Raymond Leo Burke
Raymond Leo Burke is an American cardinal prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He is the patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, he served as the archbishop of the Archdiocese of St. Louis, from 2004 to 2008 and as the bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse, from 1995 to 2004, he was Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura from June 2008 until November 2014. A canon lawyer, Burke is perceived as a voice of traditionalism and orthodoxy among prelates of the Catholic Church, he established a reputation as a conservative leader while serving in St. Louis. Burke is a major proponent of the Tridentine Mass, having offered it and conferred ordinations on traditionist priests, he has criticized what he sees as deficiencies in the newer Mass of Paul VI. He is seen as the de facto leader of the Church's conservative wing. Burke has publicly clashed with Pope Francis, vigorously opposing attempts by other bishops to relax Church attitudes towards gay people and those Catholics who have divorced and remarried outside the Church.
He has expressed skepticism and criticism towards attempts by Pope Francis and other bishops to do so. Burke once mentioned the possible need to "formally correct" the Pope in relation to Amoris laetitia, although he has expressed his loyalty towards him. On September 26, 2015, the Vatican announced that Burke had been reappointed to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, from which he had been removed in December 2013, but not to his more influential positions on the Congregation for Bishops and the Apostolic Signatura. In 2016, he was not reappointed as a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship. On February 2, 2017, Burke was sidelined when Pope Francis appointed Archbishop Giovanni Angelo Becciu as his special delegate to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, notwithstanding Burke's existing role as Patron of the order, with exclusive responsibility for the duties exercised by the Patron. On February 21, Albrecht von Boeselager, the Order's Grand Chancellor, announced that this meant Burke was "de facto suspended" from the Patronage.
He was reappointed by Pope Francis as a rank and file member of the Apostolic Signatura in September 2017. Burke was born on June 30, 1948, in Richland Center, the youngest of the six children of Thomas F. and Marie B. Burke, he is of Irish heritage with ancestors from Tipperary. Burke attended St. Mary's Parish School in Richland Center from 1954 to 1959. In 2012, an addition to the school was named the Raymond Cardinal Burke Annex in his honor; the family moved to Stratford, Wisconsin. From 1962 to 1968, he attended Holy Cross Seminary in Wisconsin. From 1968 to 1971, he studied at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. as a Basselin scholar, receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1970 and a Master of Arts degree in 1971, both in philosophy. He completed studies for the priesthood at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome between 1971 and 1975, receiving a Bachelor of Sacred Theology degree and a Master of Arts degree. Pope Paul VI ordained Burke to the priesthood on June 1975 in St. Peter's Basilica.
After his ordination to the priesthood, Burke was assigned as assistant rector of the Cathedral of St. Joseph the Workman in La Crosse, Wisconsin, he taught religion at Aquinas High School in La Crosse. From 1980 to 1984, Burke studied canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, where he received a licentiate in canon law in 1982 and a doctorate in canon law in 1984, he returned to La Crosse where he was named the Moderator of the Curia and Vice Chancellor of the La Crosse diocese. In 1989, Pope John Paul II named Burke the first American Defender of the Bond of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, the highest ecclesiastical court in the Catholic Church. On December 10, 1994, Pope John Paul II named Burke Bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse and consecrated him on January 6, 1995, in St. Peter's Basilica. Burke took possession of the See of La Crosse on February 22, 1995. In 2000, Burke convened the fifth diocesan synod for the Diocese of La Crosse, which resulted in the publication of Synod V, acts: celebrated June 11–14, 2000 in 2003.
In 2002, he was influential in founding the Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem, an order of Augustinian canons dedicated to the Tridentine Mass, the traditional form of the liturgy in the Latin Church. Two anonymous priests in the Diocese of La Crosse said. Many of his actions alienated some. One such example was the construction of the $25 million Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, patroness of the Americas, with some saying that the money used should have gone to the poor, while Burke defended the move as a fruitful way to raise spiritual devotion. Another was the diocese's withdrawal from Church World Service's annual Crop Walk because some of the money raised was being used to purchase condoms in developing countries. Burke welcomed numerous traditional orders, including the Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, whose priests offer the Tridentine Mass, to his diocese; this proved laity alike. Two priests left the diocese as a result of his policies. Burke closed a number of schools while raising teachers' salaries.
His style was noted by some of his aides to be more formal than that of his predecessor, John Joseph Paul. During his tenure, the diocese continued to participate in charitable efforts while increasing its moral and political activism. On December 2, 2003, Burke was named Archbishop of St. Louis, succeeding Cardinal Justin Francis Rigali, wh
Cathedral of Saint Joseph the Workman
The Cathedral of St. Joseph the Workman is the mother church of the Diocese of La Crosse; the cathedral, designed by architect Edward J. Schulte, was completed in 1962. Built of limestone, it has a tall clock tower which rises above the surrounding buildings in downtown La Crosse, Wisconsin; the following Bishops of the Diocese of La Crosse are buried in the Blessed Sacrament Chapel: Kilian Caspar Flasch James Schwebach Alexander Joseph McGavick, founder of Aquinas High School-La Crosse, Wisconsin John Patrick Treacy, the builder of the new cathedral Frederick William Freking John Joseph PaulNote:Bishop Michael Heiss is buried in Milwaukee and Auxiliary Bishop William Richard Griffin is buried in Chicago. List of Catholic cathedrals in the United States List of cathedrals in the United States Media related to Cathedral of Saint Joseph the Workman at Wikimedia Commons Official Cathedral Site Roman Catholic Diocese of La Crosse Official Site
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago was established as a diocese in 1843 and elevated to an archdiocese in 1880. It serves the more than 2.3 million Catholics in Cook and Lake counties in Northeastern Illinois, in the United States, an area of 1,411 square miles. The archdiocese is divided into 31 deaneries. Blase Joseph Cupich was appointed Cardinal, Archbishop of Chicago by Pope Francis in 2014, is assisted by six episcopal vicars, who are each responsible for a vicariate; the cathedral parish for the archdiocese, Holy Name Cathedral, is in the Near North Side area of the see city for the diocese, Chicago. The Archdiocese of Chicago is the metropolitan, its suffragan dioceses are the other Catholic dioceses in Illinois: Belleville, Peoria and Springfield. Joseph Cardinal Bernardin, Archbishop of Chicago from 1982 to 1996, was arguably one of the most prominent figures in the Church in the United States in the post-Vatican II era, rallying progressives with his "seamless garment ethic" and his ecumenical initiatives.
A French Jesuit missionary, the Rev. Jacques Marquette, SJ, first explored the area, now Chicago in the mid-17th century. On December 4, 1674, Father Marquette arrived at the mouth of the Chicago River where he built a cabin to recuperate from his travels, his cabin became the first European settlement in the area now known as Chicago. Marquette published his survey of the new territories and soon more French missionaries and settlers arrived. In 1795, the Potawatomi tribe signed the Treaty of Greenville that ceded to the United States a tract of land at the mouth of the Chicago River. There in 1804, Fort Dearborn was protected newly arrived Catholic pioneers. In 1822, Alexander Beaubien became the first person to be baptized in Chicago. In 1833, Jesuit missionaries wrote a letter to the Most Rev. Joseph Rosati, Bishop of Saint Louis and Vicar General of Bardstown, pleading for the appointment of a resident pastor to serve over one hundred professing Roman Catholics living in Chicago. Rosati appointed the Rev. John Mary Irenaeus Saint Cyr.
Fr. Saint Cyr celebrated his first Mass in a log cabin owned by the Beaubien family on Lake Street, near Market Street, in 1833. At the cost of four hundred dollars, Father Saint Cyr purchased a plot of land at what is now the intersection of Lake and State Streets and constructed a church building of 25 by 35 feet, it was dedicated in October 1833. The following year, the Bishop of Vincennes visited Chicago, where he found over 400 Catholics with only one priest to serve them; the bishop asked permission from Bishop Rosati to send Fathers Fischer, Saint Palais and Joliet from Vincennes to tend to the needs of the Chicago region. In 1837, Fr. Saint Cyr was allowed to retire and was replaced by Chicago's first English-speaking priest, the Rev. James Timothy O'Meara. Father O'Meara moved the church built by Fr. Saint Cyr to what is now the intersection of Madison Street; when Fr. O'Meara left Chicago, Saint Palais replaced it with a new brick structure; the First Plenary Council of Baltimore concluded that the Roman Catholic population of Chicago was growing exponentially and was in dire need of an episcopal see of its own.
With the consent of Pope Gregory XVI, the Diocese of Chicago was canonically erected on November 28, 1843. In 1844, William Quarter of Ireland was appointed as the first Bishop of Chicago. Upon his arrival, Quarter summoned a synod of 32 Chicago priests to begin the organization of the diocese. One of Quarter's most important achievements was his successful petitioning for the passage of an Illinois law in 1845 that declared the Bishop of Chicago an incorporated entity, a corporation sole, with power to hold real and other property in trust for religious purposes; this allowed the bishop to pursue large-scale construction of new churches and universities to serve the needs of Chicago's Roman Catholic faithful. After four years of service as Bishop of Chicago, Bishop Quarter died on April 10, 1848; the church lost nearly a million dollars in church property in the Chicago fire of 1871, leading to administrative instability for decades. The southern section of the state of Illinois split from Chicago diocese in 1853, becoming the Diocese of Quincy.
The Quincy diocese was renamed the Diocese of Alton in 1857, became Diocese of Springfield. The Diocese of Peoria was established in 1877 from another territorial split from the Chicago diocese. From 1844 to 1879, the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Chicago held the title Bishop of Chicago. With the elevation of the diocese to an archdiocese in 1880, the diocesan bishop held the title Archbishop of Chicago. Since 1915, all Archbishops of Chicago have been honored in consistory with the title of Cardinal Priest and membership in the College of Cardinals; the archbishops have responsibilities in the dicasteries of the Roman Curia. All but two diocesan bishops were diocesan priests before assuming the episcopacy in Chicago. Two came from religious institutes: the Society of Jesus and the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate. A fire occurred at Our Lady of Angels School on December 1, 1958, in the Humboldt Park area of western Chicago; the school, operated by the Archdiocese, lost 92 students and three nuns in five classrooms on the second floor.
In 1959 the National Fire Protection Association’s report on the blaze blamed civic authorities and the Archdiocese of Chicago for "housing their children in fire traps" – their words – such as Our Lady of the Angels School. The report noted that both the Chicago School Board and the Archdiocese continued to allow
Jerome E. Listecki
Jerome Edward Listecki is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who has served as Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee, Wisconsin since 2010. Archbishop Listecki served as an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Chicago, as the Bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse. Jerome Listecki was raised on the Southeast Side, his father owned a tavern before working as a bus driver for the Chicago Transit Authority. Jerome received his early education at the parochial school of St. Michael the Archangel Church before attending Quigley Preparatory Seminary South, from where he graduated in 1967, he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from Saint Joseph College Seminary in 1971, completed his theological studies at St. Mary of the Lake Seminary. During his summers as a seminarian, he worked in a blast furnace centering plant in the US Steel mills near Chicago. Listecki was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal John Cody on May 14, 1975. After studies in canon law and moral theology in Rome, Listecki earned a licentiate and doctorate in canon law from the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas in 1981 with a dissertation entitled Indissolubility and the United Methodist Church.
He earned a Juris Doctor degree from DePaul University, making him the holder of degrees utriusque juris as Doctor of Canon and Civil Law. During his service to the Archdiocese of Chicago, he taught at both Quigley Preparatory Seminary North and St. Mary of the Lake Seminary, served in a number of Chicago parishes and as pastor of St. Ignatius Church, worked within the Archdiocesan Chancery as an Appellate Judge for the Matrimonial Tribunal and separately as in-house legal counsel for the Archdiocese of Chicago from 1985–87, served as the chaplain to the Catholic Physicians' Guild of Chicago, his media experience included co-hosting the Chicago radio station WIND program "Catholic Conversation" from 1978–79, his regular participation as celebrant for the WGN TV "Mass for Shut-ins", as well as service as a producer for several other television programs. On November 7, 2000, Listecki was appointed auxiliary bishop for the Archdiocese of Chicago by Pope John Paul II, he was consecrated on January 8, 2001.
On December 29, 2004, Listecki was appointed Bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse, succeeding Bishop Raymond Leo Burke, who became archbishop of the Archdiocese of St. Louis, Missouri in St. Louis, Missouri. On March 1, 2005, he was installed as Bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse. At La Crosse he initiated a $50 million fundraising campaign, a planning process to restructure ministry and parishes in the diocese, was instrumental in the development of the Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, a project initiated by his predecessor, Bishop Burke. Bishop Listecki was named Archbishop of Milwaukee by Pope Benedict XVI on November 14, 2009, he was installed on January 4, 2010 by the Apostolic Nuncio to the United States of America, Archbishop Pietro Sambi. As Archbishop of Milwaukee, the metropolitan see of the Ecclesiastical Province of Milwaukee, he received the pallium on June 29, 2010 from Pope Benedict XVI. Listecki served as an Army Reserve chaplain in the United States Army Reserve for 20 years, retiring as a lieutenant colonel.
The Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests criticized Archbishop Listecki on January 6, 2010, for allowing retired archbishops Rembert Weakland of Milwaukee and Daniel Edward Pilarczyk of Cincinnati, who were implicated in cases of sexual abuse which were covered up, to say Mass at St. John's Cathedral in Milwaukee. On January 12, 2010, during a hearing of the Wisconsin State Senate on a bill to extend the statute of limitations for reporting abuse as supported by Milwaukee District Attorney John Chisholm, State Senator Glenn Grothman joined in this criticism, questioned Listecki why he allowed Weakland, accused of moving around abusive priests, to keep his title as Emeritus Archbishop of Milwaukee, for retaining the name Weakland Center on the pastoral center at St. John's Cathedral. Listecki testified against the bill, saying it would single out Catholic institutions and bankrupt the Milwaukee Archdiocese. Listecki was publicly criticized in February 2010 by Jerry Matysik, the Eau Claire Police Chief and SNAP for misleading the Wisconsin State Legislature about the LaCrosse diocese abuse notification procedure in Listecki's testimony against extending the statute of limitations, stating,"Archbishop Listecki appears more interested in protecting the organization than he is in protecting children," and again in August 2010 by SNAP for passing up action on an abuse claim due to lack of evidence.
The Archbishop apologized to victims of clergy sexual abuse on March 30, 2010, in a statement that said that both the individual perpetrators, as well as the bishops who failed to stop the abuse, "go against everything the Church and the priesthood represent." He credited the bravery of "victim-survivors" who persisted in bringing their cases to light and forcing the Church to change. "We owe these victims/survivors our deep gratitude and we acknowledge our own actions have not always expressed that gratitude adequately." He defended Pope Benedict XVI's role in the matter: istakes were made in the Lawrence Murphy case. The mistakes were not made in Rome in 1996, 1997 and 1998; the mistakes were made here, in the Archdiocese of Milwaukee, in the 1970s, the 1980s and the 1990s, by the Church, by civil authorities, by Church officials, by bishops. And for that, I beg your forgiveness in the name of the Church and in the name of this Archdiocese of Milwaukee. Three years the New York Times commented, It is disturbing that
Notre Dame Church and Goldsmith Memorial Chapel
Notre Dame Church and Goldsmith Memorial Chapel is a historic church located in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin. On April 7, 1983, the site was added to the National Register of Historic Places, it is affiliated with the Roman Catholic Diocese of La Crosse. The church was completed in 1872. Goldsmith Memorial Chapel was added in 1894; the church underwent other renovations in 1887 and again from 1904 to 1906