Nicolae Tătaru known as Tătaru I, was a Romanian footballer. He played eleven years for Steaua Bucureşti, he played as a left forward. He was the older brother of Gheorghe Tătaru who played professional football at Steaua Bucureşti. Nicolae Tătaru signed with Steaua Bucureşti in 1952, after three months when he played for one of Steaua's second teams, Armata Craiova, he was a part of Steaua's Golden team, playing for the Romania national football team. He earned 24 caps for Romania, his debut for the national team came on 9 May 1954, when Romania won the match against East Germany, played at Berlin in front of 90,000 people. He scored his first international goal, against Greece, in 1957. In 1959, in the match against the olympic team of the Soviet Union, he was the captain of the national team. Since he was eight times the captain of the national team. In his last match for Romania, in which he was the captain, Romania lost the friendly match against Morocco. At Steaua, he played 210 scored 75 goals.
He is tenth in the Top Ten list of Steaua's goalscorers. Tătaru managed several clubs, like CS Târgovişte, FC Brăila, Petrolul Târgovişte or Steaua's youth team. Steaua BucureștiRomanian League: 1953, 1956, 1960, 1961 Romanian Cup: 1955, 1962 Profile at Steauafc.com Nicolae Tătaru at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com Nicolae Tătaru at National-Football-Teams.com
Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural and financial centre. It is located in the southeast of the country, at 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E, on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 60 km north of the Danube River and the Bulgarian border. Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459, it became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the centre of Romanian media and art. Its architecture is a mix of historical, communist era and modern. In the period between the two World Wars, the city's elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of "Little Paris". Although buildings and districts in the historic city centre were damaged or destroyed by war and above all Nicolae Ceaușescu's program of systematization, many survived and have been renovated. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an cultural boom. In 2016, the historical city centre was listed as "endangered" by the World Monuments Watch. According to the 2011 census, 1,883,425 inhabitants live within the city limits, a decrease from the 2002 census.
Adding the satellite towns around the urban area, the proposed metropolitan area of Bucharest would have a population of 2.27 million people. According to Eurostat, Bucharest has a functional urban area of 2,412,530 residents. Bucharest is the sixth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits, after London, Madrid and Paris. Economically, Bucharest is the most prosperous city in Romania and is one of the main industrial centres and transportation hubs of Eastern and Central Europe; the city has big convention facilities, educational institutes, cultural venues, traditional "shopping arcades", recreational areas. The city proper is administratively known as the "Municipality of Bucharest", has the same administrative level as that of a national county, being further subdivided into six sectors, each governed by a local mayor; the Romanian name București has an unverified origin. Tradition connects the founding of Bucharest with the name of Bucur, a prince, an outlaw, a fisherman, a shepherd or a hunter, according to different legends.
In Romanian, the word stem bucurie means "joy", it is believed to be of Dacian origin, hence the city Bucharest means "city of joy". Other etymologies are given by early scholars, including the one of an Ottoman traveller, Evliya Çelebi, who said that Bucharest was named after a certain "Abu-Kariș", from the tribe of "Bani-Kureiș". In 1781, Austrian historian Franz Sulzer claimed that it was related to bucurie, bucuros, or a se bucura, while an early 19th-century book published in Vienna assumed its name has been derived from "Bukovie", a beech forest. In English, the city's name was rendered as Bukarest. A native or resident of Bucharest is called a "Bucharester". Bucharest's history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements in antiquity until its consolidation as the national capital of Romania late in the 19th century. First mentioned as the "Citadel of București" in 1459, it became the residence of the famous Wallachian prince Vlad III the Impaler; the Ottomans appointed Greek administrators to run the town from the 18th century.
A short-lived revolt initiated by Tudor Vladimirescu in 1821 led to the end of the rule of Constantinople Greeks in Bucharest. The Old Princely Court was erected by Mircea Ciobanul in the mid-16th century. Under subsequent rulers, Bucharest was established as the summer residence of the royal court. During the years to come, it competed with Târgoviște on the status of capital city after an increase in the importance of southern Muntenia brought about by the demands of the suzerain power – the Ottoman Empire. Bucharest became the permanent location of the Wallachian court after 1698. Destroyed by natural disasters and rebuilt several times during the following 200 years, hit by Caragea's plague in 1813–14, the city was wrested from Ottoman control and occupied at several intervals by the Habsburg Monarchy and Imperial Russia, it was placed under Russian administration between 1828 and the Crimean War, with an interlude during the Bucharest-centred 1848 Wallachian revolution. An Austrian garrison took possession after the Russian departure.
On 23 March 1847, a fire consumed about 2,000 buildings. In 1862, after Wallachia and Moldavia were united to form the Principality of Romania, Bucharest became the new nation's capital city. In 1881, it became the political centre of the newly proclaimed Kingdom of Romania under King Carol I. During the second half of the 19th century, the city's population increased and a new period of urban development began. During this period, gas lighting, horse-drawn trams, limited electrification were introduced; the Dâmbovița River was massively channelled in 1883, thus putting a stop to endemic floods like the 1865 flooding of Bucharest. The Fortifications of Bucharest were built; the extravagant architecture and cosmopolitan high culture of this period won Bucharest the nickname of "Little Paris" of the east, with Calea Victoriei as its Champs-Élysées. Between 6 December 1916 and November 1918, the city was occupied by German forces as a result of the Battle of Bucharest, with the official capital temporarily moved to Iași, in
FCSB short for Fotbal Club Steaua București and sometimes colloquially known as Steaua, is a Romanian professional football club based in Bucharest. Founded in 1947 as Asociația Sportivă a Armatei București, it has spent its complete history in the Liga I, the top tier of the Romanian football league system; the team was part of the CSA Steaua București sports club and belonged to the Romanian Army, however it separated in 1998. The Army sued the football club in 2011 and has since been in a conflict regarding the ownership of the Steaua brand, which resulted in the change of the name to the acronym FCSB in early 2017. Domestically, Roș-albaștrii have won Liga I 26 times, Cupa României 22 times, Cupa Ligii 2 times and Supercupa României 6 times – all competition records. Internationally, they have won the European Cup and European Super Cup, both in 1986, they reached the European Cup final once again in 1989, when they were defeated by A. C. Milan. Throughout its history, Steaua played the final of the Intercontinental Cup, the quarter-finals of the European Cup Winners' Cup and the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup.
Their home ground is Arena Națională, having moved here from the Ministry of National Defence-owned Stadionul Ghencea. The club played in the colours of the Romanian tricolour – blue and red – but yellow soon lost its importance and the team became associated with the red and blue colours; some away kits have begun reintegrating the yellow colour. The club has a long-standing rivalry with neighbouring Dinamo București, with matches between the two being referred to as "the Eternal Derby" or "the Romanian Derby". Steaua was founded on 7 June 1947 at the initiative of several officers of the Romanian Royal House; the establishment took place following a decree signed by General Mihail Lascăr, High Commander of the Romanian Royal Army. The club's first name was ASA București, it was formed as a sports society with seven initial sections, including football, coached by Coloman Braun-Bogdan. ASA was renamed CSCA in 1948 and CCA in 1950. In 1949, CSCA won the Cupa României, defeating CSU Cluj 2 -- 1 in the final.
Under the name of CCA, the club managed to win three Championship titles in a row in 1951, 1952 and 1953, along with its first Championship–Cup double in 1951. During the 1950s, the so-called CCA Golden Team became nationally famous. In 1956, the Romania national team played Yugoslavia in Belgrade and won 1–0. In the same year, CCA, coached by Ilie Savu, became the first Romanian team to participate in a tournament in England, where it achieved noteworthy results against the likes of Luton Town, Sheffield Wednesday and Wolverhampton Wanderers. At the end of 1961, CCA changed its name once again to CSA Steaua București; the club's new name translated to The Star and was adopted because of the presence of a red star, a symbol of most East European Army clubs, on its crest. A poor period of two decades followed in which the club claimed only three championships. Instead, the team won nine national cup trophies, for which matter it gained the nickname of "cup specialists". During this period, on 9 April 1974 Steaua's ground, Stadionul Ghencea, was inaugurated with a friendly match against OFK Belgrade.
Under the leadership of coaches Emerich Jenei and Anghel Iordănescu, Steaua had an impressive Championship run in the 1984–85 season, which it won after a six-year break. Subsequently, Steaua became the first Romanian club to reach a European Cup final, which it won against Barcelona on penalties, after a goalless draw. Steaua therefore became the first Eastern European team to claim the title of European champions. An additional European Super Cup was won in 1987 against Dynamo Kyiv. Steaua remained at the top of European football for the rest of the decade, managing one more European Cup semi-final in 1987–88 and one more European Cup final in 1989. Notably, this was in addition to four national cups. Furthermore, from June 1986 to September 1989, Steaua ran a record 104-match undefeated streak in the championship, setting a world record for that time and a European one still standing; the Romanian Revolution led the country towards a free open market and, several players of the 1980s team left for other clubs in the West.
After a short pull-back, a quick recovery followed and Steaua managed a six consecutive championship streak between 1992–93 and 1997–98 to equalize the 1920s performance of Chinezul Timișoara and three more cups in 1995–96, 1996–97 and 1998–99. At international level, the club managed to reach the UEFA Champions League group stage three years in a row between 1994–95 and 1996–97. In 1998, the football club separated from CSA Steaua and changed its name to FC Steaua București, being led by Romanian businessman Viorel Păunescu. Păunescu soon the club was plunged into debt. George Becali, another businessman, was offered the position of vice-president in the hope that Becali would invest money in the club. Becali purchased the majority share in 2002 and turned the governing company public in January 2003; because of his c
Romania national football team
The Romania national football team represents Romania in international football and is controlled by the Romanian Football Federation. They are colloquially known as Tricolorii. Romania is one of the only four national teams from Europe—the other three being Yugoslavia and Belgium—that took part in the first FIFA World Cup in 1930. Since that performance, Romania have qualified for the 1934, 1938, 1970, 1990, 1994 and 1998 editions. Led by playmaker Gheorghe Hagi, the team's finest hour came in 1994 when it reached the quarter-finals, they were eliminated by Sweden on a penalty shoot-out after having defeated Argentina. At the European Championships, Romania's best performance was in 2000 when they advanced to the quarter-finals from a group with Germany and England, before falling to eventual runners-up Italy, they reached the last eight in 1960 and 1972, qualified for the 1984, 1996, 2008 and 2016 tournaments. The Romanian Football Federation was established in October 1909 in Bucharest. Romania played their first international match on 8 June 1922, a 2–1 win over Yugoslavia in Belgrade, being coached by Teofil Moraru.
Several temporary coaches were employed, before Moraru resumed control in August 1924, managing the side for nearly four years. Romania enjoyed some success during the 1930s. At the 1930 World Cup, Romania won their first match against Peru, 3–1, with goals from Adalbert Desu, Constantin Stanciu and Nicolae Kovács and Samuel Zauber as goalkeeper, before being thrashed 4–0 by hosts and eventual winners Uruguay. Romania qualified for the next World Cup in 1934 after beating Yugoslavia 2–1 in a repeat of their first international. At the finals, Romania played only one game in a new knock-out format, losing 2–1 to Czechoslovakia in Trieste, with Ștefan Dobay scoring their only goal of the tournament. Romania qualified by default for the 1938 World Cup after their qualifying playoff opponents Egypt withdrew, they suffered a shock defeat in the finals in France, losing to minnows Cuba, like Romania, had only qualified due to the withdrawal of their qualifying opponents, the United States. The first match at the Stade Chapou in Toulouse ended 3–3 after extra time, but Cuba won the replay four days 2–1.
Participation in the World Cup was achieved once again in 1970 in Mexico, although qualification came on the back of a 3–0 thrashing by Portugal in Lisbon and two unconvincing draws against unfancied Greece. Angelo Niculescu's promising side were given the toughest of draws, in Group 3 with holders England, giants Brazil and Czechoslovakia. A Geoff Hurst goal gave England a narrow victory in Romania's first match at the Estadio Jalisco in Guadalajara. Chances were improved with a 2–1 win over the Czechs. Despite going behind early to a Ladislav Petráš goal, Romania turned it around after half-time with Alexandru Neagu and Florea Dumitrache scoring to give them two vital points. Only a win over the excellent Brazilians would take them into the quarter-finals. There were rumours before the match that Brazil might prefer Romania to progress than world champions England, but Brazil played some of the best football of the competition, with Pelé scoring twice and a Jairzinho goal in between. Romania battled bravely.
On 26 September 1973, under new coach Valentin Stanescu, Romania suffered a significant defeat to East Germany in Leipzig. The East Germans won 2–0 to seal their first qualification for the World Cup, which would be held over the border in West Germany. With East Germany scoring a predictable 4–1 win in Albania, Romania were out, despite a huge 9–0 win over Finland in Bucharest. Romania continued to suffer poor form in the UEFA European Championship. In their qualifying group for the 1976 European Football Championship, they were out-qualified by Spain despite an impressive 1–1 draw in the away match. Romania failed to win matches, drawing twice with Scotland and Spain and dropping points in Denmark with a dismal goalless draw. Romania were again beaten by Spain for a place in the 1978 World Cup in Argentina. Despite a 1–0 win in Bucharest, Romania lost a bizarre match at home to Yugoslavia 6–4 having led 3–2 at half time. Spain won 1–0 in Belgrade to seal passage to South America. Romania's sole successful qualifying campaign between 1970 and 1990 was for the European Championships in 1984 in France.
At the finals, Romania were drawn with regular rivals Spain, holders West Germany and dark horses Portugal. Under head coach Mircea Lucescu, an encouraging opening game in Saint-Étienne saw them draw with the Spanish. Francisco José Carrasco opened the scoring from the penalty spot but Romania equalized before half-time with a goal from Laszlo Bölöni. Against the Germans in Lens, Marcel Coraș scored an equalizer in the first minute of the second half in response to Rudi Völler's opener, but Völler would score a winning goal, their last match in Nantes was a must-win match, but Nené's late winner meant Portugal progressed with Spain, who netted a dramatic late winner against West Germany at the Parc des Princes in Paris. Romania stuttered throughout the rest of the decade, but a stronger squad at the end of the decade saw them qualify for their fifth World Cup in 1990. A win over Denmark in their last match took Emerich Jenei's side to the finals for the first time in 20 year
Emerich Jenei or Imre Jenei is a Romanian former football player and coach. He is considered one of Romania's best coaches, alongside Ştefan Kovács, Mircea Lucescu, Anghel Iordănescu. On 25 March 2008, he was decorated by the president of Romania, Traian Băsescu with Ordinul "Meritul Sportiv" — class II with one barret for his part in winning the 1986 European Cup Final. Jenei was born in Arad County, to ethnic Hungarian parents; as a child, he moved with his family to Losonc, because his father did not want to serve in the Romanian army. His father became a Hungarian soldier, but following the end of the war he did not come back and Jenei with his mother moved back to Arad. Two years after they resettled in their old home, Jenei's father, held in captivity, unexpectedly returned. Not much Jenei's mother died when he was only 12 years old. Before his professional football career, Jenei wanted to become a lawyer, he made his debut playing for Flamura Roșie Arad — now UT Arad, in the Romanian Liga I.
In 1957, at age 20, he signed with Steaua club in Bucharest. He played for Steaua until 1969, he had reached the age of 32, when Romania's Communist authorities would allow few players to move abroad. In 1971, Jenei became a coach. During his career as a footballer, he won 12 caps for Romania's national team; the highlights of his career as a player were the Romanian football championship titles he won with Steaua in 1959–60, 1960–61 and 1967–68, as well as his participation with Romania's Olympic team at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Japan, where the Romanians came on 5th place. As a coach, Jenei continued to enjoy success. Having returned from Turkey, he was named assistant coach at Steaua at the beginning of the 1972–73 season. One year he was promoted to a head coaching position and finished 5th in Liga I, winning his first championship title as coach in 1976 finishing as a runner-up in 1977, he won another championship title in 1978, but at the end of the season he was replaced by Gheorghe Constantin.
In 1978–79, Jenei coached FC Bihor of Oradea, but the team finished the season in last place and he was sacked as a result. In 1981, he took over at CS Târgovişte, the beginning of the 1982–83 season found him as coach of Steaua for a second stint. After two years, in which failed to win the championship, he was again sacked, only to be brought back after four months. In 1985, he won a new championship and in the following season led Steaua Bucureşti to victory in the European Cup final against FC Barcelona in May 1986. In the summer of 1986, Jenei was named co-head coach of the Romanian national football team, together with Mircea Lucescu, making his debut against Norway. Lucescu was sacked after a short while and Jenei became the only national team coach, he failed to qualify the team for Euro 88, but took the team to World Cup 1990. It was the first qualification of Romania at a World Cup in twenty years. Between August 1986 and June 1990, Jenei coached the team in 40 games, including two wins against Spain in 1987 and Italy in 1989.
After the World Cup, He returned to Steaua Bucureşti in April 1991, for the fourth time, only to be sacked again in December of same year. He was named head coach of Hungary between 1992–93, but failed to produce notable results, instead he won the Kirin Cup in 1993, an international tournament organized by Japan, being replaced by Ferenc Puskás. Jenei did not return to the pitch for a while, but, in August 1993, Emerich Jenei began his fifth stint as coach of Steaua, won the championship one year later. In 1996, he was sacked after only ten games. Two years he returned to Steaua for his sixth and final stint there. In 2000, Jenei he was again called to coach Romania; the squad qualified for Euro 2000 but the previous coach - Victor Piţurcă - was sacked after a scandal which involved the team's best players, including Gheorghe Popescu and Gheorghe Hagi. At Euro 2000, Jenei took the team to the last eight, one of the team's best performances. During his second stint, the national team played 11 games.
In June 2000, he decided to retire from coaching. After that date, Jenei was president of FC Bihor and worked for the Romanian Football Federation, he is consulted by the Romanian media for his opinion ahead of important football games for Romanian clubs Steaua, or the Romanian national team. Jenei is married to former fencer for Romania, world champion and Olympic medalist, they have a daughter named Cristina. Jenei has a son named Călin with his first wife, actress Vasilica Tastaman. Steaua BucharestRomanian League: 1959–60, 1960–61 1967–68 Romanian Cup: 1961–62, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1968–69Romania U19UEFA Junior Tournament: 1956Romania Olympic teamOlympic Games Japan Fifth-place: 1964 Steaua BucharestRomanian League: 1975–76, 1977–78, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1993–94 Romanian Cup: 1975–76, 1984–85, 1998–99 European Cup: 1985–86RomaniaEuropean Football Championship Quarter-finalist: 2000 Profile at SteauaFC.com Emerich Jenei at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com Emerich Jenei at National-Football-Teams.com Managerial stats at labtof.ro Profile at kayserispor.org
Vasile Zavoda, known as Zavoda II or Tigrul Akbar, was a Romanian football defender and manager. Between 1951 and 1962 he played 20 matches including one at the 1952 Olympics. Domestically he competed through 1964 in the Romanian Divizia A, accumulating 257 games. After retiring from competitions he worked as an assistant coach for Steaua Bucureşti in 1977–81. Zavoda played before joining Steaua Bucureşti. In 1964, aged 35, Zavoda played his last season, for ASA Târgu Mureş. Zavoda scored two goals, he won 20 caps for Romania, the first in 1951 against Czechoslovakia, the last one in 1962 against East Germany. He played for Romania at the 1952 Summer Olympics, he was the younger brother of Francisc Zavoda. Until his death he lived in Bucharest, in the same block of flats with his great friend and former teammate Ion Voinescu; the couple met every day to discuss Steaua Bucureşti. Steaua BucureștiRomanian League: 1951, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1959–60, 1960–61 Romanian Cup: 1951, 1952, 1955, 1961–62 Vasile Zavoda at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com Vasile Zavoda at National-Football-Teams.com
1954 FIFA World Cup
The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July. Switzerland was chosen as hosts in July 1946; the tournament set a number of all-time records for goal-scoring, including the highest average number of goals scored per game. The tournament was won by West Germany, who defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final, giving them their first title. Switzerland was awarded the tournament unopposed on 22 July 1946, the same day that Brazil was selected for the 1950 World Cup, in Luxembourg City; the hosts and the defending champions qualified automatically. Of the remaining 14 places, 11 were allocated to Europe, two to the Americas, one to Asia. Scotland and South Korea made their World Cup debuts at this tournament. South Korea became the first independent Asian country to qualify for the World Cup. Austria appeared for the first time since 1934. Turkey would not participate at a finals again until the 2002 competition, while South Korea's next appearance would be in 1986.
The third and fourth place teams from 1950, Sweden and Spain, both failed to qualify. In a shock result, Spain was eliminated by Turkey: after the two countries had tied a three-game series, Turkey progressed by drawing of lots by a blindfolded Italian boy. German teams as well as Japan were allowed to qualify again, after having been banned from the 1950 FIFA World Cup. West Germany qualified against fellow Germans from the Saarland, while East Germany had not entered, cancelling international football games after the East German uprising of 1953. Argentina declined to participate for the third World Cup in succession; the following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament. The 1954 tournament used a unique format; the sixteen qualifying teams were divided into four groups of four teams each. Each group contained two unseeded teams. Only four matches were scheduled for each group, each pitting a seeded team against an unseeded team; this contrasts with the usual round-robin in which every team plays every other team: six matches in each group.
Another oddity was that extra time, which in most tournaments is not employed at the group stage, was played in the group games if the score was level after 90 minutes, with the result being a draw if the scores were still level after 120 minutes. Two points were awarded for one for a draw; the two teams with the most points from each group progressed to the knockout stage. If the first and second placed teams were level on points, lots were drawn to decide which team would top the group. However, if the second and third placed teams were level on points, there was a play-off to decide which team would progress to the next stage, it turned out that two of the four groups required play-offs, the other two required drawing of lots between the two top teams. The play-offs were between Switzerland and Italy, Turkey and West Germany: in both matches the unseeded teams repeated earlier victories against the seeds to progress. In the other two groups, lots were drawn to determine the first-place teams, resulting in Uruguay and Brazil finishing above Austria and Yugoslavia, respectively.
A further unusual feature of the format was that the four group-winning teams were drawn against each other in the knockout stages to produce one finalist, the four second-placed teams played against each other to produce the second finalist. In subsequent tournaments it has become customary to draw group winners against second-placed teams in the first knockout round. In any knockout game tied after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time were played. If the scores had still been level after extra time, in any knockout game other than the final, lots would have been drawn to decide which team progressed. However, if the final had been tied after extra time, it would have been replayed, with lots deciding the winner only if the replay was tied after extra time. In the event, all the knockout games were decided in either normal time or extra time, with no replays or drawing of lots being required. Before qualification was complete, the eight seeded teams were determined by FIFA based on world rankings.
They were Austria, England, Hungary, Italy and Uruguay. These seedings were thrown into disarray when, in an unexpected result, Turkey eliminated Spain in qualification. FIFA resolved this situation by giving Turkey the seeding, allocated to Spain. West Germany, reinstated as full FIFA members only in 1950 and were unseeded, convincingly won the first of two encounters with the seeded Turkish side at Wankdorf stadium in Berne; the South Koreans, the other unseeded team, lost 7–0 and 9–0, with West Germany being denied the chance to play such an easy opponent. Sepp Herberger, the West German coach, gambled against the seeded team of Hungary by sending in a reserve side, lost 8–3. Hungary's team captain Ferenc Puskás, considered by many as the best player in the world in that time, was injured by West German defender Werner Liebrich, had to miss Hungary's next two matches. Puskás played for Hungary despite still being in a questionable condition. In the quarter-finals, the favourites Hungary beat Brazil 4–2 in one of the most violent matches in football history, which became infamous as the Battle of Berne.
Meanwhile, the World Cup holders Uruguay sent England out of the tournament by 4–2. West Germany dispatched Yugoslavia 2–0, Austria beat the host nation Switzerland in the game that saw the most goals in