Alfa Romeo 155
The Alfa Romeo 155 is a compact executive car produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1992 and 1997. It was released in January 1992 in Barcelona, the first public launch was in March 1992, at the Geneva Motor Show, it was built in 192,618 units. Built to replace the 75 and based on the parent Fiat Group's Type Three platform, the 155 was somewhat larger in dimension than the 75 but evolved its styling from that of its predecessor; the 155 was designed by Italian design house I. DE. A Institute. An exceptional drag coefficient of 0.29 was achieved with the body design. The design of the 155 allowed big boot space, 525 litres; the single most significant technical change from the 75 was the change to a front-wheel drive layout. This new configuration gave cost and packaging benefits but many Alfa die-hards and the automotive press lamented the passing of the "purer" rear wheel drive layout on a car from this sporting marque. Available was the 155 Q4, which had a 2.0-litre turbocharged engine and a permanent four-wheel drive powertrain, both derived from the Lancia Delta Integrale.
The new model came. The Sport had a lowered ride height and more aggressive dampers while the Super had the option of wooden trim and electronically controlled dampers and seat controls. Reception of the new model was lukewarm; the 75 had been conceived prior to Fiat's acquisition of the Alfa brand, so as "the last real Alfa" it cast rather a shadow over the 155. The 155 was entered in Touring Car racing and was successful in every major championship it entered, which improved its image. Belatedly, the factory introduced a wider version in 1995 which as well as a wider track and revised steering based on racing experience or requirements brought in new 16 valve engines for the 1.8 and 2.0 litre, whilst retaining the 2.5 V6 and making some improvements to cabin materials and build quality. There were several Sport Packs available, including a race inspired body kit and black or graphite coloured 16 inch Speedline wheels; the more genteel could opt for the Super which came with wood inserts in the cabin and silver-painted alloy wheels.
The 155 was never produced as a Sportwagon, but Sbarro made a proposal for such a vehicle in 1994. Production of the 155 ceased in 1998, when it was replaced by the 156, a further development in terms of quality and refinement, moved away from the wedge styling — leaving the 155 as the pinnacle of that particular design stream which dated back to 1977, with the dramatic square styling of the Giulietta Nuova. 1992 – 155 launched 1993 – Grill changed from “flushed” to “recessed” 1994 – 155 Silverstone introduced to the British market, 155 Q4 and turbodiesels to some markets 1995 – New "widebody" series 2 155 launched with wider track only with 2.0 16v engine. Quickrack fitted 1996 – Widebody with 1.8 16v engine introduced 1997 – Production ends The 155 was released with 1.7 L Twin Spark, 1.8 L Twin Spark, 2.0 L Twin Spark petrol engines, the latter two with variable valve timing. The 1.7 L was not sold in the United Kingdom. Two four cylinder turbocharged diesel engines, Fiat derived 1.9 L and VM Motori 2.5 L were available in some markets, but again, not for the United Kingdom.
At the top of the 155 range were the 2.5 L V6, using a engine derived from the 3.0 L V6 used in the larger Alfa Romeo 164, the Q4 which used a drivetrain derived from the Lancia Delta Integrale which meant a 190 PS 2.0 L 16V turbocharged engine and permanent four-wheel drive. The Q4 incorporated three differential gears. Both the 2.5 V6 and Q4 models were available with electronically adjustable suspension with two damper settings. The most notable special edition was the "Silverstone" edition released in the United Kingdom, known as the "Formula" in Europe: this was released as a homologation exercise to allow Alfa Romeo to compete in the British Touring Car Championship race series and came with a bolt on aero kit, consisting of an adjustable rear spoiler and extendable front air splitter; the Silverstone was a lighter but no more powerful version of the 1.8 L though the race car it was homologating had a 2.0 L engine. This anomaly came about because the 1.8 L engine block, with its narrower bore, allowed Alfa to use a longer stroke on the racing car and stay within the 2.0 L capacity limit.
The Silverstone was only available in either Alfa red or Black paintwork with plain, unpainted bumpers. In 1995, the 155 was given an extensive revamp, resulting in wider front and rear tracks with subtle enlargement to the wheel arches to accommodate the changes underneath; the revised car received a quicker steering rack, with 2.2 turns lock to lock. The four cylinder cars retained the twin spark ignition system but received Alfa designed 16 valve cylinder heads with belt driven camshafts based on engine blocks of Fiat design, they replaced the elderly but indestructible all Alfa 8 valve, chain driven camshaft motors of the earlier models. The 2.5 L v6 continued in wide body form. In Europe, the 1.7 L Twin Spark was replaced by a 1.6 L 16 valve Twin Spark. Some 8 valve engines co
A car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Most definitions of car say they run on roads, seat one to eight people, have four tires, transport people rather than goods. Cars came into global use during the 20th century, developed economies depend on them; the year 1886 is regarded as the birth year of the modern car when German inventor Karl Benz patented his Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Cars became available in the early 20th century. One of the first cars accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. Cars were adopted in the US, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, but took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other parts of the world. Cars have controls for driving, passenger comfort, safety, controlling a variety of lights. Over the decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, making them progressively more complex; these include rear reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems, in-car entertainment.
Most cars in use in the 2010s are propelled by an internal combustion engine, fueled by the combustion of fossil fuels. Electric cars, which were invented early in the history of the car, began to become commercially available in 2008. There are benefits to car use; the costs include acquiring the vehicle, interest payments and maintenance, depreciation, driving time, parking fees and insurance. The costs to society include maintaining roads, land use, road congestion, air pollution, public health, health care, disposing of the vehicle at the end of its life. Road traffic accidents are the largest cause of injury-related deaths worldwide; the benefits include on-demand transportation, mobility and convenience. The societal benefits include economic benefits, such as job and wealth creation from the automotive industry, transportation provision, societal well-being from leisure and travel opportunities, revenue generation from the taxes. People's ability to move flexibly from place to place has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies.
There are around 1 billion cars in use worldwide. The numbers are increasing especially in China and other newly industrialized countries; the word car is believed to originate from the Latin word carrus or carrum, or the Middle English word carre. In turn, these originated from the Gaulish word karros, it referred to any wheeled horse-drawn vehicle, such as a cart, carriage, or wagon. "Motor car" is attested from 1895, is the usual formal name for cars in British English. "Autocar" is a variant, attested from 1895, but, now considered archaic. It means "self-propelled car"; the term "horseless carriage" was used by some to refer to the first cars at the time that they were being built, is attested from 1895. The word "automobile" is a classical compound derived from the Ancient Greek word autós, meaning "self", the Latin word mobilis, meaning "movable", it entered the English language from French, was first adopted by the Automobile Club of Great Britain in 1897. Over time, the word "automobile" fell out of favour in Britain, was replaced by "motor car".
"Automobile" remains chiefly North American as a formal or commercial term. An abbreviated form, "auto", was a common way to refer to cars in English, but is now considered old-fashioned; the word is still common as an adjective in American English in compound formations like "auto industry" and "auto mechanic". In Dutch and German, two languages related to English, the abbreviated form "auto" / "Auto", as well as the formal full version "automobiel" / "Automobil" are still used — in either the short form is the most regular word for "car"; the first working steam-powered vehicle was designed — and quite built — by Ferdinand Verbiest, a Flemish member of a Jesuit mission in China around 1672. It was a 65-cm-long scale-model toy for the Chinese Emperor, unable to carry a driver or a passenger, it is not known with certainty if Verbiest's model was built or run. Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot is credited with building the first full-scale, self-propelled mechanical vehicle or car in about 1769, he constructed two steam tractors for the French Army, one of, preserved in the French National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts.
His inventions were, handicapped by problems with water supply and maintaining steam pressure. In 1801, Richard Trevithick built and demonstrated his Puffing Devil road locomotive, believed by many to be the first demonstration of a steam-powered road vehicle, it was unable to maintain sufficient steam pressure for long periods and was of little practical use. The development of external combustion engines is detailed as part of the history of the car but treated separately from the development of true cars. A variety of steam-powered road vehicles were used during the first part of the 19th century, including steam cars, steam buses and steam rollers. Sentiment against them led to the Locomotive Acts of 1865. In 1807, Nicéphore Niépce and his brother Claude created what was the world's first internal combustion engine, but they chose to install it in a boat on the river Saone in France. Coincidentally, in 1807 the Swiss inventor François Isaac de Rivaz designed his own'de Rivaz internal combustion engine' and used it to develop the world's first vehicle to be powered by such an engine.
Alfa Romeo Matta
The Alfa Romeo 1900 M is a four-wheel drive utility vehicle produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1951 to 1954. Developed on request of the Italian Ministry of Defence, it was made in both military and civilian versions; the AR 51 was the result of the request of a light reconnaissance vehicle for use on paved and mountain roads. A civilian version, the AR 52, was developed from the military AR 51; the Matta was built from 1952 to 1954, with 2,007 military AR 51s for the Italian Army and 154 civilian AR 52 units produced. In 1954, the Italian army abandoned the AR 51 and switched to the Fiat Campagnola, mechanically simpler; the Matta was powered by 8-valve inline-four engine with dry sump lubrication. The cylinder head was aluminium and featured hemispherical combustion chambers, while the engine block was cast iron. Output was 65 PS at 4,400 rpm. http://www.alfamatta.co.uk/ Italian registry website
Alfa Romeo 8C
The Alfa Romeo 8C was a range of Alfa Romeo road and sports cars of the 1930s. In 2004 Alfa Romeo revived the 8C name for a V8-engined concept car which made it into production for 2007, the 8C Competizione; the 8C designates 8 cylinders, a straight 8-cylinder engine. The Vittorio Jano designed 8C was Alfa Romeo's primary racing engine from its introduction in 1931 to its retirement in 1939. In addition to the two-seater sports cars it was used in the world's first genuine single-seat Grand Prix racing car, the Monoposto'Tipo B' - P3 from 1932 onwards. In its development it powered such vehicles as the twin-engined 1935 6.3-litre Bimotore, the 1935 3.8-litre Monoposto 8C 35 Type C, the Alfa Romeo 8C 2900B Mille Miglia Roadster. It powered top-of-the-range coach-built production models, including a Touring Spider and Touring Berlinetta. In 1924, Vittorio Jano created his first straight-eight-cylinder engine for Alfa Romeo, the 1987 cc P2, with common crankcase and four plated-steel two-cylinder blocks, which won the first World Championship in 1925.
Although it was a straight-8, the 8C designation was not used. The 8C engine, first entered at the 1931 Mille Miglia road race through Italy, had a common crankcase, now with two alloy four-cylinder blocks, which incorporated the heads; the bore and stroke, were the same as the 6C 1750. There was no separate head, no head gasket to fail, but this made valve maintenance more difficult. A central gear tower drove the overhead camshafts and ancillaries; as far as production cars are concerned, the 8C engine powered two models, the 8C 2300 and the more rare and expensive 8C 2900, bore increased to 68 mm and stroke to 100 mm. At the same time, since racing cars were no longer required to carry a mechanic, Alfa Romeo built the first single seater race car; as a first attempt, the 1931 Monoposto Tipo A used a pair of 6-cylinder engines fitted side by side in the chassis. As the resulting car was too heavy and complex, Jano designed a more suitable and successful racer called Monoposto Tipo B for the 1932 Grand Prix season.
The Tipo B proved itself the winning car of its era, winning straight from its first outing at the 1932 Italian Grand Prix, was powered with an enlarged version of the 8C engine now at 2,665 cc, fed through a pair of superchargers instead of a single one. Alfa Romeo announced that the 8C was not to be sold to private owners, but by autumn 1931 Alfa sold it as a rolling chassis in Lungo or Corto form with prices starting at over £1000; the chassis were fitted with bodies from a selection of Italian coach-builders such as Zagato, Carrozzeria Touring, Carrozzeria Castagna, Carrozzeria Pinin Farina and Brianza though Alfa Romeo did make bodies. Some chassis were clothed by coach-builders such as Graber and Tuscher of Switzerland and Figoni of France. Alfa Romeo had a practice of rebodying cars for clients, some racing vehicles were sold rebodied as road vehicles; some of the famous first owners include Baroness Maud Thyssen of the Thyssen family, the owner of the aircraft and now scooter company Piaggio Andrea Piaggio, Raymond Sommer, Tazio Nuvolari.
The first model was the 1931'8C 2300', a reference to the car's 2.3 L engine designed as a racing car, but produced in 188 units for road use. While the racing version of the 8C 2300 Spider, driven by Tazio Nuvolari won the 1931 and 1932 Targa Florio race in Sicily, the 1931 Italian Grand Prix victory at Monza gave the "Monza" name to the twin seater GP car, a shortened version of the Spider; the Alfa Romeo factory added the name of events won to the name of a car.'8C 2300 tipo Le Mans' was the sport version of the'8C 2300' and it had a successful debut in the 1931 Eireann Cup driven by Henry Birkin. It won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1931; the 8C 2300 Le Mans model on display at the Museo Alfa Romeo was bought by Sir Henry Birkin in 1931 for competition use, but it is not the car in which Birkin and Howe won the 1931 Le Mans 24 hours. A 1933 8C 2300 Le Mans, chassis #2311201, is part of the permanent collection at the Simeone Foundation Automotive Museum in Philadelphia, PA, US; the car was owned by Lord Howe who campaigned it in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1934 as well as in 1935 when it set the fastest lap before retiring.
In 1933 the supercharged dual overhead cam straight-8 engine, enlarged to 2.6 litres for the Tipo B, was fitted to the Scuderia Ferrari 8C Monzas. Scuderia Ferrari had become the "semi-official" racing department of Alfa Romeo, who were no longer entering races as a factory effort due to the poor economic situation of the company. With the initial 215 hp of the 2.6 engine, the Monoposto Tipo B racer could accelerate to 60 mph in less than 7 seconds and could reach 135 mph. For 1934 the race engines became 2.9 litres. Tazio Nuvolari won the 1935 German GP at the Nürburgring at the wheel of a 3.2 L Tipo B against the more powerful Silver Arrows from Mercedes-Benz and Auto Union. Eight 3.8-litre versions, sharing no castings with the earlier blocks, were individually built for racing in five months, most being used in the Alfa Romeo Monoposto 8C 35 Type C, as raced by Scuderia Ferrari. The 3.8 produced 330 bhp at 5500 rpm, had 320 lb⋅ft from 900 rpm to 5500 rpm. It had 15.5-inch drum brakes all round, using Pirelli 5.25 or 5.50 x 19 tyres at the front and 7.00 or 7.50 x 19 tyres at the rear.
Alfa Romeo Stelvio
The Alfa Romeo Stelvio is a front engine, all wheel drive, five door compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by the Alfa Romeo subdivision of FCA since debuting at the 2016 Los Angeles Auto Show and entering production at the Cassino Plant at the end of 2016. It is current top Alfa sales with about 43,000 samples per year. Sharing the platform of the mid-size Giulia sedan, the Stelvio uses FCA's Giorgio platform to be shared with Maserati and Jeep; the name Stelvio derives from the Stelvio Pass, Italy's highest mountain pass, noted for its 48 circuitous switchbacks. Preceded by the Kamal concept car in March 2003, the Stelvio is Alfa Romeo's first production SUV, using a modified version of the Giorgio platform shared with the Giulia, available in both rear and all-wheel drive configurations. Alfa Romeo made its first off the Matta, in the 1950s; the sporting trim level of the Stelvio, the Quadrifoglio, was unveiled on 16 November 2016 at the Los Angeles Auto Show. The European versions of the Stelvio were presented at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2017.
The car's engine lineup is similar to that of the Giulia's, with a turbocharged 2.0 litre inline-four and a 2.2-litre diesel inline four. The Quadrifoglio trim level will offer a 2.9 litre twin-turbo V6 rated with 510 PS developed by Ferrari for Alfa Romeo. On January 18, 2017, Alfa Romeo began accepting orders for the Stelvio First Edition in the EMEA region. On November 2, 2017, the Stelvio Quadrifoglio went on sale in Italy. For the model year of 2019, diesel engines of the Stelvio got updates to meet the Euro 6d emission standards, with AdBlue technology introduced to tackle particulates in the exhaust. 150 PS and 180 PS versions got 10 PS more power. In the United Kingdom, all models have now an 8.8 inch infotainment system with Apple Car Play and Android Auto as standard, small tweaks have been made throughout the ranges. In Europe, consumption standards use now WLTP measuring system, which should give more accurate consumption and emission figures. For 2019 Model year Alfa introduced new trim level for Europe the Ti, this is different than Ti version for sale in United States, the Ti has 280 PS 2.0 Turbo Petrol engine, paired with an eight speed automatic transmission, Q4 all wheel drive.
The Stelvio uses the same Giorgio platform used by the Giulia, but modified and raised by 22 cm compared to the sedan. The Stelvio has the same engines and most of the mechanics, including a carbon fiber driveshaft. In addition, compared to the Giulia, its track has increased by 2.9 cm in the rear and 5.4 cm in the front. It has a boot capacity of 525 l, it has a 50/50 weight distribution between the two axles, a drag coefficient of 0.32. To help keep the Stelvio's weight in check, Alfa Romeo uses aluminum for many body parts such as the fenders and tailgate, as well as for mechanical parts such as the suspension, braking system, engine; the suspension, called AlfaLink, implements double wishbones in the front, an aluminum multi-link configuration in the rear. The springs are longer than those in the Giulia, but stiffer to account for the extra weight and ride height; the driver sits 190 mm higher from the road than in the Giulia. Alfa's "Q4" all wheel drive system, rear drive but sends up to 50% of power to the front in low grip conditions, is standard on all trim levels, except an entry level turbo petrol version.
The Stelvio weighs 1,660 kg with fluids, 145 kg less than an equivalent BMW X3 and 110 kg less than a four cyl Porsche Macan. In North America, the Stelvio will be available in three different trim levels: Stelvio, Stelvio Ti and Quadrifoglio. At the 2018 Geneva Motor Show, one limited edition was unveiled NRING edition of the Stelvio; the NRING edition has Carbon ceramic brakes, Sparco carbonfibre seats, carbonfibre interior trim, a Mopar branded gear shifter and Mopar floor mats, the cars are differentiated on the exterior by NRING badges as well as carbonfibre mirror caps and side skirts. Equipment is upgraded to include adaptive cruise control, a premium sound system. In April 2018, NYIAS was unveiled Nero Edizione' Package for Stelvio, a new exterior appearance through special blacked out wheels and other touches; the Nero Edizione package is available only for the 280 horsepower, 2.0 litre model. At the 2019 Geneva International Motor Show, Alfa Romeo Racing limited edition was introduced, which celebrate Alfa Romeo's legendary racing history and the entry of a new Italian driver onto the Formula 1 scene: Antonio Giovinazzi joins the "Alfa Romeo Racing" team with World Champion Kimi Räikkönen.
This special edition has exclusive paintwork, as a tribute to the Alfa Romeo Racing C38 Formula 1 car. It has some stylistic details like some carbon fibre parts and Akrapovič titanium exhaust system; the weight was shaved off about 28 kg from the standard Quadrifoglio version. The diet was backed up by a technical tune-up by Alfa Romeo engineers that has resulted more torque and power, which reaches 520 PS; the Stelvio was crash tested in July 2017 by Euro NCAP, with a score of 97% for the adult occupant protection. Overall, the Stelvio achieved five star results. For adult protection, the Stelvio did "exceptionally well", with its near perfect 97 percent score matching that of the Volvo XC90; the Stelvio is fitted with an autonomous emergency braking system as standard. On 29 September 2017, the Alfa
Alfa Romeo GTA
The Alfa Romeo GTA is a coupé automobile manufactured by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1965 to 1971. It was made for road use. In 1962, the successor for the popular Giulietta series was introduced; this car was the Alfa Romeo Giulia, internally called the "Series 105". The coupé of the 105 series, used the shortened floorpan from the Giulia Berlina and was designed by Bertone; the name of the car evolved from Giulia Sprint GT to Giulia Sprint and to GTJ and GTV in the late 1960s. At the time, Alfa Romeo was active in motorsport. Autodelta, the racing division of Alfa, developed a car for competition that resembled to the roadgoing model; these cars were named the'A' standing for "Alleggerita", Italian for lightweight. The GTA was produced first in 1965 as a 1.6 L and as a 1300 Junior version. The GTA automobiles were manufactured in either street or pure race trim; the GTA had aluminium outer body panels instead of steel, magnesium alloy wheels, clear plastic side windows, an aluminium rear upper control arm, different door handles and quarter window mechanisms, lightweight interior trim.
The engine had a new double ignition cylinder head cylinder head with a Marelli distributor from a Ferrari Dino, 2-barrel 45 mm Weber carburetors instead of 40 mm and magnesium camshaft cover, timing cover and bell housing. The transmission gear ratios were closer than standard and the gears were machined for lightness and quicker shifting. Dry weight of the 1600 was 1,640 pounds. In stradale form this car boasted 115 PS and a maximum torque of 142 N⋅m at 3,000 rpm. In full race form this engine could produce up to 170 PS; the 1600 GTA had a thicker radiator than the standard vehicle. For homologation 500 cars were made for road use. According to Maurizio Tabucchi; the GTA 2000 was a kind of test mule for the GTAm engine. That is the GTAm motor with Lucas injection developing 208 bhp at 6,500 rpm, fitted to a GTA 1300 Junior chassis. Tabucchi states that the first outing of these car was at the Tour de Corse in 1969 - this took place November 8–9, 1969. Wheels were 14x7 with TA3 tires. Cars were entered by Autodelta and drivers were Pinto/Santonacci who suffered a puncture and suspension breakage at Guitera.
The other team was Barayller/Fayel. Tony Adriaensens reports GTA 2000 race results, albeit later. Circuit of Benguela, Angola April 10, 1970, Peixinho GTA2000 - 1st overall Circuit of Cabinda, Angola April 26, 1970, Peixinho - 1st and Bandeira/Viera - 2nd both cars are described as GTA2000 São Paulo, May 1–3, 1970, Zambello/Fernandez - 2nd, GTA2000 Interlagos, August 9, 1970, Catapani - 1st overall, GTA2000 Nova Lisboa, August 9–10, 1970 - 6h Intercacionais do Huamba, Fraga/Resende - 2nd place, Santos "Peras"/Flavio Santos car# 8 - 3rd place, both cars are described as GTA 1300 Juniors with 2 liter motor There are some doubts whether the Brazilian cars were 2000cc, as both Zambello and Fernandez are reported to have won events in 1969 with a GTA1900, a different 1,840 cc engine, though it can not be ruled out that their car was upgraded to 2000cc for 1970. Regardless, given the dates of the events in Brazil, the Angolan and Brazilian cars are different; the GTA 1300 Junior had a 1300 cc engine, based on the 1600 engine but with a short stroke crankshaft.
The GTA Junior in stradale form did not have many of the light weight features of the 1600 GTA, such as the plastic windows, magnesium engine components and alloy wheels. At the start the engine produced 96 PS but was soon raised to 110 PS. Autodelta prepared fuel injected racing cars had 165 PS. 450 GTA Juniors were produced. The GTAm could produce up to 240 PS in the 2000 cc car—a car related to the GTA, but unlike the GTA derived from the GTV 1750; the 1750 GTAm was created in 1969. There are two schools of thought about the "Am" moniker, neither one having been confirmed by Alfa Romeo: one expands Am to Alleggerita Maggiorata, the other America Maggiorata; the car had a full steel body modified with / or plastic parts. Because of an increased minimum weight in 1971, up from 920 to 940 kg, the GTAm's had less need for aluminium and / or plastic parts; the base for the GTAm was the 1750 GTV with a SPICA mechanical fuel injection system. The majority of the genuine GTAm's built by Autodelta have a chassis number starting with 105.51.
XXXXXX. The European market 1750 GTV with dual carburettors from Dell'Orto or Weber carburetor and chassisnumbers starting with 105.44. XXXXXX was used as a base; the same goes for the 2000 GTV and the 1300 GT Junior bodyshell, lighter. Note that some racing teams and private workshops ordered the parts from Autodelta and other tuners and assembled the cars themselves on a new or existing bodyshell; the original 1750 engine block was used and by inserting a monosleeve instead of four individual cylinderliners, received 1,985 cc and to 1,999 cc (2.0
Alfa Romeo RL
The Alfa Romeo RL was produced between 1922-1927. It was Alfa's first sport model after World War I; the car was designed in 1921 by Giuseppe Merosi. It had a straight-6 engine with overhead valves. Three different versions were made: Normale and Sport. RL total production was 2640; the RLTF was the race version of RL - it weighed half of normal versions, the engine had seven main bearings instead of four and double carburetors. In 1923 Alfa's race team had drivers like Ugo Sivocci, Antonio Ascari, Giulio Masetti and Enzo Ferrari. Sivocci's car had green cloverleaf symbol on white background and when he won Targa Florio 1923, that symbol was to become the Alfa team's good luck token. In 1927, 2 different RLSS were entered in the first Mille Miglia, but both dropped out after leading the race. A 1925 RLSS version with rare, original bodywork by Thornton Engineering Company in Bradford, UK, is on permanent display in the Brooklands exhibit at the Simeone Foundation Automotive Museum in Philadelphia, PA, USA.
It is one of only 9 RLSS still in existence