked #1 in the world and had won the World Championship.
He went on to graduate cum laude from Boston College Law School in 1990. Huffman became a consumer attorney specializing in public interest cases. Among his court victories was a case on behalf of the National Organization for Women, which required all California State University campuses to comply with Title IX. Huffman was a senior attorney for the Natural Resources Defense Council, he was a publicly elected director of the Marin Municipal Water District for twelve years, including three terms as board president. Huffman won the Democratic nomination for the 6th district in a hotly contested primary in June 2006 in which he surprised the political establishment with a victory over opponents Pamela Torliatt, a Petaluma city councilwoman, Cynthia Murray, a Marin County Supervisor, considered the frontrunner. Huffman defeated Assistant State Attorney General Damon Connelly, Marin County Democratic Chairman John Alden, sociologist Alex Easton-Brown. Huffman defeated Republican opponent Dr. Michael Hartnett by a more than 2:1 margin in the general election on November 7, 2006.
Huffman faced two opponents in the November 2008 general election: Republican Paul Lavery and Libertarian Timothy Hannan. He won with 70% of the vote and the 137,873 votes he received were among the most by any California Assembly candidate in 2008. In the Democratic primary, Huffman was unopposed and received 57,213 votes—the most of any California Assemblymember in that election. In the June 2010 California primary, Huffman defeated a fellow Democratic challenger Patrick Connally. Huffman faced Republican nominee Robert Stephens in the November 2010 general election, he won overwhelmingly with more than 70% of the vote—the highest winning margin of any candidate on the ballot in the North Bay that year. Due to California term limits, Huffman would have been unable to seek a fourth Assembly term in 2012. In his first four years as a legislator, Huffman authored and passed more than 40 pieces of legislation. In 2008, Huffman sponsored a bill, which he wrote with internet attorney Daniel Balsam that aimed to close what its proponents characterized as loopholes in the CAN-SPAM Act which made it more difficult to bring lawsuits against deceptive spammers.
Although the bill passed the State Assembly and Senate, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed the bill. On February 14, 2011, Jared Huffman cosponsored a bill with Paul Fong, California Assembly Bill 376, to make it illegal to possess, distribute, or sell shark fins, unless for research or commercial purposes. Upon his swearing-in on December 4, 2006, Assembly Speaker Fabian Núñez named Huffman the Chairman of the Committee on Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials. In August 2008, the new Assembly Speaker Karen Bass named Huffman to Chair the Water, Parks & Wildlife Committee. After 20-year Democratic incumbent Lynn Woolsey announced her retirement, Huffman entered the race to run for her seat in the 2nd District, renumbered from the 6th in redistricting. California's 2nd congressional district now covers six counties: Marin, Mendocino, Trinity and Del Norte. Huffman finished first in the top-two primary with 37% of the vote. In November, Huffman defeated Republican candidate Dan Roberts 71%–29%.
In his first re-election campaign in 2014, Huffman dominated the open primary, receiving 67.9% of the vote against 22.3% for second-place finisher Dale Mensing, a Republican. Huffman went on to defeat Mensing in the fall general election by 75 to 25%; the 2016 results were similar, with Huffman receiving 68.3% of the primary vote against 15.7% for Mensing, who again finished second, defeating Mensing in the general election by 76.5% to 23.5%. In the June 2018 open primary, Huffman received 72.5% of the vote. The two faced each other in the November 2018 runoff, where Huffman was re-elected with 77.0% of the vote. In April 2018, together with Jerry McNerney, Jamie Raskin, Dan Kildee, launched the Congressional Freethought Caucus, its stated goals include "pushing public policy formed on the basis of reason and moral values", promoting the "separation of church and state," opposing discrimination against "atheists, humanists, seekers and nonreligious persons", among others. Huffman and Raskin will act as co-chairs.
The following is a partial list of legislation introduced by Huffman. California Coastal National Monument Expansion Act of 2013 – a bill that "would expand the boundary of the California Coastal National Monument to include 1,255 acres of federal land known as the Point Arena-Stornetta public lands.
Elk, Mendocino County, California
Elk is an unincorporated community in Mendocino County, California. It is located 22 miles south at an elevation of 135 feet. Elk has a population of 208, it is located on the coast at the crossroads of Philo-Greenwood Road. Albion, Little River, Mendocino lie to the north, Manchester and Point Arena to the south. Inland are Navarro and Boonville. Elk was called "Greenwood" after early homesteaders, the Greenwood brothers, sons of mountain man Caleb Greenwood and his half Crow wife, one of the rescuers of the Donner Party; when the post office was opened, in 1887, there was another Greenwood in California so it was called Elk Post Office. The name came to refer to the town, it is an outgrowth of an earlier town called Cuffy's Cove and the cemetery is located at that townsite 1 mile north of Elk. When pioneer lumberman Lorenzo White was unable to reach a satisfactory deal with the owners of the lumber chutes at Cuffy's Cove to ship out his redwood product, he constructed a wharf out along a string of rocks in the center of what is now Elk.
When he built a large steam sawmill and 3-foot gauge railroad, the new employment drained the town of Cuffy's Cove, abandoned. The sawmill was producing 80,000 board feet of lumber per day by 1890; the mill was sold to Goodyear Redwood Company in 1916. Elk River Company took over the sawmill when Goodyear went bankrupt in 1932; the local redwood lumber industry economy collapsed when the uninsured sawmill burned in 1936. Another sawmill was built in about 1953 and one more in 1963; these operated until the late 1960s when the redwood and Douglas fir was logged out. After some quiet times, the town has had a rebirth as a recreation destination. Many of the larger old houses are now Bed & Breakfast inns and the State has acquired the Greenwood Creek beach and the original mill site as a state park; the ZIP Code is 95432. The community is inside area code 707. In the California State Legislature, Elk is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, in the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.
In the United States House of Representatives, Elk is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. Elk, CA Travel Information
Pacific Union College
Pacific Union College is a private Adventist liberal arts college in Napa Valley, California. It is the only four-year college in Napa County, it is among the top ten employers in the county. A coeducational residential college, it serves an exclusively undergraduate student body, the overwhelming majority of which live on campus. PUC is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and maintains various programmatic accreditations, it is affiliated with the Adventist Church. It was the 12th university founded in the state of California. Enrollment at Pacific Union College is 1,600. Students study a variety of courses offered by the school's 20 academic departments; the school offers 70 undergraduate majors and one master's program. The campus occupies 150 acres of the college's 1,900 acres in property. Pacific Union College has had a total of twenty-three presidents; the first eight of these served. In 1983, Malcolm Maxwell became the first alumnus to lead PUC. Bob Cushman, the current president, took office in July 2017 after serving as the academic dean at Walla Walla University.
Pacific Union College was founded as Healdsburg Academy in 1882 in Healdsburg, California in northern Sonoma County. It was renamed Healdsburg College in 1899. Sidney Brownsberger was its first President, it is the twelfth oldest institution of higher education in the state of California, the second founded by the Adventist Church, the first west of the Mississippi River. In 1909 the college moved to its current location in Angwin, on Howell Mountain in neighboring Napa County, where the school had purchased the 1,636-acre Angwin Resort for $60,000. One reason for relocating to Angwin Resort was its beautiful rural setting, overlooking California's Napa Valley wine country, which continues to be a defining characteristic. In 1933, Pacific Union College became the first higher educational institution affiliated with the Adventist Church to achieve regional accreditation when it was awarded accreditation by the Northwest Association of Secondary and Higher Schools; the year before, PUC had become the first school to receive denominational accreditation.
Pacific Union College was the first Adventist school to form international affiliations. In 2006 the faculty and Board of Trustees underscored PUC's commitment to undergraduate education by making a formal decision to remain a college and not change its name to university, as other small private colleges had done; this decision was based on the institution's commitment to quality liberal arts undergraduate teaching. In the summer of 2006, PUC's Board of Trustees announced its intention to enlarge its endowment through the sale and development of a portion of its land holdings into an ecovillage; the initial plans called for improvements to local businesses and shops. In response to community input, the number of units proposed was reduced by 200, to 391; the plan was abandoned in October 2010. In early 2014, there was a controversy when a long-time department chair announced his resignation in response to president Heather Knight, preparing to remove a 26-year, tenured professor in his department for "lectures on sex that administrators said clashed with church teachings."
Her actions were viewed as a reinterpretation of the school's policy on academic freedom which were interpreted to allow variations from church teachings. Knight withdrew her threat to fire the professor but "doubled down" on her reinterpretation of academic freedom despite a major outcry from faculty and alumni. Academic Dean Nancy Lecourt stated that the conflict originated from tension between the school's commitment to promote the church and professors' freedom to teach, stating, "How do we get students thinking? We poke at them, we introduce them to new ideas, we ask difficult questions... But how do we get them thinking without losing their faith?" Following the school's re-evaluation of academic freedom, a professor, Greg Schneider, stated, "This damages the fabric, it's going to take some reweaving." Schneider, who had taught at PUC for 37 years, planned to retire soon and asked, rhetorically, "Can I still, with my whole being, communicate to my students that this is where you ought to be?"In June 2014, the College received a $2.4 million unrestricted donation from a local resident.
It was described as the single largest cash gift in the college's history. Pacific Union College is the only four-year college located in California. Pacific Union College offers associate degrees and pre-professional programs, it has been recognized for its strong undergraduate program. There are 1,500 students, the school maintains a student/teacher ratio of 13:1. PUC's most popular departments are Business, Nursing and Psychology & Social Work, it has a strong pre-med program, is the largest source of students for Loma Linda University School of Medicine. According to the Angwin Community Council, the college "has been the training ground for an inordinately large number of outstanding physicians, nurses and theologians...among its well over 50,000 alumni..."PUC, along with Washington Adventist University in Takoma Park, Maryland, is one of two baccalaureate liberal arts colleges affiliated with the Adventist Church, according to the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
Pacific Union College school offers over 70 undergraduate majors and one master's program, throughout 20 academic departments. The school operates on a quarter-based academic ca
Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time daylight savings time or daylight time and summer time, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. In effect, DST causes a lost hour of an extra hour of sleep in the fall. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895; the German Empire and Austria-Hungary organized the first nationwide implementation starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used at various times since particularly since the 1970s energy crisis. DST is not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it; some countries observe it only in some regions. Only a minority of the world's population uses DST, because Asia and Africa do not observe it. DST clock shifts sometimes complicate timekeeping and can disrupt travel, record keeping, medical devices, heavy equipment, sleep patterns.
Computer software adjusts clocks automatically, but policy changes by various jurisdictions of DST dates and timings may be confusing. Industrialized societies follow a clock-based schedule for daily activities that do not change throughout the course of the year; the time of day that individuals begin and end work or school, the coordination of mass transit, for example remain constant year-round. In contrast, an agrarian society's daily routines for work and personal conduct are more governed by the length of daylight hours and by solar time, which change seasonally because of the Earth's axial tilt. North and south of the tropics daylight lasts longer in summer and shorter in winter, with the effect becoming greater the further one moves away from the tropics. By synchronously resetting all clocks in a region to one hour ahead of standard time, individuals who follow such a year-round schedule will wake an hour earlier than they would have otherwise. However, they will have one less hour of daylight at the start of each day, making the policy less practical during winter.
While the times of sunrise and sunset change at equal rates as the seasons change, proponents of Daylight Saving Time argue that most people prefer a greater increase in daylight hours after the typical "nine to five" workday. Supporters have argued that DST decreases energy consumption by reducing the need for lighting and heating, but the actual effect on overall energy use is disputed; the manipulation of time at higher latitudes has little impact on daily life, because the length of day and night changes more throughout the seasons, thus sunrise and sunset times are out of phase with standard working hours regardless of manipulations of the clock. DST is of little use for locations near the equator, because these regions see only a small variation in daylight in the course of the year; the effect varies according to how far east or west the location is within its time zone, with locations farther east inside the time zone benefiting more from DST than locations farther west in the same time zone.
Ancient civilizations adjusted daily schedules to the sun more flexibly than DST does dividing daylight into 12 hours regardless of daytime, so that each daylight hour became progressively longer during spring and shorter during autumn. For example, the Romans kept time with water clocks that had different scales for different months of the year. From the 14th century onwards, equal-length civil hours supplanted unequal ones, so civil time no longer varies by season. Unequal hours are still used in a few traditional settings, such as some monasteries of Mount Athos and all Jewish ceremonies. Benjamin Franklin published the proverb "early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy and wise", he published a letter in the Journal de Paris during his time as an American envoy to France suggesting that Parisians economize on candles by rising earlier to use morning sunlight; this 1784 satire proposed taxing window shutters, rationing candles, waking the public by ringing church bells and firing cannons at sunrise.
Despite common misconception, Franklin did not propose DST. However, this changed as rail transport and communication networks required a standardization of time unknown in Franklin's day. In 1810, the Spanish National Assembly Cortes of Cádiz issued a regulation that moved certain meeting times forward by one hour from May 1 to September 30 in recognition of seasonal changes, but it did not change the clocks, it acknowledged that private businesses were in the practice of changing their opening hours to suit daylight conditions, but they did so of their own volition. New Zealand entomologist George Hudson first proposed modern DST, his shift-work job gave him leisure time to collect insects and led him to value after-hours daylight. In 1895, he presented a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a two-hour daylight-saving shift, considerable interest was expressed in
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University