Love and Rockets (band)
Love and Rockets were an English alternative rock band formed in 1985 by former Bauhaus members Daniel Ash, David J and Kevin Haskins after that group split in 1983. Ash and Haskins had recorded and performed in another band, Tones on Tail, between 1982 and 1984. Love and Rockets' fusion of underground rock music with elements of pop music provided an early catalyst for alternative rock, they released seven studio albums before breaking up in 1999 and reformed in 2007 for a few live shows, before splitting again in 2009. They are best known for their 1989 hit single "So Alive", which reached No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. The band's name was taken from Rockets by the Hernandez brothers. Gilbert Hernandez referred to the confusion caused by this in his book Love and Rockets X, as there were several different bands named "Love and Rockets" for a period. Despite their previous band's status as gothic rock icons and Rockets moved towards a brighter and more pop-influenced sound, as demonstrated by their first minor hit being a cover of the Motown classic "Ball of Confusion".
Their first studio album, 1985's Seventh Dream of Teenage Heaven, was an early example of alternative rock, combined with post-punk and psychedelic leanings. Their second album, 1986's Express, continued in the same vein, adding more of a pop feel to the mix, it included the dance hit "Yin and Yang". The 1987 follow-up, Sun, had a more acoustic sound and spawned the minor hit "No New Tale to Tell"; the following year, they released the single "The Bubblemen Are Coming" under the alias The Bubblemen. In 1989 the band released their self-titled album; the second single from the album was the T. Rex-inspired song "So Alive", which became a hit, reaching No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100, a feat no Bauhaus-related band or artist has achieved before or since. After a gruelling tour schedule in support of their big hit and Rockets took a few years off before returning to the studio together; the result was a move to an electronic sound that had more in common with The Orb than their rock or goth roots.
Their label, RCA Records, dropped them. They signed with Rick Rubin's American Recordings to release Hot Trip to Heaven in 1994, followed in 1996 by Sweet F. A.. In April 1995, during the recording of Sweet F. A. a fire broke out in the house owned by American Recordings, where the band were living and recording. None of the members was injured, but their visiting friend Genesis P. Orridge of Psychic TV was injured whilst escaping the fire; the band lost their gear and months of work on the album. There was a lengthy legal battle between the band, their label, the label's insurance company. Love and Rockets were left with a large legal bill. Lift came out in 1998 on Red Ant Records, after performing in Toronto in April, 1999, the Love & Rockets disbanded. Love and Rockets announced in October 2007 on their MySpace page that they would reform to play one song at "Cast a Long Shadow", a tribute to Joe Strummer and benefit for Strummerville, The Joe Strummer Foundation for New Music, on 22 December 2007 at the Key Club in West Hollywood, California.
They covered The Clash's "Should I Stay or Should I Go", playing the song twice, the second time inviting members of the audience to join them onstage to sing along. They performed on 27 April 2008 at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, at Lollapalooza on 3 August 2008 in Chicago. In an interview in June 2009, Ash emphatically stated that he had no further plans to play with Love and Rockets. "We've worked together since 1980. I want to work with new people, I'm sure everybody feels the same."A tribute album titled New Tales to Tell: A Tribute to Love and Rockets was released on 18 August 2009 featuring contributions from The Flaming Lips, Frank Black, Puscifer, A Place to Bury Strangers, Film School, Better Than Ezra, Johnny Dowd, The Dandy Warhols, Blaqk Audio, The Stone Foxes and Monster Magnet. Studio albumsSeventh Dream of Teenage Heaven Express Earth, Moon Love and Rockets Hot Trip to Heaven Sweet F. A. Lift Official website Love and Rockets at AllMusic
Taste of Chaos
Taste of Chaos was a live music tour, started in the winter of 2005 by Kevin Lyman, the creator of the successful Warped Tour along with his friend and business partner, John Reese. The Taste Of Chaos tour catered to fans of the post-hardcore, pop punk and metalcore genres, while offering the same low ticket price and festival-style format as the Warped Tour. In 2007, each of the seven bands playing the entire tour was a Warped Tour veteran: five had played the 2006 Warped Tour and two had played TOC previously. Taste of Chaos has been called the "Winter Warped Tour" since dates run from October through April of the next year; the tour was successful in 2005 for many of the same reasons as its summer counterpart, including cheap tickets and major bands of the genres. In the fall of 2005, the tour became international with The Used, Story of the Year, Rise Against playing in Australia and Asia; the 2008 lineup was the first to feature Japanese bands, them being Mucc, D'espairsRay and The Underneath.
In 2010, Taste of Chaos founder John Reese stated that although the tour was successful internationally, it had "run its course in America" and would be replaced by the Uproar Festival. Reese stated that the replacement was due to, "running out of bands that fit within the profile of what Taste of Chaos was." Uproar will feature hard rock bands and will begin shortly after the heavy metal tour Mayhem Festival in August 2010. Kevin Lyman expects the tour to continue in Europe, is unsure if it will return to the US. For the first time since the tour began, Taste of Chaos had no dates in 2011. On June 18, 2015, it was announced that Taste of Chaos would return with its first festival in five years; the festival took place on October 3 at the San Manuel Amphitheater in California. It was at a Taste of Chaos show in Orlando, FL, that Fueled By Ramen representative John Janick first saw Paramore, which led to them signing their first major recording contract. Ernie Ball International Battle Of The Bands started in 2006, to get popular upcoming small and unsigned bands to play the Taste of Chaos shows in their local towns across many of the tour dates.
Fans determine which band is able to win by voting for all bands though the Ernie Ball International Battle Of The Bands Website. The Top 20 Bands in each city, by way of votes will be reviewed by a panel of judges who will select One band out of the top 20 to play live in their hometown on Taste of Chaos Tour; the Top 20 vote getting bands in each city will be reviewed by the judges. One band will be selected based on the following indicators: Musicianship Ability to Draw in a Live Setting. Kevin Lyman - Founder of the Vans Warped Tour, Co-Founder of the Rockstar Taste of Chaos Tour. John Reese, Co-Founder of the Rockstar Taste of Chaos, Manager of The Used, Story of the Year. Sterling Ball - CEO of Ernie Ball Inc. Brian Ball - Marketing and Artist Relations for Ernie Ball Inc. Dustin Hinz - Promotions / Marketing for Guitar Center Inc. Brett Woitunski - CEO and Founder of purevolume.com John Oakes - Vice President of Freeze Artist Management and Co-Founder of Chaos Mobile Mike Kelso - Music Marketing Director for Rockstar Energy Drink.
Kevin Scoles - Artist Relations/Events Marketing Ernie Ball Inc. Taste of Chaos tours were conducted annually in 2005 through 2010 again in 2015 and 2016; as does the Warped Tour with their compilations, the Taste Of Chaos tour releases compilations of the bands that are on the tour. Taste of Chaos Taste of Christmas The Best of Taste of Chaos The Best of Taste of Chaos Two. Live Review of April 2006 Calgary, AB, Canada Concert by Chris Andrade for kMNR... Music News Weekly Review of April 2008 Los Angeles, CA Concert by Winnie Jaing for LA. Cityzine Official website Myspace AU & NZ TOC Myspace UK Myspace Exclusive Interview with Kevin Lyman, founder of Taste of Chaos, at TrulyHollywood.com. Ernie ball battle of the bands
A podcast or generically netcast, is an episodic series of digital audio or video files which a user can download in order to listen to. It is available for subscription, so that new episodes are automatically downloaded via web syndication to the user's own local computer, mobile application, or portable media player; the word was suggested by Ben Hammersley as a portmanteau of "iPod" and "broadcast". The files distributed are in audio format, but may sometimes include other file formats such as PDF or EPUB. Videos which are shared following a podcast model are sometimes called video vodcasts; the generator of a podcast maintains a central list of the files on a server as a web feed that can be accessed through the Internet. The listener or viewer uses special client application software on a computer or media player, known as a podcatcher, which accesses this web feed, checks it for updates, downloads any new files in the series; this process can be automated to download new files automatically, which may seem to users as though new episodes are broadcast or "pushed" to them.
Files are stored locally on the user's device, ready for offline use. There are many different mobile applications available for people to use to subscribe and to listen to podcasts. Many of these applications allow users to download podcasts or to stream them on demand as an alternative to downloading. Many podcast players allow listeners to control the playback speed; some have labeled podcasting as a converged medium bringing together audio, the web, portable media players, as well as a disruptive technology that has caused some individuals in the radio business to reconsider established practices and preconceptions about audiences, consumption and distribution. Podcasts are free of charge to listeners and can be created for little to no cost, which sets them apart from the traditional model of "gate-kept" media and production tools. Podcast creators can monetize their podcasts by allowing companies to purchase ad time, as well as via sites such as Patreon, which provides special extras and content to listeners for a fee.
Podcasting is much a horizontal media form – producers are consumers, consumers may become producers, both can engage in conversations with each other. "Podcast" is a portmanteau word, formed by combining "iPod" and "broadcast". The term "podcasting" as a name for the nascent technology was first suggested by The Guardian columnist and BBC journalist Ben Hammersley, who invented it in early February 2004 while "padding out" an article for The Guardian newspaper. Despite the etymology, the content can be accessed using any computer or similar device that can play media files. Use of the term "podcast" predated Apple's addition of formal support for podcasting to the iPod, or its iTunes software. Other names for podcasting include "net cast", intended as a vendor-neutral term without the loose reference to the Apple iPod; this name is used by shows from the TWiT.tv network. Some sources have suggested the backronym "portable on demand" or "POD", for similar reasons. In 2004, former MTV video jockey Adam Curry, in collaboration with Dave Winer – co-author of the RSS specification – is credited with coming up with the idea to automate the delivery and syncing of textual content to portable audio players.
Podcasting, once an obscure method of spreading audio information, has become a recognized medium for distributing audio content, whether for corporate or personal use. Podcasts are similar to radio programs in form, but they exist as audio files that can be played at a listener's convenience, anytime or anywhere; the first application to make this process feasible was iPodderX, developed by August Trometer and Ray Slakinski. By 2007, audio podcasts were doing what was accomplished via radio broadcasts, the source of radio talk shows and news programs since the 1930s; this shift occurred as a result of the evolution of internet capabilities along with increased consumer access to cheaper hardware and software for audio recording and editing. In October 2003, Matt Schichter launched. B. B. King, Third Eye Blind, Gavin DeGraw, The Beach Boys, Jason Mraz were notable guests the first season; the hour long radio show was recorded live, transcoded to 16kbit/s audio for dial-up online streaming. Despite a lack of a accepted identifying name for the medium at the time of its creation, The Backstage Pass which became known as Matt Schichter Interviews is believed to be the first podcast to be published online.
In August 2004, Adam Curry launched his show Daily Source Code. It was a show focused on chronicling his everyday life, delivering news, discussions about the development of podcasting, as well as promoting new and emerging podcasts. Curry published it in an attempt to gain traction in the development of what would come to be known as podcasting and as a means of testing the software outside of a lab setting; the name Daily Source Code was chosen in the hope that it would attract an audience with an interest in technology. Daily Source Code started at a grassroots level of production and was directed at podcast developers; as its audience became interested in the format, these developers were inspired to create and produce their own projects and, as a result, they improved the code used to create podcasts. As more people learned how easy it was to produce podcasts, a community of pioneer podcasters appeared. In June 2005, Apple released iTunes 4.9 which added formal support for podcasts, thus negating the need to use a separate program in order to download and transfer them to a mobile device.
While this made access to podcasts more
Alternative rock is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became popular in the 1990s. In this instance, the word "alternative" refers to the genre's distinction from mainstream rock music; the term's original meaning was broader, referring to a generation of musicians unified by their collective debt to either the musical style or the independent, DIY ethos of punk rock, which in the late 1970s laid the groundwork for alternative music. At times, "alternative" has been used as a catch-all description for music from underground rock artists that receives mainstream recognition, or for any music, whether rock or not, seen to be descended from punk rock. Alternative rock broadly consists of music that differs in terms of its sound, social context and regional roots. By the end of the 1980s, magazines and zines, college radio airplay, word of mouth had increased the prominence and highlighted the diversity of alternative rock, helping to define a number of distinct styles such as noise pop, indie rock and shoegaze.
Most of these subgenres had achieved minor mainstream notice and a few bands representing them, such as Hüsker Dü and R. E. M. had signed to major labels. But most alternative bands' commercial success was limited in comparison to other genres of rock and pop music at the time, most acts remained signed to independent labels and received little attention from mainstream radio, television, or newspapers. With the breakthrough of Nirvana and the popularity of the grunge and Britpop movements in the 1990s, alternative rock entered the musical mainstream and many alternative bands became successful. In the past, popular music tastes were dictated by music executives within large entertainment corporations. Record companies signed contracts with those entertainers who were thought to become the most popular, therefore who could generate the most sales; these bands were able to record their songs in expensive studios, their works sold through record store chains that were owned by the entertainment corporations.
The record companies worked with radio and television companies to get the most exposure for their artists. The people making the decisions were business people dealing with music as a product, those bands who were not making the expected sales figures were excluded from this system. Before the term alternative rock came into common usage around 1990, the sort of music to which it refers was known by a variety of terms. In 1979, Terry Tolkin used the term Alternative Music to describe the groups. In 1979 Dallas radio station KZEW had a late night new wave show entitled "Rock and Roll Alternative". "College rock" was used in the United States to describe the music during the 1980s due to its links to the college radio circuit and the tastes of college students. In the United Kingdom, dozens of small do it yourself record labels emerged as a result of the punk subculture. According to the founder of one of these labels, Cherry Red, NME and Sounds magazines published charts based on small record stores called "Alternative Charts".
The first national chart based on distribution called the Indie Chart was published in January 1980. At the time, the term indie was used to describe independently distributed records. By 1985, indie' had come to mean a particular genre, or group of subgenres, rather than distribution status; the use of the term alternative to describe rock music originated around the mid-1980s. Individuals who worked as DJs and promoters during the 1980s claim the term originates from American FM radio of the 1970s, which served as a progressive alternative to top 40 radio formats by featuring longer songs and giving DJs more freedom in song selection. According to one former DJ and promoter, "Somehow this term'alternative' got rediscovered and heisted by college radio people during the 80s who applied it to new post-punk, indie, or underground-whatever music". At first the term referred to intentionally non–mainstream rock acts that were not influenced by "heavy metal ballads, rarefied new wave" and "high-energy dance anthems".
Usage of the term would broaden to include new wave, punk rock, post-punk, "college"/"indie" rock, all found on the American "commercial alternative" radio stations of the time such as Los Angeles' KROQ-FM. Journalist Jim Gerr wrote that Alternative encompassed variants such as "rap, trash and industrial". In December 1991, Spin magazine noted: "this year, for the first time, it became resoundingly clear that what has been considered alternative rock – a college-centered marketing group with lucrative, if limited, potential- has in fact moved into the mainstream"; the bill of the first Lollapalooza, an itinerant festival in North America conceived by Jane's Addiction frontman Perry Farrell, reunited "disparate elements of the alternative rock community" including Henry Rollins, Butthole Surfers, Ice-T, Nine Inch Nails and the Banshees and Jane's Addiction. That same year, Farrell coined the term Alternative Nation. In the late 1990s, the definition again became more specific. In 1997, Neil Strauss of The New York Times defined alternative rock as "hard-edged rock distinguished by brittle,'70s-inspired guitar riffing and singers agonizing over their problems until they take on epic proportions".
Defining music as alt
The Vans Warped Tour was a traveling rock tour that toured the United States annually each summer since 1995. It is the largest traveling music festival in the United States, is the longest-running touring music festival in North America; the first Warped Tour took place in 1995, the skateboard shoe manufacturer Vans became the main sponsor of the tour starting with the second tour in 1996, when it became known as the "The Vans Warped Tour". Although Vans continued to be the main sponsor and lended its name to the festival, other sponsors participated with stages or other aspects of the festival sometimes being named after them. Warped Tour was conceived in 1995 as an eclectic alternative rock festival, but in 1996 began focusing on punk rock music. Although it has continued to be known as a punk rock festival, it has included acts of diverse genres over the years. Warped Tour founder Kevin Lyman stated that the 2018 Vans Warped Tour would be the final, full cross-country run. On December 18, 2018, Lyman revealed details for the tour's 25th anniversary, with only three events taking place in 2019.
The band times and sets can be purchased from a stand. Every year there was a "BBQ Band". In exchange for the privilege of playing on the tour, the BBQ Band prepared the post-show barbecue held for the bands and crew most evenings. Past BBQ Bands have included Dropkick Murphys, Art of Shock and "The Fabulous Rudies". One band, has been permitted for the past four years to play on the tour in exchange for working on the setup crew; the "BBQ Band" for the 2016 tour was the band Reckless Serenade. The tour started as a skate punk and third-wave ska tour, but began to feature pop punk and metalcore acts. There are some hardcore and street punk bands, such as the Casualties, the Unseen and Anti-Flag, that still play Warped Tour, as well as older bands that have played the tour numerous times since its inception The tour wasn't set up in just one way, it was set up early in the morning during the set up crews' arrival and taken down during the last show of the day. When heading into Canada, there was a bus that loaded the supplies that headed into Canada while the other bus contains the equipment that stayed in the U.
S. until the next show. In 2013, Kevin Lyman decided to allow parents free admission to the Warped Tour. Citing issues such as transportation problems for minors and the audience member demographic opening up to a younger crowd every year, Lyman determined that parents accompanying their children would be allowed into the tour for free. Parents have their own adult day care, it was known as Reverse Day Care. Grown-ups could spend the day waiting for their children in the Reverse Day Care tent. There was ample seating and fans or cooling devices to keep the parents occupied during the festival; the Warped Tour was created in 1995 by Kevin Lyman, in production with the short-lived Warp Magazine and Creative Artists Agency. The tour began June 21 at the Idaho Center in Boise and ended August 18 in Detroit; the tour was held at outdoor venues, though on rare occasions it was held indoors. In 1996, due to problems with the venue where the event was to be held, the show was forced to be moved indoors to The Capitol Ballroom nightclub in Washington DC.1996 was the first year for Vans as a sponsor and they have been the main sponsor since carrying their name in the title.
In 1998, the tour went international, including venues in Australia, Europe and the United States. In 1999, the tour started off in New Zealand and Hawaii in the New Year, it started up again in the United States for the northern hemisphere summer before ending up in Europe. The Vans Warped Tour has turned eco-friendly by using biodiesel for the production buses. In 2009, the two main stages were condensed into one and bands were given 40-minute sets, as opposed to the traditional 30 minutes across the previous two stages. Despite this, the tour decided to bring back the two main stages concept with 35-minute sets instead for the 2012 tour and beyond. In 2012, the Warped Tour traveled to London, the first time the tour has left North America since 1999. In the UK and Europe, Warped Tour is operated by English promoter Kilimanjaro Live; the Warped Tour returned to London in 2015. On February 10, 2009 details for the annual "Warped Tour Kick Off Party" were announced; the show took place on April 2, 2009 at The Key Club in West Hollywood and featured Warped Tour 2009 bands T.
S. O. L; the Adolescents, Sing it Loud, TAT, TV/TV on the bill. The tour won the Best Festival/Tour Award at the Rock on Request Awards; the Warped Tour 2012 kick off party took place March 29, 2012 at Club Nokia in Los Angeles, California featuring performances by Falling in Reverse, The Used, Dead Sara, Matt Toka and Forever Came Calling. During the Toronto date, a fan died; the band as well as Warped Tour offered their condolences on Twitter. For the first time in 14 years, Warped Tour was held in the UK in November 2012; this was the first year the show Warped Roadies premiered. The show was a behind-the-scenes look at the inner workings of the Vans Warped Tour as it travels across the country with more than 60 bands; the Warped Tour 2013 kick off party took place March 28, 2013 at Club Nokia in Los Angeles, California featuring performances by Chiodos, New Beat Fund, Gin Wigmore, MC Lars, Craig Owens, Dia Frampton, Charlotte Sometimes, Big Chocolate] Echosmith and special guests. The tour will once again return to Europe for the second year in a row with more tour dates.
For the first time sinc
Underground music comprises musical genres beyond mainstream culture. Any song, not being commercialized is considered underground. Underground music may tend to express common ideas, such as high regard for sincerity and intimacy, freedom of creative expression as opposed to the formulaic composition of commercial music, appreciation of artistic individuality as opposed to conformity to current mainstream trends. Apart from the underground rock scenes in the pre-Mikhail Gorbachev Soviet Union, or the modern anti-Islamic metal scene of theocratic states in the Arabian Peninsula few types of underground music are hidden, although performances and recordings may be difficult for outsiders to find; some underground rock bands never got non-mainstream roots. They are radical, aggressive 60s bands such as The Velvet Underground, The Stooges, MC5, 70s bands like The Sex Pistols, The Damned, The Clash, 80s hardcore punk bands like Discharge; some underground styles became mainstream, commercialized pop styles, as did for example, the underground hip hop style of the early 1980s.
In the 2000s, the increasing availability of the Internet and digital music technologies has made underground music easier to distribute using streaming audio and podcasts. Some experts in cultural studies now argue that "there is no underground" because the Internet has made what was underground music accessible to everyone at the click of a mouse. One expert, Martin Raymond, of London-based company The Future Laboratory, commented in an article in The Independent, saying trends in music and politics are:... now transmitted laterally and collaboratively via the internet. You once had a series of gatekeepers in the adoption of a trend: the innovator, the early adopter, the late adopter, the early mainstream, the late mainstream, the conservative, but now it goes straight from the innovator to the mainstream. In effect, this means a boy band could be influenced by a obscure 1960s garage rock, early 1980s post punk, noise rock acts like Pussy Galore or composers of avant-garde classical music such as John Cage and Karlheinz Stockhausen, while maintaining recognizability as a boy band.
The term "underground music" has been applied to various artistic movements, for instance the psychedelic music movement of the mid-1960s, but the term has in more recent decades come to be defined by any musicians who tend to avoid the trappings of the mainstream commercial music industry otherwise it tells only truth through the music. Frank Zappa attempted to define "underground" by noting that the "mainstream comes to you, but you have to go to the underground." In the 1960s, the term "underground" was associated with the hippie counterculture and psychedelic drugs, applied to journalism and film as well as music, as they sought to communicate psychedelic experiences and Free love ideals. In modern popular music, the term "underground" refers to performers or bands ranging from artists that do DIY guerrilla concerts and self-recorded shows to those that are signed to small independent labels. In some musical styles, the term "underground" is used to assert that the content of the music is illegal or controversial, as in the case of early 1990s death metal bands in the US such as Cannibal Corpse for their gory cover art and lyrical themes.
Black metal is an underground form of music and its Norwegian scene are notorious for their association with church burnings, the occult and their Anti-Christian views. All of extreme metal is considered underground music for its extreme nature. Shlomo Sher's "philosophy for artists" argues that there are three common misconceptions about the "underground": that it refers to the rave/electronica scene. Instead, Sher claims that "underground music" is linked by shared values, such as a valuing of grassroots "reality" over music with "pre-wrapped marketing glossing it up". In a Counterpunch magazine article, Twiin argues that "Underground music is free media", because by working "independently, you can say anything in your music" and be free of corporate censorship; the genre of post-punk is considered a "catchall category for underground, indie, or lo-fi guitar rock" bands which "initially avoided major record labels in the pursuit of artistic freedom, out of an'us against them' stance towards the corporate rock world", spreading "west over college station airwaves, small clubs and independent record stores."
Underground music of this type is promoted through word-of-mouth or by community radio DJs. In the early underground scenes, such as the Grateful Dead jam band fan scenes or the 1970s punk scenes, crude home-made tapes were traded or sold from the stage or from the trunk of a car. In the 2000s, underground music podcasts. A music underground can refer to the culture of underground music in a city and its accompanying performance venues; the Kitchen is an example of what was an important New York City underground music venue in the 1960s and 1970s. CBGB is another famous New York City underground music venue claiming to be "Home of Underground Rock since 1973". Many gen
Aurora is a city in Portage County, United States. It is co-extant with, formed from, the former township of Aurora, formed from the Connecticut Western Reserve; the population was 15,548 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Akron metropolitan area. Aurora was designated a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation; some say Aurora was the name of the daughter of Major Amos Spafford, while others believe the village was named after Aurora, the Roman goddess of dawn. Aurora is located at 41°19′9″N 81°21′21″W, it borders or touches the following other townships and municipalities: The city of Hudson, on the southwest The city of Solon, on the northwest Bainbridge Township, Geauga County, on the north Auburn Township, Geauga County, on the northeast According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.07 square miles, of which 22.92 square miles is land and 1.15 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 15,548 people, 6,018 households, 4,365 families residing in the city.
The population density was 678.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,396 housing units at an average density of 279.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 1.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population. There were 6,018 households of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 27.5% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age in the city was 45.4 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,556 people, 5,047 households, 3,901 families residing in the city.
The population density is 583.8 people per square mile. There are 5,361 housing units at an average density of 230.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.67% White, 1.16% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population. There were 5,047 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.7% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, 15.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $112,547, the median income for a family was $128,432. Males had a median income of $100,797 versus $53,846 for females; the per capita income for the city was $69,672. Aurora City School District operates three elementary schools, one middle school, Aurora High School. Valley Christian Academy, a private institution, has been in operation at Aurora since 1979. Aurora has a branch of the Portage County District Library. Parts of central Aurora have been designated the Aurora Center Historic District; the historic district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. The city has multiple private country clubs including Club Walden, Barrington Golf Club. In 1924, Bert Way designed the championship golf course at Aurora Golf and Country Club, located on Trails End; the course winds through 220 acres of spectacularly crafted landscape, with the Chagrin River flowing through a majority of the holes.
Aurora Golf and Country Club was constructed in natural rolling terrain, with the Aurora branch of the Chagrin River being a significant feature. In 1967, 1969, 1970, the club hosted the Cleveland Open. Arnold Palmer once battled the course while competing in this PGA event. Various recreational facilities operated on the site of Giles Pond known as Geauga Lake, continuously since before 1887; the Big Dipper roller coaster operated for 82 years at the site. Aurora was the second location for the SeaWorld chain of marine mammal parks, which opened in 1970 and operated in the Geauga lake area on the northern edge of the city and was home to the killer whale known as Shamu. Aurora High School, in 2008, were the Division III State Champions in football. In 2016, Aurora Robotics Team TBD won the FIRST Tech Challenge world championship in St. Louis, MO. Blanton Collier - Professional football coach in the National Football League for the Cleveland Browns Gary Collins - Professional football player in the NFL Tom Curtis - Professional football player in the NFL Sean Grandillo - Actor Anne Heche - Actress Fritz Heisler - Professional football coach, assistant coach, scout