World Soccer (magazine)
World Soccer is an English language football magazine published by TI Media. The magazine was established in 1960, it specialises in the international football scene. Its regular contributing writers include Keir Radnedge, Sid Lowe and Tim Vickery. World Soccer is a member of the European Sports Magazines, an umbrella group of similar magazines printed in other languages. Other members include Don Balón, Kicker, La Gazzetta dello Sport and Sport Express; the members of this group elect a European "Team of the Month" and a European "Team of the Year". Since 1982, World Soccer has organised "Player of the Year", "Manager of the Year" and "Team of the Year" awards. In 2005 awards for the best "Young Player of the Year" and "Referee of the Year" were introduced. In the December 1999 issue of World Soccer, a readers' poll listing the 100 greatest football players of the 20th century was published; the magazine marked its 50th anniversary in 2010 with a series of articles looking back on the past 50 years in international football.
Paul Gardner Brian Glanville Mark Gleeson Sid Lowe James Piotr Montague Tim Vickery Jonathan Wilson 2005 – Robinho, Santos 2006 – Lionel Messi, Barcelona 2007 – Lionel Messi, Barcelona 2008 – Lionel Messi, Barcelona & Argentina 2009 – Sergio Agüero, Atlético Madrid & Argentina 2010 – Thomas Müller, Bayern Munich & Germany 2011 – Neymar, Santos & Brazil 2005 – Pierluigi Collina 2006 – Horacio Elizondo The list is based on votes of 73 experts around the world. The list is based on votes of 70 experts around the world; every expert could choose five managers. The following managers only received one vote: Luis Aragonés Leo Beenhakker Matt Busby Jack Charlton Kazimierz Górski Gérard Houllier Tomislav Ivić Ștefan Kovács Udo Lattek Hugo Meisl Otto Rehhagel Carlos Alberto Parreira Antoni Piechniczek Árpád Weisz Walter Winterbottom Rafael Benítez Marcelo Bielsa Bob Bradley Jupp Heynckes Arsène Wenger FIFA World Cup All-Time Team FIFA World Cup Dream Team FIFA 100 FIFA Player of the Century World Team of the 20th Century The online edition of World Soccer Magazine
Michael van Praag
Michael van Praag is a Dutch football administrator and former referee. He has been President of the Royal Dutch Football Association since 27 August 2008 and a Vice President of the UEFA since 30 June 2015. Van Praag served as Chairman of AFC Ajax from 1989 until 2003. Van Praag was born in Amsterdam, he was Chairman of AFC Ajax from 1989 until mid-2003. His father, Jaap van Praag, was Chairman of the Amsterdam club from 1964 until 1978. Van Praag was a referee in the Amateur football leagues of the Netherlands and he made his fortune with his franchise electronic stores that were situated in various airports before he became the chairman of the club; the period in which Van Praag was Chairman of the club was one of the most successful in the club's history, second only to the tenure served by his father. Ajax won the UEFA Cup in 1992, the UEFA Champions League and the Intercontinental Cup titles in 1995 under Van Praag's administration. On 27 August 2008 he was chosen as the new chairman of the Royal Dutch Football Association succeeding the previous Chairman Jeu Sprengers who had died in April.
His predecessor during his tenure at AFC Ajax was Ton Harmsen and he was succeeded by John Jaakke. Van Praag is a member of the Executive Committee of UEFA, the Chairman of the association's Club Competitions Committee and is a Deputy Chairman of the HatTrick Committee, he and his father are the only father and son chairmen combination to have both led their club to continental success with Ajax winning a combined four European championships under their guidance. On 26 January 2015, Van Praag announced his intention to run against incumbent Sepp Blatter in the 2015 FIFA presidential election. Van Praag stated, "I am worried about the deteriorating situation at FIFA; the public opinion, the trustworthiness, is bad, with me a lot of people in the world believe so." He was seen as a consensus and reliable candidate, supporting a limitation of the powers attributed to the FIFA President. He campaigned on the publication of the Garcia Report and a new Executive Committee vote if the 2022 World Cup attribution corruption allegations were to be proved.
He advocated for less bureaucracy in Zurich and a regulation of workers' conditions in football stadiums. He stated. On 21 May 2015, just a few days before the elections, he announced his withdrawal from FIFA presidential race in order to support Ali bin Hussein, stating he believed he had the best shot at the presidency. Candidate Luís Figo did the same. Blatter was however reelected, although he had to resign four days after the election because of corruption allegations; that year, he became Vice President of the UEFA, named by President Michel Platini. On 14 September 2016, Van Praag received 13 votes in the election of the vacant office of UEFA President, losing to Aleksander Čeferin who got 42 votes. Michael van Praag comes from a prominent family in the Netherlands of entertainers and business people. Unlike his father, he is not Jewish since his mother was not, he has three sisters. The famous singer Max van Praag is his uncle whose children, former newsreader Marga van Praag and her brother Chiel van Praag are his cousins.
Media related to Michael van Praag at Wikimedia Commons
Michel François Platini is a French former football player and administrator. Regarded as one of the greatest footballers of all time, Platini won the Ballon d'Or three times, in 1983, 1984 and 1985, came sixth in the FIFA Player of the Century vote. In recognition of his achievements, he was named Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1985 and became Officier in 1988; as the president of UEFA in 2015 he was banned over ethics violations. During his career, Platini played for the clubs Nancy, Saint-Étienne, Juventus. Nicknamed Le Roi for his ability and leadership. Despite serving as an advanced midfield playmaker, he was a prolific goalscorer. Platini was a key player of the France national team that won the 1984 European Championship, a tournament in which he was the top scorer and best player, reached the semi-finals of the 1982 and 1986 World Cups. Together with the midfielders Alain Giresse, Luis Fernández and Jean Tigana, he formed the carré magique of the French team in the 1980s. Platini was his country's record goalscorer until 2007, holds the record for most goals scored in the European Championship despite only appearing in the victorious 1984 edition.
Following his retirement as a player, Platini was the France national team coach for four years, was the co-organizer of the 1998 World Cup in France. In 2007, he was elected as the president of the Union of European Football Associations, he was the first former player to become UEFA President. He held the positions of chairman of FIFA's Technical and Development Committee and vice-president of the French Football Federation. In 2015, however, he was banned from football administration for conflict of interest by the FIFA Ethics Committee. Born in Jœuf, in the Lorraine region, Platini is both of Italian ancestry. Anna's family has its roots in the province of Belluno, while Aldo's father, Francesco Platini, was an immigrant from Agrate Conturbia, in the province of Novara, settled in France shortly after the end of the First World War. Aldo was a professional footballer and a long-time director for AS Nancy, the club where Michel started his professional career. After performing poorly in the final of a 1969 young footballers' competition, Michel Platini attracted attention at 16 years of age in a Coupe Gambardella tournament match with an impressive display for Jœuf juniors against a Metz junior side.
Platini was called up for a trial with Metz, but missed out on the opportunity due to injury, was not invited back after the Metz coach moved to another club. He returned to regional league football with Jœuf. Another trial at Metz went horribly wrong when a breathing test on a spirometer caused Platini to faint; the doctor's verdict on Platini's breathing difficulties and weak heart ended any hopes Platini had of playing for his boyhood favorites. He joined the reserve side of his father's club Nancy in September 1972, became friends with team goalkeeper Jean-Michel Moutier. Platini was quick to make a big impression at his new club, scoring a hat-trick in a reserve team match against Wittelsheim. Further outstanding displays put him in contention for a place in the Nancy first team, his introduction to the first-team squad was inauspicious. On the substitutes' bench for a match against Valenciennes, Platini was spat on and hit by various objects thrown from the crowd when a fight broke out in the stands.
Playing for the reserves a few days a hefty challenge from an opponent left Platini with a bad ankle injury. His season would finish on a more positive note, he would go on to make his league debut against Nîmes on 3 May 1973. In March 1974, he suffered a setback when he sustained a double fracture of his left arm in a match at OGC Nice. Platini missed the remainder of the season as a result, unable to assist Nancy in an unsuccessful bid to avoid relegation from Ligue 1; the following season saw. Platini became the team's most important player, scoring 17 goals, a number of which were scored from free-kicks, as was becoming Platini's specialty. Saint-Étienne, the reigning French league champions, were knocked out of the French Cup with two goals from Platini free-kicks. Platini practised his free-kicks with the help of his friend, goalkeeper Moutier, using a row of dummies to form a defensive wall of sorts. With Nancy back in Ligue 1, Platini's military service reduced his availability for matches, but he continued to make himself available to play when possible.
In a match away to Laval, angered by the taunts of the home supporters, scored a hat-trick, but unluckily sustained another injury. Press reports claimed that Platini's season was over and that he would require a knee operation, but neither claim proved to be correct. Instead, Platini returned to first-team football two weeks for Nancy's French Cup semi-final against Marseille at the Parc des Princes. Platini was forced to leave the field injured. Following his participation in the 1976 Montreal Olympics, Platini signed a two-year contract with Nancy, his first professional contract. Before travelling to Argentina for the World Cup, Platini won the first major trophy of his playing career, captaining Nancy to victory in the 1978 French Cup final against Nice and scoring the only goal of the game. President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing presented him with the trophy. However, with the World Cup scheduled to start two weeks after the cup final, there was little time left for preparatio
European Club Association
The European Club Association is a body representing the interests of professional association football clubs in UEFA. It is the sole such body recognised by UEFA, has member clubs in each UEFA member association, it was formed in 2008 to replace the G-14, which comprised a small number of elite clubs and was unrecognised by UEFA. The ECA's mission statement is "to create a new, more democratic governance model that reflects the key role of the clubs". Formed on the dissolution of the G-14 group in January 2008, as from the 2017-19 membership cycle, the European Club Association represents 232 clubs, made up of 109 Ordinary Members and 123 Associated Members, with at least one from each of the 54 national associations; the precise number of Ordinary Member clubs from each member association will be established every two years at the end of the UEFA season on the basis of the UEFA ranking of its member associations according to the following principles: Karl-Heinz Rummenigge was the acting chairman before being elected chairman of the ECA when its 103 members met for the first time on the 7–8 July 2008 at UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland.
In addition to replacing the G-14, dissolved in favour of the ECA on 15 February 2008, the new ECA replaces UEFA's European Club Forum. The European Club Forum utilized a similar membership selection process as the European Club Association, with 102 members picked every two years. At the creation of the European Club Association in January 2008, it was agreed that a transitional ECA Board would represent ECA and its 16 founding members until the next General Assembly met at the end of the season, when elections for a new Executive Board would be held, it was decided that the ECA Board would comprise eleven members, in addition to the four representatives appointed by the Executive Board to the UEFA Professional Football Strategy Council. The European Club Association will provide half of the members of the UEFA Club Competitions Committee; the transitional ECA Board was Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, Joan Laporta, John McClelland, Umberto Gandini, Peter Kenyon, Maarten Fontein and Jean-Michel Aulas.
The ECA Executive Board stands as such: Andrea Agnelli, Pedro López Jiménez, Edwin van der Sar, Dariusz Mioduski, Aki Riihilahti, Ed Woodward, Ivan Gazidis, Josep Maria Bartomeu, Nasser Al-Khelaifi, Jean-Michel Aulas, Domingos Soares de Oliveira, Michael Gerlinger, Michael Verschueren, Niclas Carlnén and Peter Lawwell. Elections for the Executive Board for the 2017–2019 cycle took place at the General Assembly in Geneva in September 2017; the European Club Association is made up of numerous bodies including working groups, expert panels and committees. These are as follows: Since the creation of ECA, Working Groups have been an important cornerstone of ECA's organisational structure, they provide active advice and support to the ECA Executive Board and to ECA representatives participating in committees or working groups at UEFA, FIFA and EU level. Their contribution is strategic to the association. In addition, they drive membership engagement and communication across the organisation on key issues and opportunities.
All working groups are made up of both Ordinary Member and Associated Member Clubs from all four subdivisions. Competitions Working Group: Chaired by Umberto Gandini, the Competitions Working Group aims to lead the management and control of the club competitions through the relevant UEFA and FIFA club football committees. Finance Working Group: Chaired by ECA Executive Board Member Michael Verschueren, the Finance Working Group strives to address all issues related to club finance, to optimise resource allocation and club business management. Institutional Relations Working Group: Chaired by ECA Executive Board Member Ivan Gazidis, the Institutional Relations Working Group seeks to strengthen the ECA position and representation among different stakeholders in European football. Marketing & Communication Working Group: Chaired by Aurelio De Laurentiis, the Marketing & Communication Working Group oversees issues on club football marketing and promotion, aims to define a coherent and up-to-date strategy around commercial opportunities.
Youth Working Group: Chaired by ECA Executive Board Member Edwin van der Sar, the Youth Working Group attempts to stimulate and protect the grassroots of European club football. Legal Advisory Panel: tasked with bringing together legal experts and arbitration members of ECA Member Clubs in order to share expertise and knowledge and act as a mediator for any Member Club dispute. Financial Fair Play Panel: charged with collaborating with UEFA in order to further elaborate and assess the UEFA Club Licensing and Financial Fair Play Regulations. Statutory Affairs Panel: Entrusted with dealing with and analyzing membership applications, issues of eligibility of Members and the interpretation and application of the ECA Statutes. Social Dialogue Committee: Ensures a close relationship between ECA, European Leagues, FIFPro Division Europe, UEFA and the European Commission in order to agree common solutions on matters concerning employment in football. Women's Football Committee: Created in 2013, the overall objective of the Women's Football Committee is to act as a platform where issues related to women's women's football, be it on a European or on a worldwide level
Artemio Franchi was an Italian football administrator. He served as the President of the Italian Football Federation, as the UEFA President, as a member of the FIFA Executive Committee, he died in a road accident near Siena on 12 August 1983. The home stadium of ACF Fiorentina and that of A. C. Siena are both named in his honour, as well as the Artemio Franchi Trophy. In 2011, he was posthumously inducted into the Italian Football Hall of Fame
University of Ljubljana
The University of Ljubljana is the oldest and largest university in Slovenia. It has 40.000 enrolled students. Although certain academies were established as Jesuit higher education in what is now Slovenia as early as the seventeenth century, the first university was founded in 1810 under the Écoles centrales of the French imperial administration of the Illyrian provinces; the chancellor of the university in Ljubljana during the French period was Joseph Walland, born in Upper Carniola. That university was disbanded in 1813, when Austria regained territorial control and reestablished the Imperial Royal Lyceum of Ljubljana as a higher-education institution. During the second half of the 19th century, several political claims for the establishment of a Slovene-language university in Ljubljana were made, they gained momentum in the fin de siècle era, when a considerable number of renowned Slovene academians worked throughout Central Europe, while more numerous Slovenian students were enrolled in foreign-language universities of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the Austrian and Czech lands.
In the 1890s, a unified board for the establishment of a Slovenian university was founded, with Ivan Hribar, Henrik Tuma, Aleš Ušeničnik as its main leaders. In 1898, the Carniolan regional parliament established a scholarship for all those students who were planning a habilitation under the condition that they would accept a post at Ljubljana University when founded. In this way, a list of suitable faculty started to emerge. Unfavorable political circumstances prevented the establishment of the university until the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With the establishment of the State of Slovenes and Serbs and the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes in 1918, the founding of the university became possible. On November 23, 1918, the first meeting of the Founding Board of Ljubljana University was called, presided over by Mihajlo Rostohar, professor of psychology at the Charles University in Prague. Together with Danilo Majaron, Rostohar convinced the central government of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes in Belgrade to pass a bill formally establishing the university.
The bill was passed on July 2, 1919. The first lectures started on December 3 of the same year. In 1919, the university comprised five faculties: law, technology and medicine; the seat of the university was in the central Congress Square of Ljubljana in a building that had served as the State Mansion of Carniola from 1902 to 1918. The building was first designed in 1902 by Jan Vladimír Hráský, was remodelled by a Czech architect from Vienna, Josip Hudetz. In the mid-1920s, the university was renamed the "King Alexander University in Ljubljana" and continued to grow despite financial troubles and constant pressure from Yugoslav governments’ centralist policies. In 1941, Jože Plečnik's National and University Library was completed, as one of the major infrastructure projects of the university in the interwar period. After the invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, the university continued to function under the Italian and Nazi German occupation, despite numerous problems and interference in its autonomous operation.
Several professors were arrested or deported to Nazi concentration camps and large numbers of students joined either the Liberation Front of the Slovenian People or the Slovenian Home Guard. Following the end of the Second World War, the first and only foreigner elected to hold the office of chancellor was the Czech professor Alois Král, who had lectured at Faculty of Technical Sciences since 1920 and held the position of dean thereof four times. After the establishment of Communist Yugoslavia in 1945, the university was again put under political pressure: numerous professors were dismissed, some were arrested and tried, the theological faculty was excluded from the university; some of the most brilliant students emigrated. The university maintained its educational role and regained a limited degree of autonomy from the mid-1950s onward, it suffered a serious setback in autonomy from the mid-1970s to the early 1980s, when some professors were again dismissed by the authorities. In 1979 it was renamed "Edvard Kardelj University in Ljubljana" after the Communist leader.
In 1990, with the fall of Yugoslavia, it was regiven its original name. As of 2018, the university has 23 faculties and three academies, situated throughout urban Ljubljana: Academy of Theatre, Radio and Television Academy of Fine Arts and Design Academy of Music Faculty of Administration Faculty of Architecture Faculty of Arts Biotechnical Faculty Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy Faculty of Computer and Information Science Faculty of Economics Faculty of Education Faculty of Electrical Engineering Faculty of Law Faculty of Maritime Studies and Transport Faculty of Mathematics and Physics Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering Faculty of Pharmacy Faculty of Social Sciences Faculty of Social work Faculty of Sport Faculty of Theology Veterinary Faculty Faculty of Health SciencesThe university was located in the centre of Ljubljana where the central university building and the majority of its faculties are lo
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one attended. In US usage it can mean the school from which one graduated; the phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses Ceres or Cybele, in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary, it entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto Alma Mater Studiorum, which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that means a "nursling" or "one, nourished". Although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess: After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary.
"Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary. The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press; the device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown. In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is cited in 1710, when an academic mother figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward. Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name; the University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, have used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics.
At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name. In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding. At Queen's University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society; the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, in the United States: there is a well-known bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.
Outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website