French Basketball Cup
The French Basketball Cup, or French Basketball Federation Cup, is the annual national basketball federation cup competition of France. It is organized by the French Basketball Federation, it is known as the Trophée Robert Busnel, named after the late basketball player Robert Busnel, who died in 1991. A total of 54 amateur and professional teams from France, participate in the cup competition. 1952–53 to 1968–69 French Cup * 1981–82 to 1984–85 Federation Cup 1992–93 to 1994–95 League Cup 1995–96 to present French Cup *From 1971 to 1995, the French Cup was not contested by professional clubs. French Pro A League French Leaders Cup Match des Champions French Basketball Federation Official Site
Unterelsaß was the northern part of the historical region Alsace or Elsass, inhabited by locals speaking Alemannic German. From 1871 to 1918, Bezirk Unterelsaß was the name for the central district of the imperial territory of Elsaß-Lothringen in the German Empire. According to the census 1886 the district of Lower Alsace comprised: 8 subdistricts 31 cantons 560 municipalities area 4.774 square kilometres 612.078 inhabitants Catholics 381.748 Protestants 209.199 Jews 19.848 Other faiths 1.220 The capital of the district was Straßburg. There were the 8 subdistricts of Erstein Hagenau Molsheim Schlettstadt Straßburg, Land Weißenburg Zabern Stadtkreis Straßburg The flag is a white bar in a red field decorated on each side with a white lace motif; the union of this flag with that of Oberelsaß forms the flag of modern Alsace. The district of Unterelsaß corresponds to the current département of Bas-Rhin, but not to the Alsatian territory before 1870. Under the terms of a particular agreement, signed in Berlin July 21, 1871, in Paris July 31, 1871, 18 municipalities of the Vosges department were integrated into the new imperial district of Lower Alsace, subdistrict of Molsheim, canton of Schirmeck.
Barembach Bourg-Bruche La Broque Colroy-la-Roche Grandfontaine Natzvillers Neuvillers-la-Roche Plaine Ranrupt Rothau Russ Saales Saint-Blaise-la-Roche Saulxures Schirmeck Waldersbach Wildersbach WischesIn earlier times Rothau, Waldersbach, Neuvillers belonged to the principality of Ban de la Roche before they joined the département of the Vosges in 1790. The other ones were located in the former Duchy of Lorraine; the inhabitants of these municipalities didn't and still don't speak any German dialect such as their neighbors. The linguistic boundary runs between Lutzelhouse; the people of the annexed towns speaks a Romance language from the Langues d'oïl, Lorraine family, such as some municipalities in the district of Upper Alsace. This cultural particularity stresses the fact that the annexation of French territories by the German Empire not always referred to the pan-nationalist political idea (Pan-Germanism trying to unite all German-speaking people; when Alsace was recovered by France in 1919 it was decided not to return the 18 annexed municipalities to their former Department.
Thus in terms of departmental boundaries, the mountain region remains administratively separated from the western portion of the Vosges mountains. Nowadays the inhabitants of the Bruche valley identify themselves with Lower Alsatians regardless of their cultural identity; the subjects of the Reichsland Alsace-Lorraine could exercise their right to vote for the deputies at the Reichtstag in Berlin February 1, 1874. Among ten deputies for Alsace, six were catholic clerics and the most of the deputies belonged to the French protest party; the name of the deputies for Lower Alsace were as follows: Hartmann, factory owner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 10, Elsaß-Lothringer Lauth, mayor of Strasbourg, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 8, Französische Protestpartei Philippi, priest, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 7, Elsaß-Lothringer Räß, bishop of Strasbourg, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 6, Elsaß-Lothringer Schauenburg, Alexis von, landowner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 9, Elsaß-Lothringer Teutsch, landowner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 11, Französische Protestpartei January 10, 1877, the Alsatians of the District Lower Alsace elected the following deputies: Gustav Adolf Bergmann, Straßburg-Stadt Els.-Lothringer Louis Heckmann-Stintzy, Schlettstadt Els.-Lothringer Xaver Joseph Nessel, Weißenburg Els.-Lothringer Jean North, Straßburg-Land Els.-Lothringer Achille Rack Molsheim, Erstein Els.-Lothringer Carl August Schneegans, Zabern Els.-Lothringer The Lower Alsatian deputies for the next legislative period 1878-1881 are as follows: Goldenberg, factory owner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 11, Elsaß-Lothringer Heckmann-Stintzy, Louis, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 6, Elsaß-Lothringer Kable, director of an insurance company, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 8, Elsaß-Lothringer Rack, Mayor of Benfeld, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 7, Elsaß-Lothringer Schmitt-Batiston, land owner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 10, Elsaß-Lothringer Schneegans, Carl August, Director of Elsässer Journal, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 11, Elsaß-Lothringer The elections for the fifth legislative period of the Imperial Diet took place October 27, 1881.
These are the results of the elections for Lower Alsace: Dietrich, Eugéne de, ironmaster, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 10, Elsaß-Lothringer Goldenberg, factory-owner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 11, Elsaß-Lothringer Kablé, director of an insurance company, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 8, Elsaß-Lothringer Lang, Irénée, manufacturer, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 6, Zentrum Quirin, landowner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 9, Elsaß-Lothringer Zorn von Bulach, Hugo, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 7, Elsaß-Lothringer Bas-Rhin Alsace-Lorraine For all deputies of the Imperial Diet see database Les députés "protestataires" d'Alsace-Lorraine] Digitalisat Georg Hirth: Deutscher Parlamentsalmanach 13. Ausgabe, September 1878. Leipzig, 1878 Stenographische Berichte über die Verhandlungen des Deutschen Reichstags. 4. Legislatur-Periode, I. Session 1878. 1. Band, Berlin 1878, S. VII–XXVII Stenographische Be
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
ASVEL Basket known as ASVEL or sometimes as ASVEL Lyon-Villeurbanne, known as LDLC ASVEL for sponsorship reasons, is a French professional basketball team, located in the city of Villeurbanne, a suburb of Lyon, France. The club, the basketball section of the ASVEL multi-sports club, competes in the top-tier level French Pro A League; the club's home games are played at L'Astroballe. In 2014, Tony Parker became the president of the club. In 2017, Nicolas Batum became the club's director of basketball operations. On September 11, 2018, the club changed its name to LDLC ASVEL for sponsorship reasons. Along with this change, the club changed its main colors from green to white; the decision was made with the explanation that, "when you are European, green is a colour that does not make you dream", was followed by criticism from fans. The new logo, used since 2018, consists of the number four, which refers to ASVEL legend Alain Gilles, while keeping the V, used in the previous logo; the parent club was founded with the merger of two multi-sport clubs in Lyon and vicinity.
In its history, ASVEL has won 18 French Pro A League championships, 8 French Cups, two French Supercups, one French Federation Cup, one Semaine des As Cup, which makes it the most titled basketball club in France. In 2014, former San Antonio Spurs star, former senior French national team player, Tony Parker, became the club's president. In the French Pro A League 2015–16 season, ASVEL won its 18th French League title, after beating Strasbourg IG 3 games to 2 in the French Pro A League Finals. ASVEL won three games in a row to take the championship. In March 2017, NBA player, Nicolas Batum, became a shareholder in Infinity Nine Sports, the main investment company behind the club, took over the position as director of basketball operations. Tony Parker remained majority owner, ASVEL President. In 2018, the club signed a 10 year name sponsorship agreement with LDLC; the club changed its main team colors from the original white and green to white and black, changed its main logo design. L'Astroballe, with a seating capacity of 5,556 has been used as the long-time home arena of ASVEL.
In July 2016, ASVEL announced that it would build a new multi-functional arena, with a seating capacity of 10,500 spectators. The arena is projected to cost €60 million euros. French LeagueWinners: 1948–49, 1949–50, 1951–52, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1963–64, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1980–81, 2001–02, 2008–09, 2015–16 Runners-up: 1953–54, 1958–59, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2002–03French CupWinners: 1952–53, 1956–57, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1995–96, 1996–97, 2000–01, 2007–08 Runners-up: 1953–54, 1954–55, 1958–59, 2001–02, 2015–16A Leaders CupWinners: 2010 Runners-up: 2017French Super CupWinners: 2009, 2016 Runners-up: 2008Federation Cup Winners: 1983–84 Runners-up: 1981–82 EuroLeagueSemifinalists: 1975–76, 1977–78 4th place: 1996–97 Final Four: 1997FIBA Saporta CupRunners-up: 1982–83 Semifinalists: 1984–85, 1986–87FIBA Korać CupSemifinalists: 1995–96Latin Cup3rd place: 1953, 1966 Season by season results of the club in national and European competitions.
Individual club record holders, while players of ASVEL. ASVEL players with the most French League championships won, while members of the club. LDLC Official Website Eurobasket.com Team Page Eurocupbasketball.com Team Page
Maccabi Tel Aviv B.C.
Maccabi Tel Aviv B. C. for sponsorship reasons Maccabi FOX Tel Aviv, is a professional basketball club based in Tel Aviv, Israel. The team plays internationally in the EuroLeague; the club started in the mid-1930s, as part of the Maccabi Tel Aviv Sports Club, founded in 1906. With 6 EuroLeague championships, one Adriatic League championship, 52 Israeli League championships, 44 Israeli State Cup titles, 7 Israeli League Cup titles, Maccabi has been the most successful basketball team in Israel, is one of the most successful basketball teams in Europe, its players, such as: Tal Brody, Miki Berkovich, Jim Boatwright, Kevin Magee, Earl Williams, Aulcie Perry. The Israeli Basketball Super League started in 1954, Maccabi Tel Aviv was the first champion, it has dominated the championship since, winning the title 51 times, including a run of 23 titles in a row between 1970 and 1992. The team has won the Israeli Basketball State Cup 44 times. Maccabi is considered Israel's national sporting representative in the world.
From 1969 until 2008, Maccabi Tel Aviv was sponsored by Elite, Israel's largest food company, carried its name. Since July 2008, Maccabi has had a new sponsor – Electra. In 2015 they switched their sponsor once again, this time to "Fox". Since 1963, the club's home court has been the Yad Eliyahu Arena] in Tel Aviv. An open-air court for 5,000 spectators, it is now a modern indoor arena with a capacity of 11,060. Most Maccabi head coaches have been former players of the club. Yehoshua Rozin was involved with the club for 40 years. Ralph Klein started as an 18-year-old player and had several spells as a coach, led the club to its first EuroLeague title in the 1977–78 season. Zvi Sherf played for Maccabi's second team, coached the team for three spells. Pini Gershon played in the Youth Section, as a coach, led Maccabi to three EuroLeague titles. Maccabi Tel Aviv has always provided the senior Israeli national basketball team with a large number of players. Five Maccabi players, headed by Avraham Shneur, were on the team that represented Israel in its first EuroBasket, in 1953 in Moscow.
Tanhum Cohen-Mintz was one of Europe's top centers in the sixties, was selected to the first FIBA European Selection European All-Star Team, which played in Madrid in 1964. Miki Berkowitz, Motty Aroesti, Lou Silver, Eric Minkin played a major part in winning the silver medal at the 1979 EuroBasket in Torino. Doron Jamchy played 16 years for the Israeli national team, holds the record for appearances and points scored. Maccabi Tel Aviv was the first Israeli club to enter the FIBA European Champions Cup in the 1958 season. Since it has played over 600 games in European-wide competitions, was the only Israeli club to play in a FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup Final, to win the European-wide top-tier level EuroLeague on six occasions. Maccabi has played in 15 EuroLeague Finals. In 1994 Tel Aviv, in 2004 in Tel Aviv, Maccabi organized the EuroLeague Final Four; the first basketball game between an NBA and a FIBA team, was held in Tel Aviv. Maccabi Tel Aviv beat the defending NBA champions, Washington Bullets, 98–97.
Maccabi has played a record 18 times vs. NBA teams, became the first European team to win on an NBA floor, when it beat the Toronto Raptors, 105–103, in 2005, it beat the Phoenix Suns and Brooklyn Nets in 1984, to win a tournament in Tel Aviv. 5 Israeli League championships, 3 Israeli Cups. Early success in the Israeli League. Rivalry with Hapoel Tel Aviv begins. 5 Israeli League championships, 5 Israeli Cups. Establishment as an elite club with FIBA European All-Stars, like center Tanhum Cohen-Mintz. Fierce rivalry with home-town foes, Hapoel Tel Aviv. Tal Brody came to Israel in 1966, from the United States, after having been drafted #12 in the 1965 National Basketball Association Draft just to take one year out of his life to play for Maccabi Tel Aviv. Ralph Klein, Israel's most successful coach at the time, said that up until the enthusiastic Brody's arrival, Israelis had only viewed basketball as a fun game, but within a year, with his serious attitude and his inspirational commitment, Brody had inculcated his teammates with his view of basketball as a way of life.
At his urging, the team doubled the number of practices. To capitalize on Brody's quickness and speed, the coach abandoned the team's slow pace, in favor of a fast-paced motion game, built around fast breaks. Brody was the most dominant player in the European-wide second tier level FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup in the 1966–67 season. In 1967, he was named Israel's Sportsman of the Year; the team made it through the first and third rounds of the European Cup Winners' Cup's playoffs, reached the Finals, finishing second in the league. For the first time, the Israeli Prime Minister, the Israeli Defense Forces Chief of Staff, Knesset members came to games. Demand for tickets to games in the team's 5,000-seat stadium was so high that they became exceedingly difficult to obtain. 1 FIBA European Champions Cup, 10 Israeli League championships, 8 Israeli Cups. The rise to the top in Europe
Bas-Rhin is a department in Alsace, a part of the Grand Est super-region of France. The name means "Lower Rhine", geographically speaking it belongs to the Upper Rhine region, it is the more populous and densely populated of the two departments of the traditional Alsace region, with 1,121,407 inhabitants in 2016. The prefecture and the General Council are based in Strasbourg; the INSEE and Post Code is 67. The inhabitants of the department are known as Bas-Rhinoises; the Rhine has always been of great historical and economic importance to the area, it forms the eastern border of Bas-Rhin. The area is home to some of the foothills of the Vosges Mountains. To the north of Bas-Rhin lies the Palatinate forest in the German State of Rhineland-Palatinate, the German State of Baden-Württemberg lies to the east. To the south lies the department of Haut-Rhin, the town of Colmar and southern Alsace, to the west the department of Moselle. On its south-western corner, Bas-Rhin joins the department of Vosges.
The Bas-Rhin has a continental-type climate, characterised by cold, dry winters and hot, stormy summers, due to the western protection provided by the Vosges. The average annual temperature is 7 °C on high ground; the annual maximum temperature is high. The average rainfall is 700 mm per year. Established according to data from the Infoclimat station at Strasbourg-Entzheim, over the period from 1961 to 1990; this is the last French department to have kept the term Bas meaning "Lower" in its name. Other departments using this prefix preferred to change their names - e.g.: Basses-Pyrenees in 1969 became Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Basses-Alpes in 1970 became the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. The same phenomenon was observed for the inférieur departments such as Charente-Inférieure, Seine-Inférieure, Loire-Inférieure. Bas-Rhin is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790, during the French Revolution. On 14 January 1790 the National Constituent Assembly decreed: "- That Alsace be divided into two departments with Strasbourg and Colmar as their capitals.
In 1871 Bas-Rhin was annexed by Germany and became Bezirk Unterelsass in Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen. Strasbourg, the chef lieu of Bas-Rhin is the official seat of the European Parliament as well as of the Council of Europe; the demography of Bas-Rhin is characterized by high density and high population growth since the 1950s. In January 2014 Bas-Rhin had 1,112,815 inhabitants and was 18th by population at the national level. In fifteen years, from 1999 to 2014, its population grew by more than 86,000 people, or about 5,800 people per year, but this variation is differentiated among the 517 communes. The population density of Bas-Rhin is 234 inhabitants per square kilometre in 2014, more than twice the average in France, 112 in 2009; the first census was conducted in 1801 and this count, renewed every five years from 1821, provides precise information on the evolution of population in the department. With 540,213 inhabitants in 1831, the department represented 1.66% of the total French population, 32,569,000 inhabitants.
From 1831 to 1866, the department gained 48,757 people, an increase of 0.26% on average per year compared to the national average of 0.48% over the same period. Demographic change between the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 and the First World War was higher than the national average. Over this period, the population increased by 100,532 inhabitants, an increase of 16.74%, compared to 10% nationally. The population increased by 9.23% between the two world wars from 1921 to 1936 compared to a national growth of 6.9%. Like other French departments, Bas-Rhin experienced a population boom after the Second World War, higher than the national level; the rate of population growth between 1946 and 2007 was 83.83%
LNB Pro A
The LNB Pro A known as Pro A and for sponsorship reasons named the Jeep Élite, is the top-tier level men's professional basketball league in France. The competition has existed since 1921. Since 1987, the Ligue Nationale de Basket has organized the league; the bottom two placed teams from each season are relegated to the second tier level Pro B. The winner of the play-offs of the Pro A is crowned the French national champion. All 16 Pro A League teams play each other twice during the regular season. At the end of the regular season, the top eight teams qualify for the playoffs; the two teams with the worst regular season records are relegated to the 2nd-tier Pro B. Through the 1985–86 season, the league championship was determined by a one-off final, or by league play. Since the format for the league finals has changed many times: From the 2003–04 season, through the 2006–07 season, the Pro A League had 18 teams. Through the wild-card system, it will have 18 teams again from 2014–15 season. Notes Currently, LNB Pro.
1920–21 to 1948–49 Excellence 1949–50 to 1962–63 Nationale 1963–64 to 1964–65 Première Division 1965–66 to 1986–87 Nationale 1 1987–88 to 1991–92 Nationale 1A 1992 to 1993 Nationale A1 1993–94 to present Pro A 2017–18–present: Jeep Élite In each Pro A season, individual honors are given to players who performed well during a given season. The awards that are handed out include: Leaders Cup French Basketball Cup Match des Champions LNB Pro B Official Site Eurobasket.com League Page