Alien is a 1979 science-fiction horror film directed by Ridley Scott and written by Dan O'Bannon. Based on a story by O'Bannon and Ronald Shusett, it follows the crew of the commercial space tug Nostromo, who encounter the eponymous Alien, a deadly and aggressive extraterrestrial set loose on the ship; the film stars Tom Skerritt, Sigourney Weaver, Veronica Cartwright, Harry Dean Stanton, John Hurt, Ian Holm, Yaphet Kotto. It was produced by Gordon Carroll, David Giler, Walter Hill through their company Brandywine Productions, was distributed by 20th Century Fox. Giler and Hill made additions to the script; the Alien and its accompanying artifacts were designed by the Swiss artist H. R. Giger, while concept artists Ron Cobb and Chris Foss designed the more human settings. Alien premiered May 25, 1979, in the United States, before receiving a wide release on June 22, was released September 6 in the United Kingdom, it was met with critical acclaim and box-office success, winning the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, three Saturn Awards, a Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, along with numerous other nominations.
It has been praised in the years since its release, is considered one of the greatest films of all time. In 2002, Alien was deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress and was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. In 2008, it was ranked by the American Film Institute as the seventh-best film in the science-fiction genre, as the 33rd-greatest film of all time by Empire; the success of Alien spawned a media franchise of films, comic books, video games, toys. It launched Weaver's acting career, providing her with her first lead role; the story of her character's encounters with the Alien creatures became the thematic and narrative core of the sequels Aliens, Alien 3, Alien Resurrection. A crossover with the Predator franchise produced the Alien vs. Predator films, which includes Alien vs. Predator and Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem. A prequel series directed again by Scott; the commercial space tug Nostromo is on a return trip back to Earth with a seven-member crew in stasis: Captain Dallas, Executive Officer Kane, Warrant Officer Ripley, Navigator Lambert, Science Officer Ash, two engineers and Brett.
Detecting a transmission from nearby moon LV-426, the ship's computer, awakens the crew. Company policy requires any potential distress signal be investigated, so they land on the moon, sustaining damage from its atmosphere and rocky landscape. Parker and Brett repair the ship while Dallas and Lambert head out to investigate, they discover the signal comes from a derelict alien ship and enter it, losing communication with the Nostromo. Ripley deciphers part of the transmission, determining it to be a warning, but cannot relay this information to those on the derelict ship. Meanwhile, Kane discovers a chamber containing hundreds of egg-like objects; when he touches one, a creature springs out, breaks through his helmet, attaches itself to his face. Dallas and Lambert carry the unconscious Kane back to the Nostromo; as acting senior officer, Ripley refuses to let them aboard, citing quarantine regulations, but Ash overrides her decision and lets them inside. Ash attempts to remove the creature from Kane's face, but stops when he discovers that its blood is an corrosive acid.
It detaches on its own and is found dead. The ship is repaired, the crew lifts off. Kane is otherwise unharmed. During a final crew meal before returning to stasis, he convulses. A small alien creature bursts from Kane's chest, killing him, escapes into the ship; the crew attempts to locate it with tracking devices and capture or kill it with nets, electric prods, flamethrowers. Brett follows the crew's cat Jones into a huge supply room, where the now-fully-grown alien attacks Brett and disappears with his body. After a heated discussion, the crew decide. Dallas enters the ducts, intending to force the alien into an airlock, but it ambushes and kills him. Lambert implores the others to abandon ship and escape in its small shuttle, but Ripley, now in command, explains it will not support four people and says they will continue the plan of flushing out the alien. Now with access to Mother, Ripley discovers Ash has been secretly ordered by the company to bring the alien back, with the crew deemed expendable.
She confronts Ash. Parker intervenes and clubs Ash, revealing him to be an android. Ash's head is reactivated, they learn he was assigned to ensure the creature's survival, he expresses admiration for the creature's psychology, unhindered by conscience or morality, taunts them about their chances of survival. Ripley cuts off his power; the remaining crew decides to escape in the shuttle. Parker and Lambert are killed by the creature. Ripley initiates the self-destruct sequence, but finds the alien blocking her path to the shuttle, she attempts unsuccessfully to abort the self-destruct. With no further options, she makes her way to the shuttle and escapes as the Nostromo explodes; as Ripley prepares for stasis, she discovers that the alien is aboard, having wedged itself into a narrow space. She uses gas to flush the creature out, it approaches Ripley, but before it can attack, s
The Long Loud Silence is a science fiction novel written by Wilson Tucker. It was first published in hardback edition by Rinehart & Co. in 1952, followed by Dell paperback editions in 1952 and 1954. At the Hugo Awards in 1953, The Long Loud Silence placed second to The Demolished Man for the inaugural Best Novel award; the story takes place following a nuclear holocaust which wipes out every major city east of the Mississippi and leaves the survivors permanently infected with plague. To prevent the plague from spreading, the army sets up a cordon sanitaire along the Mississippi; the story follows Russell Gary, as he attempts to get back across the river. Gary, an army corporal, wakes up in a hotel room in Illinois following a drunken binge, he discovers that the town is deserted except for a handful of corpses and comes to the realization that the country has been subjected to an attack. He discovers one other survivor, a girl of 19, they take a car and, after filling it with supplies, drive toward Chicago, which they find to be in flames.
They drive west, only to discover that all bridges over the Mississippi have been disabled. The girl abandons him. Only those rare individuals with natural resistance have survived, but since they are carriers of the disease, the entire eastern third of the country has been quarantined. Gary is determined to cross over, he joins up with Jay Oliver. A woman joins them. After realizing that the quarantine is permanent, the three decide to go to Florida for the winter where they find a fisherman's cabin on the Gulf coast. After a few months the woman expresses her preference for Oliver; the following winter he finds himself near the Canada–US border. He awakes one night in an abandoned car and sees a young girl running toward him, pursued by men with guns. Gary saves the girl, who tells him that the men have killed her brother, she leads Gary back to the scene of the murder. He takes the girl to a farmhouse where both mother and father are still alive. Out of gratitude, the father offers to provide lodging.
Gary spends the winter there. The following spring he sets off toward Washington DC. While passing through Ohio he chances upon a convoy of army trucks under attack, he saves the convoy. The commanding officer makes it clear that he can not join them. Gary offers to fix a tire, but does so in such a way that it loses air, he drives to the bridge on the Mississippi. Masquerading as one of them, he is allowed to cross. From there he escapes into the country side. However, everyone he comes in close contact with succumbs to the plague, he realizes that he has no future in the west and returns over the river, to survive for a number of years until he encounters the girl he had met in Illinois. Damon Knight wrote that The Long Loud Silence is a phenomenally good book... The plotting is close-knit without being contrived; the book is honest, courageous felt. In his "Books" column for F&SF, he selected Tucker's novel as one of the 10 best sf books of the 1950s. Boucher and McComas praised Tucker's writing for its "strikingly effective simplicity."Cyril M. Kornbluth praised the novel, writing that it was "a book of social criticism which might have had the effect of an Uncle Tom's Cabin or Upton Sinclair's The Jungle".
He suggested that the novel was overlooked because publishers chose to market it as science fiction rather than as mainstream fiction. Groff Conklin, although describing the novel as "easily readable," faulted its lack of "imaginative richness" when compared to similar stories. Cyril M. Kornbluth wrote that Tucker's original ending had the protagonist eat his erstwhile mistress, but that Tucker's editor persuaded him to have the two join forces instead. Tucker's original ending was first published, with the author's cooperation, in the Swedish translation of the book that appeared as "Den långa tystnaden" in 1979. Cannibalism in popular culture
Higham railway station was a station serving Higham in the English county of Suffolk. It was opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1854 when the railway was extended from Newmarket to Bury St Edmunds. From 1929 onwards the four station staff were replaced by a'Porter-in-charge' until the station's closure by British Railways in 1967. Higham station was unique on the line for having an exceptionally large goods shed which dealt with a heavy agricultural traffic in the early twentieth century until goods traffic was withdrawn in 1964; the station dealt with traffic from the nearby Rothamsted Research Broom's Barn research institute. According to the Official Handbook of Stations the following classes of traffic were being handled at this station in 1956: G, P, F, L, H, C and there was a 1-ton 10 cwt crane. Following the station's closure, the station building and goods shed were sold off and the track layout rationalised, resulting in the removal of the south platform and the closure of the signal box in 1970.
Today, the station and the goods shed is in private ownership and well preserved as a crafts and lighting gallery, with the goods shed extended in 2002 and converted to a show room. The station building is the sole remaining example dating from the extension of the Newmarket line - identical buildings at Saxham and Risby railway station and Kennett railway station have since been demolished. On 10 September 2016, the goods shed caught fire, closing the line, was demolished the next day due to the risk of the building collapsing on to the line. Higham station on navigable 1946 O. S. map
Kevin Moseley is a former Wales international rugby union player. His playing position was as a lock forward. Moseley made eleven appearances for Wales. Moseley joined Pontypool RFC in 1983, spending nine seasons at the club including two as club captain, he made his debut for Wales during the 1988 tour of New Zealand. At the time, rugby was an amateur game, Moseley was not given time off by his employer to travel, resulting in him resigning in order to go on the tour, his Five Nations début came against Scotland at Murrayfield. The following year, during Wales' opening match of the 1990 Five Nations against France, Moseley was sent off for stamping on French wing Marc Andrieu. Moseley was handed a 32-week ban for the offence, which at the time was the longest ban issued. Moseley moved from Pontypool to Newport RFC for the 1990/91 season, making his début on December 29 against Neath RFC, he resumed his Wales career, making four appearances during the 1991 Rugby World Cup. He made 86 appearances for Newport before departing after the 1995/96 season.
He spent the 1996/97 season at West Hartlepool RFC. Following this Moseley moved into a player-coach role at Penzance & Newlyn RFC, into his nine seasons with the club, a coaching-only role. Outside of rugby, Moseley took up a position as a sports teacher at Bodmin College in Cornwall
The Black-Eyed Susan Stakes is a Grade II American Thoroughbred horse race for three-year-old fillies run over a distance of 1 1⁄8 miles on the dirt annually at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. The event offers a purse of $250,000 The event was inaugurated in 1919 as the Pimlico Oaks and was renamed in 1952 to its present name to complement the Preakness Stakes and to acknowledge the Maryland State flower; the inaugural edition was won by Milkmaid who went on to earn United States Champion 3-Yr-Old Filly honors. Milkmaid's owner J. K. L. Ross had a good 1919 racing campaign winning the first U. S. Triple Crown with the colt Sir Barton; the Black-Eyed Susan was given graded stakes race status in 1973. Twenty-three fillies that won The Black-Eyed Susan went on to be named a Champion according to the Maryland Jockey Club, those fillies include. Davona Dale is the only filly to win the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, Kentucky Oaks, Acorn Stakes, Mother Goose Stakes, Coaching Club American Oaks.
Nellie Morse is the only winner to win the Preakness Stakes. In its 95th running as of 2019, the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes is one of three races that are the de facto distaff counterparts to the Triple Crown races, along with the Kentucky Oaks at Churchill Downs and the Acorn Stakes at Belmont Park; these races have been unofficially referred to as the "Filly Triple Crown." Three races run at Belmont and Saratoga Race Course in New York are called the Triple Tiara to avoid trademark conflicts. However, consideration has been given within the National Thoroughbred Racing Association, the sport's governing body in the United States, to change the Triple Tiara series to the Kentucky Oaks, the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes and the Mother Goose Stakes. Speed record: 1-1⁄8 miles - 1:47.83 - Silverbulletday 1-1⁄16 miles - 1:41 2/5 - Lucky Lucky Lucky Most wins by a jockey: 4 - Chris McCarron 4 - John Velazquez Most wins by a trainer: 4 - D. Wayne Lukas 4 - Todd Pletcher Black-Eyed Susan Stakes "top three finishers" and # of starters American thoroughbred racing top attended events
In the Southwestern United States, the term Pueblo refers to communities of Native Americans, both in the present and in ancient times. The Spanish Conquistadors of the Southwest used this term to describe the communities housed in apartment structures built of stone, adobe mud, other local material; these structures were multi-storied buildings surrounding an open plaza. The rooms were accessible only through ladders lowered by the inhabitants, thus protecting them from break-ins and unwanted guests. Larger pueblos were occupied by hundreds to thousands of Puebloan people. Various federally recognized tribes have traditionally resided in pueblos of such design; the word pueblo is the Spanish word both for "town" or "village" and for "people". It comes from the Latin root word populus meaning "people". On the central Spanish meseta the unit of settlement is the pueblo; the demands of agrarian routine and the need for defense, the simple desire for human society in the vast solitude of, dictated that it should be so.
Nowadays the pueblo might have a population running into thousands. Doubtless they were much smaller in the early middle ages, but we should not be far wrong if we think of them as having had populations of some hundreds. Of the federally recognized Native American communities in the Southwest, those designated by the King of Spain as pueblo at the time Spain ceded territory to the United States, after the American Revolutionary War, are recognized as Pueblo by the Bureau of Indian Affairs; some of the pueblos came under jurisdiction of the United States, in its view, by its treaty with Mexico, which had gained rule over territory in the Southwest ceded by Spain after Mexican independence. There are 21 federally recognized Pueblos, their official federal names are as follows: Pre-Columbian towns and villages in the Southwest, such as Acoma, were located in defensible positions, for example, on high steep mesas. Anthropologists and official documents refer to ancient residents of the area as pueblo cultures.
For example, the National Park Service states, "The Late Puebloan cultures built the large, integrated villages found by the Spaniards when they began to move into the area." The people of some pueblos, such as Taos Pueblo, still inhabit centuries-old adobe pueblo buildings. Contemporary residents maintain other homes outside the historic pueblos. Adobe and light construction methods resembling adobe now dominate architecture at the many pueblos of the area, in nearby towns or cities, in much of the American Southwest. In addition to contemporary pueblos, numerous ruins of archeological interest are located throughout the Southwest; some are of recent origin. Others are of prehistoric origin, such as the cliff dwellings and other habitations of the Ancient Pueblo peoples or "Anasazi", who emerged as a people around the 12th century BCE and began to construct their pueblos about AD 750–900. Ancient dwellings of Pueblo peoples Ancient Pueblo peoples Cuisine of the Southwestern United States New Mexican cuisine New Mexico music Pueblos in Puerto Rico Pueblo Revolt Pueblo music The SMU-in-Taos Research Publications collection contains nine anthropological and archaeological monographs and edited volumes representing decades of research on Pueblo Indian sites near Taos, New Mexico, including Papers on Taos archaeology, Taos Archeology, Picuris Pueblo through time: eight centuries of change in a northern Rio Grande pueblo and Excavations at Pot Creek Pueblo