Freethorpe is a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk, about 8 miles south-west of Great Yarmouth. It covers an area of 9.51 km2 and had a population of 906 in 363 households at the 2001 census. For the purposes of local government, it falls within the district of Broadland, its church, All Saints, is one of 124 existing round-tower churches in Norfolk. Freethorpe Community Primary School, is the local school, which teaches Reception to Year 6; the headteacher is Chris Aitkens. At the end of every year, the leaving Year 6's put on a performance of well-known play/story. Media related to Freethorpe at Wikimedia Commons Website with photos of Freethorpe All Saints
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states: Then, at the midwinter, was the king in Gloucester with his council.... After this had the king a large meeting, deep consultation with his council, about this land. Sent he his men over all England into each shire, it was written in Medieval Latin, was abbreviated, included some vernacular native terms without Latin equivalents. The survey's main purpose was to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor, which allowed William to reassert the rights of the Crown and assess where power lay after a wholesale redistribution of land following the Norman conquest; the assessors' reckoning of a man's holdings and their values, as recorded in Domesday Book, was dispositive and without appeal. The name "Domesday Book" came into use in the 12th century; as Richard FitzNeal wrote in the Dialogus de Scaccario: for as the sentence of that strict and terrible last account cannot be evaded by any skilful subterfuge, so when this book is appealed to... its sentence cannot be quashed or set aside with impunity.
That is why we have called the book "the Book of Judgement"... because its decisions, like those of the Last Judgement, are unalterable. The manuscript is held at The National Archives at London. In 2011, the Open Domesday site made the manuscript available online; the book is an invaluable primary source for historical economists. No survey approaching the scope and extent of Domesday Book was attempted again in Britain until the 1873 Return of Owners of Land which presented the first complete, post-Domesday picture of the distribution of landed property in the British Isles. Domesday Book encompasses two independent works; these were "Little Domesday", "Great Domesday" No surveys were made of the City of London, Winchester, or some other towns due to their tax-exempt status. Most of Cumberland and Westmorland are missing. County Durham is missing; the omission of the other counties and towns is not explained, although in particular Cumberland and Westmorland had yet to be conquered. "Little Domesday" – so named because its format is physically smaller than its companion's – is the more detailed survey, down to numbers of livestock.
It may have represented the first attempt, resulting in a decision to avoid such level of detail in "Great Domesday". Both volumes are organised into a series of chapters listing the fees, held by a named tenant-in-chief of the king, namely religious institutions, Norman warrior magnates and a few Saxon thegns who had made peace with the Norman regime; some of the largest such magnates held several hundred fees, in a few cases in more than one county. For example, the chapter of the Domesday Book Devonshire section concerning Baldwin the Sheriff lists 176 holdings held in-chief by him. Only a few of the holdings of the large magnates were held in demesne, most having been subinfeudated to knights military followers of the tenant-in-chief which latter thus became their overlord; the fees listed within the chapter concerning a particular tenant-in-chief were ordered, but not in a systematic or rigorous fashion, by the Hundred Court under the jurisdiction of which they were situated, not by geographic location.
As a review of taxes owed, it was unpopular. Each county's list opened with the king's demesne lands, it should be borne in mind that under the feudal system the king was the only true "owner" of land in England, under his allodial title. He was thus the ultimate overlord and the greatest magnate could do no more than "hold" land from him as a tenant under one of the various contracts of feudal land tenure. Holdings of Bishops followed of the abbeys and religious houses of lay tenants-in-chief and lastly the king's serjeants, Saxon thegns who had survived the Conquest, all in hierarchical order. In some counties, one or more principal towns formed the subject of a separate section: in some the clamores were treated separately; this principle applies more to the larger volume: in the smaller one, the system is more confused, the execution less perfect. Domesday names a total of 13,418 places. Apart from the wholly rural portions, which constitute its bulk, Domesday contains entries of interest concerning most of t
Brundall is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. It is located on the north bank of the River Yare opposite Surlingham Broad and about 7 miles east of the city of Norwich; the civil parish has an area of 4.39 km2 and in the 2001 census had a population of 3,978 in 1,681 households, increasing to a population of 4,019 in 1,765 households at the 2011 Census. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of Broadland; as in other broadland villages, the land lying directly adjacent to the river falls into the executive area of the Broads Authority. The village is served by Brundall and Brundall Gardens railway stations, which are both on the Norwich to Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft Wherry Lines. A railway disaster occurred at Thorpe between Brundall and Norwich on 10 September 1874. In the worst head-on collision in British railway history, two trains collided on a single line due to errors made in the issue of written orders to the drivers of the two trains.
The village is famous for its boat building business, with Brooms of Brundall being a major manufacturer in the past. Positioned in the heart of the Norfolk Broads area, it still serves an important role in the industry. Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus Cars Bruce Rushin, designer of the £2 coin. Robert Blake, Baron Blake Professor Robert Ashton Sam Clemmett, performed as Albus Potter in Harry Potter and The Cursed Child. ^ Ordnance Survey. OS Explorer Map OL40 - The Broads. ISBN 0-319-23769-9. ^ Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council. Census population and household counts for all parishes. Retrieved December 2, 2005. Brindisi in Wikipedia. Map sources for Brundall. Information from Genuki Norfolk on Brundall. Church of St Laurence
Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the northwest, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest, Suffolk to the south, its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea and, to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich. With an area of 2,074 square miles and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile. Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich, Great Yarmouth, King's Lynn and Thetford; the Broads is a network of lakes in the east of the county, extending south into Suffolk. The area is not a national park, it has similar status to a national park, is protected by the Broads Authority. Norfolk was settled in pre-Roman times, with camps along the higher land in the west, where flints could be quarried. A Brythonic tribe, the Iceni, inhabited the county from the 1st century BC to the end of the 1st century AD; the Iceni revolted against the Roman invasion in AD 47, again in 60 led by Boudica.
The crushing of the second rebellion opened the county to the Romans. During the Roman era roads and ports were constructed throughout the county and farming was widespread. Situated on the east coast, Norfolk was vulnerable to invasions from Scandinavia and Northern Europe, forts were built to defend against the Angles and Saxons. By the 5th century the Angles, after whom East Anglia and England itself are named, had established control of the region and became the "north folk" and the "south folk", hence, "Norfolk" and "Suffolk". Norfolk and several adjacent areas became the kingdom of East Anglia, which merged with Mercia and with Wessex; the influence of the Early English settlers can be seen in the many place names ending in "-ton" and "-ham". Endings such as "-by" and "-thorpe" are common, indicating Danish place names: in the 9th century the region again came under attack, this time from Danes who killed the king, Edmund the Martyr. In the centuries before the Norman Conquest the wetlands of the east of the county began to be converted to farmland, settlements grew in these areas.
Migration into East Anglia must have been high: by the time of the Domesday Book survey it was one of the most densely populated parts of the British Isles. During the high and late Middle Ages the county developed arable woollen industries. Norfolk's prosperity at that time is evident from the county's large number of medieval churches: out of an original total of over one thousand, 659 have survived, more than in the whole of the rest of Great Britain; the economy was in decline by the time of the Black Death, which reduced the population in 1349. By the 16th century Norwich had grown to become the second-largest city in England, but over one-third of its population died in the plague epidemic of 1579, in 1665 the Great Plague again killed around one-third of the population. During the English Civil War Norfolk was Parliamentarian; the economy and agriculture of the region declined somewhat. During the Industrial Revolution Norfolk developed little industry except in Norwich, a late addition to the railway network.
In the 20th century the county developed a role in aviation. The first development in airfields came with the First World War. For the local army regiments the Royal Norfolk Regiment and the Norfolk Yeomanry please click on the links. During the Second World War agriculture intensified, it has remained intensive since, with the establishment of large fields for growing cereals and oilseed rape. Norfolk's low-lying land and eroded cliffs, many of which are composed of chalk and clay, make it vulnerable to weathering by the sea; the most recent major erosion event occurred during the North Sea flood of 1953. The low-lying section of coast between Kelling and Lowestoft Ness in Suffolk is managed by the British Environment Agency to protect the Broads from sea flooding. Management policy for the North Norfolk coastline is described in the "North Norfolk Shoreline Management Plan" published in 2006, but has yet to be accepted by local authorities; the Shoreline Management Plan states that the stretch of coast will be protected for at least another 50 years, but that in the face of sea level rise and post-glacial lowering of land levels in the South East, there is an urgent need for further research to inform future management decisions, including the possibility that the sea defences may have to be realigned to a more sustainable position.
Natural England have contributed some research into the impacts on the environment of various realignment options. The draft report of their research was leaked to the press, who created great anxiety by reporting that Natural England plan to abandon a large section of the Norfolk Broads and farmland to the sea to save the rest of the Norfolk coastline from the impact of climate change. In 1998 Norfolk had a Gross Domestic Product of £9,319 million, which represents 1.5% of England's economy and 1.25% of the United Kingdom's economy. The GDP per head was £11,825, compared to £13,635 for East Anglia, £12,845 for England and £12,438 for the United Kingdom. In 1999–2000 the county had an unemployment rate of 5.6%, compared to 5.8% for England and 6.0% for the UK. Data from 2017 provided a useful update on the county's economy; the median hourly gross pay was £12.17 and the median weekly pay was £496.80. The employm
Brampton is a small village and parish in the county of Norfolk, England, in the Bure Valley, east of Aylsham. Brampton station is an intermediate halt on the Bure Valley Railway, its parish church, St Peter, is one of 124 surviving round-tower churches in Norfolk. Its Norman tower has a 15th-century brick octagonal top. Although now one of the smallest communities in Norfolk, Brampton has a rich history. In particular it was the site of a Roman manufacturing centre from where goods were exported by boat along the river Bure. During archeological excavations in the 1960s, evidence of a Roman bath house was found, along with more than 140 pottery kilns; the village sign reflects the Roman past: it depicts a double-headed fish copied from a Roman brooch found here some years ago. The brooch is now displayed in the Norwich museum; the village sign is inscribed with the name Bramtuna to reflect this Roman history. Website with photos of Brampton St Peter
Brandiston is a small village and civil parish near the centre of the county of Norfolk, about two miles south-east of the small market town of Reepham, five miles south-west of the larger town of Aylsham and 10 miles north-west of the city of Norwich. For the purposes of local government, it falls within Broadland district; the hamlet of Guton lies within the parish. The 2001 census recorded a population for Brandiston of just 44; the bulk of the parish is occupied by farmland arable. At the 2011 was included in the civil parish of Booton. Brandiston's Church of St Nicholas is one of 124 existing round-tower churches in Norfolk, it is redundant and in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust. The south-east quadrant of the parish was occupied by RAF Swannington. Although the airfield closed after the war and returned to agricultural use, parts of Guton Hall Lane to Swannington and the road to the east of the church still run over remains of the concrete runways. There is a small common in the west of the parish, surrounded by cottages that were built to house labourers for Guton Hall and The Grove in Booton.
There are four almshouses, built in the 1850s and owned by the Brandiston Gurney Charity, established from a 16th-century bequest by William Gurney. Greenway Wood in Brandiston is named after a longserving trustee of the charity; the remains of a stump cross are on the Cawston-Norwich road. Broadland District Council's page on Brandiston, with photos of St Nicholas's church and The White House on Brandiston Common Website with photos of Brandiston St Nicholas
Frettenham is a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. Known in the Domesday Book as'Fretham', Frettenham is located six miles north-east of Norwich, surrounded by countryside; the village is well known for its rich farmland. It covers an area of 6.33 km2 and had a population of 727 in 288 households at the 2001 census, increasing to a population of 740 in 307 households at the 2011 Census. For the purposes of local government, it falls within the district of Broadland; the parish church of St Swithin dates from the 14th century. Frettenham Windmill Hillside Animal Sanctuary Media related to Frettenham at Wikimedia Commons