Baruta is a municipality within the Metropolitan District of Caracas in Venezuela. Baruta is located geographically in the South-East section of the city and its western limit is the Los Chaguaramos neighborhood and limits to the east with the Colinas de Los Ruices neighborhood, in the Sucre Municipality. To the North, it borders with the Francisco Fajardo Highway and to the Southeast with the El Hatillo Municipality, the main economic activity in Baruta is non-manufacturing business in the many office buildings within the Municipality. For example, the Procter & Gamble Latin American Headquarters are located there, commerce is a great source of revenue for the Baruteños, as some of the most attractive night spots in the Greater Caracas are located in Las Mercedes district. The Baruta Zip Code is 1080 and the Area Code is 212, the local government has its own police force, among other responsibilities. The City Hall is currently located in the Bello Monte district, in the Municipality diverse cultural manifestations are developed, some associates to popular celebrations, Day of the Candlemas, Date of celebration, February 2.
Holy week, Date of celebration, the cross of May, Date of celebration, May 3. Saint Anthony, Date of celebration, June 13, saint John, Date of celebration, June 24. Day of Our Lady of the Rosary of Baruta, Date of celebration, Day of Our Lady of Fatima, Date of celebration, October 30
The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. It is headquartered at Broadcasting House in London, the BBC is the worlds oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees. It employs over 20,950 staff in total,16,672 of whom are in public sector broadcasting, the total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time and fixed contract staff are included. The BBC is established under a Royal Charter and operates under its Agreement with the Secretary of State for Culture and Sport. The fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament, and used to fund the BBCs radio, TV, britains first live public broadcast from the Marconi factory in Chelmsford took place in June 1920. It was sponsored by the Daily Mails Lord Northcliffe and featured the famous Australian Soprano Dame Nellie Melba, the Melba broadcast caught the peoples imagination and marked a turning point in the British publics attitude to radio. However, this public enthusiasm was not shared in official circles where such broadcasts were held to interfere with important military and civil communications.
By late 1920, pressure from these quarters and uneasiness among the staff of the licensing authority, the General Post Office, was sufficient to lead to a ban on further Chelmsford broadcasts. But by 1922, the GPO had received nearly 100 broadcast licence requests, John Reith, a Scottish Calvinist, was appointed its General Manager in December 1922 a few weeks after the company made its first official broadcast. The company was to be financed by a royalty on the sale of BBC wireless receiving sets from approved manufacturers, to this day, the BBC aims to follow the Reithian directive to inform and entertain. The financial arrangements soon proved inadequate, set sales were disappointing as amateurs made their own receivers and listeners bought rival unlicensed sets. By mid-1923, discussions between the GPO and the BBC had become deadlocked and the Postmaster-General commissioned a review of broadcasting by the Sykes Committee and this was to be followed by a simple 10 shillings licence fee with no royalty once the wireless manufactures protection expired.
The BBCs broadcasting monopoly was made explicit for the duration of its current broadcast licence, the BBC was banned from presenting news bulletins before 19.00, and required to source all news from external wire services. Mid-1925 found the future of broadcasting under further consideration, this time by the Crawford committee, by now the BBC under Reiths leadership had forged a consensus favouring a continuation of the unified broadcasting service, but more money was still required to finance rapid expansion. Wireless manufacturers were anxious to exit the loss making consortium with Reith keen that the BBC be seen as a service rather than a commercial enterprise. The recommendations of the Crawford Committee were published in March the following year and were still under consideration by the GPO when the 1926 general strike broke out in May. The strike temporarily interrupted newspaper production and with restrictions on news bulletins waived the BBC suddenly became the source of news for the duration of the crisis.
The crisis placed the BBC in a delicate position, the Government was divided on how to handle the BBC but ended up trusting Reith, whose opposition to the strike mirrored the PMs own
Caricuao is a district of Caracas, Venezuela. It is part of Libertador municipality, Caricuao is known as the second vegetal reserve of Caracas. The most important public zoo of the capital, the Parque Zoológico Caricuao, is located there, from Caricuao broadcasts Radio Perola, one of the most emblematic independent communitary radio stations in the nation. Since it is a neighborhood, it is possible to get there on several Caracas Metro stations on Line 2 such as Caricuao, Ruiz Pineda. A new subway line opened in October 2006 to connect Las Adjuntas, a suburb, and Caracas to Los Teques, capital city of Miranda State
A landmark is a recognizable natural or artificial feature used for navigation, a feature that stands out from its near environment and is often visible from long distances. In modern use, the term can be applied to structures or features. In old English the word landmearc was used to describe a set up to mark the boundaries of a kingdom, estate. 1560, this understanding of landmark was replaced by a general one. A landmark became an object in a landscape. A landmark literally meant a geographic feature used by explorers and others to find their way back or through an area. For example, the Table Mountain near Cape Town, South Africa is used as the landmark to sailors to navigate around southern tip of Africa during the Age of Exploration. Artificial structures are sometimes built to assist sailors in naval navigation. The Lighthouse of Alexandria and Colossus of Rhodes are ancient structures built to lead ships to the port, in modern usage, a landmark includes anything that is easily recognizable, such as a monument, building, or other structure.
In American English it is the term used to designate places that might be of interest to tourists due to notable physical features or historical significance. Landmarks in the British English sense are often used for casual navigation and this is done in American English as well. In urban studies as well as in geography, a landmark is furthermore defined as a point of reference that helps orienting in a familiar or unfamiliar environment. Landmarks are often used in verbal route instructions and as such an object of study by linguists as well as in fields of study. Landmarks are usually classified as either natural landmarks or man-made landmarks, a variant is a seamark or daymark, a structure usually built intentionally to aid sailors navigating featureless coasts. Natural landmarks can be characteristic features, such as mountains or plateaus, examples of natural landmarks are Table Mountain in South Africa, Mount Ararat in Turkey, Uluru in Australia, Mount Fuji in Japan and Grand Canyon in the United States.
Trees might serve as landmarks, such as jubilee oaks or conifers. Some landmark trees may be nicknamed, examples being Queens Oak, church spires and mosques minarets are often very tall and visible from many miles around, thus often serve as built landmarks. Also town hall towers and belfries often have a landmark character, cultural heritage management National landmark National symbol Media related to Landmarks at Wikimedia Commons
France, officially the French Republic, is a country with territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, Overseas France include French Guiana on the South American continent and several island territories in the Atlantic and Indian oceans. France spans 643,801 square kilometres and had a population of almost 67 million people as of January 2017. It is a unitary republic with the capital in Paris. Other major urban centres include Marseille, Lille, Toulouse, during the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome, which held Gaul until 486, France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years War strengthening state-building and political centralisation. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a colonial empire was established.
The 16th century was dominated by civil wars between Catholics and Protestants. France became Europes dominant cultural and military power under Louis XIV, in the 19th century Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire, whose subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War, the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains to this day. Algeria and nearly all the colonies became independent in the 1960s with minimal controversy and typically retained close economic. France has long been a centre of art, science. It hosts Europes fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually, France is a developed country with the worlds sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest by purchasing power parity.
In terms of household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, France remains a great power in the world, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a member state of the European Union and the Eurozone. It is a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, originally applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name France comes from the Latin Francia, or country of the Franks
Petare is a city in Miranda, and is part of the urban area of Caracas. It is the located in the Sucre Municipality, one of the five divisions of Caracas, the city was founded in 1621 under the name of San Jose de Guanarito. It grew to become a part of the greater Caracas area as the expanded in area. The city is considered to be a suburb of Caracas. Two universities are located in Petare, Universidad Santa María and Universidad Metropolitana, poverty remains a major limitation to the citys development. The population of Petare is 369,000 and it is regarded as one of the largest slums in the world
El Hatillo Municipality
It is located in the southeastern area of Caracas, and in the northwestern part of the State of Miranda. The seat of the government is El Hatillo Town, founded in 1784 by Don Baltasar de León. Although the town had its origins during the Spanish colonisation, the municipality was not established until 1991, El Hatillo preserves some of its colonial architecture, including an 18th-century parish church and a unique Romanian Orthodox Church. The municipality has an artistic culture, with at least two important musical festivals celebrated yearly, and numerous holiday celebrations reflecting the heritage of El Hatillo. The culture, the pleasant temperature, the landscape, and the gastronomy of the municipality have made it a place of interest for visitors to the city. The municipality receives a part of its income from tourism, an activity that is promoted by the government, although commercial areas are growing rapidly, agriculture remains a foundation of the economy in the rural areas of the southern part of El Hatillo.
In the 16th century, when the Spanish colonisation in the area began, El Hatillo was inhabited by the Mariches, cacique Tamanaco was the leader of these tribes, known for resisting the Spanish colonisation. As the colonisation developed, the inhabitants were killed, by order of Caracass founder Diego de Losada. Don Baltasar founded El Hatillo Town, becoming one of the most significant contributors to its early development, Don Baltasar focused on making El Hatillo a strong and independent community, aiming to establish the area as a distinct parish from Baruta, on which El Hatillo depended. That same year, Don Baltasar and his brother-in-law donated their properties to the town, and an engineer assisted in the planning, which included grid streets. The church was built to honor Santa Rosalía de Palermo, who Baltasar believed had saved him from a plague that killed his father in prison, in 1803, at the age of 79, Don Baltasar was unexpectedly killed in a horse accident. On April 19,1810, Escalona enjoined the town to the movement of independence under Simón Bolívar, Ana Francisca Pérez García, Don Baltasars wife, was a noteworthy woman in El Hatillo, attending to community children and ill citizens.
She donated an amount of money for the construction of a hospital in Petare after the 1812 earthquake. One of the most ambitious projects in El Hatillo since its founding was the neighborhood called La Lagunita. In the 1950s and 1960s, La Lagunita S. A. constructed a functional, futuristic, to encourage people to settle in the area, each parcel included a membership to Lagunita Country Club, which was officially opened in 1964. Brazilian landscape designer Roberto Burle Marx contributed to this project, constructed on the 4.3 million m² hacienda that belonged to former Venezuelan president. La Lagunita has since become a neighborhood of El Hatillo. Although El Hatillo has been independent from Petare since 1809, it became part of Sucre Municipality
Chacao is one of the five political and administrative subdivisions of the city of Caracas, Venezuela. The other four are Baruta, El Hatillo and Sucre and this legal entity is known as the Caracas Metropolitan District. Chacao is one of the 21 municipalities that make up the State of Miranda, Chacao is, along with Baruta and the Salias, one of the communities with least poverty in Venezuela with a poverty rate of only 4. 67% according to the 2011 census. Many of the shopping malls are located within Chacaos borders. The township controls the most transited pedestrian access to the Avila National Park, the municipality has become a financial center after many of the countrys banks moved their headquarters to the formerly residential neighborhood of El Rosal. Several other office buildings are occupied by government-controlled entities such as the Pequiven, the traditional Venezuelan private sector has given way to new short-term businesses and franchises that bloom around the city thanks in part to soaring oil prices.
Chacao is again an important player in this money wave craze, the residential neighborhood of Campo Alegre has on average the highest priced real estate in the country. The Cathedral and Bolivar Square area, known as Pueblo de Chacao was home to Spanish and Portuguese immigrant waves, and today represents a middle class stronghold in the municipality. Small pockets of poverty, known as barrios, are present, some of the best known are Pajaritos and El Pedregal which are surrounded by luxury condos. Former mayor Leopoldo López Mendoza, elected in 2000 and re-elected for the 2004-2008 term, has played a prominent role in politics over the past eight years. On November 23,2008, Emilio Graterón was elected mayor with 47, Chacao has represented a stronghold for the Venezuelan opposition. Anti-Chavez votes have steadily represented between 85 and 95% of the votes in the borough, throughout the length of Chavezs administration. The current Ministry of Aquatic and Air Transport has its headquarters in the Torre Pequiven, the Ministry of Transport and Communications previously had its headquarters in the Torre MTC in Chacao.
The Junta Investigadora de Accidentes de Aviación Civil, the Venezuelan aircraft accident investigation agency, had its headquqarters in Chacao, Spanish conquistador Diego de Losada, founder of the city of Caracas, included these lands in his jurisdiction. The township of Chacao was founded by an wave of the San Bernabé earthquake victims on June 11,1641. It was officially made a Catholic parish with the foundation of San José de Chacao church, Miranda State Caracas Municipality Venezuelan Capital District Official Chacao Municipality website
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital, the center of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela. Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the part of the country. Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 910 m above sea level, the valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2, 200-metre-high mountain range, Cerro El Ávila, to the south there are more hills and mountains. Libertador holds many of the government buildings and is the Capital District, the Distrito Capital had a population of 2,013,366 as of 2011, while the Metropolitan District of Caracas was estimated at 3,273,863 as of 2013. The Metropolitan Region of Caracas has an population of 5,243,301. Businesses that are located in the city include service companies, banks and it has a largely service-based economy, apart from some industrial activity in its metropolitan area. The Caracas Stock Exchange and Petróleos de Venezuela are headquartered in Caracas, PDVSA is the largest company in Venezuela.
Caracas is Venezuelas cultural capital, with restaurants, museums. Some of the tallest skyscrapers in Latin America are located in Caracas, in 2015, Venezuela and its capital, had the highest per capita murder rates in the world, with 119 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. Most murders and other violent crimes go unsolved, at the time of the founding of the city in 1567, the valley of Caracas was populated by indigenous peoples. Francisco Fajardo, the son of a Spanish captain and a Guaiqueri cacica, fajardos settlement did not last long. It was destroyed by natives of the led by Terepaima. This was the last rebellion on the part of the natives, on 25 July 1567, Captain Diego de Losada laid the foundations of the city of Santiago de León de Caracas. The foundation −1567 – I take possession of land in the name of God. In 1577 Caracas became the capital of the Spanish Empires Venezuela Province under Governor Juan de Pimentel, during the 17th century, the coast of Venezuela was frequently raided by pirates.
With the coastal mountains as a barrier, Caracas was relatively immune to such attacks, encountering little resistance, the invaders sacked and set fire to the town after a failed ransom negotiation. As the cocoa cultivation and exports under the Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas grew in importance, in 1777, Caracas became the capital of the Captaincy General of Venezuela. José María España and Manuel Gual led a revolution aimed at independence