The Grates are a three-piece indie rock band formed in Brisbane in 2002. The original line-up was Patience Hodgson on lead vocals, John Patterson on guitars and backing vocals and Alana Skyring on drums, they were brought to national attention when a demo of their single, "Trampoline", received airplay on radio station, Triple J. Their first two albums, Gravity Won't Get You High and Teeth Lost, Hearts Won, both reached the ARIA Albums Chart top 10. Skyring left in 2010 to become a chef and was replaced on drums by Ben Marshall for the third album, Secret Rituals, which reached No. 11. The Grates' fourth album, Dream Team, was recorded with Richard Daniell; the band provide energetic and sold out live shows. Since May 2012 Hodgson and Patterson are proprietors of Southside Tea Room, a cafe and bar, in Morningside; the Grates were formed in 2002 in Brisbane by Patience Hodgson on lead vocals, John Patterson on guitars and backing vocals and Alana Skyring on drums. Patterson and Skyring had attended Alexandra Hills State High School.
In 1999, they met Cleveland State High School student, Hodgson, in year 12 at a drama class, which all three attended at the local TAFE to avoid physical education classes. Hodgson discovered her singing voice at a karaoke bar, where she performed "A Whole New World". According to Patterson the rendition "was less than stellar"; the three were watching rage in 2002. After several rehearsals Hodgson, with her then-boyfriend, travelled to Scotland for a year where they planned a two-piece band, Prix Divers. Hodgson and Skyring kept in contact and swapped ideas for songs. Patterson and Skyring each played in bands, Zombie Crime Boss and Clifton, as well as forming short-lived groups together or with others. Once back in Australia Hodgson rejoined Patterson and Skyring to resume rehearsing in the Patterson family garden shed. Patterson described their band roles, "Patience couldn’t play an instrument, so she was the singer. I was bored of playing keyboards so I started playing guitar, Alana just drums however she wants."
They deliberately chose not to have a regular bass guitarist, according to Craig Mathieson of The Age this indicates "they've shown a disdain for convention." They performed under a different name each night – they might trick regular customers into thinking they were a new band instead of the same "shitty" one. In January 2004 they first performed as the Grates. Subsequent noise restrictions limited live performances at the venue, Patterson recalled "It’s pathetic. Ric’s is our favourite place to play in Brisbane... We played our first couple of shows there about a year ago and miss playing there terribly." According to Australian music journalist, Ed Nimmervoll, "They name the Pixies and Weezer as influences." Whereas Tammy la Gorce of AllMusic opined their early material were "Ramones and Yeah Yeah Yeahs-influenced songs."Later in 2004 they sent a rough demo, "Trampoline", to national youth radio station, Triple J, accompanied by a hand-written biography and press release. They had recorded it as an 8-track recording using two cheap microphones in Patterson's shed.
"Trampoline" was used for a Just Jeans "Shortcuts" TV ad. During 2004 they toured supporting Rocket Science, the Tremors, TISM and Regurgitator; the band has a distinctive style. In their early years their live set would be written at rehearsal, "Hodgson composed the lyrics on the spot more interested in the melody than the words." All three members have a background in art and they design their own album artwork, posters, T-shirts and socks. In April 2005 Hodgson explained her song writing style, "My attitude used to be just make up some shit that fits in and we'll be sweet, but now I want to work on the lyrics... I think when Daniel Johns first got some success, he didn't know about music history, so he studied it, but I don't feel like I need to know. I just pick up stuff as we go along."They issued a run of limited edition extended plays: The Grates, Black Dog Black Dog, Pyrate Kids and Ssh. They released The Ouch; the Touch. on Dew Process, on 14 February 2005. Patterson commented on the EP, "They’re getting pressed and printed though, so we won’t have to slice all the covers by hand!"
It was issued in the United Kingdom two months via Captains of Industry. Kathryn Kernohan of FasterLouder felt it was "a perfect taster... you couldn’t ask for a stronger selection of tracks. It gives an indication of how good you’d be live, it leaves me hanging out for an album." The Ouch. The Touch peaked in the top 100 on the ARIA Singles Chart. In 2005 appeared at the Big Day Out, Splendour In The Grass, Falls Festival and Homebake, they supported the Go! Team on their tour over late 2005 to early 2006. On 8 April 2006 they released their debut album, Gravity Won't Get You High, which peaked at No. 9 on the ARIA Albums Chart. It was recorded in Chicago with Brian Deck producing. Nimmervoll noticed that "Some songs had been with them for a long time, others were wtitten just days before going into the studio." It was released in the United States in June. Nate Dorr of PopMatters opined that it provided "an infectious variety... At times, there's a sense of catchy frivolity to the proceedings, but it can be forgiven... sheer excitement of hearing such unbridled enthusiasm in an emerging talent.
And they are talented." Pitchfork's Sean Fennessey fel
Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Division of Bowman
The Division of Bowman is an Australian Electoral Division in Queensland. The division was created in 1949 and is named for David Bowman, an early leader of the Australian Labor Party, in Queensland; the seat consists of the entirety of Redland City, located in the eastern suburbs of Brisbane, includes the suburbs of Capalaba, Redland Bay, Thorneside, Alexandra Hills, Mount Cotton, Wellington Point and Victoria Point. The division incorporates various islands of Moreton Bay including Coochiemudlo Island, the inhabited southern Bay Islands and the big tourist destination of North Stradbroke Island, it is a residential electorate with some crops, various light industries and tourism. Bowman has traditionally been a marginal seat changing hands between the Australian Labor Party and the Liberal Party. Notably, the electorate has been won by the party with the largest national two party preferred vote at every election from 1954 to 2001. However, in the 2004 election, an energetic campaign by Dr Andrew Laming, an electoral redistribution, saw Bowman returned to the Liberal Party by a significant margin.
The division was considered by pollsters such as Antony Green to be a safe Liberal seat. In the 2007 election, the electorate experienced a strong swing of 8.86% towards the Australian Labor Party. This made it second only to McEwen as the most marginal seat in the country, although the 2009 electoral redistribution in Queensland saw the margin notionally reduced further, to 0.005%, making Bowman Australia's most marginal seat at the time. Laming went on to retain the seat comfortably for the Liberal National Party of Queensland in: 2010, regaining ground with a 9.51% swing towards him. Division of Bowman — Australian Electoral Commission
Redland City, better known as the Redlands and known as Redland Shire, is a local government area located in the southeast of the Brisbane metropolitan area in South East Queensland. With a population just under 150,000, the City is spread along the southern coast of Moreton Bay, covering 537.1 square kilometres. Its mainland borders the City of Brisbane to the west and north-west, Logan City to the south-west and south, while its islands are situated north of the City of Gold Coast. Redland attained city status on 15 March 2008, having been a shire since 1949, when it was created by the merger of the former Tingalpa and Cleveland Shires. Despite this status, the City consists of suburban and coastal communities, featuring a somewhat disjointed urbanisation around major suburbs interspersed with bushland. Large mainland suburbs include Capalaba, Victoria Point, Redland Bay; the latter is the City's namesake, due to the colour of its fertile soil. North Stradbroke Island and smaller nearby islands, most notably those of Southern Moreton Bay, comprise the eastern portion of the Redlands.
The City's boundaries correspond to those of the federal division of Bowman. The area now known as the Redlands was inhabited by the Jagera and Quandamooka people. Europeans first entered the Redlands in the late 18th century while mapping Moreton Bay: James Cook made observations of the then-undivided Stradbroke Island. By the 1840s, the coastal township of Cleveland was in contention to become a major port replacing Brisbane, but was not chosen due to the region's existing sandbars and shipwrecks, an unfavourable review from Governor George Gipps during his 1842 visit. Louis Hope and other land purchasers began to develop significant infrastructure at this time. On 11 November 1879, under the Divisional Boards Act 1879, the Tingalpa Division was created to govern the area to the east of metropolitan Brisbane; the area around Cleveland split away to form the Cleveland Division on 30 May 1885. Under the Local Authorities Act 1902, both became Shires on 31 March 1903; the Tingalpa council met at Mount Cotton.
On 1 October 1925, a sizeable portion of the Shire of Tingalpa became part of the new City of Brisbane along with 20 other local governments. On 9 December 1948, as part of a major reorganisation of local government in South East Queensland, an Order in Council renamed the Shire of Cleveland to be Shire of Redland and amalgamated part of Shire of Tingalpa into it; the twentieth century saw significant population growth in the Redlands, preceded by the construction of the Cleveland railway line. Peel Island became a leper colony, while North Stradbroke Island became a hub for sand mining, is associated with the Indigenous rights movement as the home of poet Oodgeroo Noonuccal and academic Aileen Moreton-Robinson. On 15 March 2008, Redlands was granted city status. In June 2018, the Redland City Council approved a marketing campaign to brand the city as "Redlands Coast" with the tagline "naturally wonderful"; the campaign seeks to attract tourists to the city's 335 kilometres of coastline. Although most of the population resides on the main urban conglomeration based around the centres of Capalaba and Victoria Point, over 6,000 people live on islands in Moreton Bay that are part of the City.
These are North Stradbroke and the Southern Moreton Bay Islands of Karragarra, Lamb and Macleay. Tingalpa Creek rises on Mount Cotton, forming Leslie Harrison Dam, marking the majority of the area's western boundary. Redland City has many recognisable animals and plants such as koalas, migratory shorebirds, flying foxes and scribbly gum forests, it is home to over 1,700 other recorded native species, many of which are under threat from population growth and its associated effects such as habitat clearing and fragmentation, road construction and expanding development. The council area is home to Venman Bushland National Park, the Eprapah Scout environment training centre. In April 2013, the Redland City Council illegally cleared vegetation from public land on the foreshores of Moreton Bay; the Council has been required by the State Government to restore the cleared vegetation and install signage about the restoration. Trees felled included many sheoaks; the city's koala population has declined in recent years.
In 2010, it was estimated that only 2,000 koalas remained, a 65% decline since 1999. Figures from a count in 2012 have not yet been released by the Queensland Government; the Redland City-based Koala Action Group has warned that: "Rampant expansion of urban areas will lead to the loss of the koala populations that are vital to the long-term survival of the species."The city boundaries include internationally significant coastal wetlands within the Moreton Bay Ramsar site. Tidal flats and seagrass beds provide important habitats for fish, and: large numbers of the nationally threatened green turtle and the loggerhead turtle the internationally vulnerable dugong, a large sea mammal from the order Sirenia which includes manatee species 43 species of shorebirds, including 30 migratory bird species listed by international migratory bird conservation agreements, such as the vulnerable eastern curlew and the grey-tailed tattler, that use this area in their journey through the East Asian–Australasian Flyway.
Freshwater systems in the Redlands catc
Border Security: Australia's Front Line
Border Security: Australia's Front Line is an Australian factual television program that airs on the Seven Network. The show follows the work of officers of the Department of Home Affairs, Australian Border Force, the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service, as they enforce Australian immigration, customs and finance laws, it shows scenes from Sydney mail centre. Most of the programme is filmed at Sydney and Brisbane airports; the program features other locations such as Perth Airport, international mail centres, raids on workplaces suspected of employing persons contrary to the restrictions of their visa or immigrant status and the work of Australian Border Force vessels and aircraft in the waters of Northern Australia. The series was renewed for a seventeenth season to air in 2018; the show became a ratings hit. The first season was hosted by Grant Bowler. However, Bowler appears on the show again in 2010 at the beginning of the show. In all seasons, Bowler provides the voice over for every story.
The show has continued to air since and airs on Wednesday nights in 2010. It is classified PG; the show was moved to a Sunday Night slot for Season 7 in 2011. The show premiered on Sunday 6 February 2011, at 7:30pm time slot; the show continues to garner high ratings. The show is broadcast internationally. In New Zealand, it airs on TVNZ's TV1, it airs in the United Kingdom on Sky Livingit, Pick TV, Discovery ID, in Ireland on TV3, It airs on Tele 5 in Poland, on vtm in Belgium and on Veronica in the Netherlands, where it is dubbed into Dutch. Kanal 9 airs the series in Sweden, on Jim in Finland, on the TV 2 channel in Denmark, on DMAX in Germany dubbed into German, it is broadcast as Grensevakten in Norway on TVNorge, on the Australian Pay TV channel The LifeStyle Channel and on the Australia Network. Border Security airs across Asia in countries such as: Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Macau. In Canada, the series airs on BBC DTour. In Singapore it airs on Fox Crime. One series is available on Netflix in the United States.
Writer Bob Burton in his book Inside Spin: The Dark Underbelly of the PR Industry expressed concern that the television show, by being subject to post-production editing, allows the producers to remove anything that shows any mistakes made by the government agencies concerned. Instead, Burton argues, the show gives the viewing public the sense that the government is and administrating border security policy. In 2009 Media Watch suggested that the Department of Immigration and Citizenship used its working relationship with Seven as leverage for an apology to its National Communications Manager, Sandi Logan, who had appeared in an unflattering light on a Today Tonight report. Media Watch's sources claimed that persons in the Department threatened to cease co-operation with Seven in the production of future Border Security episodes. In November 2014, American sex work activist Monica Jones was detained in Villawood Immigration Detention Centre after the Department of Immigration and Border Protection cancelled her tourist visa at Sydney Airport.
Jones commented that producers for Border Security "knew details of what Immigration was going to do to me" and that "It was about 30 seconds before the cameras showed up... and tried to get me on their TV show" Jones was asked by an immigration officer "Are you OK if they continue to film" when she had demanded that the TV cameras leave. A Canadian version of the show, titled Border Security: Canada's Front Line, began airing in 2012 in Canada, it was cancelled after three seasons, due to the Canadian Privacy Commissioner ruling that the show and the CBSA had breached the privacy act. A US version of the show, titled Homeland Security USA, began airing in 2009 in the United States, it ran for 13 episodes. A British version of the show, titled Nothing to Declare UK, aired in 2011 in the United Kingdom. A Latin American version of the show, titled Alerta Areopuerto filmed at El Dorado Airoport in Bogota and Jorge Chavez Airoport in Lima, Peru began airing 2016 in Latin America on National Geographic Channel.
Border Patrol Australian Customs and Border Protection Service Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service Department of Immigration and Citizenship Seven Network Official Site Border Security: Australia's Front Line on IMDb Border Security: Australia's Front Line at TV.com
Thornlands is a residential suburb located 28 kilometres east-south-east of Brisbane, the capital of the Australian state of Queensland, is part of the Redland City local government area. As of the June 2006 census, Thornlands was estimated to be home to 10,520 people, with the majority of these of working age. In the 2011 census, Thornlands recorded a population of 51 % female and 49 % male; the average age of the Thornlands population was 38 years of age, 1 year above the Australian average. 70.2% of people living in Thornlands were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 9.2%, New Zealand 5.6%, South Africa 2.1%, Scotland 1.2%, Finland 0.6%. 91% of people spoke only English at home. Major features of Thornlands include: Faith Lutheran College, Redlands Thornlands State School, opened 1 November 1910 Redlands District Special School, which opened on 15 November 1975 Carmel Catholic College Nazarene Theological College Redlands District Rugby League Football Club Pinklands Netball and Pony Club BayView State SchoolMajor access to Thornlands is provided by Boundary Road, Cleveland-Redland Bay Road, or Wellington Street.
Thornlands began as part of the area encompassed by Cleveland, was leased, to Joseph Clarke. He relinquished his lease in 1858; the area took the name Thornlands after George Thorn, a major landholder in the area, whose lands were subdivided around 1900. The area was settled, like the surrounding suburbs by farmers growing fruit such as citrus and mangoes. Thornlands State School was founded in 1910. Mark Robinson, Member for Cleveland 2010 recollects history of school in his speech celebrating the school's centenary anniversary; the area is now suburban residences, with the southern parts rural residences, comprising larger landblocks. The population is growing due to new housing developments. Redland City Council - Thornlands Redland City Council - Thornlands History University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Thornlands
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon