Alfred Holland Smith
Alfred Holland Smith was the President of New York Central Railroad from January 1914 to May 1918 and from June 1919 until his death. The entirety of Smith's forty-five-year career was dedicated to the railroads, he started his career as a messenger boy at the age of fourteen, earning 4 dollars a week, became the highest-paid railroad manager in the U. S. receiving an annual salary of more than $100,000 according to one survey. After the American entry into World War I, Smith joined the federal service as the Eastern Director of the United States Railroad Administration and temporarily assumed control over the largest pool of railroads in U. S. history, carrying one half of the nation's freight. He alleviated traffic congestion and the buildup of Europe-bound cargoes in the docks. Smith spoke and acted in favor of government-sponsored consolidation of American and Cuban railroads into larger corporations but opposed direct nationalization of railroads. Smith's last full year with the New York Central Railroad, 1923, was the company's most successful year.
On March 8, 1924, before the record profit numbers were published, Smith was killed in a horse riding accident in Central Park. Smith was a fifth child in a family. Alfred was fourteen years old, his first job, that of a messenger boy for the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway offices in Cleveland, paid four dollars a week. Promotions within the office did not encourage him enough, five years Smith transferred to a railroad construction crew in Toledo, Ohio area, paid $1.50 a day. The change from an office job to physical work was not easy for Smith, but he developed "a physique, the marvel of railroad men who learned their job only in the office." In life his associates noted that Smith "did not know the meaning of the word fatigue."Smith's proficiency in both physical labor and clerical work led to his promotion to a foreman. In 1890, after eleven years with Lake Shore and Michigan, he became a superintendent for Kalamazoo, Michigan division, he spent the 1890s supervising different construction teams of Lake Shore and Michigan, in 1901 became the principal construction superintendent for the railroad, based in Cleveland.
In 1902 Smith transferred to New York Hudson River Railroad as General Superintendent. In the next year he became General Manager for this division. In 1912, after nine years of service and a few career moves Smith was appointed VP for New York Central Lines east and west of Buffalo. On January 1, 1914 Smith succeeded William C. Brown as the President of the company, his first reign as the President was marked by the reconstruction of the subordinate lines of New York Central and bringing these troubled lines to profitability. On July 13, 1916, Henry Lumley Drayton and William Mitchell Acworth were appointed to the Royal Commission formed by the Governor General of Canada to examine Canada's railway system; the three commissioners agreed on their assessment of preexisting conditions, that of excessive government aid and overdevelopment of railway lines that undermined their performance, but split on the future role of the government in reforming the system. Drayton and Acworth called for the nationalization of three principal Canadian railroads and argued that the expense of tax dollars was in the best interest of the Canadian nation.
They insisted on separation of business from politics through an elaborate corporate government scheme. Smith opposed nationalization, his 1917 minority report noted that no legal safeguard can prevent the parliament from changing its mind and taking direct control of the nationalized assets. Smith found that each one had a healthy, profitable component, he advised stripping the railroads of redundant, loss-making lines through exchange or closure: "The scrap heap is the most economical disposition available for inefficient plant and machinery." The role of the government, wrote Smith, must be limited to that of a regulator and a clearing house. Smith's plan, "in all probability, would have saved the country a great many millions of dollars" but the government of Canada settled for nationalization along the lines of Drayton-Acworth report. In the end of 1917 William Gibbs McAdoo, head of the United States Railroad Administration, appointed Smith as Assistant Director for the north-eastern quadrant of the United States.
He did not formally resign as President of the New York Central until requested by McAdoo in May 1918. According to The New York Times, Smith had consolidated the largest pool of railroads in the United States history to this date, which carried over half of national freight tonnage over 80,000 miles of main lines. In 1917 the railroad system faced a severe freight congestion, aggravated by shortage of coal and a streak of bad weather. Smith, as a federal administrator, had to untie the congestion that threatened to halt shipping in the Eastern states and resupply of the American Expeditionary Forces. Smith imposed a temporary embargo on new shipments. On the receiving end he imposed heavy demurrage penalties against idle cargoes that clogged rolling stock and marshalling yards; as a practical railroad man he persuaded the Federal Government to abolish its priority order system which, in his opinion, was the major contributor to congestion. Another problem, that o
Alfred Victor Smith
Alfred Victor Smith VC was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Smith was 24 years old, a second lieutenant in the 1/5th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment, British Army on 23 December 1915 at Helles, Turkey during the First World War, who died in action for which he was awarded the VC, his citation reads:For most conspicuous bravery. He was in the act of throwing a grenade when it slipped from his hand and fell to the bottom of the trench close to several officers and men, he shouted a warning and jumped clear to safety. He saw that the officers and men were unable to find cover and knowing that the grenade was due to explode at any moment, he returned and flung himself upon it, he was killed by the explosion. His magnificent act of self-sacrifice undoubtedly saved many lives, he is buried in Twelve Tree Copse Cemetery although the precise location of his grave within the cemetery is not known.
He was awarded a French Croix de Guerre. Alfred Victor Smith’s father was a Police officer and although Alfred was born in Guildford, the family moved several times in his youth, Alfred sang as a boy chorister in St Albans Cathedral Choir. At 14 his father was appointed chief constable of Burnley, they moved to the town, with Alfred completing his education at Burnley Grammar School. After leaving school he joined, he is named on commemorative plaques within the former Burnley Grammar School, St Catherine's Church, Burnley, St Albans Cathedral and the current Blackpool Police headquarters. In November 2015 a commemorative stone was unveiled in Guildford, his VC, along with other items, is on display at the Towneley Hall museum in Burnley. Monuments to Courage The Register of the Victoria Cross VCs of the First World War - Gallipoli
Alfred Smith (VC)
Alfred Smith VC was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Smith was about 24 years old, a gunner in the Royal Regiment of Artillery, British Army during the Mahdist War, when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. On 17 January 1885 at the Battle of Abu Klea, Gunner Smith saved a lieutenant, being attacked by a native; the officer was superintending his gun at the time and had no weapon in his hand, but Gunner Smith, wielding the hand spike of his gun, warded off the thrust of the spear, giving the lieutenant time to draw his sword and bring the assailant to his knees. The latter, made a wild thrust at the officer with a long knife, which Gunner Smith again warded off, but not before the lieutenant was wounded. Gunner Smith managed to kill the native before he could attack again. In 1895, while working at the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich, Smith was involved in an accident when his forearm was crushed by machinery.
His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Royal Artillery Museum, England. Gunner Smith's unit, 1 Battery, Southern Division, Royal Artillery, was re-numbered 176 Battery and still exists today. In 1955 it was awarded the honour title "Abu Klea" in recognition of Gunner Smith's VC. Monuments to Courage The Register of the Victoria Cross Location of grave and VC medal
National Soccer Hall of Fame
The National Soccer Hall of Fame is a private, non-profit institution established in 1979 located in Toyota Stadium in Frisco, Texas, a suburb of Dallas. The Hall of Fame honors soccer achievements in the United States. Induction into the hall is considered the highest honor in American soccer; the Hall of Fame was founded in 1950 by the Philadelphia "Old-timers" Association, a group of former professional and amateur soccer players that wanted to recognize the achievements of soccer in America. The Hall of Fame museum opened on June 12, 1999 in Oneonta, NY; the museum featured the hall of fame, a library, an interactive soccer play area. The United States National Soccer Team Players Association partnered with the Hall of Fame to create the Time In program, which honored people with a connection to soccer battling leukemia. Since the disease disproportionately targets children a majority of the honorees were youth soccer players. Prior to the 2005 induction of the "Magnificent Five" individuals from the early and mid 20th century had been ignored.
This change was brought about by the acquisition of a large volume of historical records relating to this period. These records combined with developed eligibility criteria led to the induction of Tommy Fleming, Alex McNab, Johnny Nelson, Werner Nilsen and Fabri Salcedo; the notable careers of these five players all took place prior to 1950. The "Magnificent Five" were inducted posthumously into the Hall of Fame in August 2005. Sports Illustrated reported on September 4, 2009, that the Hall announced it would be closing to the public, it was open only on certain match days. As a result of financial difficulties the Hall of Fame cut six of its nine employees during that same month; the director of the Hall of Fame for 10 years, Jack Huckel, left his position on December 18, 2009. On February 10, 2010, it was announced that the Hall would close its facility, though inductions will continue. In September 2015, it was announced that a new Hall of Fame museum would be built at Toyota Stadium in Frisco, the home of Major League Soccer club FC Dallas.
The new museum opened during the 2018 Enshrinement Ceremony on October 20, 2018. This new facility features additional memorabilia from soccer legends and high-tech, interactive exhibits. After the museum was closed, a collection of more than 80,000 items was distributed to various locations across the country, including the headquarters of Eurosport, a long-term corporate sponsor, in Hillsborough, North Carolina; the collection includes the following notable items: The oldest soccer ball made in the United States The 1991, 1999 and 2015 FIFA Women’s World Cup Trophies The North American Soccer League archive The 1994 FIFA World Cup U. S. archive A rare soccer photography collection from New York depression-era photographer John Albok Materials from the U. S. national teams in World Cup competition Artifacts from the American Soccer League of the 1920s and 1950s. Pelé’s New York Cosmos jersey; the Lamar Hunt Open Cup trophy. Mia Hamm’s cleats. Commemorations of the first U. S. World Cup team in 1930.
Eligible individuals may be inducted into one of three categories: Player and Veteran. New individuals are inducted annually. To be eligible in the Player category, an individual must have met number 1, either number 2 or number 3, of the following three criteria: Retired as a player for at least three years, but for no more than 10 years Played at least 20 full international games for the United States; this requirement is reduced to 10 games if the games were prior to 1990. Played at least five seasons in an American first-division professional league, won either the league championship, or the U. S. Open was selected as a league all-star at least once. Players who have met either no. 2 or no. 3 but who retired more than 10 years ago are automatically placed on the veteran eligibility list. To be eligible in this category, an individual must have made his or her mark in soccer in a non-playing capacity and have had a major and positive impact on soccer in the United States at a national or first division professional level.
Due to the broad, general nature of the criteria, nominations for this category may be considered. Nominations are screened by the Hall of Fame Historian and Researcher who submit their recommendations to the Hall as to the appropriateness of the nominee's inclusion on the eligibility list; the National Soccer Hall of Fame's Medal of Honor is the highest honor given to people who have grown the sport of soccer in the United States. The Medal is awarded to individuals who has "demonstrated vision and played an historic role in changing the course of soccer in America." The Medal has been given out only four times in history. In 2009, the Hall of fame inducted Jeff Agoos and Joy Fawcett into the Hall of Fame in the player category. In 2010, Thomas Dooley and Preki Radosavljević were inducted in the player category, Kyle Rote, Jr. in the Veteran category and Bruce Arena in the Builder category. On February 17, 2011, the Hall of Fame announced the candidates eligible for induction into the Hall of Fame in 2011.
This list included individuals for all three categories, Player and Builder. On March 29, 2011, the Hall of Fame announced that Cobi Jones, Eddie Pope and Earnie Stewart had been elected for induction into the Hall of Fame in the 2011 Player category. Bruce Murray was selected in the Veteran category, Bob Gansler was elected in the Builder category. On January 31, 2012, the United States Soccer Federation announced that the ballots were finalized for the Class of 2012. Voting began on the day of the announcement and will continue until February 17. Twelve players were added to the ballot after qualifying for the first time, they included Tony Meola, Claudio Reyna
Alfred Emanuel Smith was an American politician, elected Governor of New York four times and was the Democratic Party's candidate for President in 1928. Smith was the foremost urban leader of the Efficiency Movement in the United States and was noted for achieving a wide range of reforms as governor in the 1920s; the son of an Irish-American mother and a Civil War veteran father, he was raised in the Lower East Side of Manhattan near the Brooklyn Bridge, where he resided for his entire life. Like many other New York politicians of his era, he was linked to the notorious Tammany Hall political machine that controlled New York City's politics, although he remained untarnished by corruption. Smith was a strong opponent of Prohibition, which he did not think could be enforced, viewed it as an over-extension of the government's constitutional power, he was the first Catholic nominee for President. His candidacy mobilized Catholic votes from women, who had only received federal suffrage, it brought out the anti-Catholic vote, strong among white conservative Democrats in the South, although Smith was still successful within the states of the Deep South.
As a committed "wet" who opposed the prohibition laws, Smith attracted two groups: those who wanted their beer and liquor and did not like dealing with criminal bootleggers, those who were outraged that new criminal gangs had taken over the streets in most large and medium-sized cities. Many Protestants feared his candidacy, including German Lutherans and Southern Baptists, believing that the Pope in Rome would dictate his policies. Incumbent Republican Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover was aided by national prosperity and the absence of American involvement in war. Four years Smith sought the 1932 nomination but was defeated by Franklin D. Roosevelt, his former ally and successor as Governor of New York. Smith entered business in New York City, became involved in the construction and promotion of the Empire State Building, became an vocal opponent of Roosevelt's New Deal. Smith was born at 174 South Street, raised in the Fourth Ward on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, his mother, was the daughter of Maria Marsh and Thomas Mulvihill, who were immigrants from County Westmeath, Ireland.
His father, Alfred Emanuele Ferraro, took the anglicized name Alfred E. Smith; the elder Alfred was the son of Italian and German immigrants. He served with the 11th New York Fire Zouaves in the opening months of the Civil War. Smith grew up with his family struggling financially in the Gilded Age; the Brooklyn Bridge was being constructed nearby. "The Brooklyn Bridge and I grew up together", Smith would recall. His four grandparents were Irish, German and Anglo-Irish, but Smith identified with the Irish-American community and became its leading spokesman in the 1920s, his father Alfred owned a small trucking firm, but died when the boy was 13. Aged 14, Smith had to drop out of St. James parochial school to help support the family, worked at a fish market for seven years. Prior to dropping out of school, he served as an altar boy, was influenced by the Catholic priests he worked with, he never attended high school or college, claimed he learned about people by studying them at the Fulton Fish Market, where he worked for $12 per week.
His acting skills made him a success on the amateur theater circuit. He became known, developed the smooth oratorical style that characterized his political career. On May 6, 1900, Al Smith married Catherine Ann Dunn, with whom he had five children. In his political career, Smith built on his working-class beginnings, identifying himself with immigrants and campaigning as a man of the people. Although indebted to the Tammany Hall political machine to its boss, "Silent" Charlie Murphy, he remained untarnished by corruption and worked for the passage of progressive legislation, it was during his early unofficial jobs with Tammany Hall that he gained renown as an excellent speaker. Smith's first political job was in 1895, as an investigator in the office of the Commissioner of Jurors as appointed by Tammany Hall. Smith was first elected to the New York State Assembly in 1904, was elected to office, serving through 1915. After being approached by Frances Perkins, an activist to improve labor practices, Smith sought to improve the conditions of factory workers.
He served as vice chairman of the state commission appointed to investigate factory conditions after 146 workers died in the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire. Meeting the families of the deceased Triangle factory workers left a strong impression on him. Together with Perkins, Smith crusaded against dangerous and unhealthy workplace conditions and championed corrective legislation; the Commission was chaired by State Senator Robert F. Wagner and co-chaired by Smith, they held a series of publicized investigations around the state, interviewing 222 witnesses and taking 3500 pages of testimony. They hired field agents to do on-site inspections of factories. Starting with the issue of fire safety, they studied broader issues of the risks of injury in the factory environment, their findings led to thirty-eight new laws regulating labor in New York State, gave each of them a reputation as leading progressive reformers working on behalf of the working class. In the process, they changed Tammany's reputation from mere co
Alfred Lee Smith
Alfred Lee Smith was a Yorkshire-born businessman from Dunedin, New Zealand. He was a member of the member of the New Zealand Legislative Council for one term from 1898 to 1905. Lee Smith was born in Yorkshire in 1838, he received a private education, was afterwards engaged at the London Stock Exchange. He landed in Wellington. In Christchurch, Lee Smith had a brickworks; when he moved to Dunedin, he had a brickworks in Kensington. He bought an interest in the firm Royse and Smith, grain and flour merchants. In 1881, he and William Royse bought Donaghy's Rope And Twine Company of its founder, John Donaghy, Lee Smith became the company's chairman; the company still exists today as Donaghys. Donaghy’s Rope Walk in South Dunedin is the only rope walk left in New Zealand, is registered as a Category I heritage building due to its unique architectural form: the building is only 4 metres wide, but 289 metres long. Lee Smith gained an interest in the Green Island Roller Mills and became the company's chairman.
He was chairman of the Mutual Grain Agency, from 1903 to 1915, he was a director and board member of the Union Steam Ship Company. He was one of the directors of the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition, held in Dunedin in 1889–90. Lee Smith entered public life when he stood for the newly-formed Dunedin Ratepayers' Association in the Leith Ward for Dunedin City Council in September 1886, it was his first election and he had an unexpectedly large majority. He did not stand for re-election, he stood in the 1890 election in the three-member City of Dunedin electorate and of the six candidates, he came last. When James William Thomson resigned from the Bruce electorate in 1892, he stood in the resulting by-election but was beaten by James Allen. Lee Smith was a man of principal and the Otago Daily Times commented in his obituary that he would have struggled in the House of Representatives to adhere to the party line, that he was much better suited to the Legislative Council, where no adherence to party politics was required, but each issue could be discussed by him on its merits.
In June and July 1894, Lee Smith was the sole New Zealand delegate at the Colonial Conference in Ottawa, Canada. Lee Smith was appointed by the Liberal Government as a member of the Legislative Council from 18 June 1898 to 18 June 1905 when his term ended, it is believed that Lee Smith fell out with Joseph Ward over a private issue and that he did not get reappointed in 1905 for that reason. At the time, there was a discussion whether the Legislative Council should be elected at large, the government informed the two members whose term expired on 18 June 1905 that they would not be reappointed until the controversy had been resolved. Lee Smith was married to Elizabeth Sharpe from Hull in Yorkshire, they lived in the Dunedin suburb of Green Island when he was appointed to the Legislative Council, but they moved to Andersons Bay. He died on 2 May 1917 at his home in Andersons Bay and was buried at Green Island Cemetery next to his second son, Frank Lee Smith, who had died in August 1898, he was survived by his wife, who died in 1934, his first son
Alf Smith (ice hockey)
Alfred Edward Smith was a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played for the Ottawa Senators, Kenora Thistles. He had six younger brothers who played senior-level hockey in Ottawa: Daniel, Harry, Tommy and George Smith, he was captain of the Ottawa Hockey Club and coached the team. Alf Smith began his hockey career playing for the Ottawa Hockey Club of the AHAC in the 1890s. In 1897 he retired from the Ottawa HC. In 1898, he played for the Ottawa Capitals intermediate team, but did not finish the season because he was ruled to be ineligible. In 1896, Smith had accepted a $100 bonus for play with the Capitals lacrosse team. By 1898, the Amateur Athletic Association of Canada ruled that he was ineligible for play in amateur hockey, he did coach the Ottawa Hockey Club to the 1901 CAHL title. In 1901–02, he returned to active play, as a professional, in the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League for Pittsburgh; the following year he returned to Canada to coach the Ottawa HC to their first Stanley Cup championship against the Montreal Victorias in 1903.
In 1903–04 he became reinstated as an amateur and he returned to play, playing right wing on a line that featured "One Eyed" Frank McGee. As a player-coach, he would lead the team to consecutive Stanley Cup victories in 1904, 1905, 1906, the club by known as the Silver Seven. In 1907, McGee retired and his place on the top line was taken by Alf's brother Harry. At the conclusion of the 1907 ECAHA season, Smith moved west to play with the Stanley Cup champion Kenora Thistles, playing in the MPHL finals, he was a player during their unsuccessful Stanley Cup challenge rematch versus the Montreal Wanderers, where his presence along with Harry Westwick caused the series to be played under protest. He played one final season with Ottawa in 1908. In 1908–09, he had an eventful season. Lured back to Pittsburgh for the newly reformed Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, he was suspended from two teams for rough play, he returned to Ottawa and played with several former Silver Seven players on the Senators of the Federal League.
He made time that season to coach the Ottawa Cliffsides to the first Allan Cup championship, only to lose it to Queen's University in a challenge. This was his final season of play. In 1909-10, he resumed his coaching career with Renfrew, the so-called "Millionaires" of the new National Hockey Association, he returned to coach the Ottawa Hockey Club in 1913 and coached the team until 1917. Smith coached and managed teams in Moncton, New Brunswick, North Bay, Ontario. Along with Harvey Pulford, Harry Westwick and Russell Bowie, Smith was one of the final active players who had played major senior hockey in the 19th century, he was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1962. Source: "Legends of Hockey -- The Legends -- Honoured Player -- Smith, Alf -- Statistics, Awards & Career". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-01-08. Kitchen, Paul. Win, Tie or Wrangle. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press. ISBN 978-1-897323-46-5. Biographical information and career statistics from Hockey-Reference.com, or Legends of Hockey Online biography of Alf Smith at WebCite