Pedro Abad is a small town located in the province of Córdoba, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the city has a population of 2934 inhabitants. Iglesia de la Asunción. Ermita del Santísimo Cristo de los Desamparados. Birth house of “Santa Rafaela M.ª Porras”, fundadora of “Esclavas del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús”. The Basharat Mosque and run by the islamic movement Ahmadiyya Muslim Community; this is the first mosque, built on Spanish soil after the reconquest of Spain and the parallel expulsion of Muslims in 1492. Pedro Abad - Sistema de Información Multiterritorial de Andalucía
Sierra de Cádiz
Sierra de Cádiz is a comarca province of Cádiz. Most of the comarca's territory falls within a protected area; the Sierra de Cádiz comarca includes the following municipalities: Alcalá del Valle Algar Algodonales Arcos de la Frontera Benaocaz Bornos El Bosque El Gastor Espera Grazalema Olvera Prado del Rey Puerto Serrano Setenil de las Bodegas Torre Alháquime Ubrique Villaluenga del Rosario Villamartín Zahara de la Sierra El portal de la Sierra de Cádiz en internet
Poniente Almeriense is a comarca in Almería, Spain. It is sometimes known as the "sea of plastic" due to the numerous greenhouses that cover the area; the comarca contains nine municipalities and 218,426 inhabitants in an area of 971 km². The "sea of plastic" was one of the subjects of We feed a 2005 documentary; the comarca borders the Alboran Sea to the South, the city of Almería to the east, the Sierra de Gádor to the north, the municipality of Albuñol to the west. The Poniente Almeriense contains the following municipalities: Adra Balanegra Berja Dalías El Ejido Enix Felix La Mojonera Roquetas de Mar Vícar Las Norias de Daza - Google maps Greenhouses of the Campo de Dalías, Almería Province, Spain - NASA Earth Observatory Southeastern Spain's Greenhouse Landscape: Plastic over Sand-Beds
La Janda is a comarca in the province of Cádiz, southern Spain. La Janda is composed of the following municipalities: Alcalá de los Gazules Barbate Benalup-Casas Viejas Conil de la Frontera Medina Sidonia Paterna de Rivera Vejer de la Frontera Mancomunidad de Municipios de la Comarca de La Janda Asociación para el Desarrollo Rural del Litoral de la Janda
Bay of Cádiz (comarca)
The Bay of Cádiz is a comarca in the province of Cádiz, southern Spain. The present-day comarca was established in 2003 by the Government of Andalusia; the comarca includes five municipalities: Cádiz Chiclana de la Frontera El Puerto de Santa María Puerto Réal San Fernando Rota Media related to Bahía de Cádiz at Wikimedia Commons Consorcio de Transportes Bahía de Cádiz Official website
The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion. The species is cultivated in many places and considered naturalized in all the countries of the Mediterranean coast, as well as in Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Norfolk Island and Bermuda. Olea europaea is the type species for the genus Olea; the olive's fruit called the olive, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil. The tree and its fruit give their name to the plant family, which includes species such as lilacs, jasmine and the true ash trees; the word "olive" derives from Latin ŏlīva through Etruscan from the archaic Proto-Greek form *ἐλαίϝα. The word "oil" meant "olive oil", from ŏlĕum, ἔλαιον. In multiple other languages the word for "oil" derives from the name of this tree and its fruit.
The oldest attested forms of the Greek words are the Mycenaean, e-ra-wa, and, e-ra-wo or, e-rai-wo, written in the Linear B syllabic script. The olive tree, Olea europaea, is an evergreen tree or shrub native to the Mediterranean and Africa, it is short and squat, exceeds 8–15 m in height.'Pisciottana', a unique variety comprising 40,000 trees found only in the area around Pisciotta in the Campania region of southern Italy exceeds this, with correspondingly large trunk diameters. The silvery green leaves are oblong, measuring 4 -- 1 -- 3 cm wide; the trunk is gnarled and twisted. The small, feathery flowers, with ten-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens, bifid stigma, are borne on the previous year's wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves; the fruit is a small drupe 1–2.5 cm long, thinner-fleshed and smaller in wild plants than in orchard cultivars. Olives are harvested in the green to purple stage. Canned black olives have been artificially blackened and may contain the chemical ferrous gluconate to improve the appearance.
Olea europaea contains a seed referred to in American English as a pit or a rock, in British English as a stone. The six natural subspecies of Olea europaea are distributed over a wide range: Olea europaea subsp. Europaea Olea europaea subsp. Europaea var. sylvestris, considered the "wild" olive of the Mediterranean, is a variety characterized by a smaller tree bearing noticeably smaller fruit. O. e. subsp. Cuspidata O. e. subsp. Guanchica O. e. subsp. Cerasiformis O. e. subsp. Maroccana O. e. subsp. Laperrinei The subspecies O. e. maroccana and O. e. cerasiformis are hexaploid and tetraploid. Wild growing forms of the olive are sometimes treated as the species Olea oleaster; the trees referred to as white and black olives in Southeast Asia are not olives, but species of Canarium. Hundreds of cultivars of the olive tree are known. An olive's cultivar has a significant impact on its colour, size and growth characteristics, as well as the qualities of olive oil. Olive cultivars may be used for oil, eating, or both.
Olives cultivated for consumption are referred to as table olives. Since many olive cultivars are self-sterile or nearly so, they are planted in pairs with a single primary cultivar and a secondary cultivar selected for its ability to fertilize the primary one. In recent times, efforts have been directed at producing hybrid cultivars with qualities useful to farmers, such as resistance to disease, quick growth, larger or more consistent crops. Fossil evidence indicates the olive tree had its origins some 20–40 million years ago in the Oligocene, in what is now corresponding to Italy and the eastern Mediterranean Basin; the olive plant was first cultivated some 7,000 years ago in Mediterranean regions. The edible olive seems to have coexisted with humans for about 5,000 to 6,000 years, going back to the early Bronze Age, its origin can be traced to the Levant based on written tablets, olive pits, wood fragments found in ancient tombs. The immediate ancestry of the cultivated olive is unknown. Fossil Olea pollen has been found in Macedonia and other places around the Mediterranean, indicating that this genus is an original element of the Mediterranean flora.
Fossilized leaves of Olea were found in the palaeosols of the volcanic Greek island of Santorini and were dated about 37,000 BP. Imprints of larvae of olive whitefly Aleurolobus olivinus were found on the leaves; the same insect is found today on olive leaves, showing that the plant-animal co-evolutionary relations have not changed since that time. Other leaves found on the same island are dated back to 60,000 BP, making them the oldest known olives from the Mediterranean; as far back as 3000 BC, olives were grown commercially in Crete. Olives are not native to the Americas. Spanish colonists brought the olive to the New World, where its cultivation prospered in present-day Peru and Chile; the first seedlings from Spain were planted in Lima by Antonio de Rivera in 1560. Olive tree cultivation spread along the valleys of South America's dry Pacific coast where the climate was
Comarcas of Andalusia
In Andalusia, comarcas have no defined administrative powers. The current Statute of Autonomy of Andalusia, unlike its 1981 predecessor, allows for the establishment and regulation of official comarcas under its Title III, Article 97, which defines the significance of comarcas and sets the basis for future legislation in this area. In 2003 the Council of Tourism and Sports of the Andalusian Autonomous Government published an order in which it defined the comarca as "a geographic space with some homogeneous natural characteristicas, which produce social relations of immediacy and closeness, present some common natural and social characteristics and some common interests." This defined the official comarcas of Andalusia in the number of 62, as the following ones