Elphinstone Hall is a large hall belonging to the University of Aberdeen, located at their Kings College campus in Old Aberdeen. It is a 20th-century building which replaced the Common Hall and is named after Bishop William Elphinstone, an arcade dominates the front of the building, behind which lie a reception area and the large, wood-panelled hall with hammerbeam roof. Portraits of founding fathers of the university and other key figures from its history line the walls, a related suite of luxurious rooms called the Linklater Rooms run along the arcade, named after writer Eric Linklater, a graduate of the university. The hall has an organ, and the complex includes catering facilities as well as cloakroom facilities, in front of the hall is a large lawn, which is popular with students and staff of the university in summer. In winter, the university places a large Christmas tree on this lawn, the hall is currently the venue for all University of Aberdeen graduation ceremonies. It blended with the New Kings lecture rooms on the side of the quadrangle which were built in 1913.
Like all these, Elphinstone Hall was constructed of sandstone, stones were used from Castle Newe in Strathdon which was built in 1831 and demolished in 1927. The coats of arms above the arcade belong to some of the benefactors, adjoining Elphinstone Hall are the Linklater Rooms which are home to the Linklater Collection of 20th-century paintings, kindly donated by the widow of writer Eric Linklater. It was initially used as an academic and exam venue, today it is still used for exams, but for large university events. These include conferences, ceilidhs, student events, and it can be hired for wedding receptions and corporate events. Also, since work began at Marischal College, Elphinstone Hall is the venue for all university graduation ceremonies. The hall provides a point for the annual Word festival. It is the location of a number of student-run ceilidhs throughout the year, including those of the International and Celtic Societies, as well as other student events
This page is for the historical Scottish regiment. For the Canadian regiment of the same name see The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, the Seaforth Highlanders was a historic line infantry regiment of the British Army, mainly associated with large areas of the northern Highlands of Scotland. The regiment existed from 1881 to 1961, and saw service in World War I and World War II, along with many numerous smaller conflicts. In 1961 the regiment was amalgamated with the Queens Own Cameron Highlanders to form the Queens Own Highlanders, which merged, in 1994, with the Gordon Highlanders to form the Highlanders. This, joined the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch, the Royal Highland Fusiliers and the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders to create the present Royal Regiment of Scotland. The regiment was created through the amalgamation of the 72nd Regiment of Foot and it was named after Kenneth Mackenzie, 1st Earl of Seaforth, who had originally raised the 72nd Regiment. Originally named Seaforth Highlanders Queen Victoria approved on 22 November 1881 to style the regiment forthwith Seaforth Highlanders, the 1st battalion saw action at the Battle of Tel el-Kebir in September 1882 during the Anglo-Egyptian War.
Meanwhile the 2nd battalion were stationed in India and they saw service on the North West Frontier, taking part in the Hazara Expeditions in the summer 1888 and the spring of 1891, and the Chitral Expedition in spring 1895. A 3rd, Militia battalion, was embodied in late 1899, the 1st Battalion, which had been serving in India, landed at Marseilles as part of the Dehra Dun Brigade in the Meerut Division in October 1914 for service on the Western Front. It saw action at the Battle of Aubers Ridge in May 1915, the battalion moved to Mesopotamia in December 1915, where it took part in the Siege of Kut that month and the Fall of Baghdad in March 1917 before moving to Palestine in January 1918. The 2nd Battalion, which had been stationed at Shorncliffe Camp and it took part in the retreat from Le Cateau that month, the Battle of the Marne in September 1914, the Battle of the Aisne in September 1914 and the Battle of Messines in October 1914. It went on to fight in the Second Battle of Ypres in April 1915, the Battle of the Somme in Autumn 1916 and the Battle of Arras in April 1917.
The battalion saw action at the Battle of Passchendaele in Autumn 1917, the Battle of the Lys in April 1918, the battles of the Hindenburg Line and the final advance in Picardy. The 1/4th Battalion landed at Le Havre as part of the 152nd Brigade in the 51st Division in November 1914 for service on the Western Front. The 1/5th Battalion and the 1/6th Battalion both landed in France as part of the 152nd Brigade in the 51st Division in May 1915 for service on the Western Front. The 7th Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-mer as part of the 26th Brigade in the 9th Division in May 1915 for service on the Western Front, the 8th Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-mer as part of the 44th Brigade in the 15th Division in July 1915 for service on the Western Front. The 9th Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-mer as part of the battalion for the 9th Division in May 1915 for service on the Western Front. The 1st Garrison Battalion landed in Salonika as part of the 228th Brigade in the 28th Division in August 1916 for service on the Salonika Front, in 1921, the 1st Battalion was deployed to Cowdenbeath and to Bridge of Allan to maintain order during strike action by the miners
Udny Parish Church
Udny Parish Church is a congregation of the Church of Scotland at Udny Green, Aberdeenshire in the north-east of Scotland, some 15 miles north of Aberdeen. Formerly known as Christs Kirk, it was designed by the City of Aberdeen architect John Smith in 1821, sited on the north edge of the village green, it is within the ancient Udny Parish and the Formartine committee area. It is a Category B listed building, constructed from granite in 1821 to the plans of the City of Aberdeen architect, John Smith, this was the first of his ecclesiastical designs to utilise a Tudor-Gothic style. The southern elevation has a tower with an arched entrance with a hood mould. The tower protrudes from the rectangular body of the church. A broad slated roof tops the main part of the structure, similar spires are in each corner of the tower above a crenellated parapet. A clock face is set at the top of the facing side of the tower. It bears a stone,1895, but it is uncertain whether this date applies to the clock itself or if the final stage of the tower was added in that year.
The inscribed bell was made by Thomas Mears II, the single-storey harled session house and vestry are sited on the opposite side at the rear elevation of the church. Four plain-glass windows are installed on the west and east elevations, access is available on the east side through a side door. In 1890 Alexander Marshall Mackenzie undertook internal restoration work and the roof was replaced, Harrison & Harrison made the pipe organ, which is positioned to the rear of the pulpit. It is of the action type. Stained glass panels were placed in the existing three mullioned window on the gable in 1927. As there is no burial ground attached to the church, burials take place at the nearby Old Church yard instead
Elgin is a former cathedral city and Royal Burgh in Moray, Scotland. It is the administrative and commercial centre for Moray, the town originated to the south of the River Lossie on the higher ground above the floodplain. Elgin is first documented in the Cartulary of Moray in 1190 AD and it was created a Royal Burgh in the 12th century by King David I of Scotland and by that time had a castle on top of the present day Lady Hill to the west of the town. In August 1040, MacBeths army defeated and killed Duncan I at Bothganowan, Elgin is first recorded in a charter of David I in 1151 in which he granted an annuity to the Priory of Urquhart. David had made Elgin a royal burgh around 1130, after his defeat of Óengus of Moray, during Davids reign the castle was established at the top of what is now Lady Hill. The town received a charter from Alexander II in 1224 when he granted the land for a new cathedral to Andrew. This finally settled the episcopal see which had been at times at Kinneddar. Elgin was a residence for the early Scottish monarchs, David I, William I, Alexander II and Alexander III all held court there.
Of these kings, Alexander II was Elgins greatest benefactor and returned many times to his royal castle and he established the two religious houses of the town, the Dominicans or Blackfriars in the west side and the Franciscans or Greyfriars in the east. Further to the east stood the Hospital of Maison Dieu, or House of God, on 19 July 1224, the foundation stone of the new Elgin Cathedral was ceremoniously laid. The cathedral was completed sometime after 1242 but was destroyed by fire in 1270. The reasons for this are unrecorded, the buildings which now remain as ruins date from the reconstruction following that fire. The Chartulary of Moray described the cathedral as Mirror of the country. Edward I of England travelled twice to Elgin, during his first visit in 1296 he was impressed by what he saw. Preserved in the Cotton library now held in the British Library is the journal of his stay, describing the castle, by his second visit in September 1303, the castles wooden interior had been burned while held by the English governor, Henry de Rye.
As a result, he stayed in Elgin for two days and camped at Kinloss Abbey from 13 September until 4 October. After Edwards death in July 1307, Robert the Bruce retook Scotland in 1308 and he attacked Elgin castle to be twice repulsed before finally succeeding. In August 1370 Alexander Bur, Bishop of Moray began payments to Alexander Stewart, Wolf of Badenoch, King Robert IIIs brother, for the protection of his lands and men
An architect is someone who plans and reviews the construction of buildings. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek, practical and academic requirements for becoming an architect vary by jurisdiction. The terms architect and architecture are used in the disciplines of landscape architecture, naval architecture. In most jurisdictions, the professional and commercial uses of the terms architect, throughout ancient and medieval history, most architectural design and construction was carried out by artisans—such as stone masons and carpenters, rising to the role of master builder. Until modern times, there was no distinction between architect and engineer. In Europe, the architect and engineer were primarily geographical variations that referred to the same person. It is suggested that various developments in technology and mathematics allowed the development of the gentleman architect. Paper was not used in Europe for drawing until the 15th century, pencils were used more often for drawing by 1600.
The availability of both allowed pre-construction drawings to be made by professionals, until the 18th-century, buildings continued to be designed and set out by craftsmen with the exception of high-status projects. In most developed countries, only qualified people with appropriate license, certification, or registration with a relevant body, such licensure usually requires an accredited university degree, successful completion of exams, and a training period. To practice architecture implies the ability to independently of supervision. In many places, non-licensed individuals may perform design services outside the professional restrictions, such design houses, in the architectural profession and environmental knowledge and construction management, and an understanding of business are as important as design. However, design is the force throughout the project and beyond. An architect accepts a commission from a client, the commission might involve preparing feasibility reports, building audits, the design of a building or of several buildings and the spaces among them.
The architect participates in developing the requirements the client wants in the building, throughout the project, the architect co-ordinates a design team. Structural and electrical engineers and other specialists, are hired by the client or the architect, the architect hired by a client is responsible for creating a design concept that meets the requirements of that client and provides a facility suitable to the required use. In that, the architect must meet with and question the client to ascertain all the requirements, often the full brief is not entirely clear at the beginning, entailing a degree of risk in the design undertaking. The architect may make proposals to the client which may rework the terms of the brief
Crathie Kirk is now united with neighbouring Braemar to form a single parish with two places of worship. Eventually this parish will be enlarged to include Glenmuick. The minister is the Reverend Kenneth Mackenzie, Mackenzie was previously minister of the Church of Scotland congregation in Budapest, Hungary. Crathie has been a place of Christian worship since the 9th century when a church was founded on the banks of the River Dee by Saint Manire and it is traditionally held that Manire baptised Pictish converts in a pool of the Dee east of the modern village of Crathie. A single standing stone at Rinabaich is all that remains of Manires church, subsequent places of worship were situated further west, near the location of present-day Crathie village. The ruins of a 13th-century church, dedicated to Saint Manire, a church was built at the current site in 1804. Queen Victoria worshipped there from 1848, and every British monarch since has worshipped at Crathie Kirk, Victoria laid the foundation stone for a new, much larger, church in 1893.
Victorias decision to worship at Carthie Kirk initially caused a scandal and her Royal Highness The Princess Royal married Timothy Laurence, a commander in the Royal Navy, at Crathie Kirk, on 12 December 1992. The Church of Scotland, which does not consider marriage to be a sacrament, has no objection to remarriage after divorce, the British Royal Family attended the Sunday service here after the death of Diana, Princess of Wales on the morning of 31 August 1997. The walls are built of granite and the roof made of Scots Pine. Building materials were donated by the estates, and £5000 raised from the local population to fund construction. The church, built in the fashionable Gothic revival style by Elgin architect A. Marshall Mackenzie, was completed in 1895, Marshall Mackenzie went on to build St Ninians Chapel, Braemar for Queen Victorias grandson-in-law, the 1st Duke of Fife. Crathie Kirks south transept is reserved for royal use, Queen Victoria donated two stained glass windows which commemorate author and social reformer Reverend Norman MacLeod, and endowed the kirks Father Willis organ.
Victorias highland servant John Brown is buried in the churchyard, Princess Beatrice donated four bells which continue to hang in the belltower. Edward VII donated two marble medallions commemorating his brother Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and sister Victoria, Princess Royal, edwards son George V donated a communion table dedicated to the memory of his father. This was made from marble quarried on the island of Iona. Elizabeth II donated a Bible decorated with the Royal Coat of Arms, 1897-1918 - Samuel James Ramsay Sibbald M. V. O. D. D 1919-41 - John Stirton C. V. O, 1964-71 - Ronald Henderson Gunn Budge M. V. O
John Smith (architect)
John Smith was a Scottish architect. His career started in 1805 and he was appointed as the city architect of Aberdeen in 1807. Smith was the son of a builder and architect and his own son, William. After completing his training in London, Smith quickly became established throughout the north-east of Scotland. Towards the middle of his career around the 1830s, as his individuality developed, he gained the nickname of Tudor Johnny, Smith was born in Aberdeen in 1781. His father was William Sink-em Smith, a successful builder, the younger Smith attended Aberdeen Grammar School before serving an apprenticeship as a stonemason in his fathers building firm. He undertook further architectural design training in London, possibly under the tutelage of James Playfair, but as Playfair died in 1794, by the end of 1804, Smith returned to Aberdeen, where construction and development was rapidly evolving. One of Smiths first major commissions was to design a house for the merchant Patrick Milne in 1805. Sited on Union Street, Crimonmogate was a two-storey Greek inspired country house with a five windowed frontage and he is next credited with the design of Footdee, an area within Aberdeen.
Consisting of 56 but and ben one storey thatched houses arranged in two squares, the plans quickly received Council approval and construction was completed by 1809, Smith was appointed as the official architect for Aberdeen in 1807. Both firms were successful despite uncertainties due to the War and their careers were described by Miller as destined to run remarkably parallel. Although at times rivals, Smith often collaborated with Simpson and between two men their buildings became the nucleus of establishing the style of the heart of the Aberdeen city centre. As the buildings were constructed from granite, the city gained the name of the Silver City or alternatively the Granite City. Smith became known as Tudor Johnny as his designs around the 1830s, particularly for mansions and churches, his civic designs in Aberdeen city remained in a neo-classical style. Sited on the corner of Queen Street and King Street the design gained approval from the Town Council in September 1828, the church opened in June 1831 but it was years before sufficient funding was available to install clocks.
A Greek Revival style was used in the construction of the 120 feet by 62 feet rectangular building with a pepper pot tower set upon a two-stage box tower. It was the tallest building in Aberdeen until its height was surpassed by the spire of the Triple Kirk designed by Simpson, suitable to seat 1600 at services, congregation numbers declined and the church closed in 1954. It was used as the Aberdeen Arts Centre from the early 1960s, subsequently he was involved with drawing up the initial plans for the new castle, by this time owned by Queen Victoria and Price Albert after meeting Price Albert on Friday 11 September 1848
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 local government council areas. Located in Lothian on the Firth of Forths southern shore, it is Scotlands second most populous city and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom. The 2014 official population estimates are 464,990 for the city of Edinburgh,492,680 for the authority area. Recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh is home to the Scottish Parliament and it is the largest financial centre in the UK after London. Historically part of Midlothian, the city has long been a centre of education, particularly in the fields of medicine, Scots law, the sciences and engineering. The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1582 and now one of four in the city, was placed 17th in the QS World University Rankings in 2013 and 2014. The city is famous for the Edinburgh International Festival and the Fringe. The citys historical and cultural attractions have made it the United Kingdoms second most popular tourist destination after London, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year.
Historic sites in Edinburgh include Edinburgh Castle, Holyrood Palace, the churches of St. Giles and the Canongate, Edinburghs Old Town and New Town together are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which has been managed by Edinburgh World Heritage since 1999. It appears to derive from the place name Eidyn mentioned in the Old Welsh epic poem Y Gododdin, the poem names Din Eidyn as a hill fort in the territory of the Gododdin. The Celtic element din was dropped and replaced by the Old English burh, the first documentary evidence of the medieval burgh is a royal charter, c. 1124–1127, by King David I granting a toft in burgo meo de Edenesburg to the Priory of Dunfermline. In modern Gaelic, the city is called Dùn Èideann, the earliest known human habitation in the Edinburgh area was at Cramond, where evidence was found of a Mesolithic camp site dated to c.8500 BC. Traces of Bronze Age and Iron Age settlements have found on Castle Rock, Arthurs Seat, Craiglockhart Hill. When the Romans arrived in Lothian at the end of the 1st century AD, at some point before the 7th century AD, the Gododdin, who were presumably descendants of the Votadini, built the hill fort of Din Eidyn or Etin.
Although its location has not been identified, it likely they would have chosen a commanding position like the Castle Rock, Arthurs Seat. In 638, the Gododdin stronghold was besieged by forces loyal to King Oswald of Northumbria and it thenceforth remained under their jurisdiction. The royal burgh was founded by King David I in the early 12th century on land belonging to the Crown, in 1638, King Charles Is attempt to introduce Anglican church forms in Scotland encountered stiff Presbyterian opposition culminating in the conflicts of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. In the 17th century, Edinburghs boundaries were defined by the citys defensive town walls
Louise, Princess Royal
Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife was the third child and the eldest daughter of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom and Queen Alexandra, she was a younger sister of King George V. She was the daughter of a British monarch to be styled Princess Royal. Princess Louise was born at Marlborough House, the London residence of her parents, The Prince and she spent much of her childhood at Sandringham House, her parents country estate in Norfolk. Like her sisters, Princesses Maud and Victoria, she received limited formal education and she was christened at Marlborough House on 10 May 1867 by Charles Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury. With her sisters Maud and Victoria, she was a bridesmaid at the 1885 wedding of their paternal aunt Princess Beatrice, on Saturday 27 July 1889, Princess Louise married the 6th Earl Fife, at the Private Chapel in Buckingham Palace. Two days after the wedding, Queen Victoria created him Duke of Fife, the letters patent creating this dukedom contained the standard remainder to male heirs of the body lawfully begotten.
However, it became apparent that the Duke and Duchess would not have a son and her Highness Princess Maud of Fife married the 11th Earl of Southesk, and had issue. On 9 November 1905, King Edward VII created Princess Louise the Princess Royal, in December 1911, while sailing to Egypt, the Princess Royal and her family were shipwrecked off the coast of Morocco. Although they escaped unharmed, the Duke of Fife fell ill with pleurisy and he died at Assuan, Egypt in January 1912, and Princess Alexandra succeeded to his dukedom, becoming Duchess of Fife in her own right. Princess Alexandra married Prince Arthur of Connaught, a first cousin of Princess Louise, Princess Louise of Wales received the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert in 1885 and the Imperial Order of the Crown of India in 1887. She became a Lady of the Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem in 1888 and she became colonel-in-chief of the 7th Dragoon Guards in 1914. She served as colonel-in-chief of the 4th and 7th Dragoon Guards when it was formed in 1921, in the autumn of 1929 at Mar Lodge she was taken ill with gastric hemorrhage and was brought back to London.
The Princess Royal died fifteen months in January 1931, at her home in Portman Square and was buried in St. Georges Chapel and her remains were removed to the Private Chapel, Mar Lodge, Aberdeenshire. The inescutcheon was dropped by royal warrant in 1917
University of Aberdeen
The University of Aberdeen is a public research university in Aberdeen, Scotland. The university as it is today was formed in 1860 by a merger between Kings College and Marischal College, a university founded in 1593 as a Protestant alternative to the former. Today, Aberdeen is consistently ranked among the top 200 universities in the world and is one of two universities in the city, the other being the Robert Gordon University. The universitys iconic buildings act as symbols of wider Aberdeen, particularly Marischal College in the city centre, there are two campuses, the predominantly utilised Kings College campus dominates the section of the city known as Old Aberdeen, which is approximately two miles north of the city centre. Although the original site of the foundation, most academic buildings were constructed in the 20th century during a period of significant expansion. The universitys Foresterhill campus is next to Aberdeen Royal Infirmary and houses the School of Medicine, Aberdeen has approximately 13,500 students from undergraduate to doctoral level, including many international students.
An abundant range of disciplines are taught at the university, with 650 undergraduate degree offered in the 2012-13 academic year. Five Nobel laureates have since associated with Aberdeen. The first principal was Hector Boece and professor of the University of Paris, despite this founding date, teaching did not start for another ten years, and the University of Aberdeen celebrated 500 years of teaching and learning in 2005. Following the Scottish Reformation in 1560, Kings College was purged of its Roman Catholic staff, George Keith, the fifth Earl Marischal was a moderniser within the college and supportive of the reforming ideas of Peter Ramus. In April 1593 he founded a university in the city. It is possible the founding of another college in nearby Fraserburgh by Sir Alexander Fraser, Aberdeen was highly unusual at this time for having two universities in one city, as 20th-century University prospectuses observed, Aberdeen had the same number as existed in England at the time. In addition, a university was set up to the north of Aberdeen in Fraserburgh from 1595.
Initially, Marischal College offered the Principal of Kings College a role in selecting its academics, Marischal College, in the commercial heart of the city, was quite different in nature and outlook. For example, it was integrated into the life of the city. The two rival colleges often clashed, sometimes in court, but in brawls between students on the streets of Aberdeen, as the institutions put aside their differences, a process of attempted mergers began in the 17th century. During this time, both colleges made notable contributions to the Scottish Enlightenment. Both colleges supported the Jacobite rebellion and following the defeat of the 1715 rising were largely purged by the authorities of their academics and officials