Trubnaya (Moscow Metro)
Trubnaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Tverskoy District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Dostoyevskaya and Sretensky Bulvar stations. Trubnaya opened on 30 August 2007, it was a northwestern terminus of the line until June 2010. It is named after Trubnaya Square, it offers a transfer to the Tsvetnoy Bulvar station on the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line. Transfer to Tsvetoy Boulevard station is achieved in a two part process that involves an ascent into an interim hall and a walk to the older station. Construction of the station began as far back as 1984, during the building of Tsvetnoy Bulvar station which set provisions for the future station, during the late 1980s was underway with plans to open by the late 1990s; however the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 put a long delay to construction which at time stood frozen, despite a few slow restarts, remained derelict. Only in 2005 when proper funding came did the works resume; the station was opened just in two years, on 30 August 2007.
Architecturally the station is a tri-vault wall column design with a monolithic concrete plate on the floor. The theme, work of architects V. Fillipov, S. Petrosyan, A. Ruban, T. Silakadze, T. Petrova and S. Prytkova, is based on Moscow and old Russian cities; the portals and station walls are faced with warm beige marble. Contrasting with, the dark green marble used for columns, for panels between the portals as well as for panels on the station walls; the floor features a geometric layout which repeats the portals out of polished dark green and light grey granite. Lighting is achieved by hidden fluorescent lamps behind the portal cornices which unite every four passages between the central and the platform halls; the vaults of the central and the platform halls are covered with white fibreglass to offer extra hydroisolation. Decoration of the station is centered on the 12 wall columns; each of these feature a wooden bench surrounded by a black ironwork frame that supports four spherical lamps on the top, giving the impression of a traditional Moscow boulevard.
However the central feature of this is an illuminated stained glass mosaic with an image of a historic Russian city, all work of Zurab Tsereteli. The author is responsible for two large mosaics which decorate the portals of the escalator tunnels upon leaving the station; the vestibule of the station is located under the intersection of the Tsvetnoy Boulevard and the Boulevard Ring and the Trubnaya Square for which the station is named
Chekhovskaya is a station of the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It was opened on December 31, 1987, served as the northern terminus of the line for the following year, its depth is 62 metres. The vestibule is located in Pushkinskaya Square, while the station is named for the writer Anton Chekhov; the station provides transfers to the Tverskaya station of the Zamoskvoretskaya Line, the Pushkinskaya station of the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line. Chekhovskaya on metro.ru
Savyolovskaya (Serpukhovsko–Timiryazevskaya line)
Savyolovskaya, alternatively transliterated Savelovskaya, is a station on Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It has a depth of 52 metres, it opened on 31 December 1988 and was the northern terminus of the line until an extension in 1991 pushed the terminus out to Otradnoye. The entrance vestibule is on the main square in front of Savyolovsky rail terminal, from which the station gets its name. Connections at the rail terminal provide access to commuter trains serving destinations to the north of Moscow. Passengers are able to transfer to and from an identically named station on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line since 30 December 2018. Metro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Aleksandrovsky Sad (Moscow Metro)
Aleksandrovsky Sad is a station of the Filyovskaya line of the Moscow Metro. It was designed by A. I. Gontskevich and S. opened on 15 May 1935 along with the first stage of the metro. The station is situated under the southern part of the Vozdvizhenka Street next to the building of the Russian State Library; the northern of the two side platforms of the station works during rush hours only. The station was not included in the plans for the first stage due to its closeness to the Biblioteka Imeni Lenina station; when a change to the plans was introduced with a new station it was decided not to augment the design of the planned large tunnel with parallel tracks separated by a row of columns, but to modify it by increasing its height and building platforms on the sides in what is known as a Parisian Style. Construction began in July 1934, problems were encountered. Under the street was situated a massive sewage pipe consisting of fragile ceramic, with an outflow of two million buckets. In such conditions a slight vibration in the soil would have caused a serious accident since the proposed subway tunnels were only 1.5–2 metres away from it.
A few solutions to the problems were proposed, either to temporary turn off the sewer system and deposit the massed water via a gully on the Arbatskaya square into the Moskva River, or to relay the sanitation into metallic pipes. Moscow Soviet discarded both ideas, the former out of sanitary and hygienic interests, the second one because that would have required closing off the whole street for a few weeks to the traffic. Engineer Kulbakh came up with a more innovative solution – relaying the collector not from trenches dug up from the surface, but from those in which the walls of the tunnels were built. Works on a shared 40-metre stretch were carried out with superior precision and accuracy, thus preventing the collector to be damaged, with no injuries or streets being closed off. For the remaining part of the station little problems took place and in record times on 31 January 1935 the station was completed; the unique circumstances which resulted in station is accredited to its current appearance with side platforms that are curved and three rows of octagonal columns.
The two outer rows of columns, which run along the centre line of each platform, are faced with white marble. The third row of columns, painted white and resting on square, black-tiled piers to account for the difference in height between the track bed and the platforms, runs along the main axis of the station and separates the two tracks. Passenger cross over a central bridge, added later. For entrances and exists as well as transfers to the close by station Biblioteka Imeni Lenina, a temporary vestibule was built, was situated on the corner of Vozdvizhenka and Mokhovaya streets. A more permanent vestibule was planned to be included inside the massive building of the Lenin library. One more vestibule was planned on the western end exiting to a subway underpass across the demolished Voyentorg building. Staircases from the platforms still go to rooms that are used for service needs. No direct transfer to Biblioteka Imeni Lenina existed, because on the first stage trains went from Sokolniki to Smolenskaya and onto Park Kultury one after the next.
Although transfer corridors were completed soon after, it is unlikely that they were used prior to the opening of the Pokrovskiy radius in 1938 which allowed to separate Arbatskiy from Kirovskiy. During this time the main library building was being completed which had plans to accommodate a metro entrance inside it; the new vestibule was due to be opened in 1940, but it became apparent that the station will not cope with the passenger traffic that will bestow upon it, a reconstruction project was developed. Both platforms would be connected with a small footbridge over the paths, the transfer corridors were to double in width; however World War II delayed the plans' realisation, the new vestibule was opened only in 1946. During this time the reconstruction was carried out, with the footbridge being directly accessible from the vestibule, its pre-war planning is demonstrated in the light architecture, uncharacteristic of the postwar Stalinist monumentalism. The dark narrow corridors with staircase were widened and leveled by raising the floor a total of 1.5 metres.
On the 24 December 1946 of that year the reconstruction was complete, the station was renamed as Kalininskaya following the disestablishment of the Comintern. On 5 April 1953 a new, deep Arbatsky radius was launched. Kalininskaya was closed to passengers and its underground section was sealed; the vestibule inside the library was handed over to Arbatskaya which required an escalator to be built to connect to the main underground lobby of the new station, a staircase was built in place of Kalininskaya's foyer. The passenger traffic was divided, to rise – escalator, down – staircases. Two out of three passes to Kalininskaya's platforms were sealed. However, on 8 November 1958 metro traffic on the new Filyovskaya line was re-opened, starting from Kalininskaya and including the first, shallow Arbatsky radius. During the mid-1960s additional access to the subways under the crossroads as well as a second transfer corridor to Biblioteka Imeni Lenina were added. In a second reconstruction, the small escalator was replaced with a staircase.
During its history the station was renamed several times opened as Ulitsa Kominterna it was renamed in 1946 to Kali
Moscow Savyolovsky railway station
Savyolovsky station, alternatively spelled Savyolovskiy, Savelovsky or Savelovskiy, is one of the nine main railway stations in the Maryina roshcha District of Moscow. It serves suburban directions north of the city, it is called Butyrskaya vokzal because of nearby Butyrka. The station was built from 1897 to 1902, along a 130-kilometre long railway to the towns of Kashin, Kalyazin and Rybinsk; the modern name of the station originates from the name of a village Savyolovo situated along the line. As the line was built by a private company, the place of the rail station was built outside Moscow next to the outpost of Butyrka. Known as Butyrsky station, the station lacks the ornateness and grandeur of Moscow's other stations and consists of a central two-story section flanked by two single story wings; the station was inaugurated in a silver-trowel ceremony in spring 1902, an event which had direct consequences for the nearby peaceful rural areas as it increased investment and led to those areas being engulfed by the city.
When the station marked its 90th anniversary, it was internally redeveloped and restored adding a second floor and improving the quality of platforms. It was the last station to be connected with the Savyolovskaya metro station; as of 2011, the station operated only suburban commuter trains. The principal destinations are Dolgoprudny, Iksha, Dmitrov, Taldom and Dubna. There are express trains to Dubna, which have stops at Dmitrov and Bolshaya Volga. While most trains, arriving from the north, terminate there, some trains proceed to the Belorussky railway station and in the western direction; the long-distance trains, which departed from the station, were moved to the Belorussky station. From November 2004 to June 2007, an express train ran from the Savyolovsky station to Lobnya that connected with buses or taxis for the 7 km trip to the two airport terminals at Sheremetyevo. On June 10, 2008, a direct service from Savyolovsky station to a new railway station near Sheremetyevo Terminal 2 was inaugurated.
Journeys take 35 minutes, tickets cost 300 roubles. The service is operated by a subsidiary of Russian Railways. Starting from May 30, 2010, the stop on Savyolovsky station on line Belorussky railway station - Sheremetyevo was canceled. There is a bus terminal, in front of the station, serving Dmitrov, Iksha, Kashin, Laryovo and several other destinations north of Moscow. Savyolovskiy station Russian Railways Aeroexpress
Dobryninskaya is a station on the Koltsevaya Line of the Moscow Metro. Opened on 1 January 1950 it was part of the first segment of the fourth stage of the system, it was named Serpukhovskaya, after the Serpukhovskaya Square. The station has a pylon trivault built in the flamboyant architecture style of the late 1940s — early 1950s. Architect Leonid Popov based their design on themes inspired by the city of Serpukhov, with the overall design referring to ancient Russian architecture and in particular the Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, repeated in the design of the portals and the beige marble composition. Other innovations by Popov include the station walls on the platform halls where run white cylindrical marble plinths designed to reflect directly into the eyes of passengers. To keep the bright and light appearance of the station, the vaults of the station were left plastered and painted white, with lighting coming from a zigzag arrangement of horizontal fluorescent tubes; the floor is typical of older Orthodox Churches.
Contrasting with the ancient connotations are 12 bas-reliefs on the pylons by Yelena Yason-Manizer depicting traditional labours of different nationalities of the Soviet Union. Yelena Yason-Manizer was sculptor of the original bas-relief at the end of the station which featured a large profile of Joseph Stalin and Coat of Arms of the Soviet Union; this was removed in 1961 and in 1967 replaced with the present mosaic by the same artist, titled Morning of the Cosmic Era. Further works of Popov include the station's large vestibule, located on the corner of Lyusinovskaya Street and Serpukhovskaya Square. Like the platform halls the portico was based on medieval Russian themes and the pilaster was copied from an archaeological discovery in Taman that dates to Byzantine times; the interior of the vestibule again depicts patriotic Soviet themes including three large floor-to-ceiling mosaics. The central piece is a large banner with a profile of Vladimir Lenin and the 16 Coats of Arms of Soviet Socialist Republics, flanked by feature images of two Parades on Red Square: on the left Sports in Soviet Union|Soviet athletes and on the right the Soviet Military.
This once featured a portrait of Stalin being carried. Other features of the vestibules include the majestic blue torchieres which flank the escalator ascend and a massive chandelier, adorned with a large red glass star. On 6 June 1961 the station was renamed in honour of Peter Dobrynin a bust of whom was placed in front of the vestibule. In 1983, the station Serpukhovskaya of the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line was opened and a transfer-passage was created from the middle of Dobryninskaya to the middle of the new station. On 22 December 2006 the vestibule was closed for nearly 18 months during which time the old escalators were replaced, new turnstiles were installed and a complete overhaul of all communication systems, new security and a thorough restoration was carried out; the renewed vestibule was re-opened on 11 June 2008
Otradnoye (Moscow Metro)
Otradnoye is a station of the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It was opened in 1991, built to a single-vault technology; the station contains several mosaic artworks