Alopecurus geniculatus

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Alopecurus geniculatus
Geknikte vossestaart aar (Alopecurus geniculatus inflorescens).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Alopecurus
Species: A. geniculatus
Binomial name
Alopecurus geniculatus
L. 1753 not Lindh. ex Scheele 1849 nor Sibth. ex Steudel 1840
  • Alopecurus aristulosus Desv.
  • Alopecurus australis Nees
  • Alopecurus bulbosus With.
  • Alopecurus nothus R.Arndt
  • Alopecurus pallescens Piper
  • Alopecurus palustris Syme
  • Tozzettia geniculata (L.) Bubani

Alopecurus geniculatus is a species of grass known by the common name water foxtail[citation needed] or marsh foxtail.[2] It is native to much of Eurasia and introduced into North America, South America, and Australia. It grows in moist areas.[3][4][5][6]

Alopecurus geniculatus is a perennial grass forming bunches of erect stems up to about 60 cm (24 inches) in height. The leaves are up 12 cm (5 inches) in length. The inflorescence is a dense panicle up to 6 or 7 cm long which blooms in dusty yellow-orange anthers.[7][8][9]

Environmental conservation[edit]

Alopecurus geniculatus is a component of purple moor grass and rush pastures a type of Biodiversity Action Plan habitat in the UK. It occurs on poorly drained neutral and acidic soils of the lowlands and upland fringe.


  1. ^ The Plant List, Alopecurus geniculatus L.
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ Moore, D. M. 1983. Flora de Tierra del Fuego 396 pp. A. Nelson; Missouri Botanical Garden, Oswestry; St. Louis
  4. ^ Soreng, R. J. 2003. Alopecurus. 48: 97–106. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  5. ^ Böcher, T. W., K. Holmen & K. Jacobsen. 1968. Flora of Greenland (ed. 2) 312 pp.
  6. ^ Bor, N. L. 1960. Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i–767. Pergamon Press, Oxford
  7. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Coda di topo ginocchiata, Vulpin genouillé, capim-cauda-de-raposa-dobrado, kärrkavle, Alopecurus geniculatus includes photos and European distribution map
  8. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county disgtribution map
  9. ^ Dogan, M. 1999. A concise taxonomic revision of the genus Alopecurus L. (Gramineae). Türk Botanik Dergisi 23(4): 245–262

External links[edit]