Adela of Champagne
Adela of Champagne known as Adelaide and Adela of Blois, was Queen of France as the third wife of Louis VII. She was the third child and first daughter of Theobald II, Count of Champagne, Matilda of Carinthia children and had nine brothers and sisters, she was named after Adela of Normandy. She was regent of France in the absence of her son in 1190; when King Louis’ second wife, Constance of Castile, died in childbirth in 1160, King Louis was in search of another wife to bear him a son as he had no male heir as of yet. Five weeks on November 13 1160 Adela of Champagne at the age of fifteen became King Louis’ third wife. Adela went on to give birth to Louis VII’s only male heir, Philip II of France and to the Byzantine empress Agnes; the marriage between Adela and Louis VII served as a peace treaty between one of King Louis’ most rebellious vassals, Theobald II of Champagne, an powerful feudal lord of France. The marriage was a way to ensure peace between Theobald. Four years after their marriage, Adela's coronation was held.
Five years into their marriage and a year after her coronation, Adela gave birth to the only son Louis had, Philip Augustus called Philip “Dieu-Donne” or “God-given” because his birth was long awaited to be Louis successor of an empire that had had such a long lineage of undisputed and unbroken male successors to the French throne. Philip’s birth meant the continuing rule of Capetian monarchs in France. Adela was active in the political life of the kingdom, along with her brothers Henry I, Theobald V, William of the White Hands. Henry and Theobald were married to his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Adela and her brothers kept their political power base after the succession of her son to the throne in September 1180. Adela was the third of ten children and many of her siblings were quite notable. Four of her sisters were married to powerful leaders across Europe. One of her sisters was a nun at Fontevrault. Adela's oldest brother, Henry I, took on the family holdings at his father's passing; this was surprising at the time because the family had other more prosperous holdings that were much more developed.
But it was during Henry I's rule that Champagne earned a high place as one of the richest and strongest French principalities. Adela's older brother, Theobald V inherited the holding of Blois from his late father, he married Sybil of Chateaurenault and when she passed, by right of his wife, he was Lord of Chateaurenault. He married Adela's stepdaughter, he was responsible for leading the first blood libel which resulted in 30-31 Jews being burned at the stake. Her younger brother, William of the White Hands, was a French cardinal, he was the Bishop of Archbishop of Sens and Reims. He was the first Peer of France to carry that title, he made Adela's son, Philip II of France as co-king in 1179 in Rheims The youngest brother of Adela's was Stephen I, Count of Sancerre, which of the holdings that befell the sons at their father's death was the smallest. Adela and her brothers felt their position threatened when the heiress of Artois, Isabella of Hainault, married Adela's son Philip in April 1180. Adela formed an alliance with Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy, Philip of Flanders, tried to interest Emperor Frederick Barbarossa.
War broke out in 1181, relations became so bad that Philip attempted to divorce Isabella in 1184. Adela acted as regent in 1190, she returned to the shadows when he returned in 1192 but participated in the founding of many abbeys. Queen Adela died on 4 June 1206 in Paris, Île-de-France and was buried in the church of Pontigny Abbey near Auxerre
The Lion in Winter (2003 film)
The Lion in Winter is a 2003 made-for-television remake of the stage play of the same name and of the original 1968 screen version of the play which had featured Peter O'Toole and Katharine Hepburn. The remake was first shown on December 26, 2003 in the U. K. and premiered on U. S. television on May 26, 2004. It starred Patrick Stewart and Glenn Close, was directed by Andrei Konchalovsky, it was filmed on location at Spiš Castle in eastern Slovakia, interiors were filmed in Budapest, Hungary. Andrew Howard, John Light, Rafe Spall played the warring brothers. Jonathan Rhys Meyers played the king of France and Julia Vysotskaya, his sister and Henry's mistress, Princess Alais. In the year 1183, King Henry II of England has invited his three sons, his wife, the new King of France to join him at his Christmas court at Chinon Castle, his eldest son Henry has died and now the King must decide upon a new heir. King Henry favours his youngest John. Queen Eleanor, imprisoned the past ten years for staging a revolt against her husband, favours the older son Richard.
Patrick Stewart as King Henry II Glenn Close as Queen Eleanor Andrew Howard as Richard the Lionheart John Light as Geoffrey Rafe Spall as John Jonathan Rhys Meyers as King Philip II Julia Vysotskaya as Alais Clive Wood as Captain William Marshall Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave the series a 60% rating based on 2298 user ratings, with an average rating of 3.5/5. Reviews tend to be mixed, with Variety saying the film "is a long sit but a rewarding one" and of Close's performance, "her Eleanor manages to stand apart from Hepburn’s". Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Costumes – Miniseries, Movie, or SpecialGolden Globe Awards Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Female Actor – Television Movie or Miniseries Costume Designers Guild Excellence in Costume Design for Television – Fantasy or PeriodPrimetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Made for Television Movie Outstanding Actress – Miniseries or Movie Outstanding Directing – Miniseries, Movie, or Dramatic Special Outstanding Art Direction – Miniseries, Movie, or Special Outstanding Hairstyling – Miniseries, Movie, or SpecialGolden Globe Awards Best Miniseries or Television Film Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film Producers Guild of America Awards Television Producer of the Year Award – Longform List of historical drama films The Lion in Winter The Lion in Winter The Lion in Winter on IMDb
The Crusades (film)
The Crusades is a 1935 American historical adventure film produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille, released by Paramount Pictures, it stars Loretta Young as Berengaria of Henry Wilcoxon as Richard I of England. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Cinematography as well as for Best Foreign Film at the Venice Film Festival in 1935; the film takes many of its elements and main characters from the Third Crusade, prompted by the Saracen capture of Jerusalem and the crusader states in the Holy Land in A. D. 1187. The character of King Richard the Lionheart is a man of action but little thought. A hermit from Jerusalem starts gathering support for a Crusade; the hermit convinces a number of European rulers to travel to Jerusalem in order to bring the Holy City into Christian hands. Richard enlists in order to avoid an arranged betrothal to the King of France's sister, Princess Alice of France, but is followed by the Countess on the Crusade. A plot is laid against Richard's life by his brother Prince Conrad, Marquis of Montferrat.
En route to the war, Richard meets Princess of Navarre. In order to get food for his men, Richard reluctantly marries her in exchange for her father's cattle and grain. Berengaria is forced to accompany Richard to the Holy Land. During the Crusaders' attempts to get past the walls of Acre, the allies assemble in conference, but in disarray. Richard receives word. Richard's ally, Philip II of France, is enraged at Richard's rejection of his sister Alice, but Richard defies Philip and the other troubled allies by proclaiming Berengaria Queen of England; the Christian leaders meet in parley with the Muslim leader Saladin. Saladin is struck by Berengaria's bravery in supporting her husband. However, he rejects any truce with the Crusaders, declares that the arrogant Richard will "never pass the gates of Jerusalem." Berengaria is fearful that her presence in camp is causing disloyalty among Richard's allies, in particular the powerful French King Philip, may harm their holy quest. Seeking death, she enters no man's land between the lines, only to be wounded and captured by the forces of Saladin.
The hermit, the Christian "holy man" who had preached the Crusade is captured. Saladin escapes the siege, after finding Berengaria wounded, brings her to Jerusalem to care for her, with admiration and growing affection. Not knowing this Richard and the Crusaders storm Acre to save the Queen of England; the internal plot against Richard's life is hatched by disloyal soldiers. Conrad reveals his plot to Saladin. Appalled by Conrad's treachery, Saladin orders Conrad to be executed. Berengaria offers herself to Saladin if he will save Richard's life. Saladin sends a few of his soldiers to warn Richard, searching the battle field at night for the body of a friend. Conrad's men attack Richard but are defeated by Saladin's soldiers who take the English King to Saladin. Richard and Saladin agree to a truce and the gates of Jerusalem are opened to all Christians with the exception of Richard, in keeping with Saladin’s earlier promise. After losing his kingship, his wife and the opportunity to see the Holy City, Richard prays for the first time, asking God for him to be reunited with his wife.
Richard encounters Berengaria on her way to the Holy City. He admits his mistakes and Berengaria tells him that Saladin has freed her along with the other Christian captives. Berengaria promises to return to him. Loretta Young – Berengaria, Princess of Navarre Henry Wilcoxon – Richard, King of England Ian Keith – Saladin, Sultan of Islam C. Aubrey Smith – The Hermit Katherine DeMille – Alice, Princess of France Joseph Schildkraut – Conrad, Marquis of Montferrat Alan Hale – Blondel C. Henry Gordon – Philip the Second, King of France George Barbier – Sancho, King of Navarre Montagu Love – The Blacksmith Ramsay Hill – John, Prince of England Lumsden Hare – Robert, Earl of Leicester Maurice Murphy – Alan, Richard's Squire William Farnum – Hugo, Duke of Burgundy Hobart Bosworth – Frederick, Duke of the Germans Pedro de Córdoba – Karakush Mischa Auer – Monk Albert Conti – Leopold, Duke of Austria Sven Hugo Borg – Sverre, The Norse King Paul Sotoff – Michael, Prince of Russia Fred Malatesta – William, King of Sicily Hans von Twardowski – Nicholas, Count of Hungary Anna Demetrio – Duenna Perry Askam – Soldier Vallejo Gantner – Marshal of France The film is noted for its spectacular film score, composed by Rudolph Kopp, but the work of such other uncredited composers as Heinz Roemheld, Milan Roder, Frederick Hollander, John Leipold and Herman Hand.
It includes music by Rudolph G. Kopp and lyrics by Harold Lamb. Andre Sennwald of The New York Times called the film a "grand show" and "two hours of tempestuous extravaganza". Sennwald praised the "superbly managed" staging of the attack on the city of Acre and cited "excellent performances" all around, stating in conclusion, "It is rich in the kind of excitement that pulls an audience irresistibly to the edge of its seat." Variety praised the film, writing, "Probably only DeMille could make a picture like Crusades – and get away with it. It's long, the story is not up to some of his previous films, but the production has sweep and spectacle." Film Daily declared it "one of the best DeMille pictures... The battle scenes are among the most thrilling
Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England. It forms part of a World Heritage Site, it is the cathedral of the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby, leader of the Church of England and symbolic leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion. Its formal title is the Metropolitical Church of Christ at Canterbury. Founded in 597, the cathedral was rebuilt between 1070 and 1077; the east end was enlarged at the beginning of the 12th century, rebuilt in the Gothic style following a fire in 1174, with significant eastward extensions to accommodate the flow of pilgrims visiting the shrine of Thomas Becket, the archbishop, murdered in the cathedral in 1170. The Norman nave and transepts survived until the late 14th century, when they were demolished to make way for the present structures. Before the English Reformation the cathedral was part of a Benedictine monastic community known as Christ Church, Canterbury, as well as being the seat of the archbishop.
Christianity had started to become powerful in the Roman Empire around the 3rd century. Following the conversion of Augustine of Hippo in the 4th century, the influence of Christianity grew steadily; the cathedral's first bishop was Augustine of Canterbury abbot of St Andrew's Benedictine Abbey in Rome. He was sent by Pope Saint Gregory the Great in 596 as a missionary to the Anglo-Saxons. Augustine dedicated it to Jesus Christ, the Holy Saviour. Augustine founded the Abbey of St Peter and Paul outside the city walls; this was rededicated to St Augustine himself and was for many centuries the burial place of the successive archbishops. The abbey is part of the World Heritage Site of Canterbury, along with the cathedral and the ancient Church of St Martin. Bede recorded; the oldest remains found during excavations beneath the present nave in 1993 were, parts of the foundations of an Anglo-Saxon building, constructed across a Roman road. They indicate that the original church consisted of a nave with a narthex, side-chapels to the north and south.
A smaller subsidiary building was found to the south-west of these foundations. During the 9th or 10th century this church was replaced by a larger structure with a squared west end, it appears to have had a square central tower. The 11th-century chronicler Eadmer, who had known the Saxon cathedral as a boy, wrote that, in its arrangement, it resembled St Peter's in Rome, indicating that it was of basilican form, with an eastern apse. During the reforms of Dunstan, archbishop from 960 until his death in 988, a Benedictine abbey named Christ Church Priory was added to the cathedral, but the formal establishment as a monastery seems to date only to c. 997 and the community only became monastic from Lanfranc's time onwards. Dunstan was buried on the south side of the high altar; the cathedral was badly damaged during Danish raids on Canterbury in 1011. The Archbishop, Ælfheah, was taken hostage by the raiders and killed at Greenwich on 19 April 1012, the first of Canterbury's five martyred archbishops.
After this a western apse was added as an oratory of Saint Mary during the archbishopric of Lyfing or Aethelnoth. The 1993 excavations revealed that the new western apse was polygonal, flanked by hexagonal towers, forming a westwork, it housed the archbishop's throne, with the altar of St Mary just to the east. At about the same time that the westwork was built, the arcade walls were strengthened and towers added to the eastern corners of the church; the cathedral was destroyed by fire in 1067, a year after the Norman Conquest. Rebuilding began in 1070 under Lanfranc, he cleared the ruins and reconstructed the cathedral to a design based on that of the Abbey of Saint-Étienne in Caen, where he had been abbot, using stone brought from France. The new church, its central axis about 5m south of that of its predecessor, was a cruciform building, with an aisled nave of nine bays, a pair of towers at the west end, aiseless transepts with apsidal chapels, a low crossing tower, a short choir ending in three apses.
It was dedicated in 1077. Under Lanfranc's successor Anselm, twice exiled from England, the responsibility for the rebuilding or improvement of the cathedral's fabric was left in the hands of the priors. Following the election of Prior Ernulf in 1096, Lanfranc's inadequate east end was demolished, replaced with an eastern arm 198 feet long, doubling the length of the cathedral, it was raised above a elaborately decorated crypt. Ernulf was succeeded in 1107 by Conrad, who completed the work by 1126; the new choir took the form of a complete church with its own transepts. A free standing campanile was built on a mound in the cathedral precinct in about 1160; as with many Gothic church buildings, the interior of the choir was richly embellished. William of Malmesbury wrote: "Nothing like it could be seen in England either for the light of its glass windows, the gleaming of its marble pavements, or the many-coloured paintings which led the eyes to the panelled ceiling above."Though named after the 6th-century founding archbishop, the Chair of St Augustine, the ceremonial enthronement chair of the Archbishop of Canterbury, may date from the Norman period.
Its first recorded use is in 1205. A pivotal moment in the history of the cathedral was the mu
Eleanor Anne Porden
Eleanor Anne Porden was a British Romantic poet. She was the first wife of John Franklin. Eleanor Anne Porden was born in London, 14 July 1795, she was the younger surviving daughter of the architect William Porden, of Berners Street, London, an eminent architect, his wife Mary Plowman. Another sister and brother had died in infancy; the mother was an invalid, after an older sister's marriage, Eleanor nursed her mother from 1809 until her death in 1819. An intelligent young woman, Porden was educated at home, she acquired with facility a knowledge of several languages, was interested in the arts and sciences, Porden attracted attention for her poetry from an early age. Her family and friends were fond of literature, a salt-box for poetical contributions was kept at her father's house, her first major work, the allegorical The Veils. Published in 1815, when she was twenty, she prefaced The Veils with an introduction which gave a clear indication of her interests and education:—"The author, who considers herself a pupil of the Royal Institution, being at that time attending the Lectures given in Albemarle-Street, on Chemistry, Natural History, Botany, by Sir Humphry Davy, Mr. Brand, Dr. Roger, Sir James Edward Smith, other eminent men, she was induced to combine these subjects with her story.
It included a dedication to the Countess Spencer, obtained the admiration of her social circle. The reviews of the period made favourable mention of the work, it represents the regions of the four so-called elements, air and water. A critic of Virtue and Company stated:—"The operation of this Rosicrucian machinery is ingenious, the versification not below mediocrity. Crudeness and pedantry are the most prominent faults of The Veils."In 1818, she met her future husband, John Franklin, on board his ship, HMS Trent, before his departure on David Buchan's British Naval North Polar Expedition. This inspired The Arctic Expeditions. In 1822, she produced an epic poem on the subject of the third Crusade, it was during Franklin's absence that she researched and wrote the historical epic poem, Cœur de Lion, or The Third Crusade. A poem, in sixteen books; this was published in two volumes, with a dedication to the king, George IV. Based on historical research, on mediaeval romances, it recounts the adventures of Richard I of England on the Third Crusade.
Other prominent characters include Guy of Lusignan, Isabella of Jerusalem, Conrad of Montferrat, whom she depicts as a flawed, tragic Byronic hero, in contrast with the unequivocally hostile treatment by her contemporary Walter Scott in The Talisman. She depicts Richard's former fiancée, Alasia of France, fighting for the Saracens as the female knight Zorayda, being mortally wounded by her own son. Indeed, despite such fanciful episodes influenced by Torquato Tasso, her poem has more historical content than Scott's better-known novel, her sources included the works of Joseph François Charles Mills. In 1822, Franklin returned from the Arctic, her father died, she ruptured a blood-vessel on the lungs, which increased an inherent tendency to consumption, she made her acceptance of Franklin's proposal conditional on his acceptance of her continuing her career as a poet after their marriage. She wrote to him six months before the wedding:—"it was the pleasure of Heaven to bestow those talents on me, it was my father's pride to cultivate them to the utmost of his power.
I should therefore be guilty of a double dereliction of duty in abandoning their exercise." She married Franklin on 19 August 1823. She gave birth to their daughter, Eleanor Isabella, on 3 June 1824, after which for a short time her health revived. Childbirth, accelerated the advance of the tuberculosis from which she suffered, she died on 22 February 1825, aged twenty-nine, she had encouraged her husband not to let his concerns for her health impede his career, he had set off on the second Arctic Land expedition shortly before her death. On his return, he married her friend Jane Griffin. Mary Russell Mitford, in the introduction to her Dramatic Works, said:—“It was during the run of Julian, seeing much of my dear friend, Miss Porden, talking with her of subjects for a fresh effort, one or the other, I hardly know which, hit upon ‘Rienzi.’ Miss Porden had herself written an heroic poem called Coeur de Lion, which, if anybody now-a-days could read an epic two volumes long, would be found remarkable as a promise.
A year or two after, when in London negotiating about this play, I saw her again as Mrs. Franklin, her husband was in Lincolnshire, taking leave of his relations before setting forth on one of his adventurous voyages. It was poetry in epic poetry, but I saw, what at that time h
The Lion in Winter (1968 film)
The Lion in Winter is a 1968 historical period drama film based on the Broadway play of the same name by James Goldman. It was directed by Anthony Harvey, written by James Goldman, produced by Joseph E. Levine, Jane C. Nusbaum and Martin Poll from Goldman's adaptation of his own play, The Lion in Winter; the film stars Peter O'Toole, Katharine Hepburn, John Castle, Anthony Hopkins, Jane Merrow, Timothy Dalton and Nigel Terry. The film was a commercial success and won three Academy Awards, including one for Hepburn as Best Actress. There was a television remake in 2003; the Lion in Winter is set during Christmas 1183, at King Henry II's château and primary residence in Chinon, Anjou, in the medieval Angevin Empire. Henry wants his youngest son, the future King John, to inherit his throne, while his estranged and imprisoned wife, Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine, temporarily released from prison for the holidays, favors their oldest surviving son, the future King Richard the Lionheart. Meanwhile, King Philip II of France, the son and successor of Louis VII of France, Eleanor's ex-husband, has given his half-sister Alais, Henry's mistress, to the future heir, demands either a wedding or the return of her dowry.
As a ruse, Henry agrees to make him heir-apparent. He makes a side deal with Eleanor for her freedom in return for Aquitaine; when the deal is revealed at the wedding, Richard refuses to go through with the ceremony. After Richard leaves, Eleanor masochistically asks Henry to kiss Alais in front of her, looks on in horror as they perform a mock marriage ceremony. Having believed Henry's intentions, John, at the direction of middle brother, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, plots with Philip to make war on England. Henry and Philip meet to discuss terms, but Henry soon learns that Phillip has been plotting with John and Geoffrey, that he and Richard were once lovers. Henry dismisses all three sons as unsuitable, locks them in a wine cellar, telling Alais, "the royal boys are aging with the royal port." He makes plans to travel to Rome for an annulment, so that he can have new sons with Alais, but she says he will never be able to release his sons from prison or they will be a threat to his future children.
Henry sees that she is right and condemns them to death, but cannot bring himself to kill them, instead letting them escape. He and Eleanor go back to hoping for the future, with Eleanor going back on the barge to prison, laughing it off with Henry before she leaves. Though the background and the eventual destinies of the characters are historically accurate, The Lion in Winter is fictional. There was a Christmas court at Caen in 1182 but there was no Christmas court at Chinon in 1183. In reality, Henry had many illegitimate children; the article on the Revolt of 1173–1174 describes the historical events leading to the play's events. There was a second rebellion, when Young Henry and Geoffrey revolted in 1183, resulting in Young Henry's death. While some historians have theorized that Richard was homosexual, historians remain divided on the question. Geoffrey died in 1186 in a jousting tournament held in Paris. A third rebellion against Henry by Richard and Philip in 1189 was successful, a decisively defeated Henry retreated to Chinon in Anjou, where he died.
Richard the Lionheart succeeded Henry II, but spent little time in England after which he became a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade, leading the campaign after the departure of Philip. Richard did not succeed in retaking Jerusalem. John succeeded Richard in 1199 after Richard's death. During his unsuccessful reign he lost most of his father's holdings in Northern France and angered the barons, who revolted and forced him to sign the Magna Carta. John is known for being the villain in the Robin Hood legends. Lastly, Captain William Marshall, who during the film is harried about by Henry II, outlived the English royal family and ruled England as regent for the young Henry III. Peter O'Toole as King Henry II, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Normandy and of Aquitaine, Count of Anjou Katharine Hepburn as Eleanor of Aquitaine, his estranged Queen Anthony Hopkins as Richard the Lionheart, their eldest surviving son John Castle as Geoffrey, their middle surviving son Nigel Terry as John, their youngest surviving son Timothy Dalton as King Philip II of France Jane Merrow as Alais, Henry's mistress, betrothed to Richard Nigel Stock as Captain William Marshall Kenneth Ives as Queen Eleanor's guard O. Z. Whitehead as Hugh de Puiset, the Bishop of Durham The original stage production had not been a success, getting a bad review in the New York Times and losing $150,000.
Producer Martin Poll optioned Goldman's novel Waldorf for the movies. They discussed Lion in Winter which Poll loved, he hired Goldman to write a screenplay. Poll was meant to make a film with Peter O'Toole, The Ski Bum; that project fell through and Poll suggested they do Lion in Winter instead. In October 1967, the actors rehearsed at Haymarket Theatre in London. Production started in November 1967 and continued until May 1968; the film was shot at Ardmore Studios in Bray, County Wicklow, on location in Ireland, in France at Abbaye de Montmajour, Arles, Château de Tarasc
Marie of France, Countess of Champagne
Marie of France was a French princess and Countess consort of Champagne. She was regent of the county of Champagne in 1179-1181, in 1190-1197, she was the elder daughter of Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, custody of Marie and her sister, was awarded to their father. Both Louis and Eleanor remarried with Eleanor becoming Queen of England as the spouse of King Henry II. Marie had numerous half-siblings, including kings Philip II of France and John and Richard I of England. In 1160, when Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education. In 1164, Marie married Henry Count of Champagne, they had four children: Henry II of Champagne Scholastique of Champagne, married William IV of Macon Marie of Champagne, married Baldwin I of Constantinople Theobald III of Champagne Marie was left as regent for Champagne when Henry I went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land from 1179 until 1181.
While her husband was away, Marie's father died and her half-brother, became king. He confiscated his mother's dower lands and married Isabelle of Hainaut, betrothed to Marie's eldest son; this prompted Marie to join a party of disgruntled nobles—including Queen Adele and the archbishop of Reims—in plotting against Philip. Relations between Marie and her royal brother improved, her husband died soon after his return from the Holy Land. Now a widow with four young children, Marie considered marrying Philip of Flanders, but the engagement was broken off for unknown reasons. Marie resumed regency when her son went on Crusade, governing Champagne from 1190 to Henry's death in 1197. Marie retired to the nunnery of Châuteau de Fontaines-les-Nonnes near Meaux, died there in 1198, she was buried in Meaux Cathedral. On 25 June 1562, the Huguenots took over the town of Meaux and devastated many edifices, including the Cathedral. Backed up by Parisian refugees, the Huguenots of the Meaux region called a meeting in the market district and chose a leader, Louis de Meaux, seigneur de la Ramée.
They took the keys to the town, put guards at the gates, made for the Cathedral. They attacked the sculpted stone decorations and liturgical furniture, it is on this occasion that the tomb of Marie de Champagne, in the choir, was destroyed. Marie was a patron of literature, including Andreas Capellanus, who served in her court, Chrétien de Troyes, she maintained her own library. A deep affection existed between Marie and her half-brother King Richard, his celebrated poem J'a nuns hons pris, lamenting his captivity in Austria, was dedicated to her. Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002 Evergates, Theodore. Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, 1999