Marko Prezelj is a Slovenian mountaineer and photographer. Prezelj received three Piolet dOr awards and he won the inaugural Oscar of mountaineering in 1992 with Andrej Štremfelj for their new route on the south ridge of Kangchenjunga South in alpine style. The second he received in 2007 with Boris Lorenčič, for the first ascent of Chomolharis northwest pillar in October 2006, Prezelj rejected his second award because of his concern about the dangers of a competition. In 2014 he received his third Piolet dOr together with Aleš Česen, Prezelj has a degree in Chemical Engineering and is a IFMGA/UIAGM mountain guide and climbing instructor. He is married and has two sons
Dean S. Potter was an American free climber, alpinist, BASE jumper, BASEliner, and highliner. He was noted for hard first ascents, free solo ascents, speed ascents, Potter died in a wingsuit flying accident in Yosemite National Park. Dean Potter was born in 1972 to an Army officer in a hospital at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He taught himself to climb when he was in school in southern New Hampshire. He attended the University of New Hampshire, where he rowed varsity crew and the coach urged the team not just to beat the competition, Potter decided that he didnt want to own anyone and he quit college and pursued his passion for climbing. Potter climbed many new routes and completed many solo ascents in Yosemite and this was the first major section of El Capitan to be free soloed, but his path avoided the significantly more challenging climbing on what is the easiest way up El Capitan below. Potter and Sean Leary set a new speed record for climbing up The Nose of El Capitan in November 2010 and they ran up the 31-pitch route in 2 hours,36 minutes,45 seconds.
This was twenty seconds quicker than the record, set the previous October by Yuji Hirayama. Potter was known for his exploits in highlining and BASE jumping and he was introduced to slacklining by Charles Victor Tucker III, known as Chongo, one of the first three people to highline across Lost Arrow Spire. Potter completed a variety of highline crossings without benefit of a safety lanyard, some of these crossings included lines suspended as much as 3,000 feet above the ground in Yosemite National Park. In 2014 he released a 22-minute-long film, When Dogs Fly, the film became a viral phenomenon, but attracted criticism from animal rights activists. Controversy surrounded Potter after his 2006 climb of Delicate Arch in Arches National Park, there wasnt any legal reason for me not to climb it, Potter said of Delicate Arch, despite well-established tradition forbidding climbing named features in the park. This incident resulted in a ban on the activity within Arches National Park. Potter had previously created conflict with Park authorities by slacklining between the Three Gossips, I didnt see any moral reason not to climb it.
I didnt hurt it, he said, though rope grooves in the soft sandstone were found, Potter said he would not climb Totem Pole, the spire in Monument Valley that Navajo imbue with religious significance. Delicate Arch, despite its prominence on Utah license plates, did not have the stature of the sacred Arizona tower, he said, I didnt see a reason why its wrong, why we shouldn’t mesh with nature. An account said, At first Potters handler at Patagonia spread the word of his climb by calling the Salt Lake Tribune, public outrage was immediate, especially in Utah, where many see Delicate Arch as a symbol for the states wild beauty. Potters Delicate Arch climb became the topic of the song Not All Roses by rapper Odub, on April 11,2007, Potters lawyer sent Hampton a cease and desist letter advising him to halt all distribution of the song
Outdoor literature is a literature genre about or involving the outdoors. Outdoor literature encompasses several different subgenres including exploration literature, adventure literature, another subgenre is the guide book, an early example of which was Thomas Wests guide to the Lake District published in 1778. The genres can include such as exploration, sailing, mountaineering, whitewater boating, geocaching or kayaking, or writing about nature. Henry David Thoreaus Walden is an early and influential work, although not entirely an outdoor work he expressed the ideas of why people go out into the wilderness to camp and hike, to get away from the rush of modern society and simplify life. This was a new perspective for the time and thus Walden has had a influence on most outdoor authors. Today, Thoreaus words are quoted with feeling by liberals, anarchists, libertarians, in the world of sailing Joshua Slocums Sailing Alone Around the World is a classic of outdoor literature. A thrilling pulse beat high in me and my step was light on deck in the crisp air. I felt there could be no turning back, and that I was engaging in an adventure the meaning of which I thoroughly understood.
More than three years later, on June 27,1898, he returned to Newport, Rhode Island, having circumnavigated the world, the National Outdoor Book Award was established in 1997 as a US-based non-profit program which each year honours the best in outdoor writing and publishing. Pre-19th century 19th century John MacGregor, a Thousand Miles in a Rob Roy Canoe. Considered the first documentation of recreational canoeing, scrambles Amongst the Alps in the Years 1860-1869 Mark Twain. Part real part fiction, classic account of life in the American Old West and Exploration in the Japanese Alps. My First Summer in the Sierra, about Grey Owls life in the wilds of Canada. French adventurer living with Eskimos in the late 1930s, Conquest of the First 8000-metre Peak. Probably the most influential mountaineering expedition book, beyond the Hundredth Meridian, John Wesley Powell and the Second Opening of the West Alfred Lansing. John Hillaby, Journey to the Jade Sea, Journey through Britain, Journey through Europe, accounts of various long distance walks.
Patrick Leigh Fermor, A Time of Gifts, Between the Woods, a trilogy describing a walk across Europe. Into the Wild, Into Thin Air, Mountain climbing in the Andes Jim Perrin, Spirits of Place, The Climbing Essays, West, A Journey through the Landscapes of Loss
The term mountaineering describes the sport of mountain climbing, including ski mountaineering. Hiking in the mountains can be a form of mountaineering when it involves scrambling, or short stretches of the more basic grades of rock climbing. All require experience, athletic ability, and technical knowledge to maintain safety, mountaineering is often called Alpinism, especially in European languages, which implies climbing with difficulty such high and often snow and ice-covered mountains as the Alps. A mountaineer with such great skill is called an Alpinist, many cultures have harbored superstitions about mountains, which they often regarded as sacred due to their proximity with heaven, such as Mount Olympus for the Ancient Greeks. In 1492 Antoine de Ville, lord of Domjulien and Beaupré, was the first to ascend the Mont Aiguille, in France, with a team, using ladders. It appears to be the first recorded climb of any technical difficulty, in 1573 Francesco De Marchi and Francesco Di Domenico ascended Corno Grande, the highest peak in the Apennine Mountains.
During the Enlightenment, as a product of the new spirit of curiosity for the natural world, in 1741 Richard Pococke and William Windham made a historic visit to Chamonix. By the early 19th century many of the peaks were reached, including the Grossglockner in 1800, the Ortler in 1804, the Jungfrau in 1811, the Finsteraarhorn in 1812. In 1808 Marie Paradis became the first female to climb Mont Blanc and this inaugurated what became known as the Golden age of alpinism, with the first mountaineering club - the Alpine Club - being founded in 1857. Well-known guides of the era include Christian Almer, Jakob Anderegg, Melchior Anderegg, J. J. Bennen, Michel Croz, in the early years of the golden age, scientific pursuits were intermixed with the sport, such as by the physicist John Tyndall. In the years, it shifted to a more competitive orientation as pure sportsmen came to dominate the London-based Alpine Club and this ascent is generally regarded as marking the end of the mountaineering golden age.
By this point the sport of mountaineering had largely reached its modern form, with a body of professional guides, mountaineering in the Americas became popular in the 1800s. In North America, Pikes Peak in the Colorado Rockies was first climbed by Edwin James, though lower than Pikes Peak, the heavily glaciated Fremont Peak in Wyoming was thought to be the tallest mountain in the Rockies when it was first climbed by John C. Frémont and two others in 1842, pico de Orizaba, the tallest peak in Mexico and third tallest in North America, was first climbed by U. S. military personnel which included William F. Raynolds and a half dozen other climbers in 1848. Heavily glaciated and more technical climbs in North American were not achieved until the late 19th, in 1897 Mount Saint Elias on the Alaska-Yukon border was summitted by the Duke of the Abruzzi and party. But it was not until 1913 that Mount Mckinley, the tallest peak in North America was successfully climbed by Hudson Stuck, Mount Logan, the tallest peak in Canada was first summitted by a half dozen climbers in 1925 in an expedition that took more than two months.
In 1879-1880 the exploration of the highest Andes in South America began when English mountaineer Edward Whymper climbed Chimborazo, the summit of Aconcagua was finally reached on January 14,1897 by Swiss mountaineer Matthias Zurbriggen during an expedition led by Edward FitzGerald that began in December 1896. The Andes of Bolivia were first explored by Sir William Martin Conway in 1898 and it took until the late 19th century for European explorers to penetrate Africa
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published. Magazines are generally published on a schedule and contain a variety of content. They are generally financed by advertising, by a price, by prepaid subscriptions. At its root, the magazine refers to a collection or storage location. In the case of written publication, it is a collection of written articles and this explains why magazine publications share the word root with gunpowder magazines, artillery magazines, firearms magazines, and, in French, retail stores such as department stores. By definition, a magazine paginates with each issue starting at three, with the standard sizing being 8 3/8 ×10 7/8 inches. However, in the sense a journal has continuous pagination throughout a volume. Some professional or trade publications are peer-reviewed, an example being the Journal of Accountancy, academic or professional publications that are not peer-reviewed are generally professional magazines.
That a publication calls itself a journal does not make it a journal in the technical sense, magazines can be distributed through the mail, through sales by newsstands, bookstores, or other vendors, or through free distribution at selected pick-up locations. The subscription business models for distribution fall into three main categories. In this model, the magazine is sold to readers for a price, either on a basis or by subscription. Paid circulation allows for defined readership statistics and this means that there is no cover price and issues are given away, for example in street dispensers, airline, or included with other products or publications. Because this model involves giving issues away to unspecific populations, the statistics only entail the number of issues distributed and this is the model used by many trade magazines distributed only to qualifying readers, often for free and determined by some form of survey. This allows a level of certainty that advertisements will be received by the advertisers target audience.
This latter model was used before the rise of the World Wide Web and is still employed by some titles. For example, in the United Kingdom, a number of computer-industry magazines use this model, including Computer Weekly and Computing, for the global media industry, an example would be VideoAge International. The earliest example of magazines was Erbauliche Monaths Unterredungen, a literary and philosophy magazine, the Gentlemans Magazine, first published in 1731, in London was the first general-interest magazine. Edward Cave, who edited The Gentlemans Magazine under the pen name Sylvanus Urban, was the first to use the term magazine, founded by Herbert Ingram in 1842, The Illustrated London News was the first illustrated magazine
International Standard Serial Number
An International Standard Serial Number is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication. The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title, ISSN are used in ordering, interlibrary loans, and other practices in connection with serial literature. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization international standard in 1971, ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC9 is responsible for maintaining the standard. When a serial with the content is published in more than one media type. For example, many serials are published both in print and electronic media, the ISSN system refers to these types as print ISSN and electronic ISSN, respectively. The format of the ISSN is an eight digit code, divided by a hyphen into two four-digit numbers, as an integer number, it can be represented by the first seven digits. The last code digit, which may be 0-9 or an X, is a check digit. Formally, the form of the ISSN code can be expressed as follows, NNNN-NNNC where N is in the set, a digit character.
The ISSN of the journal Hearing Research, for example, is 0378-5955, where the final 5 is the check digit, for calculations, an upper case X in the check digit position indicates a check digit of 10. To confirm the check digit, calculate the sum of all eight digits of the ISSN multiplied by its position in the number, the modulus 11 of the sum must be 0. There is an online ISSN checker that can validate an ISSN, ISSN codes are assigned by a network of ISSN National Centres, usually located at national libraries and coordinated by the ISSN International Centre based in Paris. The International Centre is an organization created in 1974 through an agreement between UNESCO and the French government. The International Centre maintains a database of all ISSNs assigned worldwide, at the end of 2016, the ISSN Register contained records for 1,943,572 items. ISSN and ISBN codes are similar in concept, where ISBNs are assigned to individual books, an ISBN might be assigned for particular issues of a serial, in addition to the ISSN code for the serial as a whole.
An ISSN, unlike the ISBN code, is an identifier associated with a serial title. For this reason a new ISSN is assigned to a serial each time it undergoes a major title change, separate ISSNs are needed for serials in different media. Thus, the print and electronic versions of a serial need separate ISSNs. Also, a CD-ROM version and a web version of a serial require different ISSNs since two different media are involved, the same ISSN can be used for different file formats of the same online serial
Jackson is a town in the Jackson Hole valley of Teton County, United States. The population was 9,577 at the 2010 census, up from 8,647 in 2000 and it is the county seat of Teton County and is its largest town. Jackson is the town of the Jackson, WY-ID Micropolitan Statistical Area. The town is often referred to as Jackson Hole, the valley in which it is located. A strong local economy, primarily due to tourism, has allowed Jackson to develop a shopping and eating district. Jackson, Wyoming is a popular tourist town bringing in tourists from all over the country. Throughout the town elk antler arches are a big attraction that tourists enjoy, a few of the places nearby to visit include, Grand Teton National Park, A national park that includes the Teton Mountain Range, this National park is roughly 310,000 acres. The park brings in more than two million tourists each year. The Grand Teton National Park is roughly 5 miles away from Jackson, Yellowstone National Park, Yellowstone extends through Wyoming and Montana.
This Park was the first national park in the country, and this park is less than 200 miles away from Jackson. National Elk Refuge, The refuge was created to shelter the largest elk herd in the countries, throughout the winter visitors can go on horse-drawn sleigh rides to view the herd. Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, The resort opened in 1966,12 miles north of Jackson and it has abundant steep terrain and has one of the highest vertical drops in North America, at 4,139 feet. Snow King Mountain Resort, The first ski resort in Jackson and is cheaper than Jackson Hole Mountain Resort. Even though Snow King is cheaper it is quite a challenging hill. This resort is located on the Southeast edge of town, Grand Targhee Resort, About an hour away,42 miles, on the west side of the Teton Range in Alta, opened in 1969, it is accessed through Idaho over Teton Pass. National Museum of Wildlife Art, Overlooking the National Elk Refuge is the National Museum of Wildlife Art, along with pieces inside of the museum, there is a ¾ mile trail with many sculptures along it.
Grand Teton Music Festival, This is a classical music festival held every summer in the town of Jackson. Center for the Arts, The center was founded in 1991 to help support an artist culture within the town, Jackson Hole was originally populated by Native American tribes including the Shoshoni, Blackfeet and Gros Ventre