Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy

Amadeus IX, nicknamed the Happy, was the Duke of Savoy from 1465 to 1472. The Catholic Church venerates him with a liturgical feast on March 30, he was born at Thonon-les-Bains, the son of Louis, Duke of Savoy, Anne de Lusignan, daughter of Janus of Cyprus, King of Cyprus. In 1452, his mother arranged a political marriage to Yolande of Valois, sister of Louis XI of France and daughter of Charles VII of France; because of his epilepsy and retirement, she was left in control of the state. France and the Holy Roman Empire competed to gain control of Savoy's strategically important Alpine's mountain passes and trade routes, his sister, Charlotte of Savoy, became the second wife of Louis XI of France. French influence increased in Savoy and involved the country in the wars between France and the emperors; the Castle of Moncalleri in Piedmont, Italy was built around 1100 as a fortress on a hill, to command the main southern access to Turin. In the mid-15th century Yolande turned it into a Renaissance Royal Palace.

Amadeus was a particular protector of Franciscan friars and endowed other religious houses as well as homes for the care of the poor and suffering. He made a pilgrimage to Saint-Claude in 1471. Amadeus died in 1472, he was an avid collector of manuscripts, adding over sixty items to the ducal library started by his great-grandfather Amadeus VIII. Amadeus IX had 10 children with Yolande of Valois: Luigi Anne, married Frederick IV of Naples, prince of Altamura Carlo, Prince of Piedmont Maria married Philip of Hachberg-Sausenberg Louise, married Hugh, Prince of Chalon and became a Poor Clare nun Filiberto, oldest surviving son Bernardo Carlo James Louis, Count of Genevois, France Gian Claudio Galeazzo His daughter, became a nun of the Franciscan Second Order after being widowed at a young age, she was beatified. A painting of Amadeus, made in 1474 was housed in the Dominican church in Turin and acquired a miraculous reputation. In 1612 a brief text was published in the same city, by Girolamo Cordieri, canon of the cathedral chapter of Mondovi, extolling the holy Amadeus.

Cordieri was appointed theologian to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy. That year, a canon from Vercelli published a compendium of miracles attributed to the intercession of Amadeus IX; the cultus of Amadeus was promoted by Charles Emanuel's son, Prince Maurice of Savoy, Cardinal of Vercelli. In 1613, an Historia del Beato Amedeo terzo duca di Savoia was composed by Fr. Pietro-Francisco Malletta. Six years the Duke of Savoy issued nine-florin coins depicting Amadeus IX on one side; these appear to have been used as religious medals in the Chablais, where they were distributed by Francis de Sales. Michel Merle suggests that the revival of the cult of Amadeus IX was part of a decades long effort on the part of the House of Savoy to enhance its political status. Presented as a holy prince known for his charity and concern for the poor, Amadeus IX was beatified on 3 March 1677 by Pope Innocent XI

Model V

The Model V was among the early electromechanical general purpose computers, designed by George Stibitz and built by Bell Telephone Laboratories, operational in 1946. Only two machines were built: first one was installed at National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, second at Ballistic Research Laboratory. Design was started in 1944; the tape-controlled machine had two processors that could operate independently, an early form of multiprocessing. Weighed about 10 short tons. Inspired Richard Hamming to investigate the automatic error-correction, which led to invention of Hamming codes One of the early electromechanical general purpose computers First American machine and first George Stibitz design to use floating point arithmetic Had an early form of multiprocessing Had a primitive form of an operating system, albeit in hardware. A separate hardware control unit existed to direct the sequence of computer operations. Built and used internally by Bell Telephone Laboratories, operational in 1949.

Simplified version of the Model V but with several improvements, including one of the earliest use of the microcode. Research, United States Office of Naval. A survey of automatic digital computers. Models V and VI. Office of Naval Research, Dept. of the Navy. Pp. 9–10. "The relay computers at Bell Labs: those were the machines, part 2". Datamation; the relay computers at Bell Labs: those were the machines, parts 1 and 2 | 102724647 | Computer History Museum. Part 2: pp. 47, 49. May 1967. Irvine, M. M.. Pdf. "Early digital computers at Bell Telephone Laboratories". IEEE Annals of the History of Computing. 23: 25–27. Doi:10.1109/85.948904. ISSN 1058-6180. Kaisler, Stephen H.. "Chapter Three: Stibitz's Relay Computers". Birthing the Computer: From Relays to Vacuum Tubes. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Pp. 35–37. ISBN 9781443896313. "Г. – Bell Labs – Model V". Google translation. Retrieved 2017-10-11. CS1 maint: others Alt, Franz L.. "A Bell Telephone Laboratories' computing machine. I". Mathematics of Computation.

3: 1–13. Doi:10.1090/S0025-5718-1948-0023118-1. ISSN 0025-5718. Alt, Franz L.. "A Bell Telephone Laboratories' computing machine. II". Mathematics of Computation. 3: 69–84. Doi:10.1090/S0025-5718-1948-0025271-2. ISSN 0025-5718. Tomash, Erwin. "The Erwin Tomash Library on the History of Computing: An Annotated and Illustrated Catalog". CBI Hosted Publications. Image: Alt. Bell labs Model V.drawing of Model V, description: A Chapter, pp. 36-37. Retrieved 2018-05-08. Andrews, Ernest G.. "The Bell Computer, Model VI". Proceedings of a Second Symposium on Large-scale Digital Calculating Machinery: 20–31. "Bell Laboratories Digital Computers". Bell Laboratories Record. XXXV: 81–84. Mar 1957. Ceruzzi, Paul E.. "4. Number, Please - Computers at Bell Labs". Reckoners: The Prehistory of the Digital Computer, from Relays to the Stored Program Concept, 1935-1945. Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated. Pp. 95–99. ISBN 9780313233821. Bullynck, Maarten. "3. Bell Model V Calculator: Tapes and Controls".

Programming men and machines. Changing organisation in the artillery computations at Aberdeen Proving Ground. Pp. 9–12. "Drawing of the Model V". Tomash Collection Images. Tomash "Control Panel, Bell Telephone Laboratories Model 5 Computer". National Museum of American History

Oxygen Project

The Oxygen Project is a project created to give a visual refresh to KDE Plasma Workspaces. It consists of a set of computer icons, a window decoration for KWin, widget toolkit themes for GTK and Qt, two themes for Plasma Workspaces, a TrueType font family; the Oxygen theme set is used by default for Plasma Workspaces in most Linux distributions, like Fedora and openSUSE. The original purpose was to create a new set of icons but expanded to include a new theme, which included a new cursor and window theme, sounds, it represents a break with the cartoonish look of previous K Desktop Environment 3 graphics and iconsets, adopting a more photo-realistic style. One of the overall goals of Oxygen was to provide a nice looking desktop that did not distract the user, so the icons and themes use a desaturated color palette; the name Oxygen came from a joke between the developers that they wanted to ”bring a breath of fresh air to the desktop”. On December 21, 2011 the Oxygen Font sub-project was announced.

The first release – version 0.1 – was done a month later. The 0.2 release from April 25, 2012 added a monospace font. The Oxygen Project aims to offer guidelines and a style guide, it builds on the Standard Icon Naming Specification and Standard Icon Theme, allowing consistency across applications. There is an ongoing effort for supporting these specifications in different desktops, by different icon sets and themes, such as the Tango Desktop Project. Nuno Pinheiro David Vignoni Kenneth Wimer Tango Desktop Project – developers of a public domain icon set Breeze Project – breeze, breeze Debian package