Sonic Youth was an American rock band from New York City, formed in 1981. In their early career Sonic Youth were associated with the no wave art, the band is considered to be a pivotal influence on the alternative and indie rock movements. In 2011 Ranaldo announced that the band was ending for a following the separation of married couple Gordon. Thurston Moore updated and clarified the position in May 2014, Sonic Youth is on hiatus, the band is a democracy of sorts, and as long as Kim and I are working out our situation, the band can’t really function reasonably. Gordon refers several times in her 2015 autobiography Girl in a Band to the band having split up. Shortly after guitarist Thurston Moore moved to New York City in early 1977, he formed a group, Room Tone, with his roommates, after the breakup of the Coachmen, Moore began jamming with Stanton Miranda, whose band, CKM, featured Kim Gordon. Moore and Gordon formed a band, appearing under names like Male Bonding and Red Milk, the name came from combining the nickname of MC5s Fred Sonic Smith with Youth from reggae artist Big Youth.
Gordon recalled that as soon as Thurston came up with the name Sonic Youth, the band played Noise Fest in June 1981 at New Yorks White Columns gallery, where Lee Ranaldo was playing as a member of Glenn Brancas electric guitar ensemble. Their performance impressed Moore, who described them as the most ferocious guitar band that I had ever seen in my life, the new threesome played three songs at the festival in the week without a drummer. Each band member took turns playing the drums, until they met drummer Richard Edson, Branca signed Sonic Youth as the first act on his record label Neutral Records. In December 1981 the group recorded five songs in a studio in New Yorks Radio City Music Hall, the material was released as the Sonic Youth that, while largely ignored, was sent to a few key members of the US press, who gave it uniformly favorable reviews. After their first release, Edson quit the group for a career and was replaced by Bob Bert. During their early days as part of the New York music scene, the bands came to share the same rehearsal space, and Sonic Youth embarked on its first tour, a two-week journey through the southern United States starting in November 1982, supporting Swans.
During a second tour with Swans of the Midwest the following month, tensions ran high and Moore constantly criticized Berts drumming, Bert was fired afterwards and replaced by Jim Sclavunos, who played drums on the bands first studio album, 1983s Confusion Is Sex. Sonic Youth set up a tour of Europe for the summer of 1983. Sclavunos, quit after only a few months, the group asked Bert to rejoin, and he agreed, on the condition that he would not be fired again after the tours conclusion. Sonic Youth found themselves well received in Europe, but the New York press largely ignored the noise rock scene. After a substandard September concert in New York, another critic from The Village Voice panned it, Gordon wrote a scornful letter to the newspaper, criticizing it for not supporting its local music scene, to which Christgau responded by saying they are not obligated to support them
Dirty Three is an Australian instrumental rock band, consisting of Warren Ellis, Mick Turner and Jim White, which formed in 1992. Their 1996 album Horse Stories was voted by Rolling Stone as one of the top three albums of the year, two of their albums have peaked into the top 50 on the ARIA Albums Chart, Ocean Songs and Toward the Low Sun. During their career they have spent much of their time overseas, when not performing together Turner is based in Melbourne, White lives in New York, Australian rock music historian Ian McFarlane described them as providing a rumbling, dynamic sound incorporated open-ended, electric rock. In October 2010, Ocean Songs was listed in the book 100 Best Australian Albums, Dirty Three formed as an instrumental rock trio in Melbourne in 1992 with Warren Ellis on violin and bass guitar, Mick Turner on lead and bass guitars, and Jim White on drums. Ellis was a member of The Blackeyed Susans, Busload of Faith, Kim Salmon and the Surrealists and has been a member of Nick Cave and White have a shared musical history via numerous common bands during the 1980s and early 1990s.
Outside Dirty Threes activities, both have contributed to other artists and groups. Whites previous group Feral Dinosaurs featured Conway Savage, a member of Nick Cave, White played on records by Hunters and Collectors and Tex and Charlie. On ANZAC Day 1992, Dirty Three played their first gig—at the Bakers Arms Hotel, in 1992, they recorded a self-titled cassette of 12-tracks in Turners bedroom. Dirty Three played all over Melbournes inner city in Abbotsford, Richmond, in 1993 copies of the Dirty Three cassette were given away at their early gigs. During 1994 they were the act for international groups Pavement, Beastie Boys. In July that year, Torn & Frayed Records issued the bands eponymous album, in November 1994 their next album, Sad & Dangerous, was issued on the Poon Village label and included tracks from the trios earlier cassette. The album, along with subsequent tours with Sonic Youth, John Cale, in March 1995 the group started a United States tour with a gig in San Francisco. In May they performed at the Music West Festival in Vancouver, British Columbia, subsequently that year they toured the US four times, toured Europe with gigs in Greece and the United Kingdom.
They performed at the Big Day Out series of concerts in January 1996 – for the Melbourne show they were joined on stage by Cave, in 1996 they toured the US again, one of the shows was at Maxwells, New Jersey. In September that year they issued their next album, Horse Stories, the album peaked in the top 50 on the ARIA Albums Chart. In October 2010 Ocean Songs was listed in the book 100 Best Australian Albums, in May 1998 they started a two month US tour. The group provided five new tracks for the soundtrack of John Currans debut feature film Praise, in 2002, Dirty Three toured Taiwan together with US indie rocker Chan Marshall and both artists returned in 2004. Also in 2004, they gigged at the Meredith Music Festival where a storm threatened their set, Ellis remembered we just went out
Camber Sands is a beach at the village of Camber, East Sussex near Rye, East Sussex, England. It is the sand dune system in East Sussex, and is east of the estuary of the River Rother at Rye Bay stretching as one expanse beyond the Kent border. The dunes are getting larger by accretion, the dunes are managed to prevent problems with wind-blown sand. The holiday companies in Camber Sands are Pontins and Park Resorts, the dunes were fortified and used for exercises in the Second World War. There is a roughly square MoD danger area and base inland of the east of the area, the dunes resemble topographically those seen in parts of Normandy and challenging desert terrain. Similar training facilities exist at Braunton in North Devon, in Scotland, Central has a large overflow car park. Only Central has direct access to the beach, as you have to negotiate long steep sandy paths over the dunes to reach the beach from Western car park, unsuitable for prams, the Western car park closes at 8pm in the summer.
The beach has become a location for kitesurfing, kite landboarding and kite buggying due to its sand. Kite launches are only allowed in the area at the eastern end of the beach near the Jurys Gap car park. Camber Sands, with its wide bay and large system, has been used in a variety of creative media. The beach was used in the 1958 film Dunkirk starring John Mills to recreate Operation Dynamo and they were used again as Normandy beaches during D-Day in the 1962 epic The Longest Day. The Monuments Men was shot here in the part of 2013 starring George Clooney. The Invisible Woman, a drama about the life of Nelly Ternan, has several scenes on the sand. The Theory of Everything, about the life of Stephen Hawking, includes a scene on the sands, Camber Sands holiday resort was featured in an episode of the E4 teen comedy The Inbetweeners. Although no filming took place there. It was featured in Series 2 of Green Wing, alan Statham and Joanna Clore appear both on the beach in the finale as well as in the Park Resort Holiday Park.
The dunes were featured in a 2010 advertisement for Walls and it was used as a title to Fatboy Slims EP single Camber Sands. Feeders 2003 video for Forget About Tomorrow, was shot on the beach
Tortoises are a family, Testudinidae, of land-dwelling reptiles in the order Testudines. Tortoises are shielded from predators by a shell, the top part of the shell is the carapace, the underside is the plastron, and the two are connected by the bridge. The carapace is fused to both the vertebrae and ribcage, and tortoises are unique among vertebrates in that the pectoral, Tortoises can vary in size from a few centimeters to two meters. They are usually diurnal animals with tendencies to be depending on the ambient temperatures. Tortoises are the longest living animal in the world, although the longest living species of tortoise is a matter of debate. Galapagos tortoises are noted to live over 150 years, but an Aldabra giant tortoise named Adwaita may having been the longest living at an estimated 255 years. It is important to note that tortoises are not the longest living animal, with bowhead whales reaching over 200 years, and the ocean quahog clam reaching 500 years old. Differences exist in usage of the common terms turtle and these terms are common names and do not reflect precise biological or taxonomic distinctions.
In America, for example, the members of the genus Terrapene dwell on land, in Britain, terrapin is used to refer to a larger group of semiaquatic turtles than the restricted meaning in America. Australian usage is different from both American and British usage, land tortoises are not native to Australia, yet traditionally freshwater turtles have been called tortoises in Australia. Female tortoises dig nesting burrows in which lay from one to 30 eggs. Egg-laying typically occurs at night, after which the mother covers her clutch with sand, soil. The eggs are unattended, and depending on the species. The size of the egg depends on the size of the mother, the plastron of a female tortoise often has a noticeable V-shaped notch below the tail which facilitates passing the eggs. Upon completion of the period, a fully formed hatchling uses an egg tooth to break out of its shell. It digs to the surface of the nest and begins a life of survival on its own and they are hatched with an embryonic egg sac which serves as a source of nutrition for the first three to seven days until they have the strength and mobility to find food.
Juvenile tortoises often require a different balance of nutrients than adults, for example, the young of a strictly herbivorous species commonly will consume worms or insect larvae for additional protein. Moreover, some tortoises grow more than one ring per season, Tortoises generally have one of the longest lifespans of any animal, and some individuals are known to have lived longer than 150 years
Explosions in the Sky
Explosions in the Sky is an American post-rock band from Texas. The quartet originally played under the name Breaker Morant, changed to the current name in 1999 and they primarily play with three electric guitars and a drum kit, although band member Michael James will at times exchange his electric guitar for a bass guitar. The band has added a fifth member to their live performances. The bands music is almost purely instrumental, originally called Breaker Morant, Explosions in the Sky was formed in Austin, Texas in 1999. Drummer Chris Hrasky is from Rockford and the rest of the band hails from Midland and their 2000 debut album, How Strange, was locally distributed in the form of CD-Rs. Rehearsal footage is featured on the feature film Cicadas, which won an Austin Film Festival award, Explosions in the Sky quickly gained a reputation for themselves among other established bands such as Lift to Experience. The band denied any connection in interviews, the album art shows an airplane with the caption This plane will crash tomorrow.
Bassist Michael James was detained in an airport as a threat to security, the band received a considerable amount of attention playing before large audiences as the opening act of Fugazis spring 2002 US tour in support of The Argument. After being contacted by Brian Reitzell, Explosions in the Sky wrote the soundtrack for the 2004 film Friday Night Lights, despite having access to rare equipment in the studio for that project, the band kept to their songwriting style in creating original material. Their album The Rescue was written and recorded in eight days as part of the TRL Travels in Constants series, as such, the album was originally only available at the bands live shows. The band began touring on February 19 in the U. S. on April 26,2011, the band released their sixth studio album, Take Care, Take Care, Take Care. They were one of the acts for Nine Inch Nails on their North American leg of the Twenty Thirteen Tour in late 2013. Although the bands music deviates from pop, Hrasky said that they have similar goals like immediately grabbing your attention, rayani said, We dont consider ourselves post-rock at all, we consider ourselves a rock band.
We just didnt go back to it because we were comfortable enough, drummer Chris Hrasky added, I think we just liked the idea of a band that there was not a leader or main songwriter, everyone sort of collaborating and has their own say. I dont think any of us want the sort of leader role, most notably, Explosions in the Skys music is heavily featured in the Friday Night Lights movie and television show. It is a misconception that the band wrote and recorded the television shows theme song. Instead, it is a composition by W. G. Snuffy Walden. A number of One Tree Hill episodes are named after the bands songs, in 2009, their song First Breath After Coma is used for the introduction of feature presentations on the television network, Versus
Belle and Sebastian
Belle and Sebastian are a Scottish band formed in Glasgow in January 1996. Led by Stuart Murdoch, the band has released 9 albums to date, much of their work had been released on Jeepster Records, but they are now signed to Rough Trade Records in the United Kingdom and Matador Records in the United States. Though often praised by critics and Sebastian have enjoyed limited commercial success. Belle and Sebastian were formed in Glasgow, Scotland in 1996 by Stuart Murdoch, as the band had a number of songs already and the label was extremely impressed with the demos and Sebastian were allowed to record a full-length album, which was titled Tigermilk. Murdoch once described the band as a product of botched capitalism, the band took their name from the television adaptation of the French novel Belle et Sébastien. Tigermilk was recorded in three days and originally only one thousand copies were pressed on vinyl and these original copies now sell for up to £400. After the success of the album and Sebastian were signed to Jeepster Records in August 1996 and If Youre Feeling Sinister.
The album was named by Spin as one of the 100 greatest albums between 1985 and 2005, and is considered the bands masterpiece. Just before the recording of Sinister, Sarah Martin joined the band, following this a series of EPs were released in 1997. The first of these was Dog on Wheels, which contained four tracks recorded before the real formation of the band. In fact, the only band members to play on the songs were Murdoch and Mick Cooke. It charted at No.59 in the UK singles chart, the Lazy Line Painter Jane EP followed in July. The track was recorded in the church where Murdoch lived and features vocals from Monica Queen, the EP narrowly missed out on the UK top 40, peaking at No.41. The last of the 1997 EPs was Octobers 3, the EP was made Single of the Week in both the NME and Melody Maker and reached No.32 in the charts, thus becoming the bands first top 40 single. The band released their third LP, The Boy with the Arab Strap in 1998, during the recording of the album, long-time studio trumpet-player Mick Cooke was asked to join the band as a full member.
The This Is Just a Modern Rock Song EP followed that year, in 1999 the band was awarded with Best Newcomer at the BRIT Awards, upsetting better-known acts such as Steps and 5ive. That same year, the band hosted their own festival, the Bowlie Weekender, Tigermilk was given a full release by Jeepster before the band started work on their next LP. The result was Fold Your Hands Child, You Walk Like a Peasant, a stand-alone single, Legal Man, reached No.15 and gave them their first appearance on Top of the Pops
Yeah Yeah Yeahs
Yeah Yeah Yeahs is an American indie rock band formed in New York City in 2000. The group is composed of vocalist and pianist Karen O, guitarist and keyboardist Nick Zinner and they are complemented in live performances by second guitarist David Pajo, who joined as a touring member in 2009 and replaced Imaad Wasif who had previously held this role. According to an interview that aired during the ABC networks Live from Central Park SummerStage series, the band has recorded four studio albums, the first, Fever to Tell, was released in 2003. The second, Show Your Bones, was released in 2006 and was named the second best album of the year by NME and their third studio album, Its Blitz. was released on March 31,2009 in the US and on April 6,2009 elsewhere. All three albums earned the band Grammy nominations for Best Alternative Music Album and their fourth album, was released on April 15,2013. Karen O and Brian Chase first met as students at Oberlin College in Ohio in the late 1990s, Karen transferred to New York University, and while in New York met Zinner in a local bar, where they formed an instant connection.
During this time shared a loft with future members of the band Metric. After the drummer they initially recruited bowed out, Chase joined the line-up, the band wrote a slew of songs at their first rehearsal and soon wound up supporting The Strokes and The White Stripes, earning a significant buzz for their arty and garage punk scene. In late 2001, the Yeah Yeah Yeahs released their self-titled debut EP, wichita Recordings distributed the groups EP in the U. K. and Touch and Go reissued it in the States. In 2003, the released their debut album, Fever to Tell. The albums third single, received significant airplay on alternative radio, in 2010, Rolling Stone ranked Maps as 386th in their list of the The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. The video for their 2004 single Y Control was directed by Spike Jonze, in October 2004, the band released their first DVD, Tell Me What Rockers to Swallow. The DVD included a concert filmed at The Fillmore in San Francisco, all of the music videos to date. Later the same year, the band was featured in Scott Crarys documentary Kill Your Idols.
In November 2009, NME rated Fever to Tell the No.5 Best Album of the Decade and their second album, Show Your Bones, was released on March 27–28,2006. Karen O told online zine Drowned in Sound, Show Your Bones is what happens when you put your finger in a light socket, crediting 9-year old antigenius wonder-kid Drake Barrett for the insight. The first single from the album, Gold Lion, was released on March 20,2006 and it has been noted by Leah Greenblatt that Gold Lion sounds startlingly similar to No New Tale To Tell from 1980s alternative band Love and Rockets. The band toured throughout Europe and the United States during much of 2006, in December 2006, the album was named the second best album of the year by NME magazine, and Cheated Hearts was voted the 10th best song
The Shins are an American indie rock band from Albuquerque, New Mexico, formed in 1996. The bands current lineup consists of James Mercer, Jon Sortland, Mark Watrous, Casey Foubert, Yuuki Matthews, the band is based in Portland, Oregon. The band was formed by Mercer as a project to Flake Music. The band released two 7 singles and a full-length album When You Land Here Its Time to Return on Omnibus Records and were touring with Modest Mouse when they were signed to Sub Pop Records. The bands first two records, Oh, Inverted World and Chutes Too Narrow performed well commercially and received critical acclaim, the single New Slang brought the band mainstream attention when it was featured in the 2004 film Garden State. Consequently, the third album, Wincing the Night Away, was a major success for the group. Following this, the Shins signed to Columbia Records and Mercer parted ways with the original lineup. Following a near five-year hiatus, Port of Morrow, the fourth studio album, was released in 2012.
Their fifth album, was released in March 2017, the Shins was formed in 1996 by James Mercer, a member of the band Flake Music in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Flake Music consisted of members guitarist/vocalist James Mercer, drummer Jesse Sandoval, keyboardist Martin Crandall, the group began in 1992 and released a string of singles and an album, When You Land Here, Its Time to Return, which was well received. The band toured with Modest Mouse and Califone, Mercer formed the Shins for a change of pace and enlisted Sandoval on drums. When asked what it was that began his interest in music and it got me out of my shell and gave me a social life. They began performing as a duo alongside Cibo Matto and the American Analog Set, Mercer became the bands primary songwriter, and consequently, the group developed a more focused, crafted sound than Flake Musics charming, if somewhat rambling, collaborative style. His focus on guitar playing still led friends to deem demos as too similar to Flake. Unlike Flake, Mercer was the sole lyricist, and songs were built from his initial structure.
The group added Scared of Chakas Dave Hernandez and Ron Skrasek to complete their lineup, by 1999, Flake Music disbanded and Neal Langford joined the Shins. The Shins issued their first release — the 7 single Nature Bears a Vacuum — in 1998 via Omnibus Records, following the completion of their debut single release, When I Goose-Step, the Shins embarked on a tour with Modest Mouse. Mercer became a hermit crafting what would become the groups debut album, friends of the band, including Zeke Howard from Love As Laughter and Isaac Brock from Modest Mouse sent record labels cassette demos of the bands songs
The National (band)
The National is an American indie rock band from Cincinnati, formed in 1999. Currently based in Brooklyn, the band consists of Matt Berninger, Aaron Dessner, Bryce Dessner, Scott Devendorf and Bryan Devendorf. Bryce, who had assisted in recording the album, soon joined the band, participating as a member in the recording of its follow-up. Leaving behind their day jobs, the National signed with Beggars Banquet Records and released their studio album, Alligator. The bands fourth and fifth albums and High Violet. In 2013, the band released its sixth album, Trouble Will Find Me. It was nominated in the 2014 Grammys for Best Alternative Album, four of the bands albums were included on NMEs 2013 list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. In 1991, Matt Berninger and Scott Devendorf met while attending the University of Cincinnatis DAAP college of graphic design program, the five of them formed the lo-fi garage band Nancy, named after Berningers mother, aspiring to sound like Pavement. The band was together for five years, and released one album, Ruther 3429, on Wife Records before breaking up after Berninger, Reas, Bryan and Aaron were childhood friends who played in several bands together over the years.
When their last effort, Project Nim, broke up in 1998, they joined Matt and Scott in Brooklyn via the Devendorf relationship. When the band was formed in 1999, it was called The National, although the name of the bands website is americanmary. com because, according to Matt Berninger. We never thought of changing the name, although we should have, several of the members continued to work day jobs, including being involved in New Yorks dot-com boom, while performing free Sunday night shows regularly at Lower East Side venue Luna Lounge. Their first album The National was eventually released in 2001 on Brassland Records, when reviewing the album, Jason MacNeil of No Depression wrote. The National has created nearly a dozen picture-perfect Americana bar-soaked gems with its debut album. From the opening notes of Beautiful Head, the line between polished roots-oriented pop and alt-country has rarely been walked so deliberately with the payoff so favorable. After the release of the album, renowned DJ Bernard Lenoir invited them to perform on his Black Sessions twice on France Inter, publications such as Uncut and the Chicago Tribune named it an album of the year.
In 2004, they released the Cherry Tree EP which included live favorite About Today, as well as All the Wine, the release of the EP garnered further success and landed them on a successful tour with The Walkmen. In the same year, the band quit their day jobs and signed to a new label, Beggars Banquet Records and their first album on Beggars Banquet, was released in 2005. The album was met with critical acclaim and featured highly in Album of the Year charts in the Los Angeles Times, Uncut
Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. Barcelona has a cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre. Particularly renowned are the works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner. The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean is located in Barcelona, the city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and many international sport tournaments. It is a cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union, in 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion, it is leading Spain in both employment rate and GDP per capita change. In 2009 the city was ranked Europes third and one of the worlds most successful as a city brand, since 2011 Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe. During the Middle Ages, the city was known as Barchinona, Barçalona, Barchelonaa.
Internationally, Barcelonas name is abbreviated to Barça. However, this refers only to FC Barcelona, the football club. The common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna, another common abbreviation is BCN, which is the IATA airport code of the Barcelona-El Prat Airport. The city is referred to as the Ciutat Comtal in Catalan. The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear, the ruins of an early settlement have been excavated in the El Raval neighbourhood, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than 5000 BC. The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends, the first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules. In about 15 BC, the Romans redrew the town as a castrum centred on the Mons Taber, under the Romans, it was a colony with the surname of Faventia, or, in full, Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino or Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino. It enjoyed immunity from imperial burdens, the city minted its own coins, some from the era of Galba survive.
Some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have incorporated into the cathedral. The cathedral, known as the Basilica La Seu, is said to have founded in 343
Primavera Sound is a music festival that takes place between the end of May and beginning of June in Barcelona, Catalonia and Oporto, Portugal. The first edition took place in 2001 in Poble Espanyol and in 2005 it moved to the Parc del Fòrum, the nature of the festival and the wide range of bands represented have made Primavera Sound a meeting point for artists and spectators from all generations. At every edition the event has grown both in terms of numbers and in terms of exposure, press and television both nationally and internationally. Its first edition in 2001 closed with an attendance of 8000 people, the 2001 edition was the first to show the current format of Primavera Sound Festival. It was the first year in the Poble Espanyol and the first when more than one stage was used, five stages were set up where a good selection of the best pop and dance music was played. The 2002 Primavera Sound edition took place on 17 and 18 May, the main change was the addition of a second day to the festival.
That was the first year to include non-musical activities and those were thought up to complete the musical offering of the festival and included the design exhibition “Un ruido secreto” or the Primavera Soundtrack Film Festival. Public attendance was 24,000 people, seven thousand people more than the previous year, more than 450 journalists were there to cover the event. The number of acts increased, more than 90 groups, five areas were arranged at the Poble Espanyol site for the night shows. I. T. Black Emperor, The Streets, Baby Zizanie, A Room With A View, Record Label and Industry Fair is a record fair devoted to industry insiders. A total of 40 stands represented the leading independent Spanish record labels, as well as music press, Primavera Soundtrack Film Festival screening of films related to the pop culture programme, Standing in the Shadows of Motown, Paul Justman. 35 mm. Biggie and Tupac, Nick Broomfield, in 2004 the festival kept growing in length and attendance. Other headliners such as PJ Harvey, Primal Scream, The Divine Comedy, the Mercat de les Flors, where the day-time activities took place, increased this year the number of bands, thanks to the outdoor stage next to the Record labels Fair.
The line-up of this included a greater number of international artists such as Edison Woods, Berg Sans Nipple, Fernando Alfaro & Nacho Vegas. Besides the mentioned bands, these were some of the most celebrated shows among the almost 100 live acts of Primavera Sound 2004, among local acts, remarkable shows by La Buena Vida, Lluís Llach, Ruper Ordorika and Atom Rhumba could be seen. Record Label and Industry Fair devoted to industry insiders, a total of 30 stands represented the leading independent Spanish record labels, as well as specialized press and associated companies. Primavera Soundtrack Film Festival Screening of films related to the pop culture programme, a film about They Might Be Giants by AJ Schmack. -I Am Trying To Break Your Heart, a film about Wilco by Sam Jones
Mudhoney is an American alternative rock band. Original bassist Matt Lukin left the band in 1999, mudhoneys early releases on the Sub Pop label, particularly their debut single Touch Me Im Sick and the Superfuzz Bigmuff EP, were massively influential on the Seattle music scene. More than almost any other release of the era they inspired the dirty, on, Mudhoney mixed heavy blues rock and punk rock into their sound at various stages. Although the band has little commercial success during its long career. Mudhoney started in Bellevue, Washington, a suburb of Seattle in 1980, while at Bellevue Christian High School, Mark McLaughlin and some friends started Mr. Epp and the Calculations, a band named after a math teacher of his. Mr. Epp and the Calculations played their first real show in 1981, to make the band seem more serious, Mr. Epp added a second guitarist Steve Turner, who was in a small garage band called The Ducky Boys. Mark Arm and Steve Turner became instant friends, Mr. Epp and the Calculations appeared on KZAM-AM radio and were introduced as the worst band in the world.
They played their last show on February 3,1984 with Malfunkshun at Seattles Metropolis, Mark Arm and Steve Turner formed a joke-punk band called The Limp Richerds in 1984 near the end of Mr. Epp but this band ended shortly after Mr. Epps ending as well. Green River was formed in 1984 when Arm and Turner recruited Alex Vincent as drummer, bassist Jeff Ament joined the band after arriving in Seattle with his band Deranged Diction. Stone Gossard, another of Turners former bandmates, was recruited as second guitarist, green River recorded their debut EP, Come on Down, in 1985, and it is often regarded as the first true grunge record. Turner left the band after its due to his distaste of the bands hard rock leanings. He was replaced by another Deranged Diction member, Bruce Fairweather, after recording another EP and a full-length album, the band disbanded in late 1987. Gossard and Fairweather went on to join Mother Love Bone, following lead singer Andrew Woods death and Ament went on to form Pearl Jam, and Fairweather joined Love Battery.
In January 1988, Arm reunited with Turner to form Mudhoney, Turner wanted to start a band that rehearsed before playing to a live audience. He and Arm began songwriting with Bundle of Hiss drummer Dan Peters, the trio decided that Matt Lukin, who had recently left Melvins, should join the band as bassist. They named themselves after the Russ Meyer film Mudhoney, in 1988, the band recorded and released their debut EP, Superfuzz Bigmuff, and their first single, Touch Me Im Sick, on the Sub Pop label. The single attracted attention and the band enjoyed success in the United States. Mudhoney quickly became Sub Pops flagship band, sonic Youth, who were fans of the band, had invited Mudhoney to join them for a tour in the UK in 1989