Alvarenga Peixoto

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Alvarenga Peixoto
BornInácio José de Alvarenga Peixoto
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died1793 (aged 48–49)
Ambaca, Angola
Pen nameEureste Fenício
OccupationPoet, lawyer
NationalityPortuguese Empire
Alma materUniversity of Coimbra
Literary movementNeoclassicism
SpouseBárbara Heliodora
ChildrenMaria Ifigênia, José Eleutério, Tristão Antônio, João Damasceno

Inácio José de Alvarenga Peixoto (1744–1793) was a Colonial Brazilian Neoclassic poet and lawyer. He wrote under the pen name Eureste Fenício.

It is attributed to him the design of the flag of Minas Gerais.


Peixoto was born in Rio de Janeiro, to Simão Alvarenga Braga and Maria Braga, he studied at the Jesuit College in Rio and would later graduate in Law at the University of Coimbra, where he met and befriended Basílio da Gama, another Brazilian poet.

After he graduated, he served as juiz-de-fora in Sintra. Returning to Brazil, he was senator of the city of São João del Rei and the ouvidor of the Comarca of Rio das Mortes.

Due to overdue taxes, Peixoto would adhere to the unsuccessful 1789 Minas Conspiracy, alongside the poets Tomás António Gonzaga and Cláudio Manuel da Costa, the priest José da Silva e Oliveira Rolim and the alférez Joaquim José da Silva Xavier (a.k.a. "Tiradentes").

Joaquim Silvério dos Reis, a member of the Conspiracy, betrayed the movement before it could take place. Peixoto was then captured, arrested and sent to exile in Ambaca, Angola, where he died.

Peixoto was married to poet Bárbara Heliodora (1758–1819), having with her four children, it is said[by whom?] that, after Peixoto was exiled, Heliodora's mental health began to gradually decline to the point of dementia.


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