Judd Alan Gregg served as the 76th Governor of New Hampshire and was a United States Senator from New Hampshire, who served as chairman of the Senate Budget Committee. He is a member of the Republican Party and was a businessman and attorney in Nashua before entering politics, he serves as the Chair of the Public Advisory Board at the New Hampshire Institute of Politics at Saint Anselm College. Gregg was nominated for Secretary of Commerce in the Cabinet by President Barack Obama, but withdrew his name on February 12, 2009, he chose not to run. In the November 2010 elections, former State Attorney General Kelly Ayotte a Republican, was elected to succeed Gregg in the Senate. On May 27, 2011, Goldman Sachs announced that Gregg had been named an international advisor to the firm. In May 2013, Gregg was named the CEO of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association, a Wall Street lobbying group, he stepped down as CEO in December 2013 and became a senior adviser. For the United States presidential election in 2016 Gregg endorsed former Florida Governor Jeb Bush, upon Bush's suspension of his campaign Gregg endorsed Ohio Governor John Kasich.
Born in Nashua, New Hampshire, he is the son of Catherine Gregg and Hugh Gregg, Governor from 1953 to 1955. Gregg graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1965. Gregg received his baccalaureate from Columbia University in 1969 and, from Boston University School of Law, a Juris Doctor in 1972 and a Master of Laws in 1975; the first elective office held by Gregg was a seat on the Executive Council of New Hampshire, a post which he held from 1979 to 1981. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1980, was reelected in 1982, 1984 and 1986, he declined to run for re-election in 1988, ran for Governor of New Hampshire instead. He won that election and was re-elected in 1990, New Hampshire being one of two states that continues to elect its governors to two-year, rather than four-year, terms; as Governor, he balanced the budget. However, his political opponents in the 1990s attacked Judd for the state's weak economy and his Vietnam War deferments. In 1992, Gregg decided to run for the U.
S. Senate seat being vacated by two-term Republican Warren Rudman, he defeated Democrat John Rauh, took his seat as a United States Senator in 1993. He was re-elected to a second term in 1998 after defeating George Condodemetraky, ran for a third term; that year, 2004, he defeated campaign finance activist Doris "Granny D" Haddock, the 94-year-old Democratic nominee, by 66% to 34%. After withdrawing from his nomination to become United States Secretary of Commerce in the presidential administration of Democrat Barack Obama on February 12, 2009, Gregg said he would "probably not" seek reelection in 2010, when his term of office was set to expire. In January 2005, Gregg was elected to chair the U. S. Senate Committee on Budget by the Senate Republican Conference. While chairman of this committee Gregg has been a steadfast supporter of lower spending. Throughout his Senate career he has been supportive of lower taxes as well. On November 14, 2008 Gregg was appointed by United States Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell to serve on the five-member Congressional Oversight Panel created to oversee the implementation of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act.
Gregg "stepped aside" on December 1, citing his Senate workload: I regret that due to the impending Senate schedule involving the potential of dealing with an large stimulus package, coupled with the ongoing issues of developing fiscal policy relative to the budget and the continuing economic downturn and my responsibility for foreign operations appropriations, it has become difficult to continue service on the TARP oversight board. I have advised Senator McConnell. Judd Gregg is a center-right Republican, he is fiscally conservative and moderate. The non-partisan National Journal gave then-Senator Gregg a composite ideology rating of 65% conservative and 35% liberal. Republicans for Environmental Protection issued Gregg an "environmental harm demerit" for sponsoring the 2006 S. C. Resolution 83, which according to REP "included only one revenue-raising instruction to Senate appropriations committees, an abuse of the congressional budget process in order to force oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge", "would perpetuate America's dangerous oil dependence and damage the most scenic, wildlife-rich reserve in the circumpolar north."
Nonetheless, the same organization praised Gregg, together with John E. Sununu, for their work to pass the New England Wilderness act, which classified nearly 100,000 acres of New Hampshire and Vermont as wilderness. In 2006, Gregg received a score of 43% from the nonpartisan League of Conservation Voters; the University of New Hampshire renamed its Environmental Technology Building Gregg Hall, because Gregg used earmarks to secure $266 million of federal funds for research and development projects for the university. The Judd Gregg Meteorology Institute, established in 2003, is the center of meteorological and atmospheric research at Plymouth State University in Plymouth, NH, which offers the only meteorology degree program in the state; the Senator was instrumental in the establishing of the New Hampshire Institute of Politics at Saint Anselm College in 1999. In 2007, Gregg voted for the Clean Energy Act of 2007 and the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007. In October 2009, Gregg said, "You talk about systemic risk.
The systemic risk today is the Congress of the United States... we're creating these massive debts which
Normalair Garrett Limited, or Normalair, was a British manufacturing company based in Yeovil, England, which manufactured high altitude life support equipment for the aerospace industry. It is now a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International Inc known as Honeywell Aerospace Yeovil; the company grew out of the Westland Aircraft Company who in 1933 enabled the Houston Everest expedition to make the first flight over Mount Everest, using oxygen and heating systems – precursors of the systems that would be produced by Normalair. Westland Aircraft produced a cabin pressurisation control valve in 1941 for use in the Westland Welkin high altitude fighter bomber aircraft. Though the Welkin never got into full-scale production the same valve was used in Mosquito and Spitfire aircraft. At the end of World War II, Westland had decided to focus on building helicopters, for which their high altitude technology was of no use. Ted Boulger was appointed general manager. With J Fearn appointed as Westland Board Director with responsibility for the new company.
During the 1950s the company grew and continued to focus upon providing equipment that would allow aviators to operate at high altitude. In 1951 the company signed an agreement with the Eclipse Pioneer division of Bendix Aviation, now owned by Honeywell, to manufacture and modify oxygen breathing regulators for aircrew. During this period, the Royal Aircraft Establishment gave the company responsibility for all military oxygen work and as a result acquired complete life support systems capability including oxygen masks and emergency oxygen supply. In anticipation of the long range support needed by the de Havilland Comet Normalair set up subsidiaries in Melbourne, Australia and in Toronto, Canada; the company employed 250 people in 1954 and in the same year produced LOX converters for the German Air Force, F-86 Sabre. In 1957 the publication of Duncan Sandys' Defence White Paper led to the cancellation of many aircraft projects; the company decided to diversify into other markets and took a licence from Drägerwerke, of Germany, to produce compressed air diving and oxygen breathing apparatus.
Normalair achieved most success with portable oxygen systems, including the equipment supplied for the first successful ascent, by Tenzing and Hillary, of Mount Everest. Short-lived was Normalair's entry into the automotive air conditioning market, where the systems were optional extras on Wolseley Wolseley 6/110, Austin Westminster 110, Vanden Plas Princess, Land Rovers and some Rolls-Royces; however the company was some thirty years too early as demand for air conditioned cars in Europe did not materialise. In 1960, further agreements with Bendix brought licensed production of hydraulic servo valves to Normalair's range of products; this expertise was developed for electro-hydraulic servo valves and lightweight solenoid-operated hydraulic valves. The company produced marine hydraulics and valves for submarines. In 1960, the Industrial Electronics Division was formed to use data logging technology brought from Saunders-Roe, when parent company Westland took them over. At the same time the company was involved with development and production of regulators for Harrier and UK Phantom aircraft.
Normalair's high altitude laboratory included a chamber large enough to accommodate a full size mock-up of the Concorde fuselage. This was used for trials simulating the effects of supersonic cruise at up to 60,000 ft, nearly twice the operating altitude of contemporary airliners; as well as conducting these tests, Normalair developed the cabin pressure control equipment providing a comfortable environment for passengers. The company won a Queens Award to Industry for Export in 1966; the Garrett Corporation took a 48% shareholding in the company, subsequently renamed Normalair-Garrett Limited. At this time the company had more than 1,300 employees. NGL took over one of its main competitors, Teddington Aircraft Controls, in 1971. In the same year the company acquired Aircraft Supplies Limited of Bournemouth, whose premises were used to set up NGL's product support activities; the company had entered into numerous license agreements during its history, in this year it agreed to license manufacture of oxygen and environmental control systems to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, of India, for production of the HJT 16 aircraft.
Several major contracts were won in 1972 to supply the Multi Role Combat Aircraft to be named Panavia Tornado. In the same year the company acquired the Westland foundry business in Hayes and transferred it to the Drayton Hydroflex premises in Chard, Somerset. In that year Julian Knott set the world altitude record for a hot air balloon of 35,971 ft using a balloon supplied with NGL oxygen equipment. NGL won several contracts in 1974 to supply the HS146 regional jet, now called the BAe 146 with air conditioning and air systems management equipment. Diversification continued with the purchase of Facet Enterprises filtration licenses from Voles in 1976. In the same year Normalair’s filtration division was formed in the former glove making factory at Shepton Beauchamp, where it remained for ten years before being moved to the Lynx Trading Estate in Yeovil near to the main plant; the last vapour cycle air conditioning systems developed by Normalair were fitted to export versions of Alvis Stormer and Scorpion armoured vehicles, the Khaled tank.
The company opted out of making vapour cycle systems to concentrate on air cycle systems only. This decision was to be vindicated 15 years when the
Garrett AiResearch was a manufacturer of turboprop engines and turbochargers, a pioneer in numerous aerospace technologies. It was known as Aircraft Tool and Supply Company, Garrett Supply Company, AiResearch Manufacturing Company, or AiResearch. In 1964, Garrett AiResearch merged with Signal Oil & Gas to form a company renamed in 1968 to Signal Companies, which in 1985 merged with Allied Corp. into AlliedSignal. In 1999 AlliedSignal adopted the Honeywell name. John Clifford "Cliff" Garrett founded a company in Los Angeles in 1936 which came to be known as Garrett AiResearch or AiResearch. Operating his Garrett Supply and Airsupply businesses, in 1939 Cliff Garrett established a small research laboratory to conduct "air research" on the development of pressurized flight for passenger aircraft. " first'lab' was a small store building on Melrose Avenue in Los Angeles". In 1939 Garrett incorporated the "Garrett Corporation" and the three operating companies became divisions: Airsupply Division, Garrett Supply Division, AiResearch Manufacturing Division.
Needing additional space, they built their own manufacturing facility in Glendale and thereby established the name AiResearch Manufacturing Company. By 1941, AiResearch needed new space, on April 28, 1941 moved from Glendale to what until had been a beanfield on Sepulveda Boulevard, at the corner of Century Boulevard near Mines Field, which became Los Angeles Airport. In 1942, the Army Air Force concluded that vital cabin pressurization manufacturing facilities should be relocated inland from the coast, AiResearch set up the AiResearch Phoenix Division in Phoenix, Arizona. For this purpose, AiResearch Manufacturing Company of Arizona was established as a wholly owned subsidiary; the Company's first major product was an oil cooler for military aircraft. Garrett designed and produced oil coolers for the Douglas DB-7. Boeing's B-17 bombers, credited with tipping the air war in America's and Great Britain's favor over Europe and the Pacific, were outfitted with Garrett intercoolers, as was the B-25.
The Company developed and produced the cabin pressure system for the B-29 bomber, the first production bomber pressurized for high altitude flying. By the end of World War II, AiResearch engineers had developed air expansion cooling turbines for America's first jet aircraft, the Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star. In all during World War II, Garrett AiResearch sold US$112 million in military equipment and had as many as 5,000 employees at peak. Having to scale back its workforce to just 600 employees at the end of the war stimulated Garrett to look for new income sources. "He found them in the small turbines which patient Engineer Ramsaur had been perfecting since 1943. So that jet pilots could endure the heat generated by air friction at supersonic speeds, a way had to be found to cool their cockpits. Ramsaur's turbine provided the answer; as rearmament got under way, Garrett began turning out a total of 700 accessory products. With the Navy order for self-starter, Garrett Corp. a $120 million backlog, enough to keep 5,500 workers on three shifts busy for at least the next three years".
By the end of the 1940s, Garrett Corporation was listed on the New York Stock Exchange. "In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Garrett was committed to the design of small gas turbine engines from 20 - 90 horse power. The engineers had developed a good background in the metallurgy of housings, high speed seals, radial inflow turbines, centrifugal compressors". By 1949, the Sepulveda Blvd. property was constrained by the demand for development of commercial space near the fast-growing Los Angeles International Airport. At that time, 2000 people worked at the facility "and Garrett was ranked one of the top three aircraft accessory manufacturers in the world". In 1959 ground was broken for construction of an additional facility at 190th Street and Crenshaw Boulevard in Torrance, California. Part of that facility was occupied a year later. "By 1962, 1000 employees were working at the Torrance location and by 1972, 3000 employees were based there". After a gradual series of moves, the Sepulveda facility was closed in 1990.
During the 1950s AiResearch initiated activities in the field of aircraft electronics, "first with an angle-of-attack computer to eliminate gunfire error and with its first delivery of a complete centralized air data system". In the 1950s and 1960s Garrett expanded. Garrett AiResearch designed and produced a wide range of military and industrial products for aerospace and general industry, it focused on fluid controls and hydraulics, turbochargers, aircraft engines, environmental control systems for aircraft and spacecraft. "By 1960 Garrett gas turbines, cabin pressurization systems, air conditioners, flight control systems were aboard the Convair 880, Lockheed Super Constellation, Vickers Viscount, Sud Aviation Caravelle, Douglas DC-8, Boeing 707. The company had developed the first inflatable airliner evacuation slides". In the 1950s and 1960s Garrett pioneered the development of foil bearings, which were first installed as original equipment on the McDonnell-Douglas DC-10 in 1969 and became standard equipment on all U.
S. military aircraft. In the 1960s, AiResearch Environmental Control Systems provided the life supporting atmosphere for American astronauts in the projects Mercury, Gemini and Skylab. Garrett AiResearch is credited with inventing one of the first complete microprocessors, when it developed the 20-bit MP944 Central Air Data Computer for the US Navy's F-14 Tom
David M. Cote
David M. Cote is an American businessman. Cote worked for General Electric and TRW Inc. before he was appointed chairman and chief executive officer of Honeywell in 2002, following their acquisition by AlliedSignal. Cote sat on the JP Morgan Chase risk committee during the period in which the firm lost $6 billion trading credit derivatives. Cote was succeeded by Darius Adamczyk. Cote was born in Manchester, New Hampshire and graduated from Pembroke Academy in Pembroke, New Hampshire in 1970; the following year, Cote enrolled at the University of New Hampshire, while attending UNH full-time, he worked an hourly job on the night shift at a nearby GE jet engine plant. In 1976, he graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a bachelor's degree in business administration. Cote joined General Electric full-time in November 1976, he transitioned from his hourly production work at the General Electric aircraft-engine plant in New Hampshire to a full-time auditing job at another GE plant in Massachusetts.
In 1985, his handling of an interaction with CEO Jack Welch became the catalyst for Cote's advancement at GE. Welch promoted Cote three levels of management. Over his career there, he held positions in manufacturing, marketing, strategic planning and general management, before becoming CEO of GE Appliances in 1996. In November 1999, Cote joined TRW as president and COO where he introduced the Six Sigma management system to reduce defects in manufacturing. In February 2001, Cote was appointed CEO, chairman of the board. Cote led the creation of the TRW subsidiary Velocium, which manufactured ultra-high-speed semiconductors. In February 2002, Cote announced he would be leaving TRW; the news surprised employees and some executives, who learned of Cote's departure hours before the announcement. Honeywell selected Cote as successor to Lawrence Bossidy, following the AlliedSignal acquisition of Honeywell and European Union's rejection of Honeywell's merger with General Electric. Cote was elected CEO, a member of the board of directors on February 19, 2002.
He was elected chairman of the board on July 1, 2002. The year Cote took office, Honeywell lost $220 million. Cote instituted conservative accounting to streamline costs. In an effort to reduce the unpredictability of asbestos-plus-environmental expenses, Honeywell established a trust for claims and reclaim soil at chemical plants; as a result, that expense is $150 million a year, after-tax. Honeywell saw improved quality in design, increased production, lower production costs after it implemented a new productivity management system. During the 2008-2009 recession, the company instituted furloughs to reduce overall operating costs rather than lay off workers. During his tenure at Honeywell, the company's donations via its Political Action Committee rose from rose from two hundred thousand dollars in 2002 to 8 million in 2014; as of June 2016, Honeywell's market value has risen from $28 billion to $87 billion since 2002. While CEO of Honeywell International in 2015, Cote earned a total compensation of US$25,053,000 which included a base salary of $1,890,000, an annual bonus of $5,700,000, $10,338,000 in stock options.
Cote was succeeded by Darius Adamczyk. Cote continued as executive chairman through April 2018. Cote was a member of the board of directors at JPMorgan Chase and an advisor to Kohlberg Kravis Roberts. In 2012, Cote came under criticism as one of the three members of JP Morgan Chase's risk committee, after CEO Jamie Dimon said on May 10, 2012 that the firm's chief investment office suffered a $2 billion loss trading credit derivatives. Commentators identified a lack of relevant expertise among the members of the committee, identifying Cote and a museum official who served, in particular for their lack of banking experience. In February 2014 it was announced that Cote would fill a vacancy on the board of the New York Federal Reserve. Simon Johnson, former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund, writing in The New York Times, raised doubts about the suitability of Cote's appointment, noting the "systematic breakdown of compliance and risk control" during the period when Cote was on the board of JPMorgan Chase, whilst noting that some, but not all, of the problems there pre-dated Cote's appointment.
The election papers did not mention Cote's role at JPMorgan Chase in his candidate C. V. Cote stepped down from the board of New York Federal Reserve in March 2018. Cote was a member of the Executive Committee of The Business Council for 2011 and 2012. In 2010, President Obama named Cote as one of the Chief Executives. In 2009, Cote was invited to the White House to meet the President for a briefing on the US economic recovery plan and in November 2009, he was one of 12 businesspeople asked by the White House to host the US-India CEO Forum, which Cote and Ratan Tata co-chaired. In February 2010, Cote was selected by President Obama to be on the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, more known as the Simpson Bowles Commission. Cote is a co-founder of Fix the Debt, a group of executives and former legislators who campaign for deficit reduction and tax reform. In a 2013 interview with the New Hampshire Union Leader, Cote identified the problem of debt reduction in the United States as being the fact that "Washington is ruled by fear of voters... and the three'h's' prevail—hysteria and hyperbole".
He framed the options for deficit reduction in terms of either increases in taxes or a reduction in social security benefits, saying, "If you have people saying,'Don't raise my taxes, but don'
Gents' of Leicester
Gents' of Leicester known as Gents & Company Limited, was established in Leicester, England, in 1872 by John Thomas Gent. For over a century, the company was a well-known manufacturer of electrical equipment, in particular its electric clocks, which were used in public buildings and railway stations all over the world; the company produced fire alarm systems electric bells, telephones and recording equipment, electrical parts for aircraft communications and radar equipment. The company had a workforce of several hundreds at its height; some of its well known fire alarm products were the Warbler which were used in many schools around the United Kingdom. The Warbler has selectable tones which include: oscillating, continuous and intermittent and come in 2 different colours, grey or black. Protec copied their design. Many warblers have since become collectible items because many have been scrapped and replaced by newer fire systems, its main design and manufacturing centre and headquarters were at the Faraday Works in Temple Road, Leicester.
A premises at London Road was used at this time. In the early 1990s a new large building was constructed in the Hamilton area of Leicester and the other buildings were all closed. In 1981, Gents' of Leicester was taken over by the international organisation Chloride, was known as "Chloride Gent". In 1982, the company was sold by Chloride to the MK Electric Group, was known as "Gent Limited"; the factory at Kibworth closed, only a few jobs remained at the central Leicester works. In 1993, the company was acquired by Caradon/Novar. Still based in Leicester, the company is now involved with fire detection and alarm systems. Gent and Co, entry on gracesguide.co.uk
American President Lines
American President Lines Ltd. along with its parent company CMA CGM, is the world's third-largest container transportation and shipping company, providing more than 80 weekly services. APL operates a container-ship fleet, including 153 container vessels. A subsidiary of Neptune Orient Lines, it is now a wholly owned subsidiary of CMA CGM, a global transportation and logistics company engaged in shipping and related businesses based in France. In 1938, the U. S. government took over the management of the Dollar Steamship Co., in financial difficulties and transferred their assets to the newly formed American President Lines. Following the end of the Mexican–American War in 1848, the United States Pacific coastline now extended from Puget Sound to San Diego; when the 29th Congress passed the Mail Steamer Bill, mail delivery was authorized to be routed by ship from the Eastern Seaboard to the Pacific Coast via the Isthmus of Panama, with two steamship routes operating: New York City to Chagres, Colombia on the Eastern side of the isthmus, a second route from Panama, Colombia to Astoria, Oregon.
That same year, William Henry Aspinwall secured a 10-year government contract through Arnold Harris, with the New York State Senate incorporating the Pacific Mail Steamship Company with a capital of $400,000, of which Aspinwall was elected the first president. This company was to move the mail from Panama to the West Coast, being paid $199,000 per annum by the U. S. government. In January 1848, the company ordered three mail steamers from the shipyard of William Henry Webb: the SS California, SS Panama and SS Oregon. On October 5 or October 6, 1848 the Pacific Mail's first of these steamers, the SS California, departed from New York City to run service from Panama to the West Coast, traveling around Cape Horn to San Francisco—coincidentally, the California Gold Rush began in January of that year, the steamer—and its sisters and Panama—took on many hopeful miners en route. Prior to founding Pacific Mail, Aspinwall had extensive experience in the shipping business as a partner in Howland & Aspinwall.
Howland & Aspinwall operated some of the most famous clipper ships built. In 1845, while it owned the Ann McKim, regarded as the fastest ship afloat, the firm built the Rainbow, faster; the Rainbow is considered to be the first of the extreme clippers, which were the racehorses of the sea. The next year, the company had the Sea Witch built, which set a speed record from China to New York which still stands. Clipper ships sacrificed cargo capacity for speed, but in some markets, the fast service allowed their owners to charge premium rates. Faster speed meant that the vessel could complete more voyages in a given time period, which helped make up for the diminished cargo capacity; when in 1850, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company established a competing line to the U. S. Mail Steamship Company between New York and Chagres, George Law placed an opposition Pacific Line of steamers in the Pacific running from Panama to San Francisco. In April 1851 the rivalry was ended when an agreement was made between the companies, the U.
S. Mail Steamship Company purchased the Pacific Mail steamers on the Atlantic side, George Law sold his ships and new line to the Pacific Mail. By 1850 Pacific Mail maintained a monopoly over the Panama-Oregon trade, helped by the purchase of two steamers from Empire City Line. Large numbers of prospective gold miners paying for passage to California had meant that by 1850, the capital of Pacific Mail had increased from $400,000 to over $2 million. Pacific Mail ordered four new ships, designed to meet the needs of trade to and from California, opened ship depots at Panama City and Benicia, California. Aspinwall invested in the Panama Railroad Company, which would replace old wagon trails across the Isthmus, cutting travel time from four days to four hours. In 1852 George Law went into partnership with Aspinwall and developed its eastern terminal next to the wharf at Aspinwall, Columbia sold his interest in 1853; this line was completed in 1855, coordination between steamships and this line meant the travel time from San Francisco to New York was cut to 21 days.
In 1856, Aspinwall retired from the position of president of the Pacific Mail Company, with the former secretary, William H. Davidge, taking the presidency. Under his control, the company's capital doubled, to $4 million, but the major turning point of his presidency of the company was in 1858, when Pacific Mail's contract with the government expired. However, at the same time, the contract of the U. S. Mail Steamship Company expired; this company had been providing the ships for the New York to Panama route and went out of business in 1859. A through service was deemed necessary, the company bought three new ships: the SS Adriatic, SS Atlantic and SS Baltic, all of which had belonged to Collins Line. However, competition from the other Atlantic steamship lines was fierce, within a few years, the route on the Atlantic side was pulled. During the Civil War, Pacific Mail used its steamers to transport gold to the East Coast to support the Northern cause; the company received the SS Colorado, launched from the same shipyard as the SS California.
By the end of the war, under the new presidency, Pacific Mail purchased its competitor, Atlantic Mail Steamship Company, which at this point was providing service from New York to the Isthmus. This in turn meant that, at last, Pacific Mail was able to provi
Morristown, New Jersey
Morristown is a town and the county seat of Morris County, New Jersey, United States. Morristown has been called "the military capital of the American Revolution" because of its strategic role in the war for independence from Great Britain. Today this history is visible in a variety of locations throughout the town that collectively make up Morristown National Historical Park. According to British colonial records, the first permanent European settlement at Morristown occurred in 1715, when a settlement was founded as New Hanover by migrants from New York and Connecticut. Morris County was created on March 1739, from portions of Hunterdon County; the county, Morristown itself, was named for the popular Governor of the Province, Lewis Morris, who championed benefits for the colonists. Morristown was incorporated as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1865, within Morris Township, it was formally set off from the township in 1895; as of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 18,411, reflecting a decline of 133 from the 18,544 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,355 from the 16,189 counted in the 1990 Census.
The area was inhabited by the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for up to 6,000 years prior to exploration of Europeans. The first European settlements in this portion of New Jersey were established by the Swedes and Dutch in the early 17th century, when a significant trade in furs existed between the natives and the Europeans at temporary posts, it became part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, but the English seized control of the region in 1664, granted to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, as the Province of New Jersey. Morristown was settled around 1715 by English Presbyterians from Southold, New York on Long Island and New Haven, Connecticut as the village of New Hanover; the town's central location and road connections led to its selection as the seat of the new Morris County shortly after its separation from Hunterdon County on March 15, 1739. The village and county were named for Lewis Morris, the first and sitting royal governor of a united colony of New Jersey.
By the middle of the 18th century, Morristown had 250 residents, with two churches, a courthouse, two taverns, two schools, several stores, numerous mills and farms nearby. George Washington first came to Morristown in May 1773, two years before the Revolutionary War broke out, traveled from there to New York City together with John Parke Custis and Lord Stirling. In 1777, General George Washington and the Continental Army marched from the victories at Trenton and Princeton to encamp near Morristown from January to May. Washington had his headquarters during that first encampment at Jacob Arnold's Tavern located at the Morristown Green in the center of the town. Morristown was selected for its strategic location, it was between Philadelphia and New York and near New England while being protected from British forces behind the Watchung Mountains. It was chosen for the skills and trades of the residents, local industries and natural resources to provide arms, what was thought to be the ability of the community to provide enough food to support the army.
The churches were used for inoculations for smallpox. That first headquarters, Arnold's Tavern, was moved.5 miles south of the green onto Mount Kemble Avenue to become All Souls Hospital in the late 19th century. It suffered a fire in 1918, the original structure was demolished, but new buildings for the hospital were built directly across the street. From December 1779 to June 1780 the Continental Army's second encampment at Morristown was at Jockey Hollow. Washington's headquarters in Morristown was located at the Ford Mansion, a large mansion near what was the'edge of town.' Ford's widow and children shared the house with Martha Washington and officers of the Continental Army. The winter of 1780 was the worst winter of the Revolutionary War; the starvation was complicated by extreme inflation of lack of pay for the army. The entire Pennsylvania contingent mutinied and 200 New Jersey soldiers attempted to emulate them. During Washington's second stay, in March 1780, he declared St. Patrick's Day a holiday to honor his many Irish troops.
Martha Washington traveled from Virginia and remained with her husband each winter throughout the war. The Marquis de Lafayette came to Washington in Morristown to inform him that France would be sending ships and trained soldiers to aid the Continental Army; the Ford Mansion, Jockey Hollow, Fort Nonsense are all preserved as part of Morristown National Historical Park managed by the National Park Service, which has the distinction among historic preservationists of being the first National Historical Park established in the United States. During Washington's stay, Benedict Arnold was court-martialed at Dickerson's Tavern, on Spring Street, for charges related to profiteering from military supplies at Philadelphia, his admonishment was made public, but Washington promised the hero, Arnold, to make it up to him. Alexander Hamilton courted and wed Elizabeth Schuyler at a residence where Washington's personal physician was billeted. Locally known as the Schuyler-Hamilton House, the Dr. Jabez Campfield House is listed on both the New Jersey and National Register of Historic Places.
The Morristown Green has a statue commemorating the meeting of George Washington, the young Marquis de LaFayette, young Alexander Hamilton depicting them discussing forthcoming aid of French tall ships and troops being sent by King Louis XVI of France to aid the Continental Army. Morristown's Burnham Park has a statue of the "Father of the American Revolution", Thomas Paine, who wr