Erwarton or Arwarton is a small village and civil parish in the Babergh district of Suffolk, England. Located on the Shotley peninsula around 9 miles south of Ipswich, in 2005 it had a population of 110, increasing to 126 at the 2011 Census. Neighbouring villages include Shotley, Shotley Gate, Harkstead and Holbrook; the name originates from the Early Saxon Eoforweard tūn. Monuments within St. Mary's church date from the 13th century, although the present building is 15th century. A copy of a drawing of Queen Anne Boleyn by Holbein is attached to the 1912 organ. Under the organ is a note stating "...after her execution in the Tower of London, 19 May 1536, it was recorded that her heart was buried in this church by her Uncle, Sir Philip Parker of Erwarton Hall". In 1837 a leaden casket was discovered in the church which, by tradition, is believed to contain Boleyn's heart, although there was no inscription; the church baptismal font is adorned with a rather distinctive example of a Tudor Rose. The church tower was strengthened in the 1800s after damage by lightning, but by 2012 was in desperate need of repair.
Erwarton Hall, a Grade II* listed building, was rebuilt in about 1575. The gatehouse grade II* listed, is a well-known local landmark; the Queens Head, a Grade II listed public house, dates from the 17th century or earlier. Between 1906 and 1918 the area saw the last outbreak of plague in England; this happened in Trimley, now part of Felixstowe. A total of 22 people were affected, 6 recovered, the rest died. On 8 June 1918, Mrs Annie Mary Bugg of Warren Lane Cottages, Erwarton aged 52, fell ill and died on 13 June 1918 and was buried in Erwarton church yard. No sign of her grave can be found now. On 16 June 1918 Bugg's neighbour Mrs Gertrude Allice Garrod, aged 42, of Warren Lane Cottages fell ill and died on 19 June 1918, was buried at Erwarton graveyard, her gravestone can still be found there. "St. Mary's church, Erwarton - suffolkchurches.co.uk". Retrieved 21 April 2012. "Church of St Mary, Arwarton - britishlistedbuildings.co.uk". Retrieved 21 April 2012. "Erwarton Hall - britishlistedbuildings.co.uk".
Retrieved 21 April 2012. "Queens Head Public House, Arwarton - britishlistedbuildings.co.uk". Retrieved 21 April 2012. "Erwarton Queen's Head - suffolkcamra.co.uk". Retrieved 21 April 2012. Media related to Erwarton at Wikimedia Commons
Rowland Taylor was an English Protestant martyr during the Marian Persecutions. At the time of his death, he was Rector of Hadleigh in Suffolk, he was burnt at the stake at nearby Aldham Common. Taylor was born at Rothbury in Northumberland. In 1530, he received his LL. B. degree from the University of Cambridge. From 1531 to 1538 he was principal of Burden Hostel there. In 1534 he received the LL. D. from Cambridge, the same year Martin Luther completed his German Bible. One year in 1535, William Tyndale was tried and denounced as a heretic for his new English Bible translation. Tyndale was burned at the stake in 1536. Taylor's wife, Margaret Tyndale, was William Tyndale's niece. In the late 1530s Taylor served as Hugh Latimer's chaplain and commissary general of the diocese of Winchester. In March 1538 Taylor was collated by Latimer to the St Mary's parish church of Hanbury, Worcestershire; when Latimer resigned, Taylor was taken under the wing of Thomas Cranmer, living with him and serving as his chaplain.
He was admitted to the parish church of St Swithin's in Worcester. He did so in the diocese of London. On 16 April 1544, he was presented to the living of Suffolk. In 1543 the English Parliament banned Tyndale's English version and all public reading of the Bible by laymen. Religious persecution of Protestant clergy by Roman Catholics, intensified in Britain at this time. In 1546 the Council of Trent, an ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, decreed that the Latin Vulgate was the authoritative version of the Bible. In the summer of 1547, Taylor was employed as a preacher for the royal visitation within the dioceses of Lincoln, Oxford and Coventry. On 15 August 1547, he became canon of Rochester, the same year during which King Henry VIII had died in January. In 1548, Taylor was appointed archdeacon of Bury St Edmunds and preached at the request of the Lord Mayor at Whitsuntide or Pentecost. Edward VI, who reigned from 1547 to 1553, followed Henry VIII, in 1549 the Book of Common Prayer became the Protestant liturgical text in England.
In 1550, Taylor was called to serve on a commission against Anabaptists. The same year, he helped to administer the vacant diocese of Norwich. In 1551, at age 41, Taylor was made archdeacon of Exeter in the diocese of Exeter, was appointed one of the Six Preachers of Canterbury Cathedral and was appointed chancellor to Bishop Nicholas Ridley, his leadership was expanded by serving on a commission to revise the ecclesiastical laws. In 1552, he helped administer the vacant diocese of Worcester. Taylor's troubles began on 25 July 1553, he was arrested just six days after Mary I, ascended the throne. Aside from the fact that Taylor had supported Lady Jane Grey, Mary's rival, he was charged with heresy for having preached a sermon in Bury St Edmunds denouncing the Roman Catholic practice of clerical celibacy, which required that a priest in holy orders be unmarried. Many English clergymen, including Taylor, had abandoned this teaching since the 1530s as a token of the English Reformation. Taylor denounced the Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation, the belief that the two elements taken during Holy Communion, or the Eucharist become the body and blood of Jesus Christ.
Since the Roman Catholic position is that the Eucharist is a sacrament commanded by God, anyone denying it a cleric or pastor, is considered a heretic. This teaching was opposed universally by the Reformed and Protestant Churches, who maintained that, since a sacrament is a sign, it cannot be the thing signified. For similar reasons relating to the problem of idolatry, Taylor took issue with the Roman Catholic form of the Mass and received much support from the people of Hadleigh; these issues came to a head after Edward VI died and was succeeded by Queen Mary I. In 1554, Mary began a program of re-establishing Catholicism in England. However, the English clergy and Anglican faithful, whose hopes for a Protestant royal succession had been dashed by Mary's imprisonment and execution of Lady Jane Grey, saw it as a matter of English Christian duty to resist this backlash, not least to resist the political ambitions of the king of Spain to draw England within the sphere of the Holy Roman Empire and its Roman Catholic satellites.
Although Mary, as Henry VIII's eldest daughter, was a legitimate successor to Edward VI, England was no longer minded to tolerate a Roman Catholic monarch, the courage and endurance unto death of men such as Taylor provided the public example which ensured that the Reformation was not in fact overturned, but became established in the realm of England. On 26 March 1554, the Privy Council ordered the arrest of Taylor, he thus appeared before Bishop Stephen Gardiner; the proceedings against Taylor ran over several years. During this time he was kept in the King's Bench Prison. While in prison he befriended many inmates and was instrumental in many conversions to Anglicanism. January 1555 was an ominous month for Anglican clergy in England. After several years of separation from Roman worship and governance, the accession of Mary I in 1553 and her immediate reversion to Roman Catholic rule in obedience to the pope led her to unleash her wrath upon those whom she defined as treasonably minded heretics.
On 22 January 1555, Rowland Taylor and several other clergy, including John Hooper, were examined by a commission of leading bishops and lawyers. As Lord Chancellor, Gardiner presided at the hearings. Just two days prev
East of England Ambulance Service
The East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing National Health Service ambulance services in the counties of Bedfordshire, Essex, Hertfordshire and Suffolk, in the East of England region. These consist of 7,500 square miles, it is one of 10 Ambulance Trusts providing England with emergency medical services, is part of the NHS, receiving direct government funding for its role. There is no charge to patients for use of the service, under the Patient's Charter every person in the United Kingdom has the right to the attendance of an ambulance in an emergency; as well as providing an emergency ambulance service, the Trust provides non emergency patient transport services, commercial services and special operations such as emergency planning, hazardous materials incident response. The service support a number of emergency charities, such as air ambulances, who provide doctors for serious incidents; the Trust controls the mobilisation of critical care charities throughout its area.
These include Magpas, Essex & Herts Air Ambulance, East Anglian Air Ambulance, BASICS Essex Accident Rescue Service, SARS, NARS and BASICS Hertfordshire. The service can if required, mobilise London's Air Ambulance and the Kent and Sussex Air Ambulance if there is a major incident requiring more than one critical care team, where other teams in the region are operating at maximum capacity; the trauma teams are dispatched by a Critical Care Paramedic at the Critical Care Desk, in their Control Room in Chelmsford, who filters through every call the ambulance service receives and makes a clinical decision on whether to dispatch a critical care resource. The trust was formed on 1 July 2006 following the three-way merger of the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust, the East Anglian Ambulance NHS Trust and the Essex Ambulance Service NHS Trust; the result was a service covering an area of over 7,500 square miles with a population of 5.8 million people, one which answers more than one million emergency calls per year.
The East Anglian Ambulance NHS Trust had been formed in 1994 from the three-way merger of Cambridgeshire and Suffolk Ambulance Services. In 2009, the Trust was censured by the Care Quality Commission after inspection of an ambulance depot and seven of its 100 ambulance stations found patient-carrying vehicles were "dirty" and that staff were "unsure of basic measures for infection prevention and control"; the service launched an "urgent and comprehensive review" of its ambulance cleaning programme and reiterated its stance on patient safety, adding that "ensuring consistent high standards of cleanliness is a challenge" with so many stations, covering six counties and an area of 7,500 square-miles. In 2015/16, the trust received 1,037,119 emergency calls and handled 500,620 non-emergency patient transport journeys; the trust arrived at 73.6% of emergency Red 1 calls within eight minutes, 69.4% of emergency Red 2 calls within eight minutes. EEAST has around 1,500 volunteers; as of July 2016, the Trust has the following resources in operation: 357 front-line emergency ambulances 201 marked rapid-response vehicles 164 non-emergency ambulances 52 major incident support vehicles Over 130 ambulance stations and response posts 3 emergency operations centers in Bedford and NorwichThe Trust has its own emergency driving school, which trains drivers in 999 emergency driving under blue lights and sirens.
The Trust used the Mercedes Sprinter as front-line Double Staffed Ambulances, with the exception of a single Vauxhall Movano 4 wheel drive vehicle for use at Newmarket Racecourse. In 2009, the service started the transition to a brand-new Sprinter only fleet from a wide range of other brands - including Fords and older Mercedes vehicles; the scheme was finished in 2016, when the last brand-new Sprinter was delivered, although many of the older ones are now ending their cycle life. In March 2018, four new vehicles will be trialled across the East of England, with one concept vehicle being designed for and by the Trust. In May 2018 the trust bought 32 five-year-old vehicles decommissioned by the West Midlands Ambulance Service - described as "clapped out vehicles which colleagues in other trusts would have sent to the scrapyard" and contrasted with the luxury cars with which senior managers were provided in 2017. Ford Mondeos and Skoda Octavia Scouts are the most common amongst the fleet. In addition Land Rover Freelander and Land Rover Discovery Sport operate out of a limited number of bases.
Some Land Rover are used as Officer Cars. Renault Masters and Vauxhall Movanos are used for the Patient Transport Service. A number of these vehicles are fitted with blue sirens for High Dependency transfers; the Hazardous Area Response Team team uses Volkswagen Transporters and Mercedes Sprinters, all of which have 4x4 capability. The new fleet arrived in 2017, standardising these vehicles across the 10 ambulances services in England and Wales, it replaced Iveco Dailys. The trust provides Critical Care Paramedics to 3 local charity air ambulances in the region: Magpas, Essex & Herts Air Ambulance and the East Anglian Air Ambulance; these paramedics work alongside doctors to administer advanced treatment at the scene of the accident. Although the service uses the air ambulances, it does not fund the charit
Hintlesham is a small village in Suffolk, situated halfway between Ipswich and Hadleigh. The village is notable for Hintlesham Hall, a 16th-century Grade I listed country house, restored and turned into a hotel by the famous chef and food writer Robert Carrier; the business was owned by the hotelier and broadcaster Ruth Watson. The parish church of St Nicolas is a typical Decorated church, therefore not typical for Suffolk, it has many memorials to the Tymperley family and the squint in the north wall shows that the vestry was once a chapel a chantry to the family, converted to secular use in the 1540s. The stairway to the roodloft in the south wall is one of the best preserved in the county. For about 350 years Hintlesham has been a joint parish with Chattisham whose church, St Margaret's, stands about a mile away, separated by a valley of meadows and woods. For six years from 1448, Hintlesham Manor, a single storey Tudor Hall, was owned by Sir John Fortescue who used one of the rooms as a local court.
In 1454 the manor was purchased by John Timperley. In August 1720 the hall was bought by Richard Powys a Principal Clerk to The Treasury and the Powys family lived there for nearly 30 years, after which it was sold to the lawyer Richard Lloyd, a future solicitor-general, passed down through his descendants until the early 1900s. In 1972 the hall was restored. Today the hall is notable as a country retreat with fine dining and has its own owned golf club; the village has its own Church of England Voluntary Aided junior school. The village public house in The George, the original premises of which burned down at the end of the 19th century. Hintlesham George Hintlesham Hall Hintlesham Golf Club St. Nicholas' Church
Alpheton is a village and civil parish in the Babergh district of Suffolk, England. Located on the A134 road about six miles north of Sudbury, in 2005 it had a population of 260, reducing to 256 at the 2011 Census. According to Eilert Ekwall the meaning of the village name is the homestead of Aelfled. Alpheton is a active and welcoming community; the garage on Tye Green is a well-known landmark for those passing through on the A134. Homes, both old and new, are situated along the main road, Church Lane and Roseacre to the south-west of Tye Green, The Glebe and Old Bury Road to the north of the village. To the south of the Alpheton is the hamlet of Bridge Street, transected by the A134. Although the records are sketchy, Alpheton was founded, it is believed, by Aefflead, whose husband Byrthnoth, Earl of Essex, was killed at the battle of Maldon, on the Blackwater River in Essex, in AD 991. Aefflead was the sister-in-law of the Saxon king Edmund the Elder, following the battle and the death of her husband, she moved north from Maldon and settled in what was called Aefflead's Tun and lived in Alpheton Hall.
The name is described as Alfreton in the Domesday Book. The origin of the present name is not known, but it would appear that it was a variation on the previous ones; the village has maintained a rural farming existence. There are now four farms in the village, Alpheton Hall, Clapstile Farm, Tye Farm and the largest, Lavenham Lodge. Before the war many of the properties in the village were occupied by people working on the farms. Housing is now a mixture of local authority and owned homes. Many of the young men of the village fought in The First World War and the names of those who died are inscribed on a marble tablet in the Church. In 1936 the School in the Glebe closed and all the Alpheton pupils had to go to Shimpling; the school building became the Village Hall and a private house when the new hall was built. In 1939, the Land Girls of the Women's Land Army appeared in Alpheton, they came to help with the work in the fields and they were billeted in homes around the village. The Old Rectory alone had 30 living in all the rooms, which were converted to make dormitories and a sitting room.
Other newcomers were the evacuees from the East End of London. In 1941 construction of the Alpheton/Lavenham Airfield began on the land belonging to Lavenham Lodge Farm. Many Irish workers moved in to work for the construction giant Laings and were accommodated in the Old School. Work on the airfield was completed by 1943 and operational aircraft arrived in 1944, they were B24H and B24J Liberator bombers of 487th Bombardment Group, part of 8th Airforce of the United States. They were reinforced by B17 Flying Fortresses who remained for a year until the end of the war; the Red Lion, known as "The'alf eaton lion", suffered so much loss of trade from the diversion of the road that it could not keep going and closed in 1964. The closure of the Post Office and the village shop followed in 1975. Alpheton lies in the Babergh district of the shire county of Suffolk; the three tiers of local government are administered by Suffolk County Council Babergh District Council Alpheton Parish CouncilAlpheton Parish Council has 7 elected members, the chairman being Ken Watkins.
Matters that have been under recent consideration include: Speeding drivers on the A134 Community Orchard Road surface along Old Bury RoadIn terms of community planning the parish does not have a Parish Plan or Village Design Statement. St Peter and St Paul – The Church is at the end of Church Lane, surrounded by farmland and next to Alpheton Hall, it is believed to date from the 10th century. Although there is no indication of its dedication prior to the Reformation, it served as a Chapel for the residents of the Hall; the Village Hall – was built in 1977 for the Queen's Silver Jubilee and is the focal point for many village activities. There is a small kick-about area for children next to the Village Hall. English Heritage lists the following listed buildings within the parish of Alpheton. St Peter and St Paul – Images of England Mill House, Bridge Street – Images of England NB: The above property details represent the names and addresses that were used at the time that the buildings were listed.
In some instances the name of the building may have changed over the intervening years In the adopted Babergh Local Plan Alteration No. 2 Alpheton does not have a defined Built-up area boundary on the Proposals Map and there are no sites allocated for new residential development. Much of the parish is within an area defined as Special Landscape Area. Within the Suffolk Landscape Character Assessment the parish of Alpheton is within an area defined as Rolling valley farmlands – This landscape has small and medium-sized fields on the valley sides with an organic form, created by the piecemeal enclosure of common arable and pasture lands; as with the other valley side landscapes the field size tends to increase on the upper sides and plateaux edges of these valleys. Overall the growth and development of villages and small towns in this landscape has been driven by the quality of the land and the agricultural prosperity that it brought. Ancient woodland is confined to the upper slopes of the valleys and is in small parcels.
Ancient rolling farmlands – This is a rolling arable landscape of chalky clays and loams. The enclosure over a lot of the landscape retains much of the organic pattern of ancient and species-rich hedgerows and associated ditches. There are however some areas of field amalgamation and boundary loss on the interfluves between the small valleys; the settlement pattern is dispe
Bramford is a medium-sized village, three miles west of Ipswich, Suffolk, in the Mid Suffolk administrative district. It was recorded in the Domesday Book as "Brunfort" or "Branfort"; the River Gipping, runs at the bottom of the village and was a busy navigable waterway during the 19th century. A lock is still on the east of side of the village; the village has two churches. Bramford railway station was on the Eastern Union Railway but closed in 1955; the village is served by a variety of services. There is a private care village, called Cherryfields made up of several bungalows and flats situated up Gippingstone Road in the centre of Bramford, opposite the Co-op. Bramford has its own Royal British Legion club, is home to a St. John Ambulance station, with space for up to 10 vehicles; the Angel pub is now closed, not that much information has been given about what to do with it now. It is for sale. Nearby villages include Sproughton and Little Blakenham. Website about the village Bramford Parish Council Cock pub Bramford Lock Picture St Mary's from bridge St Mary's Font Bramford Methodist Church Bramford CofE Primary School
National Heritage List for England
The National Heritage List for England is England’s official list of buildings, monuments and gardens, wrecks and World Heritage Sites. It is maintained by Historic England and brings together these different designations as a single resource though they vary in the type of legal protection afforded to each. Conservation areas do not appear on the NHLE since they are designated by the relevant local planning authority; the passage of the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882 established the first part of what the list is today, it established a list of 50 prehistoric monuments which were protected by the state. Further amendments to this act increased the levels of protection and added more monuments to the list; the Town and Country Planning Acts created the first listed buildings and the process for adding properties to it. As of 2018, more than 600,000 properties are listed individually; each year additional properties are added to the National Register as part of the different constituent registers that are part of the list.
The National Heritage List for England was launched in 2011 as the statutory list of all designated historic places including listed buildings and scheduled monuments. The list is managed by Historic England, is available as an on-line database with 400,000 listed buildings, registered parks and battlefields, protected shipwrecks and scheduled monuments. A unique reference number, the NHLE Code, is used to refer to the related database entry, such as 1285296 – this example is for Douglas House. Template:National Heritage List for England — the template used for generating a formatted citation containing the targeted external link. Historic England.org: National Heritage List for England