Islands Brygge is a harbourfront area in central Copenhagen, located on the north-western coast of Amager. The neighbourhood is noted for its waterfront park Havneparken, which is one of the most popular areas along the Copenhagen harbourfront, established through a series of land reclamations from the 1880s, it served both military, residential and dockland purposes. It is characterized by a mixture of old buildings and modern architecture, Islands Brygge has an area of roughly 1 km² and a population of 12,147, though it has never been an administrative unit with formally defined boundaries. The north-western shore of Amager was originally characterized by a shallow watered beach, at that time the shoreline was situated just east of present-day Artillerivej. The area was filled in 1887-88 and a new arsenal, shooting ranges, Islands Brygge was the hub of commercial ships sailing to and from Iceland, a former member of the state of Denmark. The Danish trade monopoly in Iceland was a business, generating extreme wealth and political power for many of Copenhagens mayors.
Towards the end of the 19th century, the Port of Copenhagen had become very busy both with freight and passenger vessels and extensions were needed. In 1901, the Port Authorities extended the existing reclamation southwards to create new areas for the storage of coal, from 1905 construction of residential buildings on the most inland parts of the new land began. The co-operative Danish retailer FDB established new headquarters in the neighbourhood in 1908 and it comprised both administrative functions and storage facilities. Dansk Sojakagefabrik, a soy bean processing plant, was opened by the East Asiatic Company in 1909, at its peak in the 1950s, the plant employed approximately 2,500 workers, many of whom lived in the neighbourhood. To improve road and rail connections between Zealand and Amager, a new bridge was constructed at the site of the present-day Langebro, the new bridge soon became outdated and in 1930 a new temporary bridge was built. Still more land was reclaimed until 1933, when Islands Brygge reached its current extent.
Under the Occupation of Denmark during World War II, many German troops were stationed at Islands Brygge, after World War II, the military presence in the area diminished and by 1976 most of the former military buildings had been demolished or converted to other use. The first step towards the transformation of the area into a lively, Islands Brygge is today a fashionable mainly residential neighbourhood, stretching from Langebro in the north to Bryggebroen in the south. The northern part of the area, from Langebro to Sturlasgade, is dominated by early 20th-century residential blocks with shops at street level. Some structures from the industrial and dockland past have been preserved and converted to other uses. These include Gemini Residence, the Wennberg Silo and the Zepeline Building, located directly on the waterfront, is the main recreational area of the neighbourhood and one of the most lively and popular places along the Copenhagen harbourfront. It has retained several features from the industrial past, including old railway tracks
DR Koncerthuset by Jean Nouvel is a part of the new DR Byen, that houses the Danish Broadcasting Corporation, DR. The concert hall and the DR Town are located in the part of Ørestad - an ambitious development area in Copenhagen. The concert complex consists of four halls with the auditorium seating 1,800 people. It is the home of the Danish National Symphony Orchestra, with a total surface of 25000 m², the concert hall complex designed by Jean Nouvel includes a concert hall of 1800 people and three recording studios with variable acoustics. The scenography of the hall and three recording studios was designed with dUCKS scéno. The acoustic studies were realized by Nagata Acoustics, the construction, begun in February,2003, was finished in January,2009. The Queen of Denmark inaugurated the venue on January 17,2009, pritzker Prize winner Jean Nouvel is the architect of the project. The structure can be likened to a covered by big blue screens, supposed to resemble water. Nouvel says on the project, Building in emerging neighborhoods is a risk that has proved fatal in recent years.
We can respond positively to an uncertainty by using its most positive attribute, mystery is never far from seduction. In other words we need to bring value to the context, for this we must establish a presence, an identity. I propose to materialize the context by creating an urban building respecting the planned layout of the site. It will be a volume, a mysterious parallelepiped that changes under the light of day, at night the volume will come alive with images and lights expressing the life going on inside. The interior is a world in itself and diversified, an interior street lined with shops follows the path of the urban canal, a restaurant and bar spill into it. The restaurant is dominated by a square, a large empty volume beneath the wooden “scales” cladding the concert hall above. It is a world of contrasts and surprises, a labyrinth, on one side, the world of musicians, with courtyards and exterior terraces, and vegetation. On the other, Piranesian public spaces link together the different performance halls, the restaurant, the abstract is invaded by the figurative, the permanent is complemented by the ephemeral.
The facades are diaphanous filters permitting views of the city, the canal, at night these facades become screens for projecting images
Sundby is a neighbourhood on Amager in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is often referred to as Sundbyerne since a distinction is traditionally made between Sundbyvester and Sundbyøster, located on each their side of Amagerbrogade. Sundbyvester and Sundbyøster were originally two villages known from about 1100, in the second half of the 18th century, the area changed character when sailors and workers began to settle in the community which spread along the main road. Administratively, Sundby belonged to the parish of Tårnby. The differences between urban Sundby and rural Tårnby grew still larger and led to conflicts over such as schools, sewers. In the 1890 census, Sundbyerne had a population of 13,310, in 1895 when Sundby was finally disjoined from Tårnby. Sundbys status as an independent civil parish only lasted for seven years
Amager Strandpark is a seaside public park in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located on the island of Amager and includes an artificial island, from the beach, the Middelgrunden wind farm can be seen on the horizon. The park was founded in 1934 and in 2005 a 2 km-long artificial island was added, the island is separated from the original beach by a lagoon which is crossed by three bridges. The northern section has a beach environment with winding paths, broad sandy beaches. The southern section offers a so-called city beach with a broad promenade, there is a small marina and parking facilities at the southern end. The lagoon has low-water areas for children as well as a 1,000 m swimming course, the area is used for, runners and kayakers, among many others. From a small headland, it is possible to go diving, there is an area for outdoor fitness training. A grassy area at the end of the park, known as femøren, is often used for open-air rock concerts in summer. There are many Danish skaters, who skate there, the American pro skater Torey Pudwill has a picture-ad, where he kick-flips down double set stairs at Bunker 2. Øresund is a strait which allows rather fast temperature rises.
Possible bathing season is between mid-May and mid-September, however, to reach fairly good bathing temperatures in the afternoons, air temperature needs to be above 25 °C for about a week in May, while just a few days of heat is enough in August. During longer heat waves, water temperatures rise above 22 °C during the period of late June until early September. The water quality is very good. All local outlets to Øresund has been cleaned and disinfected since the 1970s. Water salinity is highly dependent on the current, with northbound current salinity may drop down a bit below 10 PSU, but with southbound current salinity rises to above 25 PCU, not so far from the northern Atlantic salinity of 30–33 PCU. The park is served by three stations, Øresund station to the north, Femøren station to the south. All stations are on the M2 line of the Copenhagen Metro and it is easily reached on bicycle in about 15 minutes from the city centre. Parks and open spaces in Copenhagen Copenhagen Harbour Baths Bellevue Beach Official website
In English-speaking countries, these included the Flemish ell, English ell and French ell, some of which are thought to derive from a double ell. In England, the ell was usually 45 in, or a yard and it was mainly used in the tailoring business but is now obsolete. Although the exact length was never defined in English law, standards were kept, the Viking ell was the measure from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger, about 18 inches. The Viking ell or primitive ell was used in Iceland up to the 13th century, by the 13th century, a law set the stika as equal to 2 ells which was the English ell of the time. An ell-wand or ellwand was a rod of length one ell used for official measurement, edward I of England required that every town have one. In Scotland, the Belt of Orion was called the Kings Ellwand, the Scottish ell was standardised in 1661, with the exemplar to be kept in the custody of Edinburgh. It comes from Middle English elle and it was used in the popular expression Gie im an inch, an hell tak an ell.
The Ell Shop in Dunkeld and Kinross, is so called from the 18th century iron ell-stick attached to one corner, once used to measure cloth and other commodities in the adjacent market-place. The shaft of the old 17th century Kincardine Mercat cross stands in the square of Fettercairn, Scottish measures were made obsolete, and English measurements made standard in Scotland, by act of parliament in 1824. The Scottish ell was equivalent to, Scottish measures, 3 1⁄12 feet Metric system,94.1318 cm Imperial system,1.03 international yards,37.1 inches This article incorporates text from Dwellys Gaelic Dictionary. Collins Encyclopedia of Scotland Scottish National Dictionary and Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue Weights and Measures, by D. Richard Torrance, SAFHS, Edinburgh,1996, ISBN 1-874722-09-9
Bella Center is Scandinavias second largest exhibition and conference center, and is located in Copenhagen, Denmark. Located in Ørestad between the city centre and Copenhagen Airport, it offers an area of 121,800 square metres and has a capacity of 20,000 people. Bella Center takes its name from Bellahøj in northern Copenhagen where the centre was first situated. Its first building was constructed in 1965 to the design of architect Erik Møller, at this stage, Bella Centers new premises were located in an undeveloped area outside the city on the former Amager Commons. With the development of Ørestad, as decided in 1992 with construction start from around the turn of the millennium, when the M1 line of the Copenhagen Metro opened in 2004, it was with a station named for the Bella Center located next to it. Various halls that can be used as congress and exhibition halls Shopping centre with a grocers shop, designed by Danish 3XN Architects, the hotel consists of two inclined towers, standing 76.5 m tall with an inclination in opposite directions of 15°.
The four-star Bella Hotel provides 814 rooms,32 conference rooms,3 restaurants, a sky bar, the foundation stone to Bella Hotel was laid September 17,2008, and the first phase was completed in spring 2011. Bella Center hosts a variety of trade fairs, conventions. Every year, it generally hosts 25-30 large exhibitions as well as around 1,300 meetings of varying sizes, Bella Center station on the M1 line of the Copenhagen Metro is located next to Bella Center. The regional Oresundtrains from Copenhagen and Malmö stop at Ørestad station nearby the Bella Center, from here it is possible to change to the Metro M1 line to go one stop to reach the Bella Center metro station. The Oresundtrains stop at Copenhagen Airport,5 min. from Ørestad station
Nokken is a self-built community located on the north-west coast of Amager, just south of Islands Brygge, in Copenhagen, Denmark. Islands Brygge was created on reclaimed land in the years between 1900 and 1905, the southern part of the area was owned by the Port Authority and used for port-related industry. Nokken was founded in the 1930s when received permission to use an area for fishing. They built the first cottages and over the years the community continued to grow, ownership of the area was ceded to Copenhagen Municipality when the industry disappeared from Islands Brygge towards the end of the century. When plans for the redevelopment of the industrial areas at Islands Brygge. Negotiations with the City finally gave Nokken status as an allotment, the area is now regulated by some 100 individual leases
Holmbladsgade is one of the most lively street in the Amagerbro district of Copenhagen, connecting Amagerbrogade to Strandlodsvej on the east coast of Amager. The surrounding neighbourhood is variously referred to as Holmbladsgadekvarteret, Amagerbro or Sundby North, the street was originally known as Køhlertsvej and was access road to Køhlerts textile manufactury which had been founded in about 1770. Christianshavn Iron Foundry and Machine Factory built an industrial complex at the road in the 1980s. The street received its current name in 1897 after Lauritz Peter Holmblad, a local industrialist and philanthropist, Nathanaels Church was inaugurated in 1899 and over the next decades many apartment buildings sprung up along the street, which became part of a dense working-class neigobourhood. Many new industrial enterprises established in the street, including Holmblads old glue factory, the Sadolin & Holmblad, other industrial establishments along the street was a meat-packing central, manufacturer of metal sheet goods and various storage buildings.
Christianshavn Iron Foundry and Machine Factory existed under various names until the 1960s when the complex was taken over by a galvanization facility, most of the industry disappeared towards the end of the century and many of its buildings were torn down to make way for modern ones. The iron foundry complex from the 1880s was demolished in 1979, Sadolin & Holmblads building was demolished in 2001 and replaced by Sadolin Parken, a mixed-use development, which was inaugurated in 2004. The street became subject to a comprehensive programme in 1897. The initiative received the German Bilfinger Berger Award as an urban development project. Nathanaels Churchs was completed in 1899 and its architect is Thorvald Jørgensen who designed the present Christiansborg Palace. The church took over Holmblads villa which was expanded and adapted in 1988 and is now known as Nathanaels Sognegård, the oldest surviving building in the street is the low building from 1859 at No.70. Dorte Mandrup designed two community centres in connection with the facelift of the area, prismen was inaugurated in 2006 and is a multifunctional sports and cultural venue.
A series of columns designed by Bjarne Schlæger was installed along the street in 2003. The horizontal lines represent Holmbladgades side streets while the lines represent Amager Beach on the coast at the far end of the street. The integrated lighting is intended to contribute a sense of place in the night time