Abd el-Krim was a Riffian political and military leader. He and his brother Mhemmed led a revolt by a coalition of Berber-speaking Rif tribes against French and Spanish colonization of the Rif. The rebels established the short-lived Republic of the Rif, Abd el-Krims guerrilla tactics influenced Ho Chi Minh, Mao Zedong, and Che Guevara. Abd el-Krim received an education at a mosque school in Ajdir. At the age of twenty, it appears he studied for two years in Fez at the Attarine and Seffarine madrasah, in order to prepare to enter the famous Qaraouiyine University. Both he and his brother MHammad received a Spanish education, with his brother studying mine engineering in Málaga, both spoke fluent Spanish and Riffian. After his studies, in 1906, Abd el-Krim was sent to Melilla by his father and he worked there as a teacher and translator, working for the OCTAI – the Spanish native affairs office – and became a journalist for the Spanish newspaper Telegrama del Rif. Additionally, in 1907 he was hired to edit and write articles in Arabic for El Telegrama del Rif, there he defended the advantages of European—especially Spanish—civilization and technology and their potential to elevate the economic and cultural level of the Moroccan population.
His association with El Telegrama lasted until 1915, in that post he gained a reputation for intelligence and discretion. Abd el-Krim entered the Spanish administration, first as a secretary in the Bureau of Native Affairs and he taught at a Hispano-Arabic school and was an editor for the Arab section of the newspaper, El Telegrama del Rif. During World War I, Abd el-Krim was arrested by the Spanish authorities for activities including alleged involvement in a conspiracy with the German consul Dr. Walter Zechlin. He was imprisoned in Chaouen from 1916 to 1918, escaped and he regained his job as a judge in Melilla. At the end of the war, Abd el-Krim briefly resumed publishing in a Spanish-language newspaper and he was alarmed by the appearance of Spanish agents in Ayt Weryaghel tribal territory and decided to fight for his tribes independence. The following year, Abd el-Krim, together with his brother and his goal was to unite the tribes of the Rif into an independent Republic of the Rif, to dismantle the entire French-Spanish colonial project in Morocco, and to introduce modern political reform.
In 1921, as a byproduct of their efforts to destroy the power of a brigand, Raisuli. Abd-el-Krim sent their commander, General Manuel Fernández Silvestre, a warning if the troops crossed the Ameqqran river he would consider it an act of war. Silvestre is said to have laughed, and shortly afterwards crossed the river, in June 1921 a sizable Riffian force attacked this post killing 179 of the estimated 250 Spanish troops there. Soon afterwards, Abd el-Krim directed his forces to attack the Spanish lines at Anwal, during the attack, General Silvestre, head of the Spanish forces, committed suicide after seeing his soldiers getting defeated
Ceuta is an 18. 5-square-kilometre Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing its land border with Morocco, in which it is thus an enclave. Separated from the Iberian peninsula by the Strait of Gibraltar, Ceuta lies along the boundary between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Ceuta, along with the Spanish exclave Melilla, is one of nine populated Spanish territories in Africa and it was part of Cádiz province until 14 March 1995 when the citys Statute of Autonomy was passed. Ceuta, like Melilla and the Canary Islands, was a port before Spain joined the European Union. As of 2011, it has a population of 82,376 and its population consists of Christians and small minorities of Sephardic Jews and ethnic Sindhi Hindus. Spanish is the language, while Moroccan Darija of the northern Jebli variety is spoken by between 40% and 50% of the population which is of Moroccan origin. It was known variously in Ancient Greek as, Ἀβύλη, Ἀβύλα, Ἀβλύξ, or Ἀβίλη στήλη – Abyle, Ablyx or Abile Stele – Pillar of Abyle), together with Gibraltar on the European side, it formed one of the famous Pillars of Hercules.
It changed hands again approximately 400 years later, when Vandal tribes ousted the Romans, after being controlled by the Visigoths, it became an outpost of the Byzantine Empire. Ceuta was an important Christian center since the fourth century, in the 7th century the Umayyads tried to conquer the region but were unsuccessful. Under the leadership of the Berber general Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Muslims used Ceuta as a ground for an assault on Visigothic Iberian Peninsula. After Julians death, the Berbers took direct control of the city and they destroyed Ceuta during the Kharijite rebellion led by Maysara al-Matghari in 740. Ceuta lay in ruins until it was resettled in the 9th century by Mâjakas, chief of the Majkasa Berber tribe, who started the short-lived Banu Isam dynasty. His great-grandson briefly allied his tribe with the Idrisids, but the Banu Isam rule ended in 931 when he abdicated in favor of Abd ar-Rahman III, Ceuta reverted to Moorish Andalusian rule in 927 along with Melilla, and Tangier, in 951.
Chaos ensued with the fall of the Umayyad caliphate in 1031, following this Ceuta and the rest of Muslim Iberia were controlled by successive North African dynasties. Starting in 1084, the Almoravid Berbers ruled the region until 1147, apart from Ibn Huds rebellion of 1232, they ruled until the Tunisian Hafsids established control. The Hafsids influence in the west rapidly waned, and Ceutas inhabitants eventually expelled them in 1249, after this, a period of political instability persisted, under competing interests from the Kingdom of Fez and the Kingdom of Granada. The Kingdom of Fez finally conquered the region in 1387, with assistance from the Crown of Aragon, in 1415, during the Battle of Ceuta, the city was captured by the Portuguese during the reign of John I of Portugal. The Benemerine sultan besieged the city in 1418 but was defeated, phillip II ascended the Portuguese throne in 1580 and Spanish kings of Portugal governed Ceuta for 60 years
Spanish protectorate in Morocco
The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate. The Spanish protectorate consisted of a strip on the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar. The northern zone was retroceded to an independent Morocco on 7 April 1956, Spain finally ceded her southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra around Cintra Bay on 1 April 1958, only after the short Ifni War. The city of Tangiers was excluded of the Spanish protectorate and received an special internationally controled status, since France already held a protectorate over the entire country and controlled Moroccos foreign affairs, it held the power to delegate a zone to Spanish protection. The surface area of the zone was about 20,948 km2, in a convention dated 27 June 1900, France and Spain agreed to recognize separate zones of influence in Morocco, but did not specify their boundaries. In 1902, France offered Spain all of Morocco north of the Sebu River and south of the Sous River, in regard to these interests the French Government will come to an understanding with the Spanish Government.
The agreement which may be come to on the subject between France and Spain shall be communicated to His Britannic Majestys Government. The British goal in negotiations with France was to ensure that a weaker power held the strategic coast opposite Gibraltar in return for Britain ceding all interest in Morocco. France began negotiating with Spain at once, but the offer of 1902 was no longer on the table, since France had given up her ambitions in Ottoman Libya in a convention with Italy in 1903, she felt entitled to a greater share of Morocco. On 3 October 1904, France and Spain concluded a treaty that defined their precise zones, Spain received a zone of influence consisting of a northern strip of territory and a southern strip. The northern strip did not reach to the border of French Algeria, nor did it include Tangier, the treaty recognized the Spanish enclave of Ifni and delimited its borders. In March 1905, the German kaiser, Wilhelm II, visited Tangier, there he loudly touted Germanys economic interests in Morocco and assured the sultan of financial assistance in the event of a threat to Moroccan independence.
At Wilhelms urging, Sultan Abd el Aziz called for an international conference, the final Spanish zone of influence consisted of a northern strip and a southern strip centred on Cape Juby. The consideration of the strip as part of the protectorate back in 1912 eventually gave Morocco a solid legal claim to the territory in the 1950s. The Protectorate system was established in 1912, the Islamic legal system of qadis was formally maintained. The Spanish lost more than 13,000 soldiers at Annual in July–August 1921, controversy in Spain over the early conduct in the war was a driving factor behind the military coup by General Miguel Primo de Rivera in 1923 which foreshadowed the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39. After the successful 1925 Alhucemas landing, the French–Spanish alliance ended up achieving victory, before 1934, the southern part of the protectorate was governed from Cape Juby since 1912, Cape Juby was head of the Spanish West Africa. The Spanish Civil War started in 1936 with the partially successful coup against the Republican Government
The Macedonian city of Callipolis was founded in the 5th century B. C. It has a history as a naval base for various rulers. The emperor Justinian I fortified Gallipoli and established important military warehouses for corn and wine there, after the capture of Constantinople by the Latins in 1204, Gallipoli passed into the power of the Republic of Venice. In 1294 the Genoese defeated a Venetian force in the neighbourhood, after the citys defenses were damaged in earthquake, it was conquered by Turks in 1354 and became the first stronghold of the Ottoman Empire in Europe. Sultan Bayezid I built a castle and tower there which can still be seen, in 1416 the Venetians under Pietro Loredan defeated the Turks here. Gallipoli is the site of tombs of the Thracian kings, which refers to the graves of the Islamic writers Ahmed Bican, in 1904 the Greek bishopric of Kallipolis was promoted to a metropolis and is listed under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. In 1854 the town was occupied by the allied French and British armies during the Crimean War who strengthened the defensive constructions from 1357, many soldiers died there of cholera and are buried in a local cemetery.
The guns of Gallipoli guarded the sea of Marmara until 1878 when more fortifications were built when the Russians threatened to take possession of Constantinople, the Bulgarian Army threatened Gelibolu during the First Balkan War and advanced to Bolayır in 1912. During the First World War the peninsula and the town were witness to a series of memorable battles, the town was occupied by Greeks between 1920–1922, and finally returned to Turkey in 1923 under the Treaty of Lausanne. Between 1922 and 1926 the town was a center and the districts of Gelibolu, Eceabat, Keşan. A Christian bishopric, a suffragan of Heraclea, the capital, the bishopric continued to be a see of the Greek Orthodox Church until after the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey. Lequien mentions three of those bishops who lived in the 14th and 15th centuries, beginning in the early 13th century, there were Latin Church bishops of Callipolis. No longer a residential bishopric, Callipolis is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see, cyrillus fl431 Harmonius fl.538 Melchisedec fl.787 Joseph Paulus Alexius Heinrich Kratz, O.
Hosp. S. J. H. Appointed 28 Jan 1484 Edward, appointed 1494 Diego, appointed 21 Aug 1507, died 1509 John Young, ordained bishop 3 Jul 1513, died 28 Mar 1526 Petrus Deodato, O. F. M. S. Sp. Appointed 11 Dec 1846, died 23 Nov 1847 Jean-René Bessieux, appointed 17 Jul 1926, died 27 Dec 1948 Joseph-Pierre-Albert Wittebols, S. C. I. Appointed 10 Mar 1949, appointed Bishop of Wamba 10 Nov 1959 Bernard Schilling, appointed 19 Dec 1959, died 16 Jun 1992 Gelibolu is now an administrative center in the province of Çanakkale. The population of the district is 44,697 where 28,326 live in the center of the district The mayor is Münir Mustafa Özacar, Gelibolu is well known for sardine canning
Battle of Annual
The Battle of Annual was fought on July 22,1921, at Annual in Spanish Morocco, between the Spanish Army of Africa and Berber combatants of the Rif region during the Rif War. In early 1921 the Spanish Army commenced an offensive into northeastern Morocco from the regions they already held. The advance took place without extended lines of communication being adequately established or the complete subjugation of the areas occupied, the overextended Spanish military structure in the Western Spanish Protectorate in Morocco crumbled. After the battle, the Riffian Berbers began to advance eastward, the Spanish garrisons were destroyed without mounting a coordinated response to the attacks. At the end of August 1921, Spain had lost all the territories it had gained in the area since 1909, General Silvestre disappeared and his remains were never found. A Moorish courier from Kaddur Namar claimed that, eight days after the battle, at Afrau, on the coast, Spanish warships were able to evacuate the garrison.
At Zoco el Telata de Metalsa in the south, Spanish troops, Spanish survivors of the battle retreated some 80 km to the encampment of Monte Arruit, where a stand was attempted under the command of General Felipe Navarro y Ceballos-Escalera. As this position was surrounded and cut off supplies, General Dámaso Berenguer Fusté, Spanish High Commissioner in the protectorate. The Rifeños reportedly did not respect the conditions of surrender and killed 3,000 Spanish soldiers, General Navarro was taken prisoner, along with 534 military personnel and 53 civilians who were ransomed some years later. Melilla was only some 40 km away, but was in no position to help, the Spanish quickly reinforced Melilla with 14,000 men from the Spanish Legion and other units. He stated that this was his biggest mistake, Spain quickly assembled elite units of the Army of Africa which had been operating south of Tetuan in the Western Zone. These mainly comprised Spanish Legion and Moroccan Regulares newly recruited in 1920, transferred to Melilla by sea, these reinforcements enabled the city to be held and Monte Arruit to be retaken by the end of November.
The Spaniards may have lost more than 20,000 soldiers at Annual, german historian Werner Brockdorff states that only 1,200 of the 20,000 Spanish troops escaped alive, though the estimated losses may be exaggerated. Abd el Krim remarked later, In just one night, Spain supplied us with all the equipment which we needed to carry on a big war. Other sources give the amount of booty seized by Rif warriors as 20,000 rifles,400 machine guns, the political crisis brought about by this disaster led Indalecio Prieto to say in the Congress of Deputies, We are at the most acute period of Spanish decadence. The campaign in Africa is a total, absolute failure of the Spanish Army, the Minister of War ordered the creation of an investigative commission, led by General Juan Picasso González, which developed the report known as Expediente Picasso. The report detailed numerous military mistakes, but owing to the action of various ministers and judges. In all, the defeat is thought of in Spain as the worst of the Spanish army in modern times
Miguel Primo de Rivera
He deeply believed that it was the politicians who had ruined Spain and that governing without them he could restore the nation. His slogan was Country, Monarchy, historians depict him as an inept dictator who lacked clear ideas and political acumen, and who alienated his potential supporters such as the army. He did not create a base of support among the voters and his actions discredited the king and ruined the monarchy, while heightening social tensions that led in 1936 to a full-scale Spanish Civil War. On the death of his uncle in 1921 he became Marques de Estella, with the support of King Alfonso XIII and the army, Primo de Rivera led a military coup in September 1923. He was appointed Prime Minister by the King and he promised to eliminate corruption and to regenerate Spain. In order to do this he suspended the constitution, established law, imposed a strict system of censorship. Primo de Rivera initially said he would rule for only 90 days, little social reform took place but he attempted to reduce unemployment by spending money on public works.
To pay for this, Primo de Rivera introduced higher taxes on the rich, when they complained he chose to change his policies and attempted to raise money by public loans. This caused rapid inflation and—after losing support of the army—he was forced to resign in January 1930, after his death, his son, José Antonio Primo de Rivera, played an important role in the development of fascism in Spain. Miguel Primo de Rivera was born into a military family of Jerez de la Frontera. His father was a retired colonel and his uncle, was Captain General in Madrid and the soon-to-be first marquis of Estella. Fernando participated in the plot to restore the monarchy in 1875. His great-grandfather was Bértrand Primo de Rivera, 21st Count of Sobremonte, studying history and engineering before deciding upon a military career, he won admission to the newly created General Academy in Toledo, and graduated in 1884. His army career gave him a role as officer in the colonial wars in Morocco, Cuba. He held several important military posts including the captain-generalship of Valencia, Madrid and he showed courage and initiative in battles against the Berbers of the Rif region in northern Morocco, and promotions and decorations came steadily.
Primo de Rivera became convinced that Spain probably could not hold on to its North African colony, for many years, the government had tried without success to crush the Berber rebels, wasting lives and money. He concluded Spain must withdraw from what was called Spanish Morocco if it could not dominate the colony and he was familiar with Cuba and the Philippines, in 1898 he watched the humiliating defeat in the Spanish–American War, bringing a close to his nations once-great empire. That loss frustrated many Spaniards, Primo de Rivera included and they criticized the politicians and the parliamentary system which could not maintain order or foster economic development at home, nor preserve the vestiges of Spains imperial glory
Brigadier general is a senior rank in the armed forces. It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of colonel and major general, when appointed to a field command, a brigadier general is typically in command of a brigade consisting of around 4,000 troops. In some countries a brigadier general is designated as a one-star general. The rank can be traced back to the militaries of Europe where a general, or simply a brigadier. An alternative rank of general was first used in the French revolutionary armies. Some countries, such as Brazil and Japan, some of these countries use the rank of colonel general to make four general-officer ranks. The naval equivalent is usually commodore and this gallery displays Air Force brigadier general insignia if they are different from the Army brigadier general insignia. Note that in many Commonwealth countries, the equivalent air force rank is Air Commodore, the rank of brigadier general is used in the Argentine Air Force.
Unlike other armed forces of the World, the rank of general is actually the highest rank in the Air Force. This is due to the use of the rank of brigadier and its derivatives to designate all general officers in the Air Force, brigadier-major, and brigadier-general. The rank of general is reserved for the Chief General Staff of the Air Force. The Argentine Army does not use the rank of brigadier-general, instead using brigade general which in turn is the lowest general officer before Divisional General, see Argentine Army officer rank insignia. When posted elsewhere, the rank would be relinquished and the former rank resumed and this policy prevented an accumulation of high-ranking general officers brought about by the relatively high turnover of brigade commanders. Brigadier general was used as an honorary rank on retirement. The rank insignia was like that of the current major general, as in the United Kingdom, the rank was replaced by brigadier. Prior to 2001, the Bangladesh Army rank was known as brigadier, in 2001 the Bangladesh Army introduced the rank of brigadier general, however the grade stayed equivalent to brigadier.
It is the lowest ranking general officer, between the ranks of Colonel and Major General, Brigadier General is equivalent to commodore of the Bangladesh Navy and air commodore of the Bangladesh Air Force. It is still popularly called brigadier
World War I
World War I, known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history and it was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, and paved the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations involved. The war drew in all the worlds great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances, the Allies versus the Central Powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary. These alliances were reorganised and expanded as more nations entered the war, Japan, the trigger for the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. This set off a crisis when Austria-Hungary delivered an ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia. Within weeks, the powers were at war and the conflict soon spread around the world.
On 25 July Russia began mobilisation and on 28 July, the Austro-Hungarians declared war on Serbia, Germany presented an ultimatum to Russia to demobilise, and when this was refused, declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany invaded neutral Belgium and Luxembourg before moving towards France, after the German march on Paris was halted, what became known as the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition, with a trench line that changed little until 1917. On the Eastern Front, the Russian army was successful against the Austro-Hungarians, in November 1914, the Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers, opening fronts in the Caucasus and the Sinai. In 1915, Italy joined the Allies and Bulgaria joined the Central Powers, Romania joined the Allies in 1916, after a stunning German offensive along the Western Front in the spring of 1918, the Allies rallied and drove back the Germans in a series of successful offensives. By the end of the war or soon after, the German Empire, Russian Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, national borders were redrawn, with several independent nations restored or created, and Germanys colonies were parceled out among the victors.
During the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, the Big Four imposed their terms in a series of treaties, the League of Nations was formed with the aim of preventing any repetition of such a conflict. This effort failed, and economic depression, renewed nationalism, weakened successor states, and feelings of humiliation eventually contributed to World War II. From the time of its start until the approach of World War II, at the time, it was sometimes called the war to end war or the war to end all wars due to its then-unparalleled scale and devastation. In Canada, Macleans magazine in October 1914 wrote, Some wars name themselves, during the interwar period, the war was most often called the World War and the Great War in English-speaking countries. Will become the first world war in the sense of the word. These began in 1815, with the Holy Alliance between Prussia and Austria, when Germany was united in 1871, Prussia became part of the new German nation. Soon after, in October 1873, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck negotiated the League of the Three Emperors between the monarchs of Austria-Hungary and Germany
Melilla is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco with an area of 12.3 square kilometres. Melilla, along with Ceuta, is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa and it was part of Málaga province until 14 March 1995 when the citys Statute of Autonomy was passed. Melilla, like Ceuta, was a port before Spain joined the European Union. As of 2011, it had a population of 78,476 made up of ethnic Spaniards, ethnic Riffian Berbers, both Spanish and Riffian-Berber are the two most widely spoken languages, with Spanish as the only official language. Melilla is officially subject to a claim along with the city of Ceuta. The current Berber name of Melilla is Mřič or Mlilt which means the white one, Melilla was an ancient Berber village and a Phoenician and Punic trade establishment under the name of Rusadir. Later it became a part of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana, rusaddir is mentioned by Ptolemy and Pliny who call it oppidum et portus, by Mela, under the corrupted form Rusicada and by the Itinerarium Antonini.
Rusaddir was supposed to have once been the seat of a bishop, but there is no record of any bishop of the supposed see, as centuries passed, it went through Vandal and Hispano-Visigothic hands. The political history is similar to that of towns in the region of the Moroccan Rif, local rule passed through Amazigh, Punic, Umayyad, Almoravid, Almohad and Wattasid rulers. During the Middle Ages it was the Berber city of Mlila, Melilla was immediately threatened with reconquest and was besieged during 1694–1696 and 1774–1775. One Spanish officer reflected, an hour in Melilla, from the point of view of merit, was more than thirty years of service to Spain. The current limits of the Spanish territory around the fortress were fixed by treaties with Morocco in 1859,1860,1861, and 1894. In the late 19th century, as Spanish influence expanded, Melilla became the authorized center of trade on the Rif coast between Tetuan and the Algerian frontier. The value of trade increased, goat skins and beeswax being the principal exports, and cotton goods, sugar, in 1893, the Rif Berbers launched the First Melillan campaign and 25,000 Spanish soldiers had to be dispatched against them.
The conflict was known as the Margallo War, after the Governor of Melilla and Spanish General Juan García y Margallo. In 1908 two companies, under the protection of Bou Hmara, a chieftain ruling the Rif region, started mining lead. A railway to the mines was begun, in October of that year the Bou Hmaras vassals revolted against him and raided the mines, which remained closed until June 1909. By July the workmen were again attacked and several of them killed, severe fighting between the Spaniards and the tribesmen followed, in the Second Melillan campaign
Landing may refer to bringing of either seafaring or airborne forces. In a military invasion conducted by sea, the landing and establishment of a beachhead is a critical phase, in the Iliad, the landing operation of the Achaean navy is described in book three. Since the Trojans had been warned of the invasion, the beach was defended, in Greek polytheism, the ἱερά ἐπιβατήρια were sacrifices offered to the gods after a successful landing. A λόγος ἐπιβατήριον was a speech delivered upon disembarkation, contrasting with an ἀποβατήριον. Missions of air landing troops, as defined by the U. S. Air landing can provide an attack against an isolated enemy position. War Department, manual FM 100-5, Operations,1941 Landing Normandy landings Bridgehead Beach group Airhead
Manuel Goded Llopis
General of the Army Manuel Goded Llopis was a Spanish Army general who was one of the key figures in the July 1936 revolt against the democratically elected Second Spanish Republic. Having unsuccessfully led an insurrection in Barcelona, he was captured and executed by the Republican government. Previously, Goded had distinguished himself in the Battle of Alhucemas of the Rif War, Manuel Goded was born in the city of San Juan, the capital of the Captaincy General of Puerto Rico, a Spanish colony. There he received his primary and secondary education and his family moved to Spain when Puerto Rico became a possession of the United States as an outcome of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 which concluded the Spanish–American War. In Spain he enrolled and was accepted in the Academy of Infantry, Goded graduated from the academy and was assigned to various posts. In 1907, when 25 years old, he held the rank of Captain, in 1919, a rebellion against Spanish colonial rule took place in Spanish Morocco, a Spanish protectorate.
The rebel leader in what is known as the Rif War, was Abd-el-Krim. The Riffians, as the rebels became known, annihilated the army of Spanish General Manuel Fernández Silvestre at the Battle of Annual in 1921 and were posed to attack the Spanish enclave of Melilla and this was considered as the beginning of the end of the Rif Rebellion. By 1927, the rebellion had come to an end and Spain recaptured her lost territory, Goded was promoted to Brigadier General and shortly after was named Chief of Staff of the Spanish Army of Africa. Goded at first supported the generally rightist dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera, Godeds eventual criticism of the government led to his removal from his post. In May 1936, Dr. Manuel Azaña became the second, Goded was named Chief of Staff of the Central Army, but was again relieved of his position after a conflict with the government. When rightist officers suspected of conspiring against the government were reassigned, when anti-leftist generals rebelled against the Popular Front government of the Second Republic in July 1936, Goded unsuccessfully led troops in the Catalonian capital Barcelona.
Catalonia, being among the most industrialized regions of Spain was a stronghold of the organized left and he was captured by government forces on August 11 and imprisoned on the steamship Uruguay. Tried by a Republican military court and compelled to order his troops, via radio, to surrender. He was executed the following day at Montjuïc in Barcelona, List of famous Puerto Ricans List of Puerto Rican military personnel Spanish Civil War