Sir Charles Malcolm Barclay-Harvey, KCMG was a British politician and Governor of South Australia from 12 August 1939 until 26 April 1944. The only child of James Charles Barclay-Harvey, of Dinnet House, Aberdeenshire, he was educated at Eton and at Christ Church and served in the 7th Battalion of the Gordon Highlanders from 1909–1915, with the Home Staff from 1915–1916, with the Ministry of Munitions in London from 1916–1918 and in Paris from 1918-1919. Barclay-Harvey was adopted as prospective Unionist candidate for East Aberdeenshire in 1914 and was Member of Parliament for Kincardine and Aberdeenshire West from 1923 to 1929 and from 1931 to 1939, he was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Sir John Gilmour from 1924 to 1929 and to Sir Godfrey Collins from 1932 to 1936, was knighted in the King's Birthday Honours, 1936, for "political and public services". He was married firstly, in 1912, to Margaret Joan, daughter of Henry de la Poer Beresford Heywood, of Wrentnall House, Shrewsbury, by whom he had a daughter, secondly to a widow, Lady Muriel Felicia Vere Liddell-Grainger, daughter of the 12th Earl of Lindsey, at Westminster in 1938.
He was Honorary Colonel of the 4th Battalion of the Gordon Highlanders from 1939–1945, was a Member of Aberdeen County Council from 1945-1955. He was a member of the Royal Company of Archers, he was appointed the Governor of South Australia in March 1939, whereupon he resigned from the House of Commons on 8 March and was appointed. He, his wife and two stepchildren moved to Adelaide, he took office on 12 August, shortly before the outbreak of World War II. His principal focus during his tenure was the war effort, his wife, Lady Muriel, founded the Lady Muriel Nurses' Club for servicewomen, made a habit of visiting numerous Red Cross branches. She opened the Pioneer Women's Memorial Gardens in Adelaide on 19 April 1941 and launched the corvette HMAS Whyalla, the first ship from the World War II shipyard at Whyalla on 12 May 1941, he was a Freemason. During his term as Governor, he was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of South Australia; the Vice-Regal couple spent as much time as they could at the Vice Regal Summer Residence at Marble Hill, where they restored the gardens.
An avid railway enthusiast, he had a large-scale outdoor model railway installed there, in 1943 the South Australian Railways Institute named a new locomotive class leader 520 after him. He retired from the Vice-Regal post for health reasons on 26 April 1944, whereupon he returned to his 14,000-acre Scottish estate which he had inherited in 1924, he served as deputy lieutenant of Aberdeenshire, a member of the Aberdeenshire City Council and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. He wrote A History of the Great North of Scotland Railway, published in 1940, he died in London on 17 November 1969. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Malcolm Barclay-Harvey
Godfrey Macdonald, 8th Baron Macdonald
Godfrey James Macdonald, 8th Baron Macdonald of Slate, is a Scottish nobleman and head of Clan Donald. He is the second child and oldest son of Alexander Godfrey Macdonald, 7th Baron Macdonald of Slate, his wife Anne Whitaker, he was educated at Eton College. He married Claire Catlow OBE on 14 June 1969; the couple has three daughters and a son: Hon. Alexandra Louise Macdonald, b. 19 Aug 1973, married the German-Austrian nobleman and landowner Philipp zu Guttenberg, brother of German politician Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg Hon. Isabella Claire Macdonald, b. 2 Oct 1975 Hon. Meriel Iona Macdonald, b. 1978 Hon. Hugo Thomas Macdonald, b. 24 Feb 1982. Lady Macdonald is a noted food writer. Lord Macdonald succeeded to the title Baron Macdonald in 1970 on the death of his father, he was an elected member of Invernessshire County Council 1970-1975 and of Skye and Lochalsh District Council 1975-1983. He is Chief of the Clan Donald
Archibald Montgomerie, 17th Earl of Eglinton
Archibald William Alexander Montgomerie, 17th Earl of Eglinton was the son of Archibald Montgomerie, 16th Earl of Eglinton. He was educated at Oxford. On 10 November 1938, he married Ursula Joan Watson and they had four children: Archibald George Montgomerie, 18th Earl of Eglinton Susanna Montgomerie Elizabeth Beatrice Montgomerie Egida Seton Montgomerie Eglinton Castle Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Eglinton
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour hereditary. The female equivalent is baroness; the word baron comes from a Late Latin barō "man. The scholar Isidore of Seville in the 7th century thought the word was from Greek βᾰρῠ́ς "heavy", but the word is of Old Frankish origin, cognate with Old English beorn meaning "warrior, nobleman". Cornutus in the first century reports a word barones which he took to be of Gaulish origin, he glosses it as meaning servos militum and explains it as meaning "stupid", by reference to classical Latin bārō "simpleton, dunce". During the Ancien Régime, French baronies were much like Scottish ones. Feudal landholders who possessed a barony were entitled to style themselves baron if they were nobles; these baronies could be sold until 1789 when feudal law was abolished. The title of baron was assumed as a titre de courtoisie by many nobles, whether members of the Nobles of the Robe or cadets of Nobles of the Sword who held no title in their own right. Emperor Napoléon created a new imperial nobility.
The titles could not be purchased. In 1815, King Louis XVIII created a new peerage system and a Chamber of Peers, based on the British model. Baron-peer was the lowest title, but the heirs to pre-1789 barons could remain barons, as could the elder sons of viscount-peers and younger sons of count-peers; this peerage system was abolished in 1848. In pre-republican Germany all the knightly families of the Holy Roman Empire were recognised as of baronial rank, although Ritter is the literal translation for "knight", persons who held that title enjoyed a distinct, but lower, rank in Germany's nobility than barons; the wife of a Freiherr is called a Freifrau or sometimes Baronin, his daughter Freiin or sometimes Baroness. Families which had always held this status were called Uradel, were heraldically entitled to a three pointed coronet. Families, ennobled at a definite point in time had seven points on their coronet; these families held their fief in vassalage from a suzerain. The holder of an allodial barony was thus called Freiherr.
Subsequently, sovereigns in Germany conferred the title of Freiherr as a rank in the nobility, without implication of allodial or feudal status. Since 1919, hereditary titles have had no legal status in Germany. In modern, republican Germany and Baron remain heritable only as part of the legal surname. In Austria, hereditary titles have been banned. Thus, a member of the reigning House of Habsburg or members of the former nobility would in most cases be addressed as Herr/Frau in an official/public surrounding, for instance in the media. Still, in both countries, honorary styles like "His/her Highness", "Serenity", etc. persists in social use as a form of courtesy. In Luxembourg and Liechtenstein, barons remain members of the recognized nobility, the sovereigns retain authority to confer the title Generally, all legitimate males of a German baronial family inherit the title Freiherr or Baron from birth, as all legitimate daughters inherit the title of Freiin or Baroness; as a result, German barons have been more numerous than those of such countries where primogeniture with respect to title inheritance prevails as France and the United Kingdom.
In Italy, barone was the lowest rank of feudal nobility except for that of vassallo. The title of baron was most introduced into southern Italy by the Normans during the 11th century. Whereas a barony might consist of two or more manors, by 1700 we see what were single manors erected into baronies, counties or marquisates. Since the early 1800s, when feudalism was abolished in the various Italian states, it has been granted as a simple hereditary title without any territorial designation or predicato; the untitled younger son of a baron is a nobile dei baroni and in informal usage might be called a baron, while certain baronies devolve to heirs male general. Since 1948 titles of nobility have not been recognised by the Italian state. In the absence of a nobiliary or heraldic authority in Italy there are, in fact, numerous persons who claim to be barons or counts without any basis for such claims. Baron and noble are hereditary titles and, as such, could only be created or recognised by the kings of Italy or the pre-unitary Italian states such as the Two Sicilies, Parma or Modena, or by the Holy See or the Republic of San Marino.
Beginning around 1800, a number of signori began to style themselves barone but in many cases this was not sanctioned by decree, while there was less justification in the holder of any large landed estate calling himself a baron. Both were common p
Order of the British Empire
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order. Recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire were made on the nomination of the United Kingdom, the self-governing Dominions of the Empire and the Viceroy of India. Nominations continue today from Commonwealth countries that participate in recommending British honours. Most Commonwealth countries ceased recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire when they created their own honours; the five classes of appointment to the Order are, in descending order of precedence: Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Knight Commander or Dame Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire The senior two ranks of Knight or Dame Grand Cross, Knight or Dame Commander, entitle their members to use the title of Sir for men and Dame for women before their forename.
Most members are citizens of the United Kingdom or the Commonwealth realms that use the Imperial system of honours and awards. Honorary knighthoods are appointed to citizens of nations where the Queen is not head of state, may permit use of post-nominal letters but not the title of Sir or Dame. Honorary appointees are, referred to as Sir or Dame – Bob Geldof, for example. Honorary appointees who become a citizen of a Commonwealth realm can convert their appointment from honorary to substantive enjoy all privileges of membership of the order, including use of the title of Sir and Dame for the senior two ranks of the Order. An example is Irish broadcaster Terry Wogan, appointed an honorary Knight Commander of the Order in 2005, on successful application for British citizenship, held alongside his Irish citizenship, was made a substantive member and subsequently styled as Sir Terry Wogan. King George V founded the Order to fill gaps in the British honours system: The Orders of the Garter, of St Patrick honoured royals, peers and eminent military commanders.
In particular, King George V wished to create an Order to honour many thousands of those who had served in a variety of non-combatant roles during the First World War. When first established, the Order had only one division. However, in 1918, soon after its foundation, it was formally divided into Military and Civil Divisions; the Order's motto is For the Empire. At the foundation of the Order, the'Medal of the Order of the British Empire' was instituted, to serve as a lower award granting recipients affiliation but not membership. In 1922, this was renamed the'British Empire Medal', it stopped being awarded by the United Kingdom as part of the 1993 reforms to the honours system, but was again awarded beginning in 2012, starting with 293 BEMs awarded for Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee. In addition, the BEM is awarded by some other Commonwealth nations. In 2004, a report entitled "A Matter of Honour: Reforming Our Honours System" by a Commons committee recommended to phase out the Order of the British Empire, as its title was "now considered to be unacceptable, being thought to embody values that are no longer shared by many of the country's population".
The British monarch is Sovereign of the Order, appoints all other members of the Order. The next most senior member is the Grand Master, of whom there have been three: Prince Edward, the Prince of Wales; the Order is limited to 300 Knights and Dames Grand Cross, 845 Knights and Dames Commander, 8,960 Commanders. There are no limits applied to the total number of members of the fourth and fifth classes, but no more than 858 Officers and 1,464 Members may be appointed per year. Foreign appointees, as honorary members, do not contribute to the numbers restricted to the Order as full members do. Although the Order of the British Empire has by far the highest number of members of the British Orders of Chivalry, with over 100,000 living members worldwide, there are fewer appointments to knighthoods than in other orders. Though men can be knighted separately from an order of chivalry, women cannot, so the rank of Knight/Dame Commander of the Order is the lowest rank of damehood, second-lowest of knighthood.
Because of this, an appointment as Dame Commander is made in circumstances in which a man would be created a Knight Bachelor. For example, by convention, female judges of the High Court of Justice are created Dames Commander after appointment, while male judges