Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Hollywood Reporter-Billboard Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, events and it is known for its music charts, including the Billboard Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular singles and albums in different genres. It hosts events, owns a publishing firm, and operates several TV shows, Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegens interest in 1900 for $500, in the 1900s, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows. It created a service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the industry as the jukebox, phonograph. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment so that it could focus on music. After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegans children, until it was sold to investors in 1985.
The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio, on November 1,1894 by William Donaldson, initially, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry and was called Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production, the first issues were just eight pages long. The paper had columns like The Bill Room Gossip and The Indefatigable, a department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896. The title was changed to The Billboard in 1897, after a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegans interest in the business in 1900 for $500, to save it from bankruptcy. That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco, London and he re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment like fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of events in 1901.
Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism, economics and it had a stage gossip column covering the private lives of entertainers, a tent show section covering traveling shows and a sub-section called Freaks to order. According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published articles attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting good taste
Tanya Denise Tucker is an American country music artist who had her first hit, Delta Dawn, in 1972 at the age of 13. Tucker was the youngest of four born to Jesse Beau. Her father was an equipment operator, and the family moved often as he sought better work. Tanyas early childhood was spent primarily in Willcox, where the radio station in town played country music. The Tuckers attended concerts of country stars such as Ernest Tubb and Mel Tillis, at the age of eight, Tanya told her father that she wanted to be a country singer when she grew up. When the Tuckers moved to St. George, Juanita took Tanya to audition for the film Jeremiah Johnson, Tanya did not win the bigger role for which she tried out, but she was hired as a bit player. Tanya sang for the entertainment managers, and she was engaged to sing at the fair itself. Tucker made her debut with Mel Tillis, who was so impressed by her talent that he invited her onstage to perform, in 1969, the family moved to Las Vegas, where she regularly performed.
Eventually, she recorded a tape that gained the attention of songwriter Dolores Fuller, who sent it to producer Billy Sherrill. Sherrill was impressed with the tape and signed the teenaged vocalist to Columbia Records. Released in the spring of 1972, the became a hit, peaking at number six on the country charts. At first, Columbia Records tried to downplay Tuckers age, but soon word leaked out, a year later, Australian singer Helen Reddy scored a number-one U. S. pop hit with her version of Delta Dawn. I thank the stars and the Good Lord for that song. If I cut it now for the first time I think it would be a hit, I was fortunate to have latched onto that one, and that was all Sherrills doing. If it hadnt been for Sherrill, I probably would have been a queen or something. Her second single, Loves the Answer, became a hit in 1972. Tuckers third single, Whats Your Mamas Name, became her first number-one hit in the spring of 1973, Two other number ones — Blood Red and Goin Down and Would You Lay with Me followed, establishing Tucker as a major star.
At the time, Tucker was one of the youngest stars ever to enter country music, other previous teen country stars had come before her, including Brenda Lee, Wanda Jackson, and contemporary Marie Osmond
California (Wilson Phillips album)
California is the third studio album and the first cover album by American female group Wilson Phillips. The group reunited in 2003 to record it and it is their first studio album in twelve years. The album peaked at #35 on the charts, and it sold 31,000 copies during the first week of its release, a limited edition was released that featured a hidden track that is only listed on a sticker affixed to the CD case
Rolling Stone is an American biweekly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner, who is still the publisher. It was first known for its coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content, Rolling Stone magazine was founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner and Ralph Gleason. To get it off the ground, Wenner borrowed $7,500 from his own family and from the parents of his soon-to-be wife, Jane Schindelheim. The first issue carried a date of November 9,1967. Some authors have attributed the name solely to Dylans hit single, At Gleasons suggestion, Rolling Stone initially identified with and reported the hippie counterculture of the era. In the very first edition, Wenner wrote that Rolling Stone is not just about the music, in the 1970s, Rolling Stone began to make a mark with its political coverage, with the likes of gonzo journalist Hunter S.
Thompson writing for the magazines political section. Thompson first published his most famous work Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas within the pages of Rolling Stone, where he remained a contributing editor until his death in 2005. In the 1970s, the magazine helped launch the careers of prominent authors, including Cameron Crowe, Lester Bangs, Joe Klein, Joe Eszterhas, Patti Smith. It was at point that the magazine ran some of its most famous stories. One interviewer, speaking for a number of his peers, said that he bought his first copy of the magazine upon initial arrival on his college campus. In 1977, the magazine moved its headquarters from San Francisco to New York City, editor Jann Wenner said San Francisco had become a cultural backwater. During the 1980s, the magazine began to shift towards being an entertainment magazine. Music was still a dominant topic, but there was increasing coverage of celebrities in television, the magazine initiated its annual Hot Issue during this time. Rolling Stone was initially known for its coverage and for Thompsons political reporting.
In the 1990s, the changed its format to appeal to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors
Gibson Les Paul Special
The Gibson Les Paul Special is a variation of the Gibson Les Paul guitar. It was introduced in 1955 as a model to be an intermediate between the Gibson Les Paul Junior and the more expensive Gibson Les Paul Standard. Like most of Gibsons other budget models, the Les Paul Special was produced in a TV Yellow finish, in 1958, the model received a major change when it was introduced as a doublecut model instead of the traditional singlecut. In 1961, the Les Paul received a change when it was formed into what we know today as the Gibson SG. Once Les Pauls contract had expired that year, the Les Paul submodels changed with it. In 1968, when the contract was renewed, the models were rebooted. The list of Special models manufactured since 1955, History and Development of the American Guitar. Duchossoir, A. R. Les Paul Special & SG Special, Gibson Electrics, The Classic Years, An Illustrated History of the Electric Guitars Produced by Gibson Up to the Mid-1960s. The Electric Guitar Sourcebook, How to Find the Sounds You Like, media related to Gibson Les Paul Special at Wikimedia Commons
On the Border
On the Border is the third studio album by American rock group the Eagles, released in 1974. Apart from two songs produced by Glyn Johns, it was produced by Bill Szymczyk because the group wanted a more rock‑oriented sound instead of the feel of the first two albums. It is the first Eagles album to feature guitarist Don Felder, on the Border reached No.17 on the Billboard album chart and has sold two million copies. Three singles were released from the album, Already Gone, James Dean,32, No.77 and No.1 respectively. Best of My Love became the bands first of five chart toppers, the album includes My Man, Bernie Leadons tribute to his deceased friend Gram Parsons. Leadon and Parsons had played together in the country rock band Flying Burrito Brothers. This is the first album by the Eagles to be released in Quadraphonic surround sound and it was released on Quadraphonic 8-track tape and CD-4 LP. A hidden message carved into the run out groove of some vinyl LPs reads, the album was initially produced by Glyn Johns and recorded at Olympic Studios in London, but during the making of the album, disagreement arose between the Eagles and their producer.
As the band tried to lean towards a hard rock sound. The band—Glenn Frey in particular, but not Don Henley—were unhappy with the policy of Johns during the recording. The Eagles spent six weeks recording in London, with both the band and the producer becoming frustrated with each other. The band took a break, decided to find a new producer, the band relocated back to their native California and hired Bill Szymczyk, previously producer of two rock albums by Joe Walsh–who would go on to join the Eagles in late 1975–that interested them. The band recorded the rest of the album at the Record Plant Studios in Los Angeles and they wanted more input into how the album was made, and Frey felt that they enjoyed more freedom with Szymczyk in the making of the album. Szymczyk suggested they bring in a harder-edged guitarist to add guitar to the song Good Day in Hell. Bernie Leadon suggested his old friend Don Felder, whom they had met, the band was so impressed that they invited Felder to become the fifth Eagle.
The only other track on this album on which he appeared was Already Gone and they credited him as a late arrival on the albums liner notes. On the difference in sound between Johns and Szymczyks productions, Henley said, There’s a lot less echo with Bill, There’s more of a raw and funky presence. Glyn had a stamp he put on his records which is an echo that is really smooth like ice cream
Country rock is subgenre of popular music, formed from the fusion of rock and country. It was developed by musicians who began to record country-flavored records in the late-1960s and early-1970s. These musicians recorded rock records using country themes, vocal styles, country rock began with Bob Dylan and The Byrds, reaching its greatest popularity in the 1970s with artists such as Emmylou Harris, the Eagles, Michael Nesmith and Pure Prairie League. Country rock influenced artists in genres, including The Band, Grateful Dead, Creedence Clearwater Revival, The Rolling Stones. It played a part in the development of Southern rock, john Einarson states, From a variety of perspectives and motivations, these musicians either played rock & roll attitude, or added a country feel to rock, or folk, or bluegrass, there was no formula. Dylans lead was followed by The Byrds, who were joined by Gram Parsons in 1968. Parsons had mixed country with rock and folk to create what he called Cosmic American Music.
Earlier in the year Parsons had released Safe at Home with the International Submarine Band, the result of Parsons brief tenure in the Byrds was Sweetheart of the Rodeo, generally considered one of the finest and most influential recordings in the genre. Country rock was a popular style in the California music scene of the late 1960s. Some folk-rockers followed the Byrds into the genre, among them the Beau Brummels, one of the few acts to successfully move from the country side towards rock were the bluegrass band The Dillards. Former members of Ronstadts backing band went on to form the Eagles, the principal country influence in the Eagles came from Bernie Leadon of the Flying Burrito Brothers, and little country influence was left in the band after he left in late 1975. The genre declined in popularity in the late 1970s, but some established artists, List of country rock albums List of country rock musicians
Library and Archives Canada
Library and Archives Canada is a federal institution tasked with acquiring and making Canadas documentary heritage accessible. LAC reports to Parliament through Mélanie Joly, the Minister of Canadian Heritage since November 4,2015, the National Library of Canada was founded in 1953. Freda Farrell Waldon contributed to the writing of the brief which led to the founding of the National Library of Canada, in 2004, Library and Archives Canada combined the functions of the National Archives of Canada and the National Library of Canada. It was established by the Library and Archives of Canada Act, a subsequent Order in Council dated May 21,2004 united the collections and personnel of the National Archives of Canada and the National Library of Canada. Since inception LAC has reported to Parliament through the Minister of Canadian Heritage, LAC is expected to maintain effective recordkeeping practices that ensure transparency and accountability. Some of this content, primarily the collection, university theses.
Many items have not been digitized and are available in physical form. As of May 2013 only about 1% of the collection had been digitized, representing about 25 million of the more popular, genealogists account for 70% of LACs clients. The building at 395 Wellington Street in downtown Ottawa is the physical location where the public may access the collection in person. The building was opened on June 20,1967. With the de-emphasis on physical visits, in-person services have been curtailed, for example since April 2012 reference services are by appointment only, there are administrative offices in Gatineau and preservation and storage facilities throughout Canada for federal government records. It was built at a cost of CDN$107 million, and the opening took place on June 4,1997. It is a building containing 48 climate-controlled preservation vaults and state-of-the-art preservation laboratories. In 2000, the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada named it one of the top 500 buildings constructed in Canada during the last millennium.
A Nitrate Film Preservation Facility on the Communications Research Centre campus in Shirleys Bay, on the outskirts of Ottawa, the collection contains 5,575 film reels dating back to 1912, including some of the first Canadian motion pictures and photographic negatives. The film material is sensitive and requires precise temperatures for its preservation. The facility will feature a high bay metal shelving system with an environment to better protect Canadas published heritage. RSS feeds provide links to new content on the LAC website, a new modernized website is being developed and is scheduled for completion in 2013, with both new and old websites accessible during the transition period. e
Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, with a population of 514,414 as of 2013. It lies within the United Kingdoms second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.55 million, Manchester is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council and it was historically a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated during the 20th century. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a township but began to expand at an astonishing rate around the turn of the 19th century. Manchesters unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and its fortunes declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation.
The city centre was devastated in a bombing in 1996, but it led to extensive investment, in 2014, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked Manchester as a beta world city, the highest-ranked British city apart from London. Manchester is the third-most visited city in the UK and it is notable for its architecture, musical exports, media links and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the worlds first inter-city passenger railway station and in the city scientists first split the atom, the name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunium and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians. These are generally thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name, both meanings are preserved in languages derived from Common Brittonic, mam meaning breast in Irish and mother in Welsh. The suffix -chester is a survival of Old English ceaster and their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Salford and Stretford.
Central Manchester has been settled since this time. A stabilised fragment of foundations of the version of the Roman fort is visible in Castlefield. After the Roman withdrawal and Saxon conquest, the focus of settlement shifted to the confluence of the Irwell, much of the wider area was laid waste in the subsequent Harrying of the North. Thomas de la Warre, lord of the manor and constructed a church for the parish in 1421. The church is now Manchester Cathedral, the premises of the college house Chethams School of Music. The library, which opened in 1653 and is open to the public today, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom. Manchester is mentioned as having a market in 1282, around the 14th century, Manchester received an influx of Flemish weavers, sometimes credited as the foundation of the regions textile industry
Common Thread: The Songs of the Eagles
Common Thread, The Songs of the Eagles is a tribute album to American rock band the Eagles. It was released in 1993 on Giant Records to raise funds for the Walden Woods Project, the album features covers of various Eagles songs, as performed by country music acts. It was certified 3× Platinum in the United States by the RIAA on June 27,1994, the video for the cover of Take It Easy by Travis Tritt featured the former members of the Eagles, the first time that the group had appeared together in 13 years. Two months after recording the video, Glenn Frey and Don Henley decided on the reunion of the Eagles. The album was initiated by Eagles co-founder Don Henley with help from the bands manager and it was intended as a charity album to raise funds for the Walden Woods Project that Henley founded in 1990 to buy the land around Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts. On the back cover of the album, it states, A portion of the royalties from the sales of this collections will go to the Walden Woods Project, a non-profit organization founded in 1990.
The idea for a charity album with country musicians came after a Walden Woods benefit concert in Los Angeles in May 1992 where several artists appeared. Later in the year at the 1992 Country Music Awards show, where Henley appeared with Trisha Yearwood in a duet, a number of artists told Henley how the Eagles’ music had inspired them. Henley and Azoff decided that the project may be feasible, and with the help of record producer James Stroud, the Eagles themselves were not involved as a band in this project and none of its members played on the album, although Timothy B. Schmit provided harmony vocals for Vince Gills rendition of I Cant Tell You Why, the most notable track in the album was the cover of Take It Easy by Travis Tritt. The song reached No.21 on the US Country chart, for the music video of his rendition of Take It Easy, Tritt requested that Eagles join him for the filming, and the resulting video featured the full Long Run-era lineup of the Eagles. It would be the first time since disbanding in 1980 that the five members of the band appeared together and their appearance on the video subsequently led to the band being officially reformed.
Both Frey and Henley met with their management over lunch two months and agreed to a reunion, and a new album, Hell Freezes Over, was released and a concert tour launched the following year. Frey, who had previously been reluctant to reunite with the band, said of the making of the video, After years passed, I just remembered how much we genuinely had liked each other and how much fun wed had
Michigan /ˈmɪʃᵻɡən/ is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The name Michigan is the French form of the Ojibwa word mishigamaa, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area. Its capital is Lansing, and its largest city is Detroit, Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is noted to be shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, the two peninsulas are connected by the Mackinac Bridge. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, as a result, it is one of the leading U. S. states for recreational boating. Michigan has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds, a person in the state is never more than six miles from a natural water source or more than 85 miles from a Great Lakes shoreline.
What is now the state of Michigan was first settled by Native American tribes before being colonized by French explorers in the 17th century, the area was organized as part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Eventually, in 1805, the Michigan Territory was formed, which lasted until it was admitted into the Union on January 26,1837, the state of Michigan soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination. Though Michigan has come to develop an economy, it is widely known as the center of the U. S. automotive industry. When the first European explorers arrived, the most populous tribes were Algonquian peoples, which include the Anishinaabe groups of Ojibwe, Odaawaa/Odawa, the three nations co-existed peacefully as part of a loose confederation called the Council of Three Fires. The Ojibwe, whose numbers are estimated to have been between 25,000 and 35,000, were the largest, French voyageurs and coureurs des bois explored and settled in Michigan in the 17th century.
The first Europeans to reach what became Michigan were those of Étienne Brûlés expedition in 1622, the first permanent European settlement was founded in 1668 on the site where Père Jacques Marquette established Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan as a base for Catholic missions, missionaries in 1671–75 founded outlying stations at Saint Ignace and Marquette. Jesuit missionaries were received by the areas Indian populations, with relatively few difficulties or hostilities. In 1679, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle built Fort Miami at present-day St. Joseph, in 1691, the French established a trading post and Fort St. Joseph along the St. Joseph River at the present day city of Niles. The hundred soldiers and workers who accompanied Cadillac built a fort enclosing one arpent, cadillacs wife, Marie Thérèse Guyon, soon moved to Detroit, becoming one of the first European women to settle in the Michigan wilderness. The town quickly became a major fur-trading and shipping post, the Église de Saint-Anne was founded the same year