The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Salem County, New Jersey
Salem County is a county located in the U. S. state of New Jersey. Its western boundary is formed by the Delaware River and it has the eastern terminus of the Delaware Memorial Bridge, connecting to New Castle, Delaware, its county seat is Salem. The county is part of the Delaware Valley area; as of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 62,792, making it the state's least populous county, representing a 5.0% decrease from the 66,083 enumerated at the 2010 Census, in turn increasing by 1,798 from the 64,285 counted in the 2000 Census, retaining its position as the state's least populous county. The most populous place was Pennsville Township, with 13,409 residents at the time of the 2010 Census. Lower Alloways Creek Township covers the largest total area of any municipality. European settlement began with English colonists in the seventeenth century, who were settling both sides of the Delaware River, they established a colonial court in the area in 1681, but Salem County was first formally organized within West Jersey on May 17, 1694, from the Salem Tenth.
Pittsgrove Township was transferred to Cumberland County in April 1867, but was restored to Salem County in February 1868. The area was settled by Quakers; the Old Salem County Courthouse, situated on the same block as the Salem County Courthouse, serves as the court for Salem City in the 21st century. It is the oldest active courthouse in New Jersey and is the second oldest courthouse in continuous use in the United States, the oldest being King William County Courthouse in Virginia; the courthouse was built in 1735 during the reign of King George II using locally manufactured bricks. The building was enlarged in 1817 and additionally enlarged and remodeled in 1908, its distinctive bell tower is unchanged and the original bell sits in the courtroom. Judge William Hancock of the King's Court presided at the courthouse, he was killed by the British in the American Revolutionary War during the massacre at Hancock House committed by the British against local militia during the Salem Raid in 1778.
Afterward the courthouse was the site of the "treason trials," wherein suspected Loyalists were put on trial for having aided the British during the Salem Raid. Four men were sentenced to death for treason; the courthouse is the site of the legend of Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson's proving the edibility of the tomato. Before 1820, Americans assumed tomatoes were poisonous. In 1820, Colonel Johnson, according to legend, stood upon the courthouse steps and ate tomatoes in front of a large crowd assembled to watch him do so. Salem County is notable for its distinctive Quaker-inspired architecture and masonry styles of the 18th century, it had a agricultural economy. In the early 20th century, its towns received numerous immigrants from eastern and southern Europe, who markedly added to the population. In the period following World War II, the county's population increased due to suburban development. To accommodate increasing traffic, the Delaware Memorial Bridge was built from Salem County to New Castle, Delaware.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 372.33 square miles, including 331.90 square miles of land and 40.43 square miles of water. The county is bordered on the west by the Delaware River, drained by Salem River and other creeks; the terrain is uniformly flat coastal plain, with minimal relief. The highest elevation in the county has never been determined with any specificity, but is one of seven low rises in Upper Pittsgrove Township that reach 160 feet in elevation. Sea level is the lowest point; the county adjoins the following areas: Gloucester County, New Jersey - northeast Cumberland County, New Jersey - southeast Kent County, Delaware- southwest1 New Castle County, Delaware - west1across Delaware Bay. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 66,083 people, 25,290 households, 17,551.260 families residing in the county. The population density was 199.1 per square mile. There were 27,417 housing units at an average density of 82.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 79.83% White, 14.09% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.64% from other races, 2.22% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.82% of the population. There were 25,290 households out of which 29% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, 15% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.8 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.6 males. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 64,285 people, 24,295 households, 17,370 families
The source or headwaters of a river or stream is the furthest place in that river or stream from its estuary or confluence with another river, as measured along the course of the river. The United States Geological Survey states that a river's "length may be considered to be the distance from the mouth to the most distant headwater source, or from the mouth to the headwaters of the stream known as the source stream"; as an example of the second definition above, the USGS at times considers the Missouri River as a tributary of the Mississippi River. But it follows the first definition above in using the combined Missouri - lower Mississippi length figure in lists of lengths of rivers around the world. Most rivers have numerous tributaries and change names often; this most identified definition of a river source uses the most distant point in the drainage basin from which water runs year-around, or, alternatively, as the furthest point from which water could flow ephemerally. The latter definition includes sometimes-dry channels and removes any possible definitions that would have the river source "move around" from month to month depending on precipitation or ground water levels.
This definition, from geographer Andrew Johnston of the Smithsonian Institution, is used by the National Geographic Society when pinpointing the source of rivers such as the Amazon or Nile. A definition given by the state of Montana agrees, stating that a river source is never a confluence but is "in a location, the farthest, along water miles, from where that river ends." Under this definition neither a lake nor a confluence of tributaries can be a true river source, though both provide the starting point for the portion of a river carrying a single name. For example, National Geographic and every other geographic authority and atlas define the source of the Nile River not as Lake Victoria's outlet where the name "Nile" first appears, which would reduce the Nile's length by over 900 km, but instead use the source of the largest river flowing into the lake, the Kagera River; the source of the Amazon River has been determined this way though the river changes names numerous times along its course.
However, the source of Thames in England is traditionally reckoned according to the named river Thames rather than its longer tributary, the Churn — although not without contention. When not listing river lengths, alternative definitions may be used; the Missouri River's source is named by some USGS and other federal and state agency sources, following Lewis and Clark's naming convention, as the confluence of the Madison and Jefferson Rivers, rather than the source of its longest tributary. This is contradicted by a US Army Corps of Engineers official on a USGS site who states the most common definition: "Geographers follow the longest tributary to identify the source of rivers and streams. In the case of the Missouri River and Clark would have had to travel to the east...to reach the source"... He states that the Missouri River source is well upstream from Lewis and Clark's confluence, "following the Jefferson River to the Beaverhead River to Red Rock River Red Rock Creek to Hell Roaring Creek."
Sometimes the source of the most remote tributary may be in an area, more marsh-like, in which the "uppermost" or most remote section of the marsh would be the true source. For example, the source of the River Tees is marshland; the furthest stream is often called the headstream. Headwaters are small streams with cool waters because of shade and melted ice or snow, they may be glacial headwaters, waters formed by the melting of glacial ice. Headwater areas are the upstream areas of a watershed, as opposed to the outflow or discharge of a watershed; the river source is but not always on or quite near the edge of the watershed, or watershed divide. For example, the source of the Colorado River is at the Continental Divide separating the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean watersheds of North America. A river is considered a linear geographic feature, with one source. For an example, note how the Mississippi River and Missouri River sources are defined: "Largest Rivers in the United States". United States Geological Survey.
U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mississippi River, Length: 2,340 miles, Source: 47°14′22″N 95°12′29″W U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Missouri River, Length: 2,540 miles, Source: 45°55′39″N 111°30′29″W The verb "rise" can be used to express the general region of a river's source, is qualified with an adverbial expression of place. For example: The River Thames rises in Gloucestershire; the White Nile rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa. The word "source", when applied to lakes rather than rivers or streams, refers to the lake's inflow. Source of the Amazon River Source of the Nile Spring Strahler number Water well
Salem, New Jersey
Salem is a city in Salem County, in the U. S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 5,146, reflecting a decrease of 711 from the 5,857 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 1,026 from the 6,883 counted in the 1990 Census, an overall drop of more than 25% over the two decades, it is the county seat of the state's most rural county. The name "Salem", in both the city and county, is derived from the Hebrew word shalom, meaning "peace"; the town and colony of Salem was laid out in 1675 by John Fenwick and the community was given permission to choose officers in October 1693. It was incorporated on February 21, 1798, as part of the initial group of 104 townships established by the New Jersey Legislature. On February 25, 1858, it was reincorporated as Salem City. Salem was founded by a Quaker. Fenwick had been involved in a financial dispute with an Edward Byllynge, another Quaker, who had received the undivided portion of New Jersey territory that James Stuart, Duke of York had granted to Lord John Berkeley in 1664.
Berkeley had sold his share to Byllynge in 1675 for 1,000 pounds, but Byllynge had become bankrupt and so had the property turned over to Fenwick to hold for Byllynge and his assigns in trust. Byllynge and Fenwick came to disagree over the property. William Penn was asked to adjudicate the matter and he awarded 90% of the claim to Byllynge and the remaining 10% and a cash settlement to Fenwick for his share. Fenwick was refused to abide by the decision. So Fenwick organized a colony of settlers and sailed to the Delaware Bay where he settled as Patroon on the eastern shore near the abandoned Swedish settlement of Fort Nya Elfsborg and set himself up as the local governor of the fifth Tenth, issuing land patents and enforcing his own laws in defiance of Byllynge and Penn. Byllynge countered by suing Fenwick; the economic damages to those who controlled property within and near Salem caused many injured persons over the next decade to declare a long line of complaints and lawsuits in the colonial courts.
To preserve Salem, its inhabitants and their property, Fenwick remained under arrest for months until copies of documents proving his claims were obtained from England. Fenwick proved the right of his claim in the court of Dominion Governor Andros, returned to govern the Salem tenth by 1689. Salem remained as continued growing. In 1778, the British launched an assault against the local American militia in what became known as the Salem Raid. During that assault, Judge William Hancock of the King's Court, presiding at the County Courthouse at the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, was accidentally killed by the British troops as part of the assault that became known as the Hancock House Massacre. After the war concluded, treason trials were held at the county courthouse where suspected Loyalists were put on trial for having aided the British raid of Salem. Four men were sentenced to death for treason; the town was formally incorporated as a city by the New Jersey Legislature's Township Act of 1798 on February 21, 1798.
The Old County Courthouse was the site of the legend of Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson proving the edibility of the tomato. According to legend, Colonel Johnson stood upon the courthouse steps in 1820 and ate tomatoes in front of a large amazed crowd assembled to watch him do so. However, the legend did not appear in print until 1948 and modern scholars doubt the veracity of this story; the Old Salem County Courthouse serves today as the administrative offices for Salem City. It is the oldest active courthouse in New Jersey and is the second-oldest courthouse in continuous use in the United States; the Courthouse was erected in 1735 during the reign of King George II using locally manufactured bricks. The building was enlarged in 1817 and additionally enlarged and remodeled in 1908, its distinctive bell tower is unchanged and the original bell sits in the courtroom. Salem is located along the Salem River. According to the United States Census Bureau, Salem city had a total area of 2.815 square miles, including 2.343 square miles of land and 0.472 square mile of water.
The city borders the Salem County municipalities of Elsinboro Township, Lower Alloways Creek Township, Mannington Township, Pennsville Township and Quinton Township. The climate in the area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Salem has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,146 people, 2,157 households, 1,264.002 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,195.9 per square mile. There were 2,633 housing units at an average density of 1,123.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 31.21% White, 62.13% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.85% from other races, 4.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.68% of the population. There were 2,157 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 22.8% were married couples living together, 30.7% had a female householder with no h
Quinton Township, New Jersey
Quinton Township is a township in Salem County, in the U. S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 2,666, reflecting a decline of 120 from the 2,786 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 275 from the 2,511 counted in the 1990 Census. Quinton was formally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 18, 1873, from portions of Upper Alloways Creek Township; the township's name is said to derive from the name of an early settler, with both Tobias Quinton and Edward Quinton mentioned as possible namesakes. In March 1778, during the American Revolutionary War, a minor battle was fought between British forces and local militia at Quinton's Bridge, it is a dry township. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 24.578 square miles, including 24.092 square miles of land and 0.486 square miles of water. Quinton CDP is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located within Quinton Township.
Unincorporated communities located or within the township Berrys Chapel, Mickles Mill, Pecks Corner and Woods Upper Mill. The township borders the Salem County municipalities of Alloway Township, Lower Alloways Creek Township, Mannington Township and Salem. Quinton Township borders Cumberland County; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,666 people, 1,036 households, 756.280 families residing in the township. The population density was 110.7 per square mile. There were 1,099 housing units at an average density of 45.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 81.58% White, 12.90% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, 3.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.01% of the population. There were 1,036 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.0% were non-families.
21.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.98. In the township, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.7 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $65,061 and the median family income was $75,833. Males had a median income of $58,542 versus $34,615 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $29,805. About 4.2% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,786 people, 1,074 households, 778 families residing in the township.
The population density was 115.3 people per square mile. There were 1,133 housing units at an average density of 46.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 82.05% White, 14.47% African American, 1.08% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.72% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population. There were 1,074 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02. In the township the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males. The median income for a household in the township was $41,193, the median income for a family was $48,272. Males had a median income of $32,394 versus $22,198 for females; the per capita income for the township was $18,921. About 7.8% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over. Quinton Township is governed under the Township form of government; the governing body is a three-member Township Committee, whose members are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor; as of 2016, members of the Quinton Township Committee are Mayor Raymond C. Owens, Deputy Mayor Marjorie L. Sperry and Joseph J. Hannagan Jr..
Joseph Donelson, a former councilmember and mayor, was selected in October 2013 by the Township Council from among three candidates recommended by the municipal Democratic committe
New Jersey Route 49
Route 49 is a state highway in the southern part of the U. S. state of New Jersey. It runs 53.80 mi from an interchange with the Delaware Memorial Bridge extension of the New Jersey Turnpike in Deepwater, Salem County, where it continues north as U. S. Route 130 southeast to Route 50 and County Route 557 in Tuckahoe, Cape May County; the route serves Salem, Cumberland and Cape May Counties, passing through rural areas and the communities of Salem and Millville along the way. It is a undivided road for most of its length. Route 49 was established in 1927 to run from Salem to Clermont, running along its present alignment between Salem and Millville, following current Route 47 between Millville and South Dennis, running along present-day Route 83 between South Dennis and Clermont, it replaced a branch of pre-1927 Route 6 between Salem and Bridgeton and a part of pre-1927 Route 15 between Bridgeton and South Dennis. In 1953, Route 49 was routed onto its current alignment, replacing a part of Route 44 between Salem and Deepwater and following the former alignment of Route 47 between Millville and Tuckahoe.
In the 1960s, a freeway was planned for Route 49 between Millville. In the 2000s, many improvements have been or are being made to bridges along Route 49. Route 49 heads southwest on Broadway from an interchange with the Delaware Memorial Bridge extension of the New Jersey Turnpike in the community of Deepwater in Pennsville Township, Salem County. North of here, the road continues to the north as U. S. Route 130. Route 49 passes through residential and commercial areas of Pennsville, turning to the south-southeast and passing west of Pennsville Memorial High School; the route intersects County Route 630. Route 49 intersects the southern terminus of County Route 551 (Hook Road and County Route 632, it becomes Front Street. In Salem, the route intersects County Route 657 at a crossing of the Southern Railroad of New Jersey's Salem Branch line and makes a right turn, it forms the main business district of the town. In downtown Salem, Route 49 intersects County Route 625, the southern terminus of Route 45, County Route 665.
It crosses County Route 658 and enters Quinton Township, becoming Main Street and heading into agricultural areas. Route 49 heads east, meeting County Route 650 and County Route 653, it crosses the Alloway Creek into the community of Quinton, where it intersects the southern terminus of County Route 581 and County Route 654. The route leaves Quinton and intersects County Route 626, continuing southeast into wooded areas, where Route 49 crosses County Route 667 and County Route 647. Route 49 crosses a stream, Sarah Run, into Stow Creek Township, Cumberland County and heads into farmland as Shiloh Pike. Here, it crosses County Route 624 and County Route 617; the route intersects County Route 635 and continues south along the border of Stow Creek Township to the west and Hopewell Township to the east, entering Shiloh at the intersection with Mill Road. In Shiloh, Route 49 meets County Route 620 and County Route 753 in the center of town and heads southeast, crossing County Route 695; the route enters Hopewell Township and intersects County Route 661.
Past this intersection, Route 49 enters a more suburban landscape, crossing County Route 621. The route becomes Broad Street. In Bridgeton, it intersects County Route 607, County Route 650, County Route 697. Route 49 crosses the Cohansey River and comes to an intersection with Pearl Street, which heads to the north as Route 77 and to the south as County Route 609. Past Pearl Street, Route 49 intersects County Route 670 and crosses a Winchester and Western Railroad line as it continues to the east on Commerce Street, it enters Fairfield Township. Route 49 continues east through a mix of woods and farms, intersecting County Route 553 and County Route 675, it enters Millville and becomes Main Street, intersecting County Route 682 and County Route 634. It intersects three more county routes, County Route 714, County Route 625, County Route 712, before heading into the city, it intersects County Route 608 and County Route 698, County Route 667, County Route 610 before meeting County Route 555, which it forms a concurrency with.
The route crosses the Maurice River and enters downtown Millville, where it intersects Route 47. Past Route 47, County Route 555 splits from Route 49 by turning north onto Third Street. Route 49 heads east through the eastern part of Millville, crossing a Winchester and Western Railroad line and intersecting County Route 678 before reaching an interchange with Route 55. Past Route 55, Route 49 crosses into Maurice River Township. In Maurice River Township, Route 49 intersects County Route 671, County Route 646, County Route 644 (Hesstown Ro
Upper Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey
Upper Pittsgrove Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,505, reflecting an increase of 37 from the 3,468 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 328 from the 3,140 counted in the 1990 Census. Upper Pittsgrove Township was incorporated on March 1846, from portions of Pittsgrove Township. Portions of the township were taken on January 1893, to form Elmer; the township was named for Pittsgrove Township, which in turn was named for William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, a supporter of the colonial cause. It is a dry town, where alcohol cannot be sold, as affirmed by a referendum passed in 1979, though alcohol is available at a winery and a distillery in the township. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 40.486 square miles, including 40.328 square miles of land and 0.158 square miles of water. Upper Pittsgrove preserved farmland; the Salem River has its source in the township.
Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Ballingers Mill, Foxs Mill, Friendship Church, New Freedom, Pittsgrove, Pole Tavern, Whig Lane and Woods Mills. The township borders Alloway Township, Pilesgrove Township and Pittsgrove Township. Upper Pittsgrove Township borders Cumberland County and Gloucester County; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,505 people, 1,247 households, 931.509 families residing in the township. The population density was 86.9 per square mile. There were 1,310 housing units at an average density of 32.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 94.89% White, 2.17% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.02% of the population. There were 1,247 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.3% were non-families.
20.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.17. In the township, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 32.5% from 45 to 64, 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.7 years. For every 100 females there were 102.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 100.4 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $80,957 and the median family income was $83,438. Males had a median income of $55,246 versus $36,316 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $30,264. About 2.4% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,468 people, 1,207 households, 959 families residing in the township.
The population density was 85.9 people per square mile. There were 1,250 housing units at an average density of 31.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 94.84% White, 2.16% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.30% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.14% of the population. There were 1,207 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.5% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.5% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.13. In the township the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males. The median income for a household in the township was $53,813, the median income for a family was $56,768. Males had a median income of $41,319 versus $27,976 for females; the per capita income for the township was $21,732. About 6.0% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over. Upper Pittsgrove Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government; the five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting, the council selects one of its members to serves as mayor and another as deputy mayor; as of 2016, members of the Upper Pittsgrove Township Council are Mayor Jack R. Cimprich, Deputy Mayor Edward J. Meschi, Bruce W. Bishop, William W. Gantz Jr. and David Zeck Sr..
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