Ali ibn al-Athir

Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ash-Shaybani, better known as Ali'Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari was an Arab or Kurdish historian and biographer who wrote in Arabic and was from the Ibn Athir family. At the age of twenty-one he settled with his father in Mosul to continue his studies, where he devoted himself to the study of history and Islamic tradition. According to the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, he was born in Jazirat Ibn Umar, Abbasid Caliphate; the city is situated in modern-day Turkey. Ibn al-Athir belonged to the Shayban lineage of the large and influential Arab tribe Banu Bakr, who lived across upper Mesopotamia, gave their name to the city of Diyar Bakr, he was the brother of Majd Diyā' ad-Dīn Ibn Athir. Al-Athir lived a scholarly life in Mosul visited Baghdad and for a time traveled with Saladin's army in Syria, he lived in Aleppo and Damascus. His chief work was a history of al-Kamil fi at-Tarikh, he died in the city of Mosul. According to Reuters, his tomb was desecrated in Mosul by members of the al-Qaeda offshoot the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in June 2014.

However, the actual tomb had been moved to a museum while the destroyed one was just a modern replica. Al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh: "The Complete History". East/islhist.html Kurds and Kurdistan, Encyclopaedia of Islam

Fabrizio Bentivoglio

Fabrizio Bentivoglio is an Italian cinema and theatre actor and a screenwriter. Fabrizio Bentivoglio was born in Milan. After only one season in the juvenile team of Inter, he left his sporting career because of an injury to his left knee and attended the school of the Piccolo Teatro in Milan, he debuted on stage acting in Timon of Athens by William Shakespeare and pursued his artistic career in cinema. Continuing his studies in medicine, he moved to Rome. With Dario de Luca and in association with Studio Universal he founded the Tipota Movie Company. With the band Piccola Orchestra Avion Travel he has staged the show La guerra vista dalla luna, he has filmed the short film Típota and has completed a tour performing his own songs. The soundtrack of Eternity and a Day by Theo Angelopoulos contains the track "The Poet", with Bentivoglio's voice. Timoned'Atene.


Break-Up is an independent German experimental feature film comedy directed by Alexander Tuschinski. It received awards at international film-festivals and had its German premiere at Berlin Independent Film Festival 2015. Although it is not part of it, it is connected to Tuschinski's informal Trilogy of Rebellion by one main character and some references in the storyline; the film is about a satire on modern life and on the nature of power, interweaving many subplots to create an overview of young people's lives today. It is told in an experimental visual- and editing style; the film has been called an experimental film. The film consists of four chapters, their names correspond with the general theme of each chapter: 1. Break Out - The opening of the film consists of people breaking out of their regular world and conventional lifestyles. 2. Break In - The second chapter starts with the character John "breaking into" a married relationship, ideologies "breaking in" Arnold's mind. 3. Break Free! - The third chapter starts with a trial, Arnold breaking free from all the ideologies that had influenced him before.

It ends with Arnold being badly beaten up. 4. Break Up - The fourth and final chapter deals with John breaking up with his girlfriend - and destroying the planet in the process in a surrealistic scene, he is thus metaphorically "breaking up" with all, wrong in the world as it was depicted in the previous chapters. There are three groups of people in the film: bad leaders and individualists; because those people with the highest self-confidence are the most convincing, but don't say the most sensible things. Throughout the film, there are numerous references to literary works that sometimes are integral to scenes; the Trial by Franz Kafka is referenced throughout the storyline, the reference becoming clear towards the middle. After Josef Köhler - played by actor Dominic Rödel - refuses to hire Arnold, the latter pretends to be him while insulting a police officer, which leads to the arrest of Köhler. After he is arrested, an off-narrator reads the first sentence from Kafka's book as a direct reference to it.

The novel Das Fahrzeug by the film's director is depicted multiple times, always bringing bad luck to its readers as a self-ironic element. One major theme / stylistic device in Break-Up is breaking the fourth wall. Character's remarks reveal that they're aware they're acing in a film. In the beginning, John explains Jane how Break-Up would become boring if they met each other with smalltalk; when they disturb the set of a pretentious student-film, the characters use the film Break-Up as an example of a better film dragging the cinematographer Matthias Kirste, filming them into the discussion. When John tells Jane to wait at the cemetery, he tells her that waiting is not bad, because when she's not shown in the film, she doesn't exist. One major scene breaking the fourth wall is the start of the second half, when during a serious scene the police walks in to arrest the cast and crew after one actors starts shouting that he doesn't like the direction the film is taking anymore; the following, surrealistic trial - in which the actors and the director are tried for disturbing public order - reveals that the character Arnold was acting in the film we just saw, he now becomes homeless after losing everything.

In Break-Up, multiple times the reality of portrayed events within the film's structure is questioned. After Arnold leaves John and Jane in the beginning, he declares that the whole beginning was a dream that ended with him in World War II. A while Lutz proclaims that all of the previous evens were part of his dream that ends in World War II. On, it is revealed that the film was a video game played by an unseen player -, never realized by the characters though their world becomes a computer-game. At some points of the film, an arts critic appears, criticising the film and sometimes cutting out / fast forwarding segments to give it more speed; that critic is a parody of pretentious arts criticism and appears during "romantic" or otherwise emotional moments to make the audience aware of the methods to evoke emotions used by films in general. Tuschinski describes the dramatic theories by Bertold Brecht as a major influence for Break-Up, making the viewers rationally think about what they see by detaching them emotionally.

One example would be after John meets the wife and she falls in love with him, the arts critic appears, telling the viewer he'll cut out "more of that stuff" to get back on track, displaying a brief slapstick comedy short film while the film is re-edited to be less romantic. The film is considered a Low-Budget-Film; the cast consists of 44 first- or second-time actors. After creating Menschenliebe, Alexander Tuschinski wanted to try a new, experimental approach to shape a film's style and story following new impulses and ideas on set while filming. Thus, many parts of the film were improvised on the set, having only a rough outline of many scenes before filming; as a part of the experimental filming process, Alexander Tuschinski only wrote a detailed screenplay for the first 15 minutes of the film before filming started. Afterwards, during filming, he followed spontaneous impulses to create the story. Alexander Tuschinski started writing a theatre play right after filming Menschenliebe had wrapped in 2009.

The opening scene of the play was a humorous analysis of dating. While writing, Tuschinski decided to shelve the incomplete play, instead including parts of it in his next feature-film; the play's opening sce