Gregory Phillip Grunberg is an American television and film actor. He is best known for starring as Eric Weiss in the ABC series Alias, Matt Parkman in the NBC series Heroes, "Snap" Wexley in Star Wars: The Force Awakens, Phil in A Star Is Born, he has appeared in works produced and directed by his childhood friend J. J. Abrams like Felicity as Sean Blumberg, he was a recurring cast member in the first two seasons of the Showtime American television drama series Masters of Sex. Grunberg was born in Los Angeles, the son of Sandy and Gerry Grunberg, had a Jewish upbringing, he attended University High School in West Los Angeles. Grunberg got his first credited role in Matt Trey Parker's 1998 film BASEketball. From 1998–2002 he appeared as Sean Blumberg on Felicity, he appeared from 2001–06 as Eric Weiss on Alias. He left that series as a regular to star on Grand Union. Since 2003, Abrams had planned a series called The Catch about a bounty hunter, starring Grunberg in the lead role. Suggested for both the 2004–05 and 2005–06 seasons, the series was never produced.
Abrams cast Grunberg in a brief role as the pilot for the 2004 series Lost. Grunberg returned for the first-season finale, but his scenes were cut for time, were instead included on the season 1 DVD set, he appeared in a small role in Mission: Impossible III, which Abrams directed. Grunberg had a major role in the NBC TV show Heroes, he played police officer Matt Parkman. Grunberg guest-starred on House, he was offered a part in Star Trek, which Abrams directed, but was unable to take it because of a conflict with another project he was working on. Grunberg voices FBI agent Ethan Thomas in the video game Condemned: Criminal Origins. Outside of acting, Grunberg is known as one of the creators of the Yowza!! Android and iPhone application, a GPS-aware coupon-referring program, he voices Ant-Man in the animated series The Super Hero Squad Show. Grunberg was featured on the May/June 2009 cover of Making Music magazine. On May 17, 2010, Grunberg announced, he took up a minor role in the 2011 neo-noir detective videogame L.
A. Noire, in which he provided both voice and facial motion capture as murder suspect Hugo Moller. On November 7, 2011, he appeared as a guest star on an episode of the TV series Hawaii Five-0 with former Heroes co-star Masi Oka, he appeared as a special guest star on the March 14, 2012 episode of the TV series Psych. In 2013 Grunberg appeared in one episode during the first season of the TV series Masters of Sex as the character Gene Moretti, a rich business man; the part was expanded in 2014 to 4 episodes during the second season. In February 2016, it was revealed that Grunberg will co-host a late night talk show with Kevin Smith titled Geeking Out on AMC. In 1992, Grunberg married Elizabeth Dawn Wershow, they have three children: Jake and Sam. Jake has epilepsy, which has inspired Grunberg to take an active role in raising awareness of the neurological disorder and raising funds for research, he organizes charity efforts to raise funds for the Pediatric Epilepsy Project in Los Angeles. In the past, this has included events such as an auction of guitars handpainted by celebrities such as Donald Trump and Grunberg's Alias co-stars Jennifer Garner and Michael Vartan as well as concerts by the Band From TV that includes Grunberg and Hugh Laurie and an online auction of cartoons drawn of his Heroes costars.
In March 2007, Greg served as the chair of the first National Walk for Epilepsy, presented by the Epilepsy Foundation. In 2009, Grunberg launched Talk About It, a website dedicated to epilepsy education and awareness, featuring many of Greg's co-stars and celebrity friends, including Garner, Pasdar, Ventimiglia, Panettiere, as well as Zachary Quinto, Chris Pine, Dr. Drew Pinsky, Ron Rifkin, John Mayer; the site features Grunberg interviewing top epilepsy experts on the need to talk more about epilepsy, includes a section for people all over the world to talk about it. Grunberg was a participant in the first-ever national television advertising campaign supporting donations to Jewish federations; the program featured "film and television personalities celebrating their Jewish heritage and promoting charitable giving to the Jewish community" and included Marlee Matlin, Joshua Malina, Kevin Weisman, Jonathan Silverman. He made a tongue-in-cheek promotional video for Temple Judea Religious School lambasting boring Hebrew Religious schools.
Grunberg is one of the hosts of Social Tron Live, a Twitch channel, in a segment called Greg Grunberg live where he plays video games with fellow celebrities and popular Twitch streamers. Greg Grunberg on IMDb Greg Grunberg at AllMovie
William "Will" D. Tippin is a fictional character, portrayed by Bradley Cooper, he is one of Sydney Bristow's friends on the ABC television series Alias. At the beginning of the series, Will was just Sydney Bristow's friend and a local reporter with a Los Angeles newspaper. Following the death of Sydney's fiancé, Danny Hecht, Will began pursuing leads surrounding Danny's bizarre death. Sydney, knowing the truth asked Will to cease his investigation to protect him from the same fate. However, after a short time, Will went on to investigate and soon found himself wrapped up in Sydney's world of espionage. After a certain time, Will had acquired enough facts to write an article about SD-6 and handed it to his editor to publish if he didn't contact her within the next 7 days. In that time, Tippin had planned to see the unknown voice in Paris in person, who had supported him in the last weeks with hints about SD-6 in general and Jack Bristow in particular. Having arrived there, he instead learns about the true identity of Sydney Bristow.
Since he is now in danger because of his knowledge of SD-6, he is brought into a safehouse of the CIA in Los Angeles, only to be kidnapped out of that safehouse to Taipei by Julian Sark. Sydney and Vaughn had to get there to rescue him. In order to discredit Tippin's story—and at the same time, save him from being killed by SD-6—Jack arranged for him to appear as a drug addict in order to condemn his trustworthiness as a newspaper reporter. In the first half of the second season, Will was recruited as a private researcher for the CIA. Utilizing his tenacity and journalistic instinct, Tippin researched the secret government experiment Project Christmas for Michael Vaughn; that experiment was designed to use standardized tests given to school children to determine potential future CIA recruits. The Soviets became aware of the project and sent KGB operative Irina Derevko on an undercover mission to determine the specifics so they could enact their own version of the program. Will dated Francie Calfo and shortly after, unbeknownst to him, Francie's genetic doppelganger Allison Doren.
Will discovers the ruse by finding Provacillium in Sydney's medicine cabinet, medication taken by gene therapy patients. At the same time, Allison looks through Will's work and finds out Will is researching an "Allison Georgia Doren." Allison realizes Will is close to knowing the truth, attempts to frame him for her crimes, drugging him and subjecting him to subliminal conditioning which would render him unable to recall his exact actions at certain times, but Sydney sees through this attempt. When Will realizes the truth about Alison, she nearly kills him, but he recovers and is shuttled into the Federal Witness Protection Program, removing him as a regular character for season three. However, he did have a brief reappearance after he was sought out by Sydney, when a current mission required her to make contact with one of Will's old sources during his career as an analyst, the two had a brief tryst. During this reunion mission, Will encounters Allison and kills her for the murder of Francie, after which he returns to private life.
Near the end of the 5th season, in the episode "There's Only One Sydney Bristow", Tippin is kidnapped by Anna Espinosa and used as bait for Sydney. During the rescue mission, a sample of her DNA is stolen, it is discovered Will's captors have implanted a miniature bomb in his head, set to go off if Sydney doesn't deliver a Milo Rambaldi artifact to Anna aboard a train in Europe. Will accompanies Sydney on the mission, once again a trap to gather more genetic material from Sydney. Will rescues Sydney disarms the bomb with a remote control. During this mission, Will informs Sydney he was planning on proposing to his girlfriend before he was kidnapped and asks Sydney to be his best man, to which she agrees with enthusiasm; this is the last we hear of him
Irina Derevko is a fictional character on the television series Alias, a main character during the second season of the series. Irina, played by Lena Olin, is the mother of Sydney Bristow, she is first mentioned as Laura Bristow, the wife of Jack Bristow and mother of Sydney Bristow, who died in a car accident when Sydney was six years old. Sydney had always believed that her mother had died, that she had been a professor of English Literature. Laura Bristow was, however, a spy for the Soviet Union, her real name was Irina Derevko and she was recruited into the KGB at the age of 18 by Alexander Khasinau. She was assigned to infiltrate the United States, to gain the trust of Jack Bristow a CIA agent, in order to steal classified information regarding Project Christmas. Under the alias of Laura, she approached Jack Bristow posing as an exchange student from the USSR, they married and she became his confidante. In order to seal Jack's allegiance to her, the KGB demanded, she gave him Sydney. In late 1981, Derevko disappeared after faking her own death.
She returned to Russia. Her whereabouts, were unknown by the intelligence community at large until the end of season one. Jack tried to prevent Sydney from discovering the truth about her mother, he was forced to reveal the truth to Sydney. At the end of the first season, Sydney discovered that her mother was alive and the mysterious criminal overlord known up to that point only as "The Man". Derevko turned herself in to the CIA early in season two, she provided information to help bring down the SD-6, assisted with other important missions. Jack, predicting that Irina would betray them, framed her for providing false information about a mission in Madagascar; the CIA planned to execute her. Agent Michael Vaughn helped Sydney stop her mother's execution. During a mission in Panama, Irina did betray the CIA and joined forces with Arvin Sloane and Sark, her subsequent whereabouts were unknown throughout season three, although she continued to be in occasional contact with Jack via Internet Relay Chat.
She arranged for Katya Derevko, to assist Jack and Sydney on occasion. It was learned that Irina had had an affair with Arvin Sloane and had a second daughter, Nadia Santos. At the beginning of season four, Sydney learned. Jack Bristow received permission from his superiors to execute Irina, in "Another Mr. Sloane" he states that he carried out the act himself. Sydney, unaware that Irina had ordered her death identified Irina's body in a Moscow medical facility and arranged for her burial in a Moscow crypt. In the fourth season episode "Ice", Nadia discovers a photograph of Irina holding a baby. Jack tells her; this niece preceded Sydney and was why Irina wanted a baby of her own. When Sydney was born Irina held her. No further information regarding the actual identity of the infant was presented and neither of the other Derevko sisters mentioned having a baby. Elena said that she never wanted children. Jack presumes; the shooting of Irina occurred 18 months prior to the season four finale and sometime prior to season three's finale, "Resurrection".
The fourth season finale revealed that a genetic modification procedure known as Project Helix was used to create a double of Irina, it is this woman whom Jack shot dead. The attempt on Sydney's life was placed by Irina's other sister, Elena Derevko, to mislead Jack into thinking he had killed his wife; the woman who underwent the genetic therapy was an agent of The Covenant, Elena's own criminal organization, who had volunteered to take Irina's place and be assassinated. The real Irina was tortured for her knowledge of Rambaldi's secrets. After 18 months, she was rescued by Jack. Although technically under arrest by the CIA, Irina was given permission to help stop Elena from completing her plans. After the successful completion of the mission and Sydney allowed her to escape rather than return to America and imprisonment. During the fifth season, it is revealed that Irina is involved to an unknown extent in the Prophet Five organization. Irina is seen observing Sydney's interrogation under hypnosis at the end of the episode "The Horizon".
It is revealed she had Kelly Peyton kidnap Sydney to recover information about the Horizon, a Rambaldi artifact that would grant its wielder immortality. After Sydney appears to reveal the code crucial to her abductors' attempts to find the Horizon, Irina tells Peyton to make Sydney comfortable and leaves the observation room. In the episode "Maternal Instinct" she reunites with Sydney and Jack, during which they discover her affiliation with Prophet Five and Irina indicates that she gave the order to kill Michael Vaughn, she tells Sydney that she never wanted to have children, that she only did so on orders from the KGB. After helping Sydney deliver her baby, Irina disappears again. Irina met her demise in Hong Kong in the series finale, she retrieves the Horizon, which she had traded to Sloane for a pair of missiles, through Kelly Peyton. She ordered Sark to launch the missiles at Washington, D. C. and London. Jack assumed that Sloane wanted to use the missiles not to destroy areas with high population densities, but to profit from the reconstruction.
Sydney tracked her d
Amy Davis Irving is an American actress of film and television. Her accolades include an Obie Award, two Golden Globe Award nominations, one Academy Award nomination. Born in Palo Alto, California to actors Jules Irving and Priscilla Pointer, Irving spent her early life in San Francisco before her family relocated to New York City during her teenage years. In New York, she made her Broadway debut in The Country Wife at age 13. Irving subsequently studied theater at San Francisco's American Conservatory Theatre and at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art before making her feature film debut in Brian De Palma's Carrie, followed by a lead role in the 1978 supernatural thriller The Fury. In 1980, Irving appeared in a Broadway production of Amadeus before being cast in Yentl, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 1988, she received an Obie Award for her Off-Broadway performance in a production of The Road to Mecca, was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for her performance in the comedy Crossing Delancey.
Irving went on to appear in the original Broadway production of Broken Glass and the revival of Three Sisters. In film, she starred in the ensemble comedy Deconstructing Harry, reprised her role in The Rage: Carrie 2 before co-starring opposite Michael Douglas in Steven Soderbergh's crime-drama Traffic, she subsequently appeared in the independent films Thirteen Conversations About Adam. From 2006–2007, she starred in the Broadway production of The Coast of Utopia. In 2018, she reunited with Soderbergh. Irving was born on September 1953 in Palo Alto, California, her father was film and stage director Jules Irving and her mother is actress Priscilla Pointer. Her brother is writer and director David Irving and her sister, Katie Irving, is a singer and teacher of deaf children. Irving's father was of Russian-Jewish descent, as was one of Irving's maternal great-great-grandfathers. Irving was raised in Christian Science, her family observed no religious traditions, she spent her early life in San Francisco, where her father co-founded the Actor's Workshop, where she was active in local theater as a child.
She attended the American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco in the late 1960s and early 1970s, appeared in several productions there. She trained at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art; as a teenager, Irving relocated with her family to New York City, where her father was appointed the director of the Lincoln Center Repertory Theater. There, Irving graduated from the Professional Children's School, she made her Off-Broadway debut at age 17 in And Chocolate on Her Chin. Irving's first stage appearance was at 9 months old in the production "Rumplestiltskin" where her father brought her on the stage to play the part of his child who he trades for spun gold. At age 2, she portrayed a bit-part character in a play which her father directed, she had a walk-on role in the 1965-66 Broadway show The Country Wife at age 12. Her character was to sell a hamster to Stacy Keach in a crowd scene; the play was directed by family friend Robert Symonds, the owner/operator of Lincoln Center, who became her stepfather after her father died and her mother remarried.
Within six months of returning to Los Angeles from London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art in the mid-1970s, Irving was cast in a major motion picture and was working on various TV projects such as guest spots in Police Woman, Happy Days, a lead role in the mini-series epic Once an Eagle opposite veterans Sam Elliott and Glenn Ford, a young Melanie Griffith. She played Juliet in Romeo and Juliet at the Los Angeles Free Shakespeare Theatre in 1975, returned to the role at the Seattle Repertory Theatre. Irving auditioned for the role of Princess Leia in Star Wars, she starred in the Brian DePalma-directed films The Fury as Gillian Bellaver, Carrie as Sue Snell. In 1999 she reprised her role as Sue Snell in "The Rage: Carrie 2", she starred with Richard Dreyfuss in 1980 in The Competition. In 1980 she appeared in Honeysuckle Rose which marked her on-screen singing debut. Both her and Dyan Cannon's characters were country-and-western singers, both actresses did their own singing in the film. In 1983 she featured in Barbra Streisand's directorial debut, for which she received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
In 1984 she co-starred in Micki + Maude, In 1988 she was in Susan Sandler's Crossing Delancey. That same year, she gave another singing performance in the live-action/animated film Who Framed Roger Rabbit, providing the singing voice for Jessica Rabbit. In 1997 she appeared in Woody Allen's Deconstructing Harry. Irving appeared in the TV show Alias as Emily Sloane, portrayed Princess Anjuli in the big-budget miniseries epic The Far Pavilions and headlined the lavish TV production Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna. More Irving appeared in the films Traffic, Tuck Everlasting, Thirteen Conversations About One Thing and an episode of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit in 2001. Irving's stage work includes on-Broadway shows such as Amadeus at the Broadhurst Theatre for nine months, Heartbreak House with Rex Harrison at the Circle in the Square Theatre, Broken Glass at the Booth Theatre and Three Sisters with Jeanne Tripplehorn and Lili Taylor at the Roundabout Theatre. Additional Off-Broadway cre
Patricia Wettig is an American actress and playwright. She is best known for her role as Nancy Weston in the television series Thirtysomething, for which she received a Golden Globe Award and three Primetime Emmy Awards. Other notable television works include the portrayal of Caroline Reynolds in the drama series Prison Break and Holly Harper in the drama series Brothers & Sisters, she is known for her roles in the films City Slickers, City Slickers II: The Legend of Curly's Gold, The Langoliers. Wettig was born in Milford, Ohio, to Florence and Clifford Neal Wettig, a high school basketball coach, she has three sisters: Pam and Peggy. She was raised in Grove City and graduated in 1970, she attended Ohio Wesleyan University and graduated from Temple University in 1975. She returned to her studies in life and received a Master of Fine Arts in playwriting from Smith College in 2001. F2M, a play she authored, was performed in 2011 as part of the New York Stage and Film and Vassar College's 2011 Powerhouse Theater season.
Although Wettig has acted in a number of films, she is best known for her work on television. She received critical acclaim for her role as Nancy Weston on ABC's thirtysomething, her portrayal of Nancy's cancer struggle attracted considerable attention. She portrayed Joanne McFadden on the television program St. Elsewhere. In addition, Wettig appeared in a number of popular television programs during the 1980s and 1990s including L. A. Law, Hill Street Blues, Remington Steele. Wettig starred in the ABC comedy-drama series Brothers & Sisters, which debuted in September 2006, where she portrays the Walker family patriarch's mistress, Holly Harper, her character was the co-CEO at Ojai Foods with the daughter of William Walker. She left the show mid-season during Season 5 after her character Holly Harper followed her daughter to New York along with her fiance David played by real life husband Ken Olin; this season sees the whole Harper family absent from the show. Wettig had the recurring role of CIA psychotherapist Dr. Judy Barnett on Alias.
Before joining Brothers & Sisters, she played the fictional Vice President Caroline Reynolds on the 2005 Fox television drama, Prison Break. She turned down Fox's offer of becoming a series regular on Prison Break in order to pursue Brothers & Sisters. In 2007 ABC and FOX agreed that Wettig could reprise her role as Caroline Reynolds, providing off-camera voice-overs and appearing in a scene with Wentworth Miller. In 2012, Wettig joined the national tour for The Normal Heart. Wettig is married to actor and producer Ken Olin. Patricia Wettig on IMDb
Ethan Green Hawke is an American actor and director. He has been nominated for four Academy Awards and a Tony Award. Hawke has directed three feature films, three Off-Broadway plays, a documentary, he has written three novels. He made his film debut with the 1985 science fiction feature Explorers, before making a breakthrough appearance in the 1989 drama Dead Poets Society, he appeared in various films before taking a role in the 1994 Generation X drama Reality Bites, for which he received critical praise. Hawke starred alongside Julie Delpy in Richard Linklater's Before trilogy: Before Sunrise, Before Sunset and Before Midnight, all of which received critical acclaim. Hawke has been nominated twice for both the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Hawke was further honored with SAG Award nominations for both films, as well as BAFTA Award and Golden Globe Award nominations for the latter, his other films include the science fiction drama Gattaca, the contemporary adaptation of Hamlet, the action thriller Assault on Precinct 13, the crime drama Before the Devil Knows You're Dead, the horror film Sinister.
In 2018 he garnered critical acclaim for his performance as a protestant minister in Paul Schrader's drama First Reformed receiving numerous accolades including New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and nominations at the Independent Spirit Awards and Critics' Choice Awards. In addition to his film work, Hawke has appeared in many theater productions, he made his Broadway debut in 1992 in Anton Chekhov's The Seagull, was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play in 2007 for his performance in Tom Stoppard's The Coast of Utopia. In 2010, Hawke directed Sam Shepard's A Lie of the Mind, for which he received a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Director of a Play. Hawke was born in Austin, Texas, to Leslie, a charity worker, James Hawke, an insurance actuary. Hawke's parents were high school sweethearts in Fort Worth and married young, when Hawke's mother was 17. Hawke was born a year later. Hawke's parents were students at the University of Texas at Austin at the time of his birth, separated and divorced in 1974.
After the separation, Hawke was raised by his mother. The two relocated several times, before settling in New York City, where Hawke attended the Packer Collegiate Institute in Brooklyn Heights. Hawke's mother remarried when he was 10 and the family moved to West Windsor Township, New Jersey, where Hawke attended West Windsor Plainsboro High School, he transferred to the Hun School of Princeton, a secondary boarding school, from which he graduated in 1988. In high school, Hawke aspired to be a writer, but developed an interest in acting, he made his stage debut at age 13, in a production at The McCarter Theatre of George Bernard Shaw's Saint Joan, appearances in West Windsor-Plainsboro High School productions of Meet Me in St. Louis and You Can't Take It with You followed. At the Hun School he took acting classes at the McCarter Theatre on the Princeton campus, after high school graduation he studied acting at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh dropping out after he was cast in Dead Poets Society.
He enrolled in New York University's English program for two years, but dropped out to pursue other acting roles. Hawke obtained his mother's permission to attend his first casting call at the age of 14, secured his first film role in Joe Dante's Explorers, in which he played an alien-obsessed schoolboy alongside River Phoenix; the film was met with favorable reviews but had poor box office results, a failure which Hawke has admitted caused him to quit acting for a brief period after the film's release. Hawke described the disappointment as difficult to bear at such a young age, adding "I would never recommend that a kid act."In 1989, Hawke made his breakthrough appearance in Peter Weir's Dead Poets Society, playing one of the students taught by Robin Williams's inspirational English teacher. The Variety reviewer noted "Hawke, as the painfully shy Todd, gives a haunting performance." The film received considerable acclaim, winning the BAFTA Award for Best Film and an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture.
With revenue of $235 million worldwide, it remains Hawke's most commercially successful picture to date. Hawke described the opportunities he was offered as a result of the film's success as critical to his decision to continue acting: "I didn't want to be an actor and I went back to college, but the success was so monumental that I was getting offers to be in such interesting movies and be in such interesting places, it seemed silly to pursue anything else." While filming Dead Poets Society he auditioned for what would be his next film appearance, 1989's comedy drama Dad, where he played Ted Danson's son and Jack Lemmon's grandson. Hawke's next film, 1991's White Fang, brought his first leading role; the film, an adaptation of Jack London's novel of the same name, featured Hawke as Jack Conroy, a Yukon gold hunter who befriends a wolfdog. According to The Oregonian, "Hawke does a good job as young Jack... He makes Jack's passion for White Fang real and keeps it from being ridiculous or overly sentimental."
He appeared in Keith Gordon's A Midnight Clear, a well-received war film based on William Wharton's novel of the same name. In the survival drama Alive, adapted from Piers Paul Read's 1974 book, Hawke portrayed Nando Pa
American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f