Dietikon is the fifth biggest city of the canton of Zürich in Switzerland, after Zürich, Uster and Dübendorf. It is the capital of part of the Zürich metropolitan area; the industrial city Dietikon is situated at an elevation of 388 m at the confluence of the Reppisch and the Limmat, located in the Limmat Valley, along the railway line from Zürich to Baden. Here and in the neighboring region, Spreitenbach, is the large Limmattal rail freight marshalling yard. Dietikon has an area of 9.3 square kilometers. Of this area, 17.2 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 49.1% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. In 1996 housing and buildings made up 33.8% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest. Of the total unproductive area, water made up 4.9% of the area. As of 2007 40.7% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction. The largest and best known forests of the municipality include the Honeret, Guggenbüehl and Röhrenmoos.
The Honeret forest lies on a side moraine of the Linth glacier. There are over 200 prominent stones through the woods, up to erratic boulders as big as 25 m2; the Honeret and the Guggenbüehl-Wald are separated by only one main street. In the forest, there are a few springs from which the brooks Tobelbach and Stoffelbach rise and flow down into the Reppisch. In the forest lies the forest cottage "Lorenzhütte." The Guggenbüehl forest lies wholly within Dietikon. Within the forest lies the "Giigelibode" pond, it has neither outflow. A Vita course is in the forest; the municipality is located on the A3 motorway. Dietikon railway station and Glanzenberg railway station are stops of the S-Bahn Zürich on the lines S3 and S12. Dietikon railway station is the terminus of the line S17 provided by the Bremgarten-Dietikon-Bahn. Between 1900 and 1928, Dietikon was the terminus of the Limmattal tramway from Zürich. The, now under construction, Limmattal light rail line will follow a similar alignment, albeit extended through Dietikon to Killwangen.
Important running waters that flow through Dietikon are its tributary Reppisch. Wide brooks are the 3 km long Schäflibach and the Teischlibach; the Schäflibach is created with the flows together from Allmendbach and Stockacherbach and leads into the Limmat. The Teischlibach originates from Röhrenmoos in the forest above Dietikon and leads into the Limmat; the Marmoriweiher lies in the Grunschen a place used for grilling. The Marmoriweiher is an artificial pond, positioned for the water supply of the fire brigade. For this, a distraction canal was built with the Grunschen; the pond of a marble factory served. This gave it its name. Dietikon is first mentioned in 1100 as Dietinchovin. In Dietikon there are several Roman ruins and the Fahr Benedictine Convent, given by the House of Regensberg around 1130 AD, with a cloister church dating from the years 1743 to 1746; the Second Battle of Zürich was fought in Dietikon and the town name is now inscribed at the pillar of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France.
City president is Roger Bachmann. Dietikon has a population of 27,079; as of 2007, 39.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 50 % female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 10.5%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common and Albanian being third. In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP; the next three most popular parties were the SPS, the CVP and the FDP. The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 21.3% of the population, while adults make up 64.7% and seniors make up 14%. In Dietikon about 60.1% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education. There are 9,892 households in Dietikon. Dietikon has an unemployment rate of 4.2%. As of 2005, there were 179 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 13 businesses involved in this sector. 2,613 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 213 businesses in this sector.
10,632 people are employed with 957 businesses in this sector. As of 2007 60.6% of the working population were employed full-time, 39.4% were employed part-time. As of 2008 there were 4,599 Protestants in Dietikon. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the 2000 census, 26.5% were some type of Protestant, with 24.6% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 1.9% belonging to other Protestant churches. 41.8% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 12.2% were Muslim, 16.1% belonged to another religion, 4.6% did not give a religion, 9.4% were atheist or agnostic. The historical population is given in the following table: Among other companies, the Limmattaler Zeitung newspaper and Ex Libris are situated in Dietikon. Dietikon has an average of 132.2 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,078 mm of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Dietikon receives an average of 114 mm of precipitation. During the wettest month, there is precipitation for an average of 12.7 days.
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Schlieren is a municipality in the district of Dietikon in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. The oldest artifact discovered in the Canton of Zürich is a Stone Age Neanderthal hand axe, found in Schlieren, dates back to 100,000 BCE; until 1415, Schlieren belonged to Habsburg. After the conquest of Aargau by the Swiss Confederates it was a component of the county of Baden. In 1803 Schlieren was assigned to the Canton of Zürich. In 1777 the minister Heinrich Keller created here the first "deaf-mute school" in Switzerland. Thanks to the proximity to the city of Zürich and the good traffic facilities, Schlieren showed a population growth of 10,000 since the 1930s. Schlieren was considered for inclusion of the expansion of Zurich's city limits, but was not part of the expansion of 1934. Schlieren has an area of 6.6 km2. Of this area, 19.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 28.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 50.7% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. In 1996 housing and buildings made up 36.6% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest.
Of the total unproductive area, water made up 1.8% of the area. As of 2007 43.5% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction. Schlieren lies to the south of the river Limmat in the Limmat Valley, west of Zurich, it is part of the Zurich metropolitan area. Schlieren has a population of 13,860; as of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 49.4 % female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 10.2%. Most of the population speaks German, with Serbian being third. In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP; the next three most popular parties were the SPS, the FDP and the CVP. The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 20.1% of the population, while adults make up 64.2% and seniors make up 15.7%. In Schlieren about 58.8% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education. There are 6262 households in Schlieren. Schlieren has an unemployment rate of 4.23%.
As of 2005, there were 62 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 2796 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 189 businesses in this sector. 8688 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 659 businesses in this sector. As of 2007 39.1% of the working population were employed full-time, 60.9% were employed part-time. As of 2008 there were 2920 Protestants in Schlieren. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the 2000 census, 29.5% were some type of Protestant, with 27.1% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 2.4% belonging to other Protestant churches. 39.5% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 10.2% were Muslim, 15.2% belonged to another religion, 4.7% did not give a religion, 9.2% were atheist or agnostic. Schlieren is home to the Eastern Switzerland Office of the Investigation Bureau for Railway and Boat Accidents; the municipality is served on different lines of the Zürich S-Bahn.
Schlieren railway station is in the geographic centre of the municipality and a stop on lines S3 and S12. Although Urdorf railway station takes its name from the adjoining municipality of Urdorf, it is located just within the boundaries of Schlieren, is a stop on lines S9 and S15. Between 1900 and 1931, Dietikon was a stop on the Limmattal tramway from Zürich, from 1931 to 1955 it was the terminus of that line; until it was the terminus of Zürich trolleybus route 31 that replaced the truncated tramway. The, now under construction, Limmattal light rail line will follow a similar alignment, from Zürich Altstetten railway station to Killwangen, Zürich tram route 2 will be extended to Schlieren to replace the trolleybus. Former gas facility. Local museum and several city parks. Biggest covered climbing hall in Europe; the town president is Peter Voser of the Free Democratic Party of Switzerland. Schools in Schlieren include Schule Hofacker, Schule Grabenstrasse, Schule Schulstrasse, Schule Zelgli, Schule Kalktarren.
Paul Zollinger a Swiss former racing cyclist, the Swiss National Road Race champion in 1966 Urs Allemann writer and journalist Mario Cantaluppi former footballer, 500 club caps and 22 caps for Switzerland Diamá aka Claudia D'Addio, is a Swiss singer Martin Steuble a Filipino professional footballer, approx. 150 club caps and 39 for the Philippines Tanja Schärer a Swiss freestyle skier, specializing in aerials, competed at the 2010 Winter Olympics Anto Grgić a Swiss professional footballer playing for FC Sion Official website
Zug, is an affluent municipality and town in Switzerland. The name Zug originates from fishing vocabulary; the town of Zug is the canton's capital. As of 31 December 2017 it had a total population of 30,205 inhabitants; the official language of Zug is German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect. The oldest human traces date back to the time of around 14,000 BC. There have been Paleolithic finds on the north bank of Lake Zug, which come from nomadic hunters and gatherers. Archaeologists have been able to prove the existence of over forty lake-shore settlements, on the shores of Lake Zug, from the epoch of the first settled farmers in the Neolithic period; the peak in these lake-shore village settlements was in the period between 3800 and 2450 BC. For the same epoch, the first pre-alpine land use has been proven in Menzingen and in the Ägeri valley; the well-known, historically-researched and interesting lake-shore village, ‘Sumpf’, dated from the late Bronze Age.
These rich finds result in a quite differentiated picture of life in former times, attractively represented in the Zug Museum for Prehistory. In addition, many traces from the Iron Age and the Roman and Celtic-Roman time have been discovered. In around AD 600, Alemannic families and tribes immigrated to the area of present-day canton Zug; the name Blickensdorf, place names with ‘- ikon’ endings, prove this as the first Alemannic living space. The churches of Baar and Risch date back to the early Middle Ages; the first written document on the area originates from the year 858, refers to King Ludwig the German giving the farm Chama to the Zürich Fraumünster convent. At this time, the area of present-day Zug belonged to different monastic and secular landlords, the most important of whom were the Habsburgs, who, in 1264, inherited the Kyburg rights and remained a central political power until about 1400. In the course of the high medieval town construction, the settlement of Zug received a town wall at some point after 1200.
The town founders were the counts of Kyburg. The town, first mentioned in AD 1240, was called an "oppidum" in 1242 and a "castrum" in 1255. In 1273, it was bought by Rudolph of Habsburg from Anna, the heiress of Kyburg and wife of Eberhard, head of the cadet line of Habsburg. Through this purchase it passed into the control of the Habsburgs and was placed under a Habsburg bailiff; the Aeusser Amt or Outer District consisted of the villages and towns surrounding Zug, which each had their own Landsgemeinden but were ruled by a single Habsburg bailiff. Zug was important as an administrative center of the Kyburg and the Habsburg district as a local market place, thereafter, as a stage town for the transport of goods over the Hirzel hill towards Lucerne. On 27 June 1352, both the town of Zug and the Aeusser Amt entered the Swiss Confederation, the latter being received on the same terms as the town, not, as was usual in the case of outer districts, as a subject land. About 1364, the town and the Aeusser Amt were recovered for the league by the men of Schwyz, from this time Zug took part as a full member in all the acts of the league.
In 1379, the Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus exempted Zug from all external jurisdictions, in 1389 the Habsburgs renounced their claims, reserving only an annual payment of 20 silver marks, which came to an end in 1415. In 1400 Wenceslaus gave all criminal jurisdiction to the town only; the Aeusser Amt, in 1404 claimed that the banner and seal of Zug should be kept in one of the country districts and were supported in this claim by Schwyz. The matter was settled in 1412 by arbitration, the banner was to be kept in the town. In 1415, the right of electing their landammann was given to Zug by the Confederation, a share in the criminal jurisdiction was granted to the Aeusser Amt by German king Sigismund; the alliance of the four forest cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Lucerne with the city of Zürich in 1351 set much in motion. The town of Zug was seen as having Habsburg ties with the cities of Zürich and Lucerne, therefore had to be conquered, it is that this was more for political than economic reasons: the Lucerne market was important for central Switzerland, but strongly dependent on the city of Zürich.
Zürich initiated a siege on Zug with the federal army in June 1352. Zug surrendered. On 27 June 1352 Zürich, Zug, Uri and Unterwalden formed an alliance. Zürich's saw this ‘Zugerbund’ as an alliance of convenience. For the town of Zug, little changed, Zug remained Habsburg; that same year, the Zug alliance was declared invalid by all parties. A period of Schwyz domination followed. Only did Zug become sovereign and federal. Zug expanded its territory, acquiring a number of rural areas in the form of bailiwicks. Zug became a confederation in itself - with the town and its subject territories, the three outer municipalities, Ägeri and Baar; this problematic dualism dominated until 1798, i.e. until the end of the old confederation, the political structure of the Canton Zug. The unifyi
Swiss Northern Railway
The Swiss Northern Railway, informally known as the Spanisch-Brötli-Bahn, opened the first railway line within Switzerland in 1847, the Zürich–Baden railway. This followed the extension of a French railway to Basel in 1844; the original line followed the south bank of the Limmat from Zürich to near its confluence with the Aar near Brugg and it followed the south bank of the Aar to Olten. It was absorbed into the Swiss Northeastern Railway in 1853 and extended from Baden to Brugg in 1858; the line was absorbed into the Swiss Federal Railways on its establishment in 1902. It is electrified at 15 kV 16.7 Hz and its eastern 16 km section from Zürich to Killwangen-Spreitenbach is now part of the Zürich–Olten trunkline and has four tracks. The section between Zürich and Baden was opened on 7 August 1847 by the Swiss Northeastern Railway, it was the first line built in Switzerland, except for the line built from Mulhouse to Basel by the French company Chemin de fer de Strasbourg à Bâle, opened to a temporary station outside Basel's walls on 15 June 1844 and to the permanent station on 11 December 1845.
The construction of railways in Switzerland was delayed compared to most of its neighbours as a result of its mountainous geography. In addition the cantons were in a position to influence the routes chosen because of the need for compulsory purchase to build railways. In 1836 Friedrich Hünerwadel of Lenzburg pointed out to the government of the canton of Aargau—through which the line had to pass—the importance of the route of a railway from Zurich to Basel for Aargau's commerce and industry. In 1837, the Zürich Chamber of Commerce commissioned the engineer Alois Negrelli to investigate the route of such a line. In October of the same year the Zurich-Basel railway company was founded; the chosen route would lead from Zürich to Würenlos via Dietikon along the south bank of the Limmat crossing the river to follow the north bank of the Limmat via Wettingen and Obersiggenthal. In Untersiggenthal the line would have crossed the Aare at Döttingen, it would have followed the south bank of the Rhine to Basel.
In April 1838 surveying of the route began. The Züriputsch of 1839 and a civil war-like constitutional dispute in the canton of Aargau further delayed the start of construction. In addition the route of the line was controversial; some called for a line through the Bözberg Pass, the route of the Bözberg line opened in 1875. Although the Aargau parliament passed a law permitting compulsory purchase in November 1840, several shareholders lost their financial guarantees, the company had to be dissolved in December 1841. In May 1843 representatives of the cantons of Aargau and Basle met in the Baden City Hall, but they failed to come to any agreement. In May 1845 a new committee was formed under the leadership of the Zurich industrialist Martin Escher; the planned line would now keep to the south bank of the Limmat. It was planned to cross the Rhine between Koblenz and Waldshut to connect with the planned Baden Mainline between Basel and Konstanz. With an assurance that Alois Negrelli would direct the engineering and that a branch line would be built from Baden to Lenzburg and Aarau, the Aargau parliament approved the project in July 1845.
The first stage of construction would be the section from Zurich to Baden. The gauge of 1,600 mm was chosen, the same gauge as the German Grand Duchy of Baden State Railway, constructed during that time Negrelli relocated the station in Baden to the north side of the town, requiring the construction of the 80-meter-long Schlossberg tunnel. Gustav Albert Wegmann designed the Zürich railway station, while Ferdinand Stadler designed the Baden station. At the end of 1845 the Nordbahn company was founded with a share capital of 20 million francs, in the spring of 1846 construction work started; the route for the most part was easy, although there were small landslides between Neuenhof and Baden. The greatest challenge was the construction of the Schlossberg tunnel, where prisoners were used for this work. There were three fatalities in an additional six workers died of typhoid; the tunnel was broken through on 14 April 1847. The line opened on 7 August 1847 and was the first line located on Swiss territory.
Shortly after 11:30 am, the arrival of the first official train in Zurich was announced with gun salute. He brought the invited members of the Aargau authorities from Baden to Zurich; the locomotive No. 1 «Limmat» required only 23 minutes, which would correspond to an average speed of 42 km / h. After celebrations and sightseeing of the train station infrastructure the train left Zurich for Baden at 13:00 with 140 invited guests; every day there were four trips in each direction. The 20 km journey took 45 minutes with the trains stopping at Altstetten and Dietikon. Soon after the opening, the line began to be called the "Spanisch-Brötli bahn" because the Zürich gentry sent their servants by train to Baden to buy these buns in order to impress their clients at Sunday morning teas, their servants had to set out from Baden at midnight on foot with the buns. The buns were derived from buns made in Milan during the 17th century when it was under Spanish control. Under the laws of the canton they could only be made in Baden.
The railway had little commercial success. Its passenger numbers were reduced by the Sonderbund war and the Revolutio
Langstrasse is a street and quarter in district 4 in Zürich. Langstrasse begins near the district courts and extends north-northeast to the train tracks of Zürich Hauptbahnhof; the following short segment of Langstrasse leads towards Limmatplatz in district 5. Langstrasse is referred to as a general area including the street and its surrounding tertiary streets; the quarter has a population of 10,500 on an area of 1.13 km². It is notorious as Zürich's red light district, with a above-average crime rate, drug dealing and brothels, it is the most overtly multicultural spot in Zürich, with a rate of 42% foreign residents, among the highest in Zürich. Due to the problems in this district, the City Council approved the comprehensive project "Langstrasse PLUS" on 14 March 2001 to achieve an improvement in public order and safety; as the historical quarter of factory workers during Industrialisation, Aussersihl is the traditional center of socialist and communist agitation in Zürich, the Helvetiaplatz on Langstrasse being a traditional site of May Day manifestations.
Langstrasse is undergoing a process of gentrification in certain areas, spurring public debate both in the quarter and city-at-large regarding its social and economic future. Langstrassenfest The Langstrassenfest is an important part of the Langstrasse PLUS campaign, it has been taking place every two years since 1996, counted about 270'000 visitors in 2004. In the years without a Langstrassenfest, the Longstreet Carneval takes place; the Langstrassenfest is organised by Swiss citizens. Longstreet Carneval If there is no Langstrassenfest, the Longstreet Carneval takes place; this Carneval is organised by non Swiss citizens. Caliente The Caliente Festival is the biggest Latin Festival in all of Europe, it counts over 130'000 visitors in the year 2006. Open-Air-Cinema Every summer during July/August an open-air cinema is installed at the Kanzleiareal near the Helvetiaplatz. Langstrassenquartier