Alfred Adler was an Austrian medical doctor and founder of the school of individual psychology. His emphasis on the importance of feelings of inferiority, the inferiority complex, is recognized as an isolating element which plays a key role in personality development. Alfred Adler considered a human being as an individual whole, therefore he called his psychology "Individual Psychology". Adler was the first to emphasize the importance of the social element in the re-adjustment process of the individual and who carried psychiatry into the community. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Adler as the 67th most eminent psychologist of the 20th century. Alfred Adler was born at Mariahilfer Straße 208 in Rudolfsheim, a village on the western fringes of Vienna, a modern part of Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus, the 15th district of the city, he was second of the seven children of a Jewish couple and Leopold Adler. Leopold Adler was a Hungarian-born grain merchant. Alfred's younger brother died in the bed next to him.
Alfred was an active, popular child and an average student, known for his competitive attitude toward his older brother, Sigmund. Early on, he developed rickets. At the age of four, he developed pneumonia and heard a doctor say to his father, "Your boy is lost". At that point, he decided to be a physician, he was interested in the subjects of psychology and philosophy. After studying at University of Vienna, he specialized as an eye doctor, in neurology and psychiatry. Adler began his medical career as an ophthalmologist, but he soon switched to general practice, established his office in a less affluent part of Vienna across from the Prater, a combination amusement park and circus, his clients included circus people, it has been suggested that the unusual strengths and weaknesses of the performers led to his insights into "organ inferiorities" and "compensation". In 1902 Adler received an invitation from Sigmund Freud to join an informal discussion group that included Rudolf Reitler and Wilhelm Stekel.
The group, the "Wednesday Society", met on Wednesday evenings at Freud's home and was the beginning of the psychoanalytic movement, expanding over time to include many more members. Each week a member would present a paper and after a short break of coffee and cakes, the group would discuss it; the main members were Otto Rank, Max Eitingon, Wilhelm Stekel, Karl Abraham, Hanns Sachs, Fritz Wittels, Max Graf, Sandor Ferenczi. In 1908, Adler presented his paper, ”The aggressive instinct in life and in neurosis”, at a time when Freud believed that early sexual development was the primary determinant of the making of character, with which Adler took issue. Adler proposed that the sexual and aggressive drives were ”two separate instincts which merge on”. Freud at the time disagreed with this idea; when Freud in 1920 proposed his dual instinct theory of libido and aggressive drives in Beyond the Pleasure Principle, without citing Adler, he was reproached that Adler had proposed the aggressive drive in his 1908 paper.
Freud commented in a 1923 footnote he added to the Little Hans case that, ”I have myself been obliged to assert the existence of an aggressive instinct”, while pointing out that his conception of an aggressive drive differs from that of Adler. A long-serving member of the group, he made many more beyond this 1908 pivotal contribution to the group, Adler became president of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society eight years later, he remained a member of the Society until 1911, when he and a group of his supporters formally disengaged from Freud's circle, the first of the great dissenters from orthodox psychoanalysis. This departure suited both Adler, since they had grown to dislike each other. During his association with Freud, Adler maintained his own ideas which diverged from Freud's. While Adler is referred to as "a pupil of Freud", in fact this was never true. In 1929 Adler showed a reporter with the New York Herald a copy of the faded postcard that Freud had sent him in 1902, he wanted to prove that he had never been a disciple of Freud's but rather that Freud had sought him out to share his ideas.
Adler founded the Society for Individual Psychology in 1912 after his break from the psychoanalytic movement. Adler's group included some orthodox Nietzschean adherents, their enmity aside, Adler retained a lifelong admiration for Freud's ideas on dreams and credited him with creating a scientific approach to their clinical utilization. Regarding dream interpretation, Adler had his own theoretical and clinical approach; the primary differences between Adler and Freud centered on Adler's contention that the social realm is as important to psychology as is the internal realm. The dynamics of power and compensation extend beyond sexuality, gender and politics can be as important as libido. Moreover, Freud did not share Adler's socialist beliefs, the latter's wife being for example an intimate friend of many of the Russian Marxists such as Leon Trotsky. Following Adler's break from Freud, he enjoyed considerable success and celebrity in building an independent school of psychotherapy and a unique personality theory.
He traveled and lectured for a period of 25 years promoting his orie
The 2017 Machakos gubernatorial election took place on 8 August 2017 to elect the Governor and Deputy Governor of Machakos, concurrently with Machakos Senator to the Senate as other Counties and Machakos MPs to the Kenya National Assembly and Elections of County Assembly MCAs. Incumbent Governor Alfred Mutua won election the 2013 elections on Wiper Democratic Movement-Kenya but he decamped to his own Maendeleo Chap Chap in 2015. Machakos, like most counties, holds primary elections for Governor the winners pick their own running mates. Incumbent Governor Mutua dropped his deputy Bernard Kiala who decided to remain in Wiper Democratic Movement party. Alfred Mutua replaced his Francis Maliti in the defense of his final term as Governor; the elections saw the rise of Wavinya Ndeti who rose from an underdog to favourite to win the elections in August 8. In a coalition deal between Chama Cha Uzalendo and Kalonzo-led Wiper Democratic Movement-Kenya Ms Ndeti for the first time since in 2007 Made a return to the party, most popular in the County.
In the deal, Former Chama Cha Uzalendo was to resign from her party and join Wiper Party before the party hoping window elapsed on 5 April 2017. Wavinya Ndeti announced resignation from Chama Cha Uzalendo on the deadline day and became a registered member of the Wiper Democratic Movement Kenya, through writing copied to the CCU secretary General and Registrar of Political Parties. Incumbent Deputy Governor cried foul on entry of Wavinya Ndeti in to the umbrella party and insisted the party should hold Primaries as opposed to Direct Nomination. Wiper Democratic Movement Kenya National election board orignised nomination exercise that saw a landslide wind for Wavinya Ndeti. Political parties tribunal on Nominations Nullified the results and called for a fresh nominations which produced identical results. Bernard Kiala, the sole challenger resigned from Wiper democratic Movement Kenya and decided to go as an independent candidate. Wavinya Ndeti Picked Peter Mathuki as running mate. Wavinya candidature for the Gubernatorial on Wiper Democratic Movement-Kenya didn’t go well with former Spokesman of the party Sen. Johnstone Muthama.
As a protest Muthama Decided to quit the race to defend his seat in the senate terming a win for either Alfred Mutua or Wavinya Ndeti would make no change. On June 8 IEBC Tribunal Chaired by Commission Chairman Wafula Chebukati nullified the candidature of Wavinya Ndeti citing she was a member of two political parties. In a rejoinder the Registrar of political parties Lucy Ndung’u regreted the decision saying that according to her database Wavinya is in the register of Wiper Democratic Movement-Kenya. IEBC tribunal cited they relied on the affidavit from the office of the Registrar of Political Parties. High Court Judge George Odunga stayed the decision and directed IEBC not to remove Wavinya Ndeti’s Name from the Ballot faulting the manner at which the tribunal arrived at the decision
Deephaven is a city in Hennepin County, United States, on the shores of Lake Minnetonka. It is located 12 miles west-southwest of downtown Minneapolis; the population was 3,642 as of the 2010 Census, down from 3,853 as of the 2000 census. Deephaven was settled in 1876 by Saint Louis attorney Charles Gibson. Gibson built a summer house in an area known as "Northome" and began promoting the area as a vacation destination for Southerners. In 1879 he advocated for the construction of the 150-room Hotel Saint Louis, the area's first grand hotel; the community was connected to the Minneapolis and Saint Louis Railway to serve both the hotel and local cottagers. The Minnetonka Yacht Club was founded in Deephaven in 1882 and incorporated in 1889. One of the club's co-founders, Hazen Burton, built a home named "Chimo" in Deephaven in 1890. A train depot was built near the property so that the Burtons could commute to their department store in Minneapolis; the name "Deephaven" can be traced back to the name of this depot.
In 1893 Burton commissioned local boat builder Arthur Dyer to develop a new kind of sailboat called a racing scow. When the Onawa debuted in 1893, it was disqualified for winning nearly every regatta; the rules were modified and racing scows became popular within the sailing community worldwide. The Onawa is displayed at the Excelsior-Lake Minnetonka Historical Society Museum in nearby Excelsior. Lake Minnetonka fell out of favor as a vacation destination in the 1890s; the Hotel Saint Louis suffered financially and was demolished in 1907. In its place, Walter Donald Douglas of the Quaker Oats fortune and his wife Mahala built a twenty-seven room estate named "Walden." Walter Douglas perished in the Titanic disaster in 1912, however and her French maid Berthe Leroy were survivors. Mahala returned to Deephaven as a widow and lived there until her death in 1945. Deephaven's historic Cottagewood General Store, opened in 1895 by Ralph M. Chapman, served as a grocer to tourists along the shores of Lake Minnetonka.
The store is one of Deephaven's most notable attractions today. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.43 square miles, of which 2.37 square miles is land and 0.06 square miles is water. Minnetonka Boulevard serves as a main route; as of the census of 2010, there were 3,642 people, 1,337 households, 1,058 families living in the city. The population density was 1,536.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,423 housing units at an average density of 600.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 1,337 households of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.3% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 20.9% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age in the city was 46.1 years. 27.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,853 people, 1,373 households, 1,098 families living in the city; the population density was 1,646.4 people per square mile. There were 1,409 housing units at an average density of 602.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.35% White, 0.29% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population. There were 1,373 households out of which 42.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.7% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.0% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.16. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $101,278, the median income for a family was $107,422. Males had a median income of $71,181 versus $42,297 for females; the per capita income for the city was $58,544. About 1.0% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over. The city is home to the Minnetonka Yacht Club. Walter Donald Douglas, Titanic disaster victim Max McGee, Green Bay Packers football player Mike Plant, yachtsman Tim Herron, professional golfer Jeffrey Hatcher and screenwriter Jake Gardiner, Toronto Maple Leafs defenceman Deephaven, Minnesota website Deephaven Photograph Collection encyclopedia titanica City-Data.com ePodunk: Profile for Deephaven, Minnesota, MN
Gary Douglas Hardgrave is a former Australian politician who served in the House of Representatives from 1996 to 2007, representing the Liberal Party. He was a minister in the Howard Government from 2001 to 2007, served as Administrator of Norfolk Island from 2014 to 2017. Hardgrave was born in Sydney, New South Wales, was educated at Griffith University, Queensland. In the 1970s he began his career as a radio broadcaster, a TV reporter firstly with the award-winning Australian children's television show Wombat between 1979 and 1982. Between 1982 and 1986 he reported for award-winning Queensland TV programme State Affair, in 1987 for ABC TV's The 7.30 Report before returning to BTQ 7 in 1988 as a senior reporter for Carroll at Seven. In 1989 he was the founding news director for SEA-FM Gold Coast and worked as a media adviser to Liberal politicians, before entering politics. Hardgrave ran for election to the Queensland state seat of Sunnybank in the 1992 election, but lost, he contested the Division of Moreton at the 1996 federal election against Labor incumbent Garrie Gibson, going on to retain the seat in 1998, 2001 and 2004.
Hardgrave served as Minister for Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs from 2001 to 2004, Minister for Vocational and Technical Education between October 2004 to early 2007 and Minister Assisting the Prime Minister from 7 October 2003 to 30 January 2007. On 23 January 2007, Hardgrave was returned to the backbench, he lost his seat to Graham Perrett in the 2007 election. In March 2008, Hardgrave returned to corporate activities. From January 2011 he hosted talk-back in Brisbane. From 2011 he made regular contributions to Sky News Agenda and Paul Murray Live programmes as well as regular appearances on the Nine Network Today show and A Current Affair. Since leaving Parliament, Hardgrave graduated from the Australian Institute of Company Directors' course and served on a variety of company and community boards including Brisbane Airport Corporation and TAFE Queensland. In January 2014, he left full-time radio but commenced a weekly column in the Queensland Sunday Mail newspaper before resigning media and corporate activities in June 2014.
On the advice of the Abbott Government, Australian Governor-General Sir Peter Cosgrove appointed Hardgrave as the 37th Administrator of the Australian External Territory of Norfolk Island. His term commenced on 1 July 2014, he was Administrator when Norfolk Island lost its self-governing status. "The Hon Gary Hardgrave MP". Former Members. Australian Parliament House. N.d. Retrieved 14 April 2018
David Rosenberg is a French art curator and author, specialized in modern and contemporary art. David Rosenberg curated exhibitions in France and all over the world in collaboration with museums and foundations and in collaboration with galleries, he organized art events. In his works, he explored relations between art and different disciplines — such as science, new technologies and studied connections between art and comic strip or the world of manga. Furthermore, he did some work around the record of invention. In 2003, he founded "Le Dancing", a group of European dancers and choreographers performing off stage, in collaboration with plastic artists and artistic groups. In 2004, he contributed to "The Quiet in the Land, Art and Everyday life", Luang Prabang, Lao PDR, created and directed by France Morin From 2004 to 2012, he was a faculty member in the Art department at the University of Paris VIII. In 2014 he was named Knight of the Order of the Letters. Gold Water: Apocalyptic Black Mirrors II, MACRO Museum, Rome, in collaboration with Paolo De Grandis et Claudio Crescentini.
March/April 2016. Artist: Maria Veronica Leon V. Mattotti / Infini. Fonds Hélène & Édouard Leclerc pour la Culture, Landerneau, in collaboration with Lucas Hureau. December, 2015. Hard Rain. Feizi Gallery, Brussels. November, 2015. Showcase #1: Think Big as part of Parcours Privé FIAC 2015, Paris, in collaboration with Constance Breton. October, 2015. Dédicaces et déclarations. Exhibition at Cognacq-Jay Museum as part of the #05 Yia Art Fair Hors les Murs, in collaboration with Marie Gayet. October, 2015. Mille fleurs!. A Chinese art collection. Sainte-Anne chapel, La Baule. July, 2015. Inside Tesla. Feizi Gallery, Brussels. April, 2015. Silent Conversation. Feizi Gallery, Brussels. March, 2015. Screens. Feizi Gallery, Brussels. September, 2015. Obscur — Clarté; as part of the #02 YIA Art Fair, Bastille Design Center, Paris. March, 2015. Metamorphosis of the Virtual 5+5. K11 Shanghai, Shanghai. July, 2014. Genesis. Beyond Museum, Korea. December, 2014. Holistic, Mario Mazzoli Gallery, Berlin. May 2014. Artist: Donato Piccolo.
Endre Rozsda: le temps retrouvé. Retrospective exhibition of the centenary of the birth of the artist. In collaboration with Rona Kopeczky and Péter Baki. Magyar Nemzeti Galéria, Budapest. November, 2013. Je sème à tout vent… 11 galeries parisiennes en fleur. May, 2013. Turbulences II. Boghossian Foundation, in partnership with the Louis Vuitton cultural space, February, 2013, in collaboration with Pierre Sterckx. Éric Michel, Aura. Hôtel-Dieu, Brie-Comte-Robert. December, 2012. Neon, la materia luminosa dell’arte. MACRO Museum, Rome, in collaboration with Bartolomeo Pietromarchi. June, 2012. Turbulences. Louis Vuitton cultural space, Paris, in collaboration with Pierre Sterckx. June, 2012. Néon! Who’s afraid of red and blue?. La Maison Rouge, Antoine de Galbert foundation. February, 2012. L’Étrange Noël de Monsieur et Madame de la Châtre. Martine et Thibault de la Châtre Gallery, Paris. December, 2011. Charwei Tsai, « My Nature ». Maison Deyrolle, Paris. May, 2011. Fabien Verschaere, Lost & Found. Galerie RX, Paris.
April, 2011. Contemplation/Contestation, a Chinese art collection. Neuflize OBC Bank, Paris. October, 2010. Mantras, monstres et mutations. Martine et Thibault de la Châtre Gallery, Paris. September, 2010. Deichû Ni Hasu, Underground & Secret Mangaka. Georges-Philippe et Nathalie Vallois Gallery, Paris. April, 2010. Show, Vlad et Alina Turco, École des Beaux-Arts de Paris, Paris. January, 2010. La photographie collection Sylvio Perlstein Museum of Ixelles, Brussels. October, 2009 / Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, in collaboration with Régis Durand. February, 2010. Sam Samore, Schizophrenic Portrait, 1973-2009, a survey. Anne de Villepoix Gallery, Paris. September, 2009. Youpi, c’est la rentrée! Martine et Thibault de la Châtre Gallery, Paris. September, 2009. Vraoum! Bande-dessinée et art contemporain. La Maison Rouge, Antoine de Galbert foundation, in collaboration with Pierre Sterckx. May, 2009. Jean-Marc Bustamante, Pedigree. January, 2009. Curating Contest, 16 curators, 16 propositions.
La Louisiane hotel. Olivier Robert Gallery, Paris. December, 2007. Artists: Vlad & Alina Turco. Zan Jbai, Nothing happened / Nothing to tell you. Kamel Mennour Gallery, Paris. June, 2007. An Xiaotong, Absolute Images. Espace Saint-Honoré, Paris. February, 2007 Busy going crazy, Sylvio Perlstein collection and photography from Dada to nowadays. La Maison Rouge, Antoine de Galbert foundation, P
Tunworth is a hamlet and civil parish in Hampshire. Tunworth is located in North East Hampshire. Tunworth is located 4 miles from Basingstoke, the nearest major town. There are numerous villages nearby, such as Upton Grey, 1.5 miles to the east Weston Patrick, 1.6 miles to the south east Mapledurwell, 2.8 miles to the north Winslade, 1.9 miles to the west Herriard, 3.0 miles to the southAll distances were determined using Google Maps, are therefore by road rather than direct. The village is spread across several hills, known as the Tunworth Downs; these are caused by the same geological processes as the North Downs. The highest point in Tunworth is around 420 ft The little downland church of All Saints, Tunworth, is part of the benefice of Upton Grey; the church is 12th century. The church has Norman origins, though the only real sign of this, after the Victorian restoration, is a window on the north side of the church. A notable grave in the churchyard is that of Colonel Julian Berry, son of the 1st Viscount Camrose of Hackwood Park.
Tunworth has a bench, placed at the village high point. In 2012, an oak was planted by the bench to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II. There was a school in Tunworth. Most children now attend either a Basingstoke Long Sutton School; the economy of Tunworth is based in the service industry. The land around Tunworth is cultivated. In the past, successful race horses have been bred in Tunworth. A large proportion of Tunworth residents do not work, as Tunworth has a significant number of older people; the Shermanator resides in Tunworth. Most the land around Tunworth is either owned by Hackwood Park; this land is rented to various farmers and is used for pheasant shooting. Some property is owned by the Herriard Estate as well, is rented out. Hampshire Treasures: Volume 2 Tunworth Pages 317 and 319 Stained Glass Windows at All Saints, Hampshire Tunworth Information on the Church and additional history Tunworth Listed Buildings in Tunworth, England Tunworth Church of England School, Basingstoke Tunworth parish Tunworth Conservation Area Appraisal: Tunworth The path from Tunworth Church