1951 NBA All-Star Game
The 1951 NBA All-Star Game was an exhibition basketball game played on March 2, 1951, at Boston Garden in Boston, home of the Boston Celtics. The game was the first edition of the National Basketball Association All-Star Game and was played during the 1950–51 NBA season; the idea of holding an All-Star Game was conceived during a meeting between NBA President Maurice Podoloff, NBA publicity director Haskell Cohen and Boston Celtics owner Walter A. Brown. At that time, the basketball world had just been stunned by the college basketball point-shaving scandal. In order to regain public attention to the league, Cohen suggested the league to host an exhibition game featuring the league's best players, similar to the Major League Baseball's All-Star Game. Although most people, including Podoloff, were pessimistic about the idea, Brown remained confident that it would be a success, he offered to host the game and to cover all the expenses or potential losses incurred from the game. The Eastern All-Stars team defeated the Western All-Stars team 111–94.
Boston Celtics' Ed Macauley was named as the first NBA All-Star Game Most Valuable Player Award. The game became a success, drawing an attendance of 10,094, much higher than that season's average attendance of 3,500; the players for the All-Star Game were chosen by sports writers in several cities. They were not allowed to select players from their own cities. Players were selected without regard to position. On February 13, the team was announced by the NBA President Maurice Podoloff. Ten players from each Division were selected to represent the Eastern and Western Division in the All-Star Game. Vince Boryla, Ed Macauley, Dick McGuire and Dolph Schayes were unanimous selections to the Eastern team. Frank Brian, Ralph Beard, Bob Davies, Alex Groza, George Mikan, Vern Mikkelsen and Fred Schaus were unanimous selections to the Western team. Both the Philadelphia Warriors and the New York Knickerbockers were represented by three players each on the roster; the All-Star rosters included three rookies who were drafted in the 1950 draft: Paul Arizin, Bob Cousy and Larry Foust.
Two players, Ken Murray and Arnie Risen, were named as alternates for the Eastern and Western team respectively. The alternates would be invited to the team if any of the twenty players selected failed to take part in the game; the starters were chosen by each team's head coach. The coaches for the All-Star Game were the head coaches who coached the teams with the best winning percentage in their division through February 18, the Sunday two weeks before the All-Star game; the coach for the Western team was Minneapolis Lakers head coach John Kundla. As of February 18, the Lakers had 36–18 record, the best winning percentage in the Western Division and in the league; the coach for the Eastern team was New York Knickerbockers head coach Joe Lapchick. As of February 18, the Knickerbockers had 31–21 record, the best winning percentage in the Eastern Division and the second-best winning percentage in the league. Note The East defeated the West by 17 points; the West trailed by the end of the first quarter.
The East's lead increased to 11 points at halftime and again to 19 points at the end of the third quarter. Boston Celtics' Ed Macauley scored a game-high 20 points and defended Minneapolis Lakers star George Mikan, limiting him to only 4 field goals and 12 points. Alex Groza of the Indianapolis Olympians scored a team-high 17 points for the West. Syracuse Nationals' Dolph Schayes scored 15 points and recorded a game-high 14 rebounds for the East while reserve Dick McGuire added a game-high 10 assists. Two other players from the East, Joe Fulks and reserve Paul Arizin, scored at least 19 and 15 points as their team had 46.2 field goal percentage. On the other hand, the West only managed to make 32.7 percent of its shots. Macauley was named as the first All-Star Game Most Valuable Player. However, he was honored two years during the 1953 All-Star Game, when the league decided to designate an MVP for each year's game. General Specific NBA All-Star Game History NBA.com: All-Star Game: Year-by-Year Results
San Diego Sails
The San Diego Sails were an American Basketball Association team based in San Diego. Called the San Diego Conquistadors, they played from 1972 to 1975; as the Sails, they played an incomplete season only, beginning the 1975–1976 season but folding before its completion. The franchise was founded by Leonard Bloom as the ABA's first—and as it turned out, only—expansion team, but a feud between Bloom and Peter Graham, manager of the city-owned 14,400 seat San Diego Sports Arena, led Graham to lock the newborn team out of the facility for two years. By the time the conflict was resolved in the fall of 1974, it was too late for a weakened franchise, forced to play, in the interim, at such bandboxes as Peterson Gym and Golden Hall, a multipurpose facility. After reaching the 1973 ABA Playoffs in their inaugural season, the Q's pulled off a coup by paying center Wilt Chamberlain $600,000 to become their player-coach, but the Los Angeles Lakers sued to block their former star from playing for his new team.
Relegated to a sideline role, Chamberlain was reduced to an indifferent, 7-foot-1-inch sideshow who once skipped a game in favor of an autograph session for his published autobiography. Nonetheless, the team again reached the postseason, bowing out in the first round, for the second year in a row, in the 1974 ABA Playoffs; the season, was overshadowed by the arena situation. Frustrated with his inability to get a lease for the Sports Arena, Bloom announced plans for a 20,000-seat arena in Chula Vista. However, a referendum on the arena, held just after the season started, failed by only 294 votes. League officials ordered Bloom to take preliminary steps toward moving to Los Angeles, in hopes of returning to a market abandoned by the Utah Stars four years earlier. For their third season in 1974–75, the Conquistadors lost Chamberlain and gained a lease in the Sports Arena, but without Chamberlain as a gate attraction, the team was roundly ignored by San Diegans, placed last in the Western Division, missing the 1975 ABA Playoffs.
Bloom sold the franchise during the summer of 1975 to Frank Goldberg, a former co-owner of the successful Denver Nuggets franchise. Goldberg started anew, renaming the team the San Diego Sails for 1975–1976. Goldberg hired former University of Minnesota coach Bill Musselman and, with a different roster, color scheme, set of uniforms and just about everything else, sought to repeat Denver's turnaround a season earlier from mediocrity to championship contender, but the Sails attracted only 3,060 fans to their home opener on October 24, 1975 – a loss to the Nuggets – and fan attendance dwindled further as the team limped to a 3-8 start. Goldberg soon learned; the Sails were shut out at the insistence of Lakers owner Jack Kent Cooke, who refused to share his Southern California fan base with a team to the south. With the team lacking fan support or a long-term future, Goldberg folded the franchise on November 12. With the failure of the Sails, combined with the folding of the Utah Stars during the same season, the folding of the Baltimore Claws, the relocated Memphis Sounds, before the season began, the moribund state of the Virginia Squires, which folded after the season, left the ABA with only six teams and forced the league to seek a merger with the more established NBA, which absorbed four of the six remaining franchises.
In 1978, the NBA's Buffalo Braves became the San Diego Clippers. San Diego has not had another major league professional basketball team since. Notes: 1 Inducted as a player. Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, % = Win–Loss % San Diego Sails page at RememberTheABA.com
Robert Lee Pettit Jr. is an American retired professional basketball player. He played 11 seasons in the NBA, all with the Milwaukee/St. Louis Hawks, he was the first recipient of the NBA's Most Valuable Player Award. He won the NBA All-Star Game MVP award four times, a feat matched only by Kobe Bryant, he was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1970. Pettit's basketball career had humble beginnings. At Baton Rouge High School, he was cut from the varsity basketball team as both a freshman and sophomore, he grew five inches in less than a year. His father, Sheriff of East Baton Rouge Parish, pushed him to practice in the backyard of the Kemmerly house until he improved his skills, it worked: Pettit became a starter and made the All-City prep team as a junior. As a 6-7 senior, he led Baton Rouge High to its first State Championship in over 20 years. Pettit was selected to play in a North–South all-star game at Murray, Kentucky. After high school, Pettit had scholarship offers from 14 universities but he accepted a scholarship to play at Louisiana State University.
He was a three-time All-Southeastern Conference selection and a two-time All-American as a member of the LSU men's basketball team. During those three years, Pettit averaged 27.8 points per game. He was a member of the Zeta Zeta Chapter of Delta Kappa Epsilon at LSU. Pettit made his varsity debut at LSU in 1952, he led the SEC in scoring for his first of three consecutive seasons, averaging 25.5 points per game. He ranked third in the nation in scoring and averaged 13.1 rebounds per game, helping his team to a 17-7 win-loss record for a second-place finish in the league, was selected to the All-SEC team. During his junior year, Pettit helped the Tigers sail through a 23-game regular-season schedule with only one loss. A clean sweep of SEC Conference opponents became LSU's second SEC Title and the school's first NCAA Final Four, he averaged 24.9 13.9 rebounds per game for the 1953 season. He was honored with selections to both the All-American teams. Pettit averaged 31.4 points and 17.3 rebounds per game during his senior year and once again led LSU to an SEC Championship and garnered All-SEC and All-American honors.
He set a then-SEC scoring record of 60 points against Louisiana College in his second game, the SEC record for scoring average, with both records being broken by Pete Maravich. Pettit was the second player in major-college basketball history to average more than 30 points a game. In 1954, his number 50 was retired at LSU, he was the first Tiger athlete in any sport to receive this distinction. In 1999, he was named Living Legend for LSU at the SEC Basketball Tournament, he is a member of the LSU Hall of Fame. Bob Pettit Boulevard in Baton Rouge, Louisiana is named after him. In 1954, the Milwaukee Hawks selected Pettit second in the first round of the NBA Draft after the Baltimore Bullets' selection of Frank Selvy. With $100 in the bank, he signed a contract with Hawks owner Ben Kerner for $11,000 – an all-time high for an NBA rookie then. Pettit's awkward ballhandling and a lack of strength to battle NBA bruisers weighing 200 pounds that early in his career, had Hawks coach Red Holzman move him from center, his position at LSU, to forward in his first training camp.
"In college I played the standing pivot", he said in a April 1957 issue of SPORT magazine interview. "My back was to the basket. In the pros, I'm always outside. Everything I do is facing the basket now; that was my chief difficulty in adjusting, the fact that I had never played forward before." Though many were skeptical about Pettit making the transition from college to the rough-and-tumble NBA, in 1955 he won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award after averaging 20.4 points and 13.8 rebounds per game. He became the second rookie to win all-NBA honors but the team finished last in the Western Division. After the season, the Hawks moved to St. Louis, he helped the Hawks improve during their first year in St. Louis by winning 33 games during 1955–56. In his second season, Pettit adjusted his game so that he would get to the free-throw line for easy points for his team and foul trouble for his opponents. Being a phenomenal offensive rebounder and an instinctive scorer, he told basketball historian Terry Pluto that "Offensive rebounds were worth eight to 12 points a night to me.
I'd get another eight to 10 at the free-throw line. All I had to do was make a few jump shots and I was on my way to a good night." Pettit won his first scoring title with a 25.7 average, led the league in rebounding. He was named MVP of the 1956 NBA All-Star Game after scoring 20 points with 24 rebounds and 7 assists, he won his first of two NBA regular season MVP awards. Retooling before the 1956–57 season, the Hawks acquired Ed Macauley and rookie Cliff Hagan from the Boston Celtics for the draft rights to Bill Russell; the team added guard Slater Martin in an early-season deal with the New York Knicks while Alex Hannum arrived a few weeks after being released by the Fort Wayne Pistons. Hannum became the team's third coach that season by taking over as player-coach with 31 games left on the schedule. Though they posted a 34-38 record in 1956–57, a series of tie-breaking playoff games against the Pistons and a three-game sweep of the Minneapolis Lakers had them in the NBA Finals. In Game 1 of the 1957 NBA Finals at the Boston Garden, Pettit scored 37 points as the Hawks shocked the Bill Russell-led Boston Celtics in double overtime.
NBA Rookie of the Year Award
The National Basketball Association's Rookie of the Year Award is an annual National Basketball Association award given to the top rookie of the regular season. Initiated following the 1952–53 NBA season, it confers the Eddie Gottlieb Trophy, named after the former Philadelphia Warriors head coach; the winner is selected by a panel of United States and Canadian sportswriters and broadcasters, each casting first and third place votes. The player with the highest point total, regardless of the number of first-place votes, wins the award; the most recent Rookie of the Year winner is Ben Simmons. Twenty-one winners were drafted first overall. There has only been one winner taken in the second round of the draft, Malcolm Brogdon, taken 36th overall by the Milwaukee Bucks in the 2016 draft. Sixteen winners have won the NBA Most Valuable Player award in their careers. Nineteen of the forty two non-active winners have been elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Three seasons had joint winners—Dave Cowens and Geoff Petrie in the 1970–71 season, Grant Hill and Jason Kidd in the 1994–95 season, Elton Brand and Steve Francis in the 1999–2000 season.
Five players won the award unanimously – Ralph Sampson, David Robinson, Blake Griffin, Damian Lillard, Karl-Anthony Towns. Patrick Ewing of Jamaica, Pau Gasol of Spain, Kyrie Irving and Ben Simmons of Australia and Andrew Wiggins of Canada are the only winners not born in the United States. Three of these individuals have dual nationality by birth—Wiggins and Simmons have American fathers, both of Irving's parents are Americans. Ewing immigrated to the Boston area at age 11, Irving moved to the United States at age 2, Wiggins and Simmons moved to the U. S. while in high school. Gasol is the only winner trained outside the U. S. Prior to the 1952–53 season, the Rookie of the Year was selected by newspaper writers; the league did publish the pre-1953 winners in their 1994–95 edition of the Official NBA Guide and the 1994 Official NBA Basketball Encyclopedia, but those winners have not been listed in subsequent publications. National Basketball Association portal NBA Development League Rookie of the Year Award NBA Rookie of the Month Award General Specific
Dale Barnstable was an American basketball player from Antioch, Illinois, banned for life from the National Basketball Association in 1951 for point shaving. He had an outstanding college career at the University of Kentucky before his career came to an abrupt end. Barnstable was born in Illinois. Barnstable attended the Antioch Community High School. Afterwards he was recruited by the University of Kentucky where he played for Hall of Fame coach Adolph Rupp at the Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball from 1946 to 1950. While there, Barnstable was a key player on Rupp's first two championship teams in 1948 and 1949. Barnstable was a starter on the 1949 team, earning third team All-Southeastern Conference honors that season. For his Wildcat career, Barnstable scored 635 points. Towards the end of his college career, Barnstable was drafted in the seventh round of the 1950 NBA Draft by the Boston Celtics. In 1951 Barnstable became a key figure in a point shaving scandal – In the wake of an increasing number of point shaving schemes coming to light throughout the year, on October 20 Barnstable was arrested along with teammates Ralph Beard and Alex Groza for taking $500 to shave points in a National Invitation Tournament game in 1949.
Although his sentence was suspended, as a result of the affair he lost his first post-graduation job as a high school coach at duPont Manual High School in Louisville and was banned for life from the NBA by the NBA president Maurice Podoloff. After losing his high school coaching job, Barnstable worked at American Air Filter in Louisville as a salesman until retirement. In the meantime, he became a talented golfer, winning the Kentucky Senior Open twice and playing in the British Senior Open. Barnstable was the father of identical twin actresses, Priscilla "Cyb" and Patricia Barnstable, known for their roles in the television series Quark. Barnstable died on January 26, 2019, aged 93
Rupp Arena is an arena located in downtown Lexington, Kentucky, U. S. Since its opening in 1976, it has been the centerpiece of Lexington Center, a convention and shopping facility owned by an arm of the Lexington-Fayette Urban County Government, located next to the Lexington Hyatt and Hilton hotels. Rupp Arena serves as home court to the University of Kentucky men's basketball program, is named after legendary former Kentucky coach Adolph Rupp. With an official capacity of 23,500, it is the largest arena in the United States designed for basketball. In Rupp Arena, the Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team is second in the nation in college basketball home attendance. Rupp Arena regularly hosts concerts and shows; the arena's primary tenant is the Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team, but the Kentucky Wildcats women's basketball team has hosted games there in recent years. Rupp Arena was the host of the 1985 NCAA Final Four, won in an upset by eighth-seeded Villanova, it formerly hosted the Kentucky Thoroughblades and the Lexington Men O' War minor-league hockey teams, the Lexington Horsemen arena football team, numerous concerts and other events.
It is named after University of Kentucky coaching legend Adolph Rupp, opened in 1976, a little more than a year before Rupp's death in late 1977. Since the 1985 Final Four, Rupp Arena has hosted a number of NCAA Tournament regional games, most in 2013 when it hosted second and third round NCAA Tournament games. Rupp Arena is home to Kentucky's high school boys' basketball Sweet Sixteen, a single-elimination tournament which determines the state champion with sixteen teams representing each of Kentucky's regional high school champions; the arena has an official capacity for basketball of 23,500, but has packed in more than 24,000 for many UK basketball games. This is possible because less than half of the seating consists of chair-back seats, all of them in the lower seating bowl; the lower bowl incorporates a student standing-room area called the "eRUPPtion Zone" behind one goal. The upper bowl is made up of bleacher bench seats that allow more capacity than chair-back seats. Unlike many arenas built in the following years, it has no luxury suites, has never been renovated to add them.
However, in 2001, the arena received some minor renovations including four oversized video boards, new lower bowl seating, new locker rooms, a new court. The first act to perform at Rupp Arena was Lawrence Welk on October 17, 1976; the performance attracted 20,000 people to the newly opened facility. The ceremonial first basket in the new facility was sunk by Adolph's young grandson Chip, who went on to play college basketball at Southeastern Conference rival Vanderbilt. Rupp Arena is the home court of the Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team, which boasts an overall record in Rupp Arena of 529-64 since beginning play there on November 27, 1976; the court itself is named Cawood's Court after longtime University of Kentucky football and men's basketball radio broadcaster Cawood Ledford. Rupp staged three Southeastern Conference men's basketball tournaments between 1982 and 1993, it hosted WWE Backlash in 2006. The Rupp Arena attendance record was set on January 2, 2010, when 24,480 people watched #3 Kentucky play rival Louisville.
The final score was a 71-62 victory by the Kentucky Wildcats. The UK men are the only basketball program in the SEC that plays home games in an off-campus facility. All of the other programs play on campus, including the UK women, who play in the men's former home of Memorial Coliseum. However, when the women's program expects an unusually large crowd, it will shift an occasional game to Rupp. Rupp is home to the annual KHSAA State Basketball Championship and trademarked as the Sweet Sixteen, with 16 boys' basketball teams from throughout the commonwealth appearing for a shot at the state title; the KHSAA girls' Sweet Sixteen will join the boys' event at Rupp in 2019. The University of Kentucky has led the nation 25 times in NCAA men's basketball home attendance since the 1976-77 season, including 17 out of the last 20 seasons, eight of the last 10 seasons. On December 21, 2009, in Rupp Arena, the Kentucky men's basketball team became the first college basketball program to win 2,000 games, in an 88-44 win against the Drexel University Dragons.
On November 8, 2010, ESPN ranked Rupp Arena as the third-loudest venue in college basketball. Rupp Arena hosted the August 2, 2011, tapings of SmackDown and WWE Superstars, with the former set to air on August 5, 2011, the latter having aired on August 4, 2011; the arena hosted several TV tapings for various WWF shows in the 1990s. The 500th win in Rupp Arena came on November 27, 2013, against Eastern Michigan, with Kentucky winning 81-63, it is Kentucky's largest arena and has hosted concerts by many performers, including Paul McCartney, Elton John, The Rolling Stones, George Strait, Billy Joel, Guns N' Roses, Tim McGraw, Garth Brooks, CKY, Bob Seger, Trans-Siberian Orchestra, in recent years, Pearl Jam, Taylor Swift, Brad Paisley, Miranda Lambert. On January 28, 2017, with #4 Kentucky hosting #2 Kansas at Rupp Arena, the Guinness Book of World Records measured the loudest indoor crowd roar at 126.4 dB. It lasted 17 days before Guinness recorded a roar of 130.4 dB at Allen Fieldhouse when West Virginia played at Kansas.
Rupp Arena was approved for various reno
San Diego is a city in the U. S. state of California. It is in San Diego County, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California 120 miles south of Los Angeles and adjacent to the border with Mexico. With an estimated population of 1,419,516 as of July 1, 2017, San Diego is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest in California, it is part of the San Diego–Tijuana conurbation, the second-largest transborder agglomeration between the U. S. and a bordering country after Detroit–Windsor, with a population of 4,922,723 people. The city is known for its mild year-round climate, natural deep-water harbor, extensive beaches, long association with the United States Navy, recent emergence as a healthcare and biotechnology development center. San Diego has been called "the birthplace of California". Home to the Kumeyaay people, it was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States. Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later.
The Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá, founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly independent Mexico, which reformed as the First Mexican Republic two years later. California became part of the United States in 1848 following the Mexican–American War and was admitted to the union as a state in 1850; the city is the seat of San Diego County and is the economic center of the region as well as the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area. San Diego's main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, international trade, manufacturing; the presence of the University of California, San Diego, with the affiliated UCSD Medical Center, has helped make the area a center of research in biotechnology. The original inhabitants of the region are now known as the San La Jolla people; the area of San Diego has been inhabited by the Kumeyaay people. The first European to visit the region was explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, sailing under the flag of Castile but born in Portugal.
Sailing his flagship San Salvador from Navidad, New Spain, Cabrillo claimed the bay for the Spanish Empire in 1542, named the site "San Miguel". In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno was sent to map the California coast. Arriving on his flagship San Diego, Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for the Catholic Saint Didacus, a Spaniard more known as San Diego de Alcalá. On November 12, 1602, the first Christian religious service of record in Alta California was conducted by Friar Antonio de la Ascensión, a member of Vizcaíno's expedition, to celebrate the feast day of San Diego. Permanent colonization of California and of San Diego began in 1769 with the arrival of four contingents of Spaniards from New Spain and the Baja California peninsula. Two seaborne parties reached San Diego Bay: the San Carlos, under Vicente Vila and including as notable members the engineer and cartographer Miguel Costansó and the soldier and future governor Pedro Fages, the San Antonio, under Juan Pérez.
An initial overland expedition to San Diego from the south was led by the soldier Fernando Rivera and included the Franciscan missionary and chronicler Juan Crespí, followed by a second party led by the designated governor Gaspar de Portolà and including the mission president Junípero Serra. In May 1769, Portolà established the Fort Presidio of San Diego on a hill near the San Diego River, it was the first settlement by Europeans in. In July of the same year, Mission San Diego de Alcalá was founded by Franciscan friars under Serra. By 1797, the mission boasted the largest native population in Alta California, with over 1,400 neophytes living in and around the mission proper. Mission San Diego was the southern anchor in Alta California of the historic mission trail El Camino Real. Both the Presidio and the Mission are National Historic Landmarks. In 1821, Mexico won its independence from Spain, San Diego became part of the Mexican territory of Alta California. In 1822, Mexico began its attempt to extend its authority over the coastal territory of Alta California.
The fort on Presidio Hill was abandoned, while the town of San Diego grew up on the level land below Presidio Hill. The Mission was secularized by the Mexican government in 1834, most of the Mission lands were granted to former soldiers; the 432 residents of the town petitioned the governor to form a pueblo, Juan María Osuna was elected the first alcalde, defeating Pío Pico in the vote. However, San Diego had been losing population throughout the 1830s and in 1838 the town lost its pueblo status because its size dropped to an estimated 100 to 150 residents. Beyond town Mexican land grants expanded the number of California ranchos that modestly added to the local economy. Americans gained increased awareness of California, its commercial possibilities, from the writings of two countrymen involved in the officially forbidden, to foreigners, but economically significant hide and tallow trade, where San Diego was a major port and the only one with an adequate harbor: William Shaler's "Journal of a Voyage Between China and the North-Western Coast of America, Made in 1804" and Richard Henry Dana's more substantial and convincing account, of his 1834–36 voyage, the classic Two Years Before the Mast.
In 1846, the United States went to war against Mexico and sent a naval and land expedition to conquer Alta California. At firs