Ali Yusuf Kenadid

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Ali Yusuf Kenadid
علي يوسف كينايديض
Sultan of the Sultanate of Hobyo
Reignearly 1900s–1910
PredecessorYusuf Ali Kenadid
FatherYusuf Ali Kenadid

Ali Yusuf Kenadid (Somali: Cali Yuusuf Keenadiid, Arabic: علي يوسف كينايديض‎) was a Somali ruler. He was the second Sultan of the Sultanate of Hobyo.


Ali Yusuf was born into a Majeerteen Darod family. His father, Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid, was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo centered in present-day northeastern and central Somalia. The polity was established in the 1870s on territory carved out of the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate (Migiurtinia).[1] Ali Yusuf's brother, Osman Yusuf Kenadid, would go on to invent the Osmanya writing script for the Somali language.[2]

In an attempt to advance his own expansionist objectives, Kenadid père in late 1888 entered into a treaty with the Italians, making his realm an Italian protectorate.[3] The terms of the agreement specified that Italy was to steer clear of any interference in the sultanate's administration.[4]

However, the relationship between Hobyo and Italy soured when the elder Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces.[3] Viewed as too much of a threat by the Italians, Sultan Kenadid was eventually exiled to Aden in Yemen and then to Eritrea, as was his son Ali Yusuf, the heir apparent to his throne.[5] However, unlike the southern territories, the northern sultanates were not subject to direct rule due to the earlier treaties they had signed with the Italians.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Helen Chapin Metz, Somalia: a country study, (The Division: 1993), p.10.
  2. ^ Diringer, David (1968). The Alphabet: A Key to the History of Mankind, Volume 1. Funk & Wagnalls. pp. 235–236. ISBN 1452299374. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  3. ^ a b The Majeerteen Sultanates
  4. ^ Issa-Salwe (1996:34–35)
  5. ^ Sheik-ʻAbdi (1993:129)
  6. ^ Ismail, Ismail Ali (2010). Governance: The Scourge and Hope of Somalia. Trafford Publishing. p. xxiii. ISBN 1426983743.


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