click links in text for more info


Alcan was a Canadian mining company and aluminum manufacturer. It was founded in 1902 as the Northern Aluminum Company, renamed Aluminum Company of Canada, Limited in 1925, Alcan Aluminum Limited in 1966, it took the name Alcan Incorporated in 2001. During that time, it grew to become one of the world's largest aluminum manufacturers. Alcan was purchased by Australian-British multinational Rio Tinto for $38 billion in 2007, becoming Rio Tinto Alcan Inc. in 2008. It was headquartered in Quebec, in its Maison Alcan complex; the Northern Aluminium Company Limited was founded in 1902, in Shawinigan, Quebec, as part of the Pittsburgh Reduction Company. In 1913, the company opened a kitchen utensil production foundry in Toronto, it opened a rolling mill in the plant a few years later. During the First World War, aluminium production shot to 131,000 tonnes from 69,000. In 1925, the company was renamed the Aluminium Company of Canada; the Aluminium Company of Canada was responsible for rapid development in Arvida, today a part of the city of Saguenay in Quebec, by contributing to the construction of major ports and railway facilities.

It began production at its sheet rolling and extrusion facility in Ontario in 1940. In 1931, the Northern Aluminium Co. Ltd. or Alcan Industries Ltd. pig and rolled Aluminium factory was opened on land acquired in 1929 in the hamlet of Hardwick, Oxfordshire, UK. The factory helped build parts for Spitfire fighter aircraft during the Second World War; the Alcan Laboratories Club was founded in 1948 by the lab technicians to promote the well-being of the workforce in general. As a result, the village began to grow. By the early 1950s, the local economy had become dependent on the plant's prosperity, with 24% of the town's workers being employed there. At this time 13 % were employed in 7 % in clothing and 5 % in agriculture. With the onset of World War II, the Allies' demand for aluminum expanded and with it the company. Encompassing three-quarters of the production capacity for aluminum in the British Empire, the company's "assets increased fivefold; the governments of the UK, the United States, Australia facilitated this growth with low-interest loans and tax deferrals.

In 1945, the Aluminium Company of Canada was registered under the trade name Alcan. Sales fell in the immediate aftermath of the War, but rebounded with postwar expansion, as aluminum was in use in construction, by electrical utilities, in manufacturing. In 1951, it initiated a $500-million project at Kitimat, British Columbia, the largest public-private partnership introduced in Canada at the time. Despite a June 1950 antitrust ruling that forced shareholders divest themselves of shares in either Aluminum Limited or Alcoa, the rise of American rivals Kaiser and Reynolds, Alcan remained a dominant player in the aluminum sector for many subsequent decades. In 1994 Alcan sold their building products unit to Genstar Capital Corporation and the location closed and demolished. Between 1998 and 2001, the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean became the largest construction site in North America, as Alcan undertook a $3-billion construction project in Alma with a yearly production capacity of 400,000 metric tonnes.

In 2000, Alcan acquired Algroup, merging the companies to become Alcan, Inc. in 2001. Alcan became the second biggest primary aluminium production company, it became the world's largest aluminium manufacturer in 2004 after acquiring the Pechiney Group, the fourth player in worldwide production and fabrication of aluminium and the number 3 in packaging. In 2007, Rio Tinto acquired Alcan Inc. after a US$38 billion deal. The offer served to undermine a hostile bid of $27.5 bn from Alcan's US rival. Rio Tinto became the world's leading aluminum producer. Rio Tinto announced its intention to sell off the Engineered Products and Packaging business groups. Alcan Incorporated was amalgamated with Rio Tinto Canada Holding Incorporated and renamed Rio Tinto Alcan Incorporated in 2008; the various Alcan facilities on the 53-acre site in Oxfordshire closed between 2006 and 2007, the factory and laboratory were demolished over the course of 2008–2009. In 2010, Alcan Packaging was sold to Amcor, Alcan Composites was sold to Schweiter Technologies, Alcan Food Packaging was sold to Bemis.

In 2011, Rio Tinto received a binding offer from Apollo Global Management and FSI to acquire 51% and 10% of Alcan Engineered Products. Rio Tinto retains 39%. Rio Tinto official website Rio Tinto Alcan Rio Tinto Alcan AP Technology

Steve Padilla

Steve Padilla is a public policy and communications consultant and a noted California politician. He served as Mayor of the City of Chula Vista, CA from 2002 to 2006 and as a member of the California Coastal Commission from 2005 to 2007, he most served as a member of the Board of Port Commissioners of the Unified Port of San Diego, as Board Secretary and Vice Chairman-Elect from 2009 to 2011. Chula Vista is the second-largest city in San Diego County; the Coastal Commission is California's powerful coastal protection authority which regulates land use along all 1,100 miles of California's coastline. The Unified Port of San Diego governs the tidelands trust lands of San Diego Bay which span the five bay front cities of San Diego, National City, Chula Vista and Imperial Beach. Mr. Padilla served two terms on Chula Vista's City Council from 1994 to 2002 prior to being elected Mayor, held numerous local, state-wide and national posts during his term as mayor and since including. Padilla lost his bid for reelection to Republican Cheryl Cox in November, 2006.

A Democrat, he is noted for being one of the state's increasing number of gay political leaders. Padilla remains active in local and national public affairs, he is President of Aquarius Group, Inc. a consulting business he began in 2007, has been a published public affairs columnist for various local publications in San Diego. He was asked to serve as a member of The Independent Task Force on U. S. Immigration Policy by the Council on Foreign Relations in 2008-2009; the eldest of four children, Steve Padilla was born at the U. S. Naval Hospital, San Diego. Raised in Chula Vista since age 5, Padilla showed an interest in community at an early age, becoming active in organizations throughout his early life, which would lead him to seek public office. Padilla's first career venture was into law enforcement. After graduating from Bonita Vista High School, he became the youngest cadet accepted into the Southwestern Police Academy. A police officer for thirteen years, he served as a Detective, specializing in domestic violence and child abuse before entering the public arena.

While a police officer, Padilla returned to school, received his bachelor's degree in Public Administration. Between 1989 and 1990 he was appointed by the City Council to various city boards and commissions including the Board of Ethics, Safety Commission. Padilla was elected to the Chula Vista City Council in 1994, he was the first person of Latino descent elected to that office in the city's history, despite the city's diverse population. During his early tenure, he was noted and criticized for his harsh criticism of the existing City Manager. Padilla was instrumental in bringing about the hiring of a new City Manager and the implementation of city-wide ethics training, he won re-election by a large margin in 1998. Padilla was elected the 38th Mayor of Chula Vista on November 5, 2002, defeating Mary Salas, a colleague and political ally; the race between the two democrats was hotly contested and observed given the nature of the candidate's past relationship and the historic nature of the election.

During his tenure as mayor, he is credited with re-energizing efforts to bring a four-year university to Chula Vista and building a diverse coalition of interests around a large waterfront development project for the city. Padilla sought to focus on revitalization for the city's aging downtown area and the addition of parks and open spaces, his focus on downtown redevelopment earned him both allies and strong critics, who feared redevelopment of the city's downtown area would bring larger buildings and population. He gained significant attention in the region while leading the city in an evaluation of options for energy independence, resulting in a public battle and debate with the area's public utility, San Diego Gas & Electric. Working with the San Diego Unified Port District, Padilla was instrumental in initiating the Bay-front Master Plan, an effort to develop 500 acres waterfront to accommodate public parks, restaurants and new housing. In July 2005, Padilla was appointed by Assembly Speaker Fabian Nunez to the California Coastal Commission.

In August, 2005 while speaking at a rally on civil rights for gays and lesbians, Padilla acknowledged publicly what many had known for a few years – that he is gay. His "coming out" at the time gained him political opponents. At that time, Chula Vista became the largest city in the United States with an gay mayor. Padilla has been featured on the cover of San Diego Metropolitan magazine. In 2006, Steve Padilla lost his re-election bid to Chula Vista Elementary School Board member Cheryl Cox, the wife of a popular former mayor and current county supervisor with 45.76% to Cox's 54.24%. Cox's campaign against Padilla focused on the drop in City reserves from $40 million to $10 million while Padilla served as Mayor and on the fact the city had hired security for Padilla in the wake of anonymous threats. Padilla served on the Governing Board of Walden Family Services, a private non-profit foster family agency serving special needs children in six California counties from 2007-2009, he completed service on the Independent Task Force on U.

S. Immigration Policy for the Council on Foreign Relations in early 2009, when the Task Force findings and recommendations were released. Destroying


Talcher named as City of Black Diamond or Coal City of Odisha is one of the fastest growing industrial and coal hubs in the state. Because of its huge coal reserves, the city has been ranked among the highest in terms of GDP in Odisha, it is one of the 4 sub-divisions of Angul district in the Indian state of Odisha. Situated on the right bank of the river Brahmani, it is one of the fastest growing industrial and mining complexes of the country; the city is surrounded by the coalfields under MCL and has three Mega Power plants like NTPC, TTPS. Jindal power plant During the British Raj Talcher was the capital of Talcher State, one of the princely states of the Eastern States Agency; as of 2011 India census, Talcher had a population of 40,841. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Talcher has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, female literacy is 62%. In Talcher, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Talcher is known for its coal reserves.

It has numbers of open-cast mines. Dera colliery is the oldest mine here; the coalfields are managed by a subsidiary of Coal India Limited. The establishment of Talcher Thermal Power Station and Talcher Super Thermal Power Station both owned by National Thermal Power Corporation, Fertilizer Corporation of India, Heavy Water Plant and the Collieries of Mahanadi Coalfields Limited have enhanced the importance of the place. Current MLA from Talcher Assembly Constituency is Brajokishore Pradhan of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2009. Previous MLAs from this seat were Mahesh Sahoo who won this seat as BJP candidate in 1994, Brundabana Behera who won this seat as an independent candidate in 1990 and representing JNP in 1980 and 1977, Bhajaman Behera of INC in 1985. Talcher is part of Dhenkanal. Talcher Palace known as the Samrat Sadan Palace is a lavish heritage property built around the 14th century; the main attraction of this palace is an imposing wheel-shaped stone structure that lies right above the main entrance.

Talcher Palace is the official residence of Raja Rajendra Chandra Deb of Talcher who lives there along with his wife Rani Saheb Pushpa Devi and their two sons Yuvraj Vijayendra Chandra Deb and Pattayet Shailendra Chandra Deb. Talcher Palace is a popular tourist destination for visitors coming to Talcher. Talcher Autonomous College and numerous colleges are located here. Rengali Dam is another tourist spot located on the outskirts of Talcher. NTPC: The National Thermal Power Corporation, India's leader in power generation has 2 numbers of thermal power plant in Angul district. One, NTPC/TTPS located 7 km from Talcher on the way to Bhubaneswar is of 460MW and the other one, the bigger one NTPC/TSTPS known as NTPC Kaniha is of 3000 MW super thermal power station located at Kaniha, in Talcher subdivision; the beneficiary states from the power generation are Odisha, Sikkim, Damodar Valley Corporation, West Bengal and Southern States. Coal for the power generation is sourced from the Talcher Coalfield and water for the thermal power is taken from Samal Barrage Reservoir.

The location of NTPC, Talcher is at Kaniha, 45 km from Talcher. NTPC Kanhia has its own township for its 1500 employees. MCL: Mahanadi Coal Field Limited is located in Talcher, a well known mining centre of coal. A unit of Coal India Limited, MCL was under SECL; the major mines under MCL in Talcher are the Bhubaneswari OCP, Ananta OCP, Bharatpur OCP, Lingaraj OCP, Kaniha OCP, Jagannath OCP, Hingula OCP, Balram OCP, Nandira colliery Dera colliery. Some new projects will come up in future which are under progress of exploration by CMPDI Ltd. FCI: The Fertilizer Corporation of India has its unit in Talcher. One of the oldest industries of this area, FCI Talcher has faced problems in its viable operation. Hence, the plant has faced a closure since 1998; the township & plants do exist. As per a recent report RCF plans to revive the FCI plant in Talcher with a capital outlay of about Rs. 3000 crores. HWP: The Heavy Water Plant is located in Talcher is a Govt. of India organisation under the aegis of Ministry of Atomic Power & Energy.

This plant is involved in production of Organic Solvents like TBP, D2EFHA, TAPO & TOPO etc. and other allied chemicals required as a part of the Nuclear Power Programme of the country. TTPS: Talcher Thermal Power Station was one of the oldest power generation plant of the Government of Odisha, with a capacity of 460 MW power generation and it is located in Talcher. Coal for the power generation is sourced from the Talcher Coal Field and water for the thermal power is taken from nearby Brahmani river, it was in the reds. The company was taken over by NTPC and its operation has once again become economically viable; the power plant is run efficiently by NTPC since 1998. King's Palace Brahmani River Goddess Maa Hingula Paschimeshwar Mandir BhimkhundThis is another tourist place situated about 8 kilometres from the town of Talcher. One can see the sleeping statue of Lord Vishnu on the river bed of Brahmani; as Talcher is a commercial and industrial centre of Odisha, it has a developed transportation network.

It is well connected with the capital Bhubaneswar and other part of Odisha. Talcher Railway Station and Talcher Road Railway Station are the most important stations of the East Coast Railway Zone headquartered at Bhubaneswar. Important train routes move through cities like Bhubaneshwar, Ahmedabad, Visakhapatnam, Jaipur, Howrah making it hel

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers

The Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers were first published by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in 1847. The Proceedings were published under this single title until 1963, when they began to be published in two parts; the Proceedings have since expanded further, in part by incorporating four journals published separately: the Proceedings of the Institution of Automobile Engineers, the Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers, the Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Engineering in Medicine. Sixteen individual parts now make up the Proceedings, as follows: Part A: Journal of Power and Energy Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment Part N: Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and TechnologyIn 2010, SAGE Publications began publishing the Institution's journals on behalf of the IMechE.

As of May 2011, 14 of the journals that make up the Proceedings were included in the Journal Citation Reports. Official website

Arasikere, Tumkur

This article is about village in Tumkur district, India. For other uses, see Arsikere. Arasikere is a village in Pavagada Taluk in Tumkur District of India, it belongs to Bangalore Division. It is located 97 km towards North from the District headquarters Tumakuru. 24 km from Pavagada and 161 km from State capital Bangalore. Arasikere Pin code is 572116 and postal head office is Channakeshavapura. KT Halli, Doddabanagere, Rangasamudra are the nearby Villages to Arasikere. Arasikere is surrounded by Gudibanda Taluk towards South, Pavagada Taluk towards East, Kundurpi Taluk towards North, Rolla Taluk towards South. Pavagada, Madhugiri, Kalyandurg are the nearby Cities to Arasikere; this Place is in the border of the Tumkur Anantapur District. Anantapur District Roddam is East towards this place, it is near to the Andhra Pradesh State Border. Arasikere Local Language is Kannada. Arasikere Village Total population is 3661 and number of houses are 823. Female Population is 49.8%. Village literacy rate is 65.5% and the Female Literacy rate is 28.3%.

Population Census Parameter Census Data Total Population 3661 Total No of Houses 823 Female Population % 49.8% Total Literacy rate % 65.5% Female Literacy rate 28.3% Scheduled Tribes Population % 11.0% Scheduled Caste Population % 17.5% Working Population % 54.1% Child Population by 2011 351 Girl Child Population % by 2011 43.0% JD, BJP, INC are the major political parties in this area. There is no railway station near to Arasikere in less than 10 km. Hindupur Railway Station, Malugur Railway Station are the Railway stations reachable from near by towns. Pavagada, Hindupur are the nearby by towns to Arasikere having road connectivity to Arasikere Tumkur Districts of Karnataka

AMD PowerTune

AMD PowerTune is a series of dynamic frequency scaling technologies built into some AMD GPUs and APUs that allow the clock speed of the processor to be dynamically changed by software. This allows the processor to meet the instantaneous performance needs of the operation being performed, while minimizing power draw, heat generation and noise avoidance. AMD PowerTune aims to solve thermal design performance constraints. Besides the reduced energy consumption, AMD PowerTune helps to lower the noise levels created by the cooling in desktop computers, extends battery life in mobile devices. AMD PowerTune is the successor to AMD PowerPlay. Support for "PowerPlay" was added to the Linux kernel driver "amdgpu" on November, 11 2015; as a lecture from CCC in 2014 shows, AMD's x86-64 SMU firmware is executed on some LatticeMico32 and PowerTune was modeled using Matlab. This is similar to Nvidia's PDAEMON, the RTOS responsible for power on their GPUs. AMD PowerTune was introduced in the TeraScale 3 with Radeon HD 6900 in 15 December 2010 and has been available in different development stages on Radeon- and AMD FirePro-branded products since.

Over the years, reviews which document the development of AMD PowerTune have been published by AnandTech. An additional technology named AMD ZeroCore Power has been available since the Radeon HD 7000 Series, implementing the Graphics Core Next microarchitecture; the pointlessness of a fixed clock frequency was accredited in January 2014 by SemiAccurate. AMD Catalyst supports AMD PowerTune since version; the free and open-source "Radeon" graphics device driver has some support for AMD PowerTune, see "Enduro". The following table shows features of AMD's APUs; the following table shows features of AMD's GPUs. AMD Cool'n'Quiet AMD PowerNow! AMD Turbo Core AMD PowerXpress Dynamic frequency scaling Intel SpeedStep Intel Turbo Boost Official website