Alghoza

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Jodiya Pava
Other namesAlghoze, Jōrhi, Pāwā Jōrhī, Do Nālī, Donāl, Girāw, Satārā or Nagōze
Classification Woodwind instrument
Musicians
Ustad Khamisu Khan, Ustad Misri Khan Jamali, Akbar Khamisu Khan, Gurmeet Bawa
Toomba and alghoza

Alghoza is a pair of woodwind instruments used by Baloch, Sindhi, Kutchi, Rajasthani and Punjabi folk musicians. It is also called Mattiyan ,Jōrhi, Pāwā Jōrhī, Do Nālī, Donāl, Girāw, Satārā or Nagōze,[1] it consists of two joined beak flutes, one for melody, the second for drone. The flutes are either tied together or may be held together loosely with the hands. A continuous flow of air is necessary as the player blows into the two flutes simultaneously;[2] the quick recapturing of breath on each beat creates a bouncing, swinging rhythm. The wooden instrument initially comprised two flute pipes of the same length but over time, one of them was shortened for sound purposes. In the world of Alghoza playing, the two flute pipes are a couple — the longer one is the male and the shorter one the female instrument. With the use of beeswax, the instrument can be scaled to any tune.[3]

It is an important instrument in Balochi, Sindhi, Punjabi and Rajasthani folk music; the greatest exponents of Alghoza, however, are the Sindhi musicians (Late) Ustad Khamiso Khan, (Late) Ustad Misri Khan Jamali and Akbar Khamiso Khan (Khamiso Khan's son).[4] Gurmeet Bawa is a notable Punjabi folk singer who uses the instrument.[5][6]

Musa Gulamjat[7] and Noor Mohammed Sodha[8] are two well known Jodiya Pava artists from Kutch.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alghoza". Asian Music Circuit. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  2. ^ Pande, p. 70
  3. ^ Usman, Maryam (2013-08-26). "Instrumental Ecstasy concert: A retreat into the rhythms of Sindhi classical tunes". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  4. ^ Peerzada, Salman (2014-09-13). "Cultural heritage and the French connection". Dawn. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  5. ^ Kaur, Simmypreet (2011-10-01). "ਲੰਮੀ ਹੇਕ ਦੀ ਮਲਿਕਾ ਗੁਰਮੀਤ ਬਾਵਾ" [The queen of the long vocal note]. The Punjabi Tribune (in Punjabi). Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  6. ^ Majari, Surjit (2010-12-25). "ਰਵਾਇਤੀ ਗਾਇਕੀ ਨੂੰ ਸੰਭਾਲਣ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ" [Need to preserve traditional music.]. The Punjabi Tribune (in Punjabi). Retrieved 2012-05-10.
  7. ^ "લોક કલા | ગુજરાત રાજ્ય સંગીત નાટક અકાદમી : રમતગમત, યુવા અને સંસ્કૃતિ પ્રવૃત્તિઓ વિભાગ, ગુજરાત સરકાર". sangeetnatak.gujarat.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  8. ^ "માનકૂવા ગામે રવિવારે આર્ટ ફેસ્ટીવલ યોજાશે". દિવ્ય ભાસ્કર. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
Books
  • Pande, Alka (1999). Folk Music & Musical Instruments of Punjab. Grantha Corporation. ISBN 818582262X.

External links[edit]