Alfa Romeo 85

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Alfa Romeo 85
85 Alfa.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerAlfa Romeo
Production1934 - 1939
Body and chassis
ClassCommercial vehicle
Powertrain
Engine11,560 cc 6-cyl diesel
12,517 cc gas powered engine
Chronology
PredecessorAlfa Romeo 50
SuccessorAlfa Romeo 800

Alfa Romeo 85 is a truck produced by Alfa Romeo between 1934 and 1939, it was an updated version of licensed Büssing model.[1]

History[edit]

Three versions were available: 85 (5.2 meters), 85 C (4.6 meters) and 85 G was (gas generator) version was produced since 1935. There was also bus version 85 A, replacing previuos 40 N.[2]. In 1938 10-ton tri-axle version "110" was shown, it was equipped with 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) engine and was used as a basis for city buses.

With the presentation of the 350 medium truck in 1935 , the 85 was updated aesthetically with the adoption of openable air vents on the hood; two years later the grille was redesigned, resuming that of the 500.[3].

Production ceased in 1939 , following a decree requiring the construction of a unified truck model complying with the military specifications of the Royal Italian Army.[4] 21 85 long wheelbase, 370 85 C, 33 85 CG, 94 85 A, 2 85 AG and 1 85 AM were produced.[5]

Technical characteristics[edit]

The Alfa Romeo 85 was equipped with a six-cylinder 11,560 cc diesel engine (type F6M 317E) producing 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) ; this engine was the same as that which was mounted on the Alfa Romeo 80 and 110 A,[6] and was later upgraded to 125 PS.[7] Gas powered version used AG6 engine with 12.517 cc, produced 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) and it used of 140-180 kg of wood per 100 km.[8] The 85 AM methane engine had the same displacement as 85 gas version and had power of 160 PS.[9]

Production[edit]

521 examples were produced : 21 85L, 370 85C, 33 85CG, 94 85A, 2 85AG and 1 85AM [10].

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alfa Romeo 85/110". trucksplanet.com. Retrieved 2012-09-08.
  2. ^ Salvetti, p. 34
  3. ^ Salvetti, p. 35
  4. ^ Salvetti p. 39
  5. ^ Salvetti, p. 410
  6. ^ Salvetti, p. 34
  7. ^ Salvetti, p. 39
  8. ^ Salvetti, p. 47
  9. ^ Salvetti, p. 49
  10. ^ Salvetti, p. 34

Bibliografia[edit]