University station (Buffalo Metro Rail)
University is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located near the intersection of Main Street and Niagara Falls Boulevard on the University at Buffalo South Campus. It is a major transfer point between Metro Rail and many city and suburban bus routes and offers a unique "Kiss and Ride" facility on the top level, above the mezzazine; this allows drivers of automobiles a separate area to drop off passengers, so they do not add to the traffic congestion from buses at the station during rush-hour periods and a large park-and-ride facility directly to the east of the station. Since University station serves as a terminal south is a double crossover. From May 20, 1985 to November 10, 1986, due to construction issues at LaSalle station, Amherst Street station served as the northern terminus. Since November 10, 1986, University station serves as the northern terminus. University serves UB South and is a transfer point for buses to the north and northeast suburbs of the city and is one of four stations that offers an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops and is served by 11 bus routes: NFTA 5 Niagara-Kenmore 8 Main 12 Utica 13 Kensington 19 Bailey 34 Niagara Falls Boulevard 44 Lockport 47 Youngs Road 48 Williamsville 49 Millard Fillmore Suburban 81 Eastside University at Buffalo shuttles Blue Line - serves as a shuttle van to University at Buffalo-affiliated locations of the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus from the University at Buffalo-South Campus.
UB Stampede - connects the two campuses of the University at Buffalo. This service closed to the general public. In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line. Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. University station is home of three pieces of work, from Stephen Antonakos, Harvey Breverman, Beverly Pepper; the work from Stephen Antonakos is called "Neon for South Campus Station" and is an "abstract form of neon tubing, creating large, incomplete circles and incomplete squares, mounted on the interior ceiling of the mezzanine level of the station." The 550 feet of tubing is red and blue. Harvey Breverman's work is "a large triptych on a semi-circular wall at the foot of the escalators at the trainroom level." The work is entitled Synoptic Triptych.
It focuses on the composite nature of a diverse, evolving University community and it's attending resources. Beverly Pepper's work is a sculpture of steel and grass located in the bus loop entitled Vertical Presence-Grass Dunes; the work changes in appearance. An illusion of movement is created through the passing sun patterns. University station is near: Grover Cleveland Golf Course Community of Eggertsville, town of Amherst Kenilworth neighborhood of Tonawanda University Plaza University Heights Neighborhood University at Buffalo South Campus University Presbyterian Church VA Western New York Healthcare System at Buffalo Media related to University station at Wikimedia Commons Metro Rail Success Hayes Road entrance from Google Maps Street View "Kiss and Ride" entrance from Google Maps Street View
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform
The Anchor Bar is a bar and restaurant in Buffalo, New York, located north of Downtown Buffalo at the intersection of Main and North Streets. The restaurant was established in 1935; the bar is most famous for being the birthplace of spicy chicken wings known outside the Buffalo area as Buffalo wings. On November 20, 2018, Ivano Toscani, owner of the Anchor Bar, died from a long illness eight days before his 69th birthday; the bar's association with Buffalo wings originates in the 1960s. Then-owner Teressa Bellissimo is credited with the creation of the dish when she deep-fried some wings and covered them in Frank's RedHot hot sauce and butter. Chicken wings were used for soup or thrown away, she served them with blue cheese dip as hors d'oeuvres at the bar. They were offered for free. Anchor Bar sauces are sold in the United States at Tops Friendly Markets, in Canada at Sobey's and Metro stores. In 2007, Iron Chef and Food Network personality Bobby Flay appeared at the Anchor Bar for a Buffalo wing "throwdown" with the self-proclaimed "Wing King", Drew Cerza.
On the August 8, 2008 episode of Primal Grill with Steven Raichlen on PBS, Raichlen said that "the Buffalo wing was born at the Anchor Bar in Buffalo, New York in 1964." In the summer of 2012, it was announced that a second location would open in Ontario. The second location will be located in the Jackson Square mall. In 2013, a quick service version of The Anchor Bar opened at the Darien Lake amusement park about half an hour away from Buffalo; this location has a limited menu compared to the original, but still offers the original wing sauce both on wings and sold in bottles along with other menu choices. On October 1, 2014, another Anchor Bar location opened on Transit Road outside of the Eastern Hills Mall. On October 22, 2015, the newest Anchor Bar location opened in the Millcroft Shopping Plaza, located at Appleby Line and Upper Middle Street in Burlington, Ontario. In 2015, it was announced that a franchise would open in the Grand Canal Shoppes at the Venetian in Las Vegas; the location closed February 19, 2016.
In September 2016 a third Ontario location opened in Toronto, Ontario at located at Dixon and Martin Grove roads. On May 17, 2018, Anchor Bar opened in New York City. In June 2018, a fourth Ontario location opened in Ontario on Hurontario Street. Besides the restaurants in New York state, there are others: in Frederick, MD, Rochester Hills, MI, two in Texas: San Antonio & Schertz. List of chicken restaurants Official website
The Allentown district is a neighborhood in Buffalo, New York. The neighborhood is home to the Allentown Historic District. Allentown is named after Lewis F. Allen who came to Buffalo in April 1827 to serve as Corporate Secretary and Financial Manager of an Insurance company. Allen was a farmer and when looking for space to let his cattle graze, purportedly his neighbor, Thomas Day, suggested some of his land, which sat between the cities of Buffalo and Black Rock. Allen's cattle path became known as Allen Street. Notably, Allen was one of the founders of the Buffalo Historical Society and Forest Lawn, where he is buried. Allen was the uncle of president Grover Cleveland. Allen introduced his nephew to many influential people, including the partners in the law firm of Rogers and Rogers where Cleveland took a clerkship which led him to practice law and enter into politics. Allentown is the first neighborhood north of the Downtown Buffalo core, it borders the downtown theater and entertainment district to its south, runs north to North Street at its northern edge, Normal Avenue on the west, Main street on the east.
The neighborhood is centered on Allen Street and Elmwood Avenue. Allentown is known for its community of artists, for its embrace of bohemian and gay culture, for the civic commitment of residents to the historic and aesthetic sensibilities of the neighborhood. Allentown is one of Buffalo's premier areas for nightlife and antique shopping; the Allentown Historic District is a historic district, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, expanded in 2012. It includes the Kleinhans Music Hall, separately listed on the NRHP and is further designated as a National Historic Landmark. Listed on the NRHP is the Birge-Horton House on Delaware Avenue; the original 1980 boundaries include 733 buildings, not including secondary structures. Of these, 6 are Gothic Revival, 125 Italianate, 24 Second Empire, 92 Shingle style, 106 Queen Anne, 15 Stick, 5 Shingle, 56 Colonial and 196 are plain framed buildings. Three park areas are included in the area, two redesigned by Frederick Law Olmsted and one circle, Symphony Circle, designed by him as part of his master plan for the city's park areas.
After he completed the master plan, Olmsted returned to redesign and landscape Day's Park and Arlington Park. In Day's Park he added a circular walkway in front of the school so the students would not trample the grass; the circular sandstone planting area, in the center of the walkway is still in existence. Arlington Park was home to Frank Lloyd Wright; the new boundaries added about 320 properties to the list. Allendale Theater - home of the Theater of Youth Arlington Park - redesigned by Frederick Law Olmsted. Trinity Episcopal Church- Noted for its stained glass architecture; the Allentown Art Festival known as the Buffalo Art Festival, is an event started by Jason Natowitz in 1958, beginning as a small town meeting to stimulate business in the neighborhood. The meeting triggered the foundation of the Allentown Village Society, and, by August, plans were in the works for an outdoor art show in the town, which occurred the following month in September 1958. With only 50 artists, the event became successful.
Louis Cherenzia, another one of the founders, noted "It was rated as the most colorful cultural event in Buffalo since the Pan-American Exposition." Following the event, the town recognized its success, announced plans for a second annual. "The Buffalo Art Festival" came to be identified with its more precise location and its name became "Allentown Art Festival". The Allentown Art Festival has grown since its beginnings 50 years ago. Support of the Allentown Village Society, Inc. and its number of volunteers has stayed the same. According to the official website, "Their labors have borne fruit beyond the annual Allentown Art Festival weekend and beyond the boundaries of the Allentown neighborhood of Buffalo." National Register of Historic Places listings in Buffalo, New York Neighborhoods of Buffalo, New York Graff, Henry F. Grover Cleveland. ISBN 0-8050-6923-2, short biography by scholar Allentown and the Delaware District travel guide from Wikivoyage Media related to Allentown, New York at Wikimedia Commons http://www.allentown.org/ https://web.archive.org/web/20080731043517/http://library.buffalo.edu/maps/buffalo-wnymaps/buffalo_neighborhoods.php#allentown
Summer–Best is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located at the junction of Summer and Main Streets. Summer–Best station is one of four stations that does not offer an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops. Route 8 buses heading toward Marine Drive or University station and route 22 buses heading toward Thruway Mall do not board at the curb on the same side as the station, served by two bus routes: 8 Main 22 Porter–Best In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line. Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. Summer–Best station is home of two pieces of work, from George Sugarman and John Pfahl. Summer–Best station is located near: Anchor Bar Allentown City Honors School Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site From February 16–March 16, 2015, April 20–May 18, 2015, June 6–7, 2015, June 13–14, 2015, June 26–27, 2015, August 22–23, 2015, September 8–25, 2015 and July 5, 2016, due to construction of the new School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, slated to open in the summer of 2017, Allen/Medical Campus station was temporarily closed.
Passengers who wanted to access the Buffalo–Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to deboard the train at Summer–Best station, as it temporarily served as the southern terminus of the paid fare zone. NFTA–Metro provided shuttle buses running every 10 minutes. From July 6–October 10, 2016, passengers with mobility devices who use Allen/Medical Campus station to access the Buffalo–Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to exit at Summer–Best station and board the #8 Main bus, as the Mezzanine–to–Street Level elevator was being replaced. From September 24–October 9, 2016, due to construction of the new University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Allen/Medical Campus station was temporarily closed. Passengers who wanted to access the Buffalo–Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to deboard the train at Summer–Best station, as it temporarily served as the southern terminus of the paid fare zone; as a result, NFTA–Metro offered shuttle buses to accommodate passengers to the Buffalo–Niagara Medical Campus, with each shuttle running every 12 minutes.
List of Buffalo Metro Rail stations
Fountain Plaza station
Fountain Plaza is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located in the 500 block of Main Street between Huron and Chippewa Streets. Fountain Plaza serves the northern section of the Buffalo Downtown Central Business District and the Buffalo Theater District since the permanent closing of Theater Station on February 18, 2013. Fountain Plaza is at the north end of the Free Fare Zone, where customers traveling north are required to have proof-of-payment. At West Chippewa and Pearl Streets: 7 Baynes-Richmond 8 Main 64 Lockport 66 Williamsville 67 Cleveland Hill 81 Eastside 204 Airport-Downtown Express At East Chippewa and Washington Streets: 74 Hamburg Fountain Plaza station is located near: Alleyway Theatre Andrews Theatre Babeville Courier Express Building Market Arcade Building AMC Market Arcade 8 Shea's Performing Arts Center Trinity Episcopal Church Fountain Plaza Buffalo Savings Bank Calumet Building Electric Building Genesee Building Genesee Hotel New Era Cap Company The Avant List of Buffalo Metro Rail stations Media related to Fountain Plaza at Wikimedia Commons
Buffalo, New York
Buffalo is the second largest city in the U. S. state of New York and the largest city in Western New York. As of 2017, the population was 258,612; the city is the county seat of Erie County and a major gateway for commerce and travel across the Canada–United States border, forming part of the bi-national Buffalo Niagara Region. The Buffalo area was inhabited before the 17th century by the Native American Iroquois tribe and by French settlers; the city grew in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of immigration, the construction of the Erie Canal and rail transportation, its close proximity to Lake Erie. This growth provided an abundance of fresh water and an ample trade route to the Midwestern United States while grooming its economy for the grain and automobile industries that dominated the city's economy in the 20th century. Since the city's economy relied on manufacturing, deindustrialization in the latter half of the 20th century led to a steady decline in population. While some manufacturing activity remains, Buffalo's economy has transitioned to service industries with a greater emphasis on healthcare and higher education, which emerged following the Great Recession.
Buffalo is on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, 16 miles south of Niagara Falls. Its early embrace of electric power led to the nickname "The City of Light"; the city is famous for its urban planning and layout by Joseph Ellicott, an extensive system of parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, as well as significant architectural works. Its culture blends Northeastern and Midwestern traditions, with annual festivals including Taste of Buffalo and Allentown Art Festival, two professional sports teams, a music and arts scene; the city of Buffalo received its name from a nearby creek called Buffalo Creek. British military engineer Captain John Montresor made reference to "Buffalo Creek" in his 1764 journal, which may be the earliest recorded appearance of the name. There are several theories regarding. While it is possible its name originated from French fur traders and Native Americans calling the creek Beau Fleuve, it is possible Buffalo Creek was named after the American buffalo, whose historical range may have extended into western New York.
The first inhabitants of the State of New York are believed to have been nomadic Paleo-Indians, who migrated after the disappearance of Pleistocene glaciers during or before 7000 BCE. Around 1000 CE, 1,000 years ago, the Woodland period began, marked by the rise of the Iroquois Confederacy and its tribes throughout the state. During French exploration of the region in 1620, the region was occupied by the agrarian Erie people, a tribe outside of the Five Nations of the Iroquois southwest of Buffalo Creek, the Wenro people or Wenrohronon, an Iroquoian-speaking tribal offshoot of the large Neutral Nation who lived along the inland south shore of Lake Ontario and at the east end of Lake Erie and a bit of its northern shore. For trading, the Neutral people made a living by growing tobacco and hemp to trade with the Iroquois, utilizing animal paths or warpaths to travel and move goods across the state; these paths were paved, now function as major roads. During the Beaver Wars of the 1640s-1650s, the combined warriors of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy conquered the populous Neutrals and their peninsular territory, while the Senecas alone took out the Wenro and their territory, c.
1651–1653. Soon after, the Erie nation and territory was destroyed by the Iroquois over their assistance to Huron people during the Beaver Wars, it was Louis Hennepin and Sieur de La Salle who made the earliest European discoveries of the upper Niagara and Ontario regions in the late 1600s. On August 7, 1679, La Salle launched a vessel, Le Griffon, that became the first full-sized ship to sail across the Great Lakes disappearing in Green Bay, Wisconsin. After the American Revolution, the colony of New York—now a state—began westward expansion, looking for habitable land by following trends of the Iroquois. Land near fresh water was of considerable importance. New York and Massachusetts were fighting for the territory Buffalo lies on, Massachusetts had the right to purchase all but a one-mile wide portion of land; the rights to the Massachusetts' territories were sold to Robert Morris in 1791, two years to the Holland Land Company. As a result of the war, in which the Iroquois tribe sided with the British Army, Iroquois territory was whittled away in the mid-to-late-1700s by white settlers through successive treaties statewide, such as the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the First Treaty of Buffalo Creek, the Treaty of Geneseo.
The Iroquois were corralled onto reservations, including Buffalo Creek. By the end of the 18th century, only 338 square miles of reservation territory remained. Early settlers along the mouth of Buffalo Creek were former slave Joseph "Black Joe" Hodges, Cornelius Winney, a Dutch trader from Albany who arrived in 1789; the first white settlers along the creek were prisoners captured during the Revolutionary War. The first resident and landowner of Buffalo with a permanent presence was Captain William Johnston, a white Iroquois interpreter, present in the area since the days after the Revolutionary War and was granted creekside land by the Senecas as a gift of appreciation, his house was built at present-day Seneca streets. On July 20, 1793, the Holland Land Purchase was completed, containing the land of present-day Buffalo, brokered by Dutch investors from Holland; the Treaty of Big Tree removed Iroquois title to lan