An alphabet is a standard set of letters that represent the phonemes of any spoken language it is used to write. This is in contrast to other types such as syllabaries and logographic systems; the first phonemic script, the Proto-Canaanite script known as the Phoenician alphabet, is considered to be the first alphabet, is the ancestor of most modern alphabets, including Arabic, Latin, Cyrillic and Brahmic. Peter T. Daniels, distinguishes an abugida or alphasyllabary, a set of graphemes that represent consonantal base letters which diacritics modify to represent vowels, an abjad, in which letters predominantly or represent consonants, an "alphabet", a set of graphemes that represent both vowels and consonants. In this narrow sense of the word the first "true" alphabet was the Greek alphabet, developed on the basis of the earlier Phoenician alphabet. Of the dozens of alphabets in use today, the most popular is the Latin alphabet, derived from the Greek, which many languages modify by adding letters formed using diacritical marks.
While most alphabets have letters composed of lines, there are exceptions such as the alphabets used in Braille. The Khmer alphabet is the longest, with 74 letters. Alphabets are associated with a standard ordering of letters; this makes them useful for purposes of collation by allowing words to be sorted in alphabetical order. It means that their letters can be used as an alternative method of "numbering" ordered items, in such contexts as numbered lists and number placements; the English word alphabet came into Middle English from the Late Latin word alphabetum, which in turn originated in the Greek ἀλφάβητος. The Greek word was made from the first two letters and beta; the names for the Greek letters came from the first two letters of the Phoenician alphabet. Sometimes, like in the alphabet song in English, the term "ABCs" is used instead of the word "alphabet". "Knowing one's ABCs", in general, can be used as a metaphor for knowing the basics about anything. The history of the alphabet started in ancient Egypt.
Egyptian writing had a set of some 24 hieroglyphs that are called uniliterals, to represent syllables that begin with a single consonant of their language, plus a vowel to be supplied by the native speaker. These glyphs were used as pronunciation guides for logograms, to write grammatical inflections, to transcribe loan words and foreign names. In the Middle Bronze Age, an "alphabetic" system known as the Proto-Sinaitic script appears in Egyptian turquoise mines in the Sinai peninsula dated to circa the 15th century BC left by Canaanite workers. In 1999, John and Deborah Darnell discovered an earlier version of this first alphabet at Wadi el-Hol dated to circa 1800 BC and showing evidence of having been adapted from specific forms of Egyptian hieroglyphs that could be dated to circa 2000 BC suggesting that the first alphabet had been developed about that time. Based on letter appearances and names, it is believed to be based on Egyptian hieroglyphs; this script had no characters representing vowels, although it was a syllabary, but unneeded symbols were discarded.
An alphabetic cuneiform script with 30 signs including three that indicate the following vowel was invented in Ugarit before the 15th century BC. This script was not used after the destruction of Ugarit; the Proto-Sinaitic script developed into the Phoenician alphabet, conventionally called "Proto-Canaanite" before ca. 1050 BC. The oldest text in Phoenician script is an inscription on the sarcophagus of King Ahiram; this script is the parent script of all western alphabets. By the tenth century, two other forms can be distinguished, namely Aramaic; the Aramaic gave rise to the Hebrew script. The South Arabian alphabet, a sister script to the Phoenician alphabet, is the script from which the Ge'ez alphabet is descended. Vowelless alphabets, which are not true alphabets, are called abjads exemplified in scripts including Arabic and Syriac; the omission of vowels was not always a satisfactory solution and some "weak" consonants are sometimes used to indicate the vowel quality of a syllable. These letters have a dual function since they are used as pure consonants.
The Proto-Sinaitic or Proto-Canaanite script and the Ugaritic script were the first scripts with a limited number of signs, in contrast to the other used writing systems at the time, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Linear B. The Phoenician script was the first phonemic script and it contained only about two dozen distinct letters, making it a script simple enough for common traders to learn. Another advantage of Phoenician was that it could be used to write down many different languages, since it recorded words phonemically; the script was spread by the Phoenicians across the Mediterranean. In Greece, the script was modified to add vowels, giving rise to the ancestor of all alphabets in the West; the vowels have independent letter forms separate from those of consonants. The Greeks chose letters representing sounds. Vowels are significant in the Greek language, the syllabical Linear B scri
BMW AG is a German multinational company which produces automobiles and motorcycles, produced aircraft engines until 1945. The company is headquartered in Munich, Bavaria. BMW produces motor vehicles in Germany, China, South Africa, the United Kingdom, the United States. In 2015, BMW was the world's twelfth largest producer of motor vehicles, with 2,279,503 vehicles produced; the Quandt family are long-term shareholders of the company, with the remaining shares owned by public float. Automobiles are marketed under the brands Mini and Rolls-Royce. Motorcycles are marketed under the brand BMW Motorrad; the company has significant motorsport history in touring cars, Formula 1, sports cars and the Isle of Man TT. BMW's origins can be traced back to three separate German companies: Rapp Motorenwerke, Bayerische Flugzeugwerke, Automobilwerk Eisenach; the history of the name itself begins with an aircraft engine manufacturer. In April 1917, following the departure of the founder Karl Friedrich Rapp, the company was renamed Bayerische Motoren Werke.
BMW's first product was the BMW IIIa aircraft engine. The IIIa engine was known for high-altitude performance; the resulting orders for IIIa engines from the German military caused rapid expansion for BMW. After the end of World War I in 1918, BMW was forced to cease aircraft engine production by the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty. To remain in business, BMW produced farm household items and railway brakes. In 1922, former major shareholder Camillo Castiglioni purchased the rights to the name BMW, which led to the company descended from Rapp Motorenwerke being renamed Süddeutsche Bremse AG. Castiglioni was an investor in another aircraft company, called "Bayerische Flugzeugwerke", which he renamed BMW; the disused factory of Bayerische Flugzeugwerke was re-opened to produce engines for buses, farm equipment and pumps, under the brand name BMW. BMW's corporate history considers the founding date of Bayerische Flugzeugwerke to be the birth of the company; as the restrictions of the Armistice Treaty began to be lifted, BMW began production of motorcycles in 1923, with the R32 model.
BMW's production of automobiles began in 1928, when the company purchased the Automobilwerk Eisenach car company. Automobilwerk Eisenach's current model was the Dixi 3/15, a licensed copy of the Austin 7 which had begun production in 1927. Following the takeover, the Dixi 3/15 became BMW's first production car. In 1932, the BMW 3/20 became the first BMW automobile designed by BMW, it was powered by a four-cylinder engine. BMW's first automotive straight-six engine was released in 1933, in the BMW 303. Throughout the 1930s, BMW expanded its model range to include sedans, coupes and sports cars. With German rearmament in the 1930s, the company again began producing aircraft engines for the Luftwaffe; the factory in Munich made ample use of forced labour: foreign civilians, prisoners of war and inmates of the Dachau concentration camp. Among its successful World War II engine designs were the BMW 132 and BMW 801 air-cooled radial engines, the pioneering BMW 003 axial-flow turbojet, which powered the tiny, 1944–1945–era jet-powered “emergency fighter”, the Heinkel He 162 Spatz.
The BMW 003 jet engine was first tested as a prime power plant in the first prototype of the Messerschmitt Me 262, the Me 262 V1, but in 1942 tests the BMW prototype engines failed on takeoff with only the standby Junkers Jumo 210 nose-mounted piston engine powering it to a safe landing. The few Me 262 A-1b test examples built used the more developed version of the 003 jet, recording an official top speed of 800 km/h; the first-ever four-engine jet aircraft flown were the sixth and eighth prototypes of the Arado Ar 234 jet reconnaissance-bomber, which used BMW 003 jets for power. Through 1944 the 003's reliability improved, making it a suitable power plant for air frame designs competing for the Jägernotprogramm’s light fighter production contract. Which was won by the Heinkel He 162 Spatz design; the BMW 003 aviation turbojet was under consideration as the basic starting point for a pioneering turboshaft powerplant for German armored fighting vehicles in 1944–45, as the GT 101. Towards the end of the Third Reich, BMW developed some military aircraft projects for the Luftwaffe, the BMW Strahlbomber, the BMW Schnellbomber and the BMW Strahljäger, but none of them were built.
During World War II, many BMW production facilities had been bombed. BMW's facilities in East Germany were seized by the Soviet Union and the remaining facilities were banned by the Allies from producing motorcycles or automobiles. During this ban, BMW used basic secondhand and salvaged equipment to make pots and pans expanding to other kitchen supplies and bicycles. In 1947, BMW was granted permission to resume motorcycle production and its first post-war motorcycle - the R24 - was released in 1948. BMW was still barred from producing automobiles, the Bristol Aeroplane Company was producing cars in England based on BMW's pre-war models, using plans that BAC had taken from BMW's German offices. Production of automobiles resumed with the BMW 501 large sedan. Throughout the 1950s, BMW expanded their model range with sedans, coupes and sports cars. In 1954, the BMW 502 was BMW's first to use a V8 engine. To provide an affordable model, BMW began production of the Isetta
Ron Silliman is an American poet. He has written and edited over 30 books, has had his poetry and criticism translated into 12 languages, he is associated with language poetry. Between 1979 and 2004, Silliman wrote The Alphabet, he has now begun writing a new poem, the first section of which appears to be called Revelator. In the 1960s, Silliman attended Merritt College, San Francisco State University and the University of California, but left without attaining a degree, he lived in the San Francisco Bay area for more than 40 years. As a published poet, he has taught in the Graduate Writing Program at San Francisco State University, at the University of California at San Diego, at New College of California and, in shorter stints, at Naropa University and Brown University. Silliman has worked as a political organizer, a lobbyist, an ethnographer, a newspaper editor, a director of development, as the executive editor of the Socialist Review. While in San Francisco, he served on numerous community boards, including the 1980 Census Oversight Committee, the Arson Task Force of the San Francisco Fire Department, the State Department of Health's Task Force on Health Conditions in Locale Detention Facilities.
Silliman worked as a market analyst in the computer industry before retiring at the end of 2011. Silliman classifies his poetry as part of a lifework, which he calls Ketjak "Ketjak" is the name of the first poem of The Age of Huts. If and when completed, the entire work will consist of The Age of Huts, The Alphabet, Universe. In 1995 Silliman moved to Chester County, where he resides with his wife Krishna and two sons and Jesse. Although he has come to be associated with the Language poets for most of his career, Silliman came of age under the sign of Donald Allen's New American Poetry. Regarding the latter publication, he's said that it is: "unquestionably the most influential single anthology of the last century. It’s a great book, an epoch-making one in many ways." Silliman was first published in Berkeley in 1965. In the 1960s he was published by journals associated with what he calls the School of Quietude, such as Poetry Northwest, TriQuarterly, Southern Review and Poetry. Silliman thought that such early acceptance was less a recognition of his skills than a lack of standards or rigor characteristic of that literary tendency.
Some of these alternatives were initiated through various editing projects that he took part in, which gave him the opportunity to work with a wide range of poets. One of the more influential projects was Silliman's newsletter called Tottels, one of the early venues for Language Poetry, he says that "The Dwelling Place," a feature article on nine poets published in Alcheringa, was his "first attempt to write about language poetry". In 1976 and 1977, he co-curated a reading series with Tom Mandel, at the Grand Piano, a coffee house. Nearly three decades some of the poets who took part in this series were still collaborating on a work based on these readings; this collaboration became part of what was called "an experiment in collective autobiography," co-authored by ten of these Language poets in San Francisco. When the project was completed, it consisted of 10 volumes in all; the other nine writers included were Bob Perelman, Barrett Watten, Steve Benson, Carla Harryman, Tom Mandel, Kit Robinson, Lyn Hejinian, Rae Armantrout, Ted Pearson.
"rom 1976 to 1979 the authors took part in a performance series. The writing project, begun in 1998, was undertaken as an online collaboration, first via an interactive web site and through a listserv." Silliman's mature critical writing dates to the early/mid-1970s. Asked to discuss the role of reference in poetry, he wrote the essay, "Disappearance of the Author, Appearance of the World,", first published in the journal Art Con. Soon he edited a special issue of the magazine Margins, devoted to the work of the poet Clark Coolidge, he began to contribute essays on a regular basis thereafter. He has said that he was influenced by the "New American Poetry", referring to the poets who were published in Donald Allen's groundbreaking anthology The New American Poetry 1945–1960. Today, these same figures have been long recognized. In 1986, Silliman's anthology, In the American Tree, a collection of American language poetry, was published by the National Poetry Foundation, he writes a weblog devoted to contemporary poetry and poetics.
In 2012, Silliman was one of three Kelly Writers House Fellows at the University of Pennsylvania, together with Karen Finley and John Barth. In 2010, he received the annual Levinson Prize from the Poetry Foundation. Silliman was a 2003 Literary fellow of the National Endowment for the Arts and a 2002 Fellow of the Pennsylvania Arts Council, as well as a PEW Fellow in the Arts in 1998, he is memorialized in the Addison Anthology, a sidewalk portion in Berkeley, California containing plaques honoring poets and authors. Silliman was voted the Poet Laureate of the Blogosphere Works by or about Ron Silliman in libraries EPC page PennSound page Poem by Silliman at Milk Magazine Ron Silliman papers at UCSD Ron Silliman on Poets.org Profile and poems. Silliman profile at Modern American Poetry Silliman's Blog A weblog focused on contemporary poetry and poetics. Silliman at UbuWEB, online books Interview with The Argotist Online "Torque" & The New Sentence Silliman discusses background & conception of his influential "manifesto" The New Sentence “The New Sentence”: The original talk – given September 16, 1979 at the San Francisco Art Inst
Trophy Scars' Alphabet. Alphabets. was released on 13 June 2006. This LP was their second release on The Death Scene, it is Trophy Scars' second album. The theme of the album is the letter "A". With the exception of "Yes", "No", ""A Song Begins With "A." All These Songs Begin With "A."", all the titles of songs are a word or phrase that begins with the letter A, followed by a period, the plural of that word or phrase, another period. In an interview on 25 May 2007, singer-songwriter Jerry Jones and Guitarist AJ Hanson spoke to AbsolutePunk.net's Louise Heng about the band. When asked about the reason behind the "A" theme, Jerry Jones replied: The album was released on vinyl in March 2012 by Simply Legendary Records. "An Introduction. All Introductions." "Artist. Artists." "Assistant. Assistants." "Assassin. Assassins." "Accent. Accents." "Apparition. Apparitions." "Yes." "No." "Absolute. Absolutes." "Alchemist. Alchemists." "Addict. Addicts." "Alligator. Alligators." "Alibi. Alibis." "Apple. Apples." "Anxiety. Anxieties."
"A Song Begins With "A." All These Songs Begin With "A."" Trophy Scars Interview at AbsolutePunk.net
Erwin Wagenhofer is an Austrian author and film director. In 1981 he presented his first short film Endstation normal. Two years his short film Das Loch was shown at the Kraków Film Festival. From that year until 1987 he worked as a directing and camera assistant for several ORF productions as well as for movies and documentaries. Since 1987 he is a freelance film director. In 1988 he portrayed the artist Oswald Oberhuber in Das Fragmentarische in der Kunst. From 1995 to 2000 he taught at Donauuniversität in Krems. Since 2002 he has been teaching at Universität für angewandte Kunst in Vienna. Since 2001 he completed several scripts for documentaries. In 2005 Wagenhofer directed the long documentary, it is about industrialization of food production and shows international agricultural politics from a critical viewpoint with regards to the role of the EU. The film was seen by more than 800,000 people in Europe, it won several prizes. In October 2008 his next documentary Let's Make Money was released in Austria.
It is about money in a unequal distribution of wealth. He won the German Documentary Film Prize in 2009. Short films: 1981: Endstation normal 1982: Der stumme Frühling 1983: Das Loch 2001: Limes... Aktion Limes 2002: Moving Vienna 2002: Agnes... TV productions: 1988: Das Fragmentarische in der Kunst 1990: Wettertanz 1995: Chasing After The Molecule 1997: Off Screen 1998: Menschen am Fluss 1999: Die vergorene Heimat 1999: Daheim in Europa 2000: Der Gebrauch des Menschen 2003: Operation Figurini cinema: 2005: We Feed the World 2008: Let's Make Money 2011: Black Brown White 2013: Alphabet Motovun Film Festival 2006 FIPRESCI-Preis for We Feed the World Amnesty International Human Rights Award German Documentary Film Prize 2009 Erwin Wagenhofer on IMDb Erwin Wagenhofer in the German National Library catalogue
Take Care (album)
Take Care is the second studio album by Canadian rapper Drake. It was released on November 15, 2011, by Young Money Entertainment, Cash Money Records and Republic Records. Prior to the album, Drake released Thank Me Later, which experienced strong commercial success, but left the rapper feeling disjointed about the album's musical content. Expressing a desire to reunite with 40, his long-time producer who featured in parts on Thank Me Later, the duo worked extensively on Take Care once recording sessions began in 2010. Take Care incorporates several elements that has come to define Drake's sound, including minimalist R&B influences, existential subject matter, alternately sung and rapped vocals, it features a mixture of braggadocio and emotional lyrics, exploring themes of fame and wealth. The album highlights other topics, such as Drake's relationships with friends and family, as well as touching on sex and narcissism; the album features guest appearances from The Weeknd, Kendrick Lamar, Nicki Minaj, Rick Ross, Lil Wayne, André 3000.
The album features prominent production from Drake and 40, who acted as the album's executive producers. Further contributors include T-Minus, Chantal Kreviazuk, Boi-1da, Jamie xx, Supa Dups, Just Blaze, Chase N. Cashe, Doc McKinney. Despite the album leaking online nine days before its scheduled release, Take Care debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, selling 631,000 copies in its first week of sales. Several of the album's singles saw significant commercial success, with "Headlines", "Make Me Proud", "The Motto", "Take Care" entering within the top-20 on the Billboard Hot 100; the album received positive reviews from critics, with praise directed towards its expansive production and emotional themes. It was included on year-end lists by several publications as Album of the Year, while winning the award for Best Rap Album at the 2013 Grammy Awards. In 2010, Drake released his debut album Thank Me Later, continuing his creative partnership with record producer and audio engineer Noah "40" Shebib, who had first introduced his distinct sound on Drake's breakthrough mixtape So Far Gone.
Thank Me Later became a commercial success and was well received by music critics and Prior to Take Care, Drake expanded his repertoire as a live performer. For the album, he intended to have Shebib handle most of the production and record a more cohesive sound than on Thank Me Later, which featured disparate production duties by Shebib and others. In November 2010, Drake revealed. In comparison to his debut album Drake revealed to Y. C Radio 1 that Thank Me Later was a rushed album, stating, "I didn’t get to take the time that I wanted to on that record. I rushed a lot of the songs and sonically I didn’t get to sit with the record and say,'I should change this verse.' "Once it was done, it was done. That’s why my new album is called Take Care because I get to take my time this go-round." Drake mentioned after OVO Fest 2011 that Take Care could have up to 18 songs on it, added that Stevie Wonder contributed to the creative direction of the album and will be featured on the album as well. Drake revealed that the album was recorded in Toronto.
Debating whether to submit his final cut or not, Drake's preferred release date that motivated him to created a "Birthday edition", much like a deluxe edition to be released on the iTunes Store. Several producers were revealed to be working with Drake on Take Care other than Noah "40" Shebib, including T-Minus, The xx's Jamie Smith and Boi-1da, he had recruited 9th Wonder for the album. He appeared on 9th's documentary The Wonder Year and expressed his desire to make a number one hit with him, however, in an interview about a month prior to the slated release date, 9th said that he was not on the album. 9th states, a part of the reason, because he was going through an A&R and playing beats for them as opposed to the artist himself, which he is opposed to. Drake had been planning on having Q-Tip, DJ Premier, The Neptunes as producers on the album, but those projects fell through as well. Several artists were confirmed as collaborators with Drake on Take Care consist of Stevie Wonder, Kendrick Lamar, Chantal Kreviazuk, André 3000, Rick Ross, Lil Wayne, Nicki Minaj and Rihanna.
He had reached out to Phonte of the former group Little Brother. The track was made for Take Care, but did not make it for the album, due to an issue he had with the producer. Drake admits in an interview to "dropping the ball" on the project and is optimistic about a future collaboration with Phonte, he wanted to collaborate with Justin Timberlake stating, "The song was gonna be dope," it was produced by Noah "40" Shebib. "It was solid, a solid little look. But he's so immersed in the acting thing, I don't blame him, he's doing great at it, he was just like,'I want to work. I just can't do it right now, but we'll work as soon as I'm back in the studio." Take Care expands on the low-tempo and dark sonic aesthetic of Thank Me Later. A hip hop album, it has a languid, grandiose production that incorporates R&B, pop and post-dubstep styles; the music is typified by an atmospheric sound, muted textures, slow tempos, subtle chords, melodic synth tracks, low-end grooves, sparse, ambient arrangements. Noah "40" Shebib contributed to most of the album's production with murky beats, dark synth layers, atmospheric keyboards, moody guitar sounds, smooth piano, muffled drums, dramatic flourishes, low-pass filters.
Although he is credited as producer for only eight of the album's 17 songs, Sheb
Alphabet Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate headquartered in Mountain View, California. It was created through a corporate restructuring of Google on October 2, 2015, became the parent company of Google and several former Google subsidiaries; the two founders of Google assumed executive roles in the new company, with Larry Page serving as CEO and Sergey Brin as president. Alphabet's portfolio encompasses several industries, including technology, life sciences, investment capital, research; some of its subsidiaries include Google, Chronicle, GV, CapitalG, Waymo, X, Loon and Google Fiber. Some of the subsidiaries of Alphabet have altered their names since leaving Google and becoming part of the new parent company—Google Ventures becoming GV, Google Life Sciences becoming Verily and Google X becoming just X. Following the restructuring, Page became CEO of Alphabet and Sundar Pichai took his position as CEO of Google. Shares of Google's stock have been converted into Alphabet stock, which trade under Google's former ticker symbols of "GOOG" and "GOOGL".
As of 2018, Alphabet is ranked No. 22 on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. The establishment of Alphabet was prompted by a desire to make the core Google Internet services business "cleaner and more accountable" while allowing greater autonomy to group companies that operate in businesses other than Internet services. On August 10, 2015, Google Inc. announced plans to create a new public holding company, Alphabet Inc. Google CEO Larry Page made this announcement in a blog post on Google's official blog. Alphabet would be created to restructure Google by moving subsidiaries from Google to Alphabet, narrowing Google's scope; the company would consist of Google as well as other businesses including X, CapitalG, GV. Sundar Pichai, Product Chief, became the new CEO of Google. In his announcement, Page described the planned holding company as follows: Alphabet is a collection of companies; the largest of which, of course, is Google. This newer Google is a bit slimmed down, with the companies that are pretty far afield of our main internet products contained in Alphabet instead.
Fundamentally, we believe this allows us more management scale, as we can run things independently that aren't related. As well as explaining the origin of the company's name: We liked the name Alphabet because it means a collection of letters that represent language, one of humanity's most important innovations, is the core of how we index with Google search! We like that it means alpha‑bet, which we strive for! In a 2018 talk, Schmidt disclosed that the original inspiration for the name came from the location of the Google Hamburg office's street address: ABC-Straße. Page says the motivation behind the reorganization is to make Google "cleaner and more accountable", he said he wanted to improve "the transparency and oversight of what we're doing", to allow greater control of unrelated companies. On February 1, 2016, Alphabet Inc. surpassed Apple to become the world's most valuable publicly traded company until February 3, 2016, when Apple surged back over Alphabet to retake the position. Experts cited Apple's lack of innovation as well as increasing Chinese competition as reasons for the poor performance.
Alphabet has chosen the domain abc.xyz with the.xyz top-level domain, introduced in 2014. It does not own the domain alphabet.com, owned by a fleet management division of BMW. BMW has said. Additionally, it does not own the domain abc.com, the promoted domain of the Disney-owned American Broadcasting Company. The website features an Easter egg in the paragraph where Larry Page writes, "Sergey and I are in the business of starting new things. Alphabet will include our X lab, which incubates new efforts like Wing, our drone delivery effort. We are stoked about growing our investment arms and Capital, as part of this new structure." The period after "drone delivery effort" is a hyperlink to "hooli.xyz", a reference to the television series Silicon Valley. Alphabet's largest subsidiary is Google, other subsidiaries being Calico, Dandelion, DeepMind, GV, CapitalG, X, Google Fiber, Sidewalk Labs, Verily and Wing; as of September 1, 2017, their equity are held by a subsidiary known as XXVI Holdings, Inc. so that they can be valued and separated from Google.
At the same time, it was announced that Google will be reorganized as a limited liability company, Google LLC. While many companies or divisions a part of Google became subsidiaries of Alphabet, Google remains the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet-related businesses; these include many of the most used products and services long associated with Google, such as the Android mobile operating system, YouTube, LLC, Google Search, which remain direct components of Google. Former subsidiaries include Nest Labs, merged into Google in February 2018; as per its 2017 annual report, 86% of Alphabet's revenues came from Performance advertising and Brand Advertising. Of these, 53% came from its international operations; this translated to a total revenue of US$110,855 million in 2017 and a net income of US$12,662 million. Eric Schmidt said at an Internet Association event in 2015 that there may be more than 26 Alphabet subsidiaries, he said that he was meeting with the CEOs of the current an