Netherlands Institute for Art History
The Netherlands Institute for Art History or RKD is located in The Hague and is home to the largest art history center in the world. The center specializes in documentation and books on Western art from the late Middle Ages until modern times, all of this is open to the public, and much of it has been digitized and is available on their website. The main goal of the bureau is to collect, via the available databases, the visitor can gain insight into archival evidence on the lives of many artists of past centuries. The library owns approximately 450,000 titles, of which ca.150,000 are auction catalogs, there are ca.3,000 magazines, of which 600 are currently running subscriptions. Though most of the text is in Dutch, the record format includes a link to library entries and images of known works. The RKD manages the Dutch version of the Art and Architecture Thesaurus, the original version is an initiative of the Getty Research Institute in Los Angeles, California. Their bequest formed the basis for both the art collection and the library, which is now housed in the Koninklijke Bibliotheek.
Though not all of the holdings have been digitised, much of its metadata is accessible online. The website itself is available in both a Dutch and an English user interface, in the artist database RKDartists, each artist is assigned a record number. To reference an artist page directly, use the code listed at the bottom of the record, usually of the form, for example, the artist record number for Salvador Dalí is 19752, so his RKD artist page can be referenced. In the images database RKDimages, each artwork is assigned a record number, to reference an artwork page directly, use the code listed at the bottom of the record, usually of the form, https, //rkd. nl/en/explore/images/ followed by the artworks record number. For example, the record number for The Night Watch is 3063. The Art and Architecture Thesaurus assigns a record for each term, they are used in the databases and the databases can be searched for terms. For example, the painting called The Night Watch is a militia painting, the thesaurus is a set of general terms, but the RKD contains a database for an alternate form of describing artworks, that today is mostly filled with biblical references.
To see all images that depict Miriams dance, the associated iconclass code 71E1232 can be used as a search term. Official website Direct link to the databases The Dutch version of the Art and Architecture Thesaurus
Corsier-sur-Vevey is a municipality in the district of Riviera-Pays-dEnhaut in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. Corsier-sur-Vevey is first mentioned in 1079 as Corise, until 1953 it was known as Corsier. Corsier-sur-Vevey has an area, as of 2009, of 6.8 square kilometers, of this area,3.03 km2 or 44. 9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.35 km2 or 34. 8% is forested. Of the rest of the land,1.3 km2 or 19. 3% is settled,0.03 km2 or 0. 4% is either rivers or lakes and 0.03 km2 or 0. 4% is unproductive land. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 1. 3% of the area while housing and buildings made up 9. 8%. Out of the land,27. 3% of the total land area is heavily forested and 7. 6% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,6. 4% is used for growing crops and 32. 7% is pastures, all the water in the municipality is flowing water. The municipality was part of the Vevey District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, the municipality is located on the right side of the Veveyse.
It consists of the village of Corsier-sur-Vevey and the hamlet of Les Monts-de-Corsier, the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent, a Heart Gules above two shaking Hands proper clothed Azure, chief Azure three Mullets Argent. Corsier-sur-Vevey has a population of 3,443, as of 2008,30. 1% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 2. 3% and it has changed at a rate of -0. 5% due to migration and at a rate of 4. 2% due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French as their first language, with German being second most common, There are 110 people who speak Italian and 4 people who speak Romansh. The age distribution, as of 2009, in Corsier-sur-Vevey is,309 children or 9. 7% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 348 teenagers or 10. 9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population,368 people or 11. 5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 421 people or 13. 2% are between 30 and 39,491 people or 15. 4% are between 40 and 49, and 417 people or 13. 0% are between 50 and 59.
As of 2000, there were 1,238 people who were single, There were 1,555 married individuals,182 widows or widowers and 225 individuals who are divorced. As of 2000, there were 1,475 private households in the municipality, There were 560 households that consist of only one person and 64 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 1,489 households that answered this question,37. 6% were households made up of just one person and there were 5 adults who lived with their parents
Historical Dictionary of Switzerland
The encyclopedia is published by a foundation under the patronage of the Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences and the Swiss Historical Society and is financed by national research grants. Besides a staff of 35 at the offices, the contributors include 100 academic advisors,2500 historians and 100 translators. The encyclopedia is being edited simultaneously in three languages of Switzerland, German and Italian. The first of 13 volumes was published in 2002, the last volume was published in 2014. The 36,000 headings are grouped in, Biographies Articles on families and it makes accessible, for free, all articles ready for publication in print, but no illustrations. It lists all 36,000 topics that are to be covered, lexicon Istoric Retic is a two volume version with a selection of articles published in Romansh. It includes articles not available in the other languages, the first volume was published in 2010, the second in 2012. An on-line version is available
Meiringen is a municipality in the Interlaken-Oberhasli administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. Besides the village of Meiringen, the municipality includes the settlements of Balm, Brünigen, Hausen, Sand, Unterbach, Wylerli, the village is known for its claim to have been the place where the meringue was first created. The blazon of the coat of arms is Or an Eagle displayed Sable crowned, beaked and membered of the first. In it, the words the first refer to the first tincture mentioned, namely or. It further implies, for each of the nouns that precede the word of. Meiringen is located in the eastern Bernese Oberland region, in the Haslital on the reaches of the river Aare. On the left bank it stretches up into the Alps and reaches an elevation of 3,191 m at the summit of the Wellhorn, the municipality has an area, as of 2009, of 40.59 square kilometers. Of this area,17.75 km2 or 43. 7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 13.27 km2 or 32. 7% is forested. Of the rest of the land,3.04 km2 or 7. 5% is settled,0.53 km2 or 1. 3% is either rivers or lakes and 6.09 km2 or 15. 0% is unproductive land.
Of the built up area and buildings made up 3. 1%, out of the forested land,29. 7% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1. 4% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,3. 3% is used for growing crops and 17. 8% is pastures and 22. 5% is used for alpine pastures, all the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams. Of the unproductive areas,5. 6% is unproductive vegetation and 9. 4% is too rocky for vegetation, Meiringen is first mentioned in 1234 as Magiringin. Due to its location at the foot of several alpine passes. The first village church was built in the 9th or 10th century, when it was destroyed in a flood the new church of St. Michael was built about 5 m above the old church. The current church of St. Michael dates from the 15th century and was renovated in 1683-84, the Restiturm castle was constructed in the 13th century, whilst the Wyghus fortress in the Brünig Pass was first mentioned in 1333, though it was destroyed later. Meiringen was always the political capital of the surrounding valley and it was the capital of the Imperial reichsfrei bailiwick of Hasli.
In 1275 it formed an alliance with the city of Bern, in 1311, Hasli was given to the house of Weissenburg by Henry VII. After an unsuccessful revolt in 1334, Hasli passed to the city of Bern as a territory in name
National Library of the Czech Republic
The National Library of the Czech Republic is the central library of the Czech Republic. It is directed by the Ministry of Culture, the librarys main building is located in the historical Clementinum building in Prague, where approximately half of its books are kept. The other half of the collection is stored in the district of Hostivař, the National Library is the biggest library in the Czech Republic, in its funds there are around 6 million documents. The library has around 60,000 registered readers, as well as Czech texts, the library stores older material from Turkey and India. The library houses books for Charles University in Prague, the library won international recognition in 2005 as it received the inaugural Jikji Prize from UNESCO via the Memory of the World Programme for its efforts in digitising old texts. The project, which commenced in 1992, involved the digitisation of 1,700 documents in its first 13 years, the most precious medieval manuscripts preserved in the National Library are the Codex Vyssegradensis and the Passional of Abbes Kunigunde.
In 2006 the Czech parliament approved funding for the construction of a new building on Letna plain. In March 2007, following a request for tender, Czech architect Jan Kaplický was selected by a jury to undertake the project, in 2007 the project was delayed following objections regarding its proposed location from government officials including Prague Mayor Pavel Bém and President Václav Klaus. Later in 2008, Minister of Culture Václav Jehlička announced the end of the project, the library was affected by the 2002 European floods, with some documents moved to upper levels to avoid the excess water. Over 4,000 books were removed from the library in July 2011 following flooding in parts of the main building, there was a fire at the library in December 2012, but nobody was injured in the event. List of national and state libraries Official website
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database that is similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the placed on the Compact Disc Database. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become an open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their works, and the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, and these entries are maintained by volunteer editors who follow community written style guidelines. Recorded works can store information about the date and country. As of 26 July 2016, MusicBrainz contained information about roughly 1.1 million artists,1.6 million releases, end-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC. As with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge for maintaining and reviewing the data, besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint.
A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this, in 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatables patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching. This feature attracted many users and allowed the database to grow quickly, however, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions. This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, tRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND, some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought. The Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský, while AcoustID and Chromaprint are not officially MusicBrainz projects, they are closely tied with each other and both are open source.
Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second, additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns. The AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity, since 2003, MusicBrainzs core data are in the public domain, and additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL, the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, in December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye
Vevey is a town in Switzerland in the canton Vaud, on the north shore of Lake Geneva, near Lausanne. It was the seat of the district of the name until 2006. It is part of the French-speaking area of Switzerland, Vevey is noted for being the final home of comedy legend Charlie Chaplin and his family from 1952 to 1977. Vevey is home to the headquarters of the food giant Nestlé. Milk chocolate was invented in Vevey by Daniel Peter in 1875, a piloti settlement existed here as early as the 2nd millennium BC. Under Rome, it was known as Viviscus or Vibiscum and it was mentioned for the first time by the ancient Greek astronomer and philosopher Ptolemy, who gave it the name Ouikos. In the Middle Ages it was a station on the Via Francigena and it was ruled by the bishopric of Lausanne, and under the Blonay family. Vevey lived through a period of prosperity after the Vaud Revolution of 1798, in the 19th century industrial activities included mechanical engineering at the Ateliers de Constructions Mécaniques de Vevey and tobacco.
Vevey has an area, as of 2009, of 2.4 square kilometers, of this area,0.07 km2 or 2. 9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.11 km2 or 4. 6% is forested. Of the rest of the land,2.13 km2 or 89. 5% is settled,0.04 km2 or 1. 7% is either rivers or lakes. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 2. 9% of the area while housing and buildings made up 51. 3%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other developed areas made up 1. 7% of the area while parks. Out of the land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land,0. 4% is used for growing crops and 1. 7% is pastures, all the water in the municipality is flowing water. The municipality was the capital of the Vevey District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per pale Or and Azure, two Letters V interlaced counterchanged. Vevey has a population of 19,453, as of 2008,43. 2% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 16. 2% and it has changed at a rate of 14. 2% due to migration and at a rate of 3. 4% due to births and deaths.
Most of the population speaks French as their first language, with Italian being second most common, There are 599 people who speak German and 7 people who speak Romansh
Naples is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Rome and Milan. In 2015, around 975,260 people lived within the administrative limits. The Metropolitan City of Naples had a population of 3,115,320, Naples is the 9th-most populous urban area in the European Union with a population of between 3 million and 3.7 million. About 4.4 million people live in the Naples metropolitan area, Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the Naples area in the second millennium BC, a larger colony – initially known as Parthenope, Παρθενόπη – developed on the Island of Megaride around the ninth century BC, at the end of the Greek Dark Ages. Naples remained influential after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, thereafter, in union with Sicily, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861. Naples was the most-bombed Italian city during World War II, much of the citys 20th-century periphery was constructed under Benito Mussolinis fascist government, and during reconstruction efforts after World War II.
The city has experienced significant economic growth in recent decades, and unemployment levels in the city, Naples still suffers from political and economic corruption, and unemployment levels remain high. Naples has the fourth-largest urban economy in Italy, after Milan, Rome and it is the worlds 103rd-richest city by purchasing power, with an estimated 2011 GDP of US$83.6 billion. The port of Naples is one of the most important in Europe, numerous major Italian companies, such as MSC Cruises Italy S. p. A, are headquartered in Naples. The city hosts NATOs Allied Joint Force Command Naples, the SRM Institution for Economic Research, Naples is a full member of the Eurocities network of European cities. The city was selected to become the headquarters of the European institution ACP/UE and was named a City of Literature by UNESCOs Creative Cities Network, the Villa Rosebery, one of the three official residences of the President of Italy, is located in the citys Posillipo district. Naples historic city centre is the largest in Europe, covering 1,700 hectares and enclosing 27 centuries of history, Naples has long been a major cultural centre with a global sphere of influence, particularly during the Renaissance and Enlightenment eras.
In the immediate vicinity of Naples are numerous culturally and historically significant sites, including the Palace of Caserta, Naples is synonymous with pizza, which originated in the city. Neapolitan music has furthermore been highly influential, credited with the invention of the romantic guitar, according to CNN, the metro stop Toledo is the most beautiful in Europe and it won the LEAF Award 2013 as Public building of the year. Naples is the Italian city with the highest number of accredited stars from the Michelin Guide, Naples sports scene is dominated by football and Serie A club S. S. C. Napoli, two-time Italian champions and winner of European trophies, who play at the San Paolo Stadium in the south-west of the city, the Phlegraean Fields around Naples has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. The earliest Greek settlements were established in the Naples area in the second millennium BC, sailors from the Greek island of Rhodes established a small commercial port called Parthenope on the island of Megaride in the ninth century BC
Adolf Mosengel was a landscape painter from Hamburg, Germany. He had built a reputation painting Alpine scenes, and turned to scenes from Westphalia, from 1854 to 1857, Mosengel studied at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf under Hans Fredrik Gude, and from 1858 to 1859 in Paris. In 1861, he studied in Geneva with Alexandre Calame, before settling in Hamburg, in 1879 he traveled to the lakes of Northern Italy, where he painted en plein air. Mosengel and the Nietzsches were staying in the Hotel Alpenclub, the Franco-Prussian War was about to break out, and Nietzsche had been considering joining the Prussian medical corps, apparently Mosengel strengthened resolve to do so. Besides Leopold Rau, Mosengel is likely the only painter Nietzsche knew personally