Amami Ōshima is one of the Satsunan Islands, is the largest island within the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa. The island, 712.35 km2 in area, has a population of 73,000 people. Administratively it is divided into the city of Amami, the towns of Tatsugō, the villages of Uken and Yamato in Kagoshima Prefecture. Much of the island is within the borders of the Amami Guntō Quasi-National Park. Amami Ōshima is the seventh-largest island in the Japanese archipelago after the four main islands, Okinawa Island and Sado Island, it is located 380 kilometres south of the southern tip of Kyūshū and 250 kilometres north of Okinawa. The island is of volcanic origin, with Mount Yuwanda at 605 metres above sea level at its highest peak; the coast of the island is surrounded by a coral reef. It is surrounded by the East China Sea on the Pacific Ocean on the east; the climate of Amami Ōshima is classified as has a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and mild winters. The rainy season lasts from May through September.
The island is subject to frequent typhoons. Amami Ōshima is home to several rare or endangered endemic animals, including the Amami rabbit and the Lidth's jay, both of which are now found only in Amami Ōshima and Tokunoshima; the Amami rabbit is sometimes called a living fossil because it represents an ancient Asian lineage that has elsewhere disappeared. The island is home to the habu, a venomous snake that can be found throughout the Ryūkyū Islands. Mongooses were introduced to kill the habu, but have become another problem, as an increase in the mongoose population has been linked to the decline of the Amami rabbit and other endemic species. Whale watching to see humpback whales has become a featured attraction in winter in recent years, it is notable that North Pacific right whale, the most endangered of all whale species, have appeared around the island and as of 2014, Amami is the only location in East China Sea where this species has been confirmed in the past 110 years. It is one of two locations in the world along with the Bonin Islands where constant appearance in winter has been confirmed since the 20th century.
Discovery of Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins in Seto strait made it the first confirmation in the nation. Other species include whales, smaller whales or dolphins, so on. Before being wiped out, many large whales such as blue and fin were seasonal migrants; the island marks the northernmost limit of dugong distribution, with occasional sightings throughout the 20th and into the 21st century. Amami Oshima is the only place, it is uncertain. Stone tools indicate settlement in the Japanese Paleolithic period, other artifacts, including pottery, indicate a constant contact with Jōmon and Kofun period Japan; the island is mentioned in the ancient Japanese chronicle Nihon Shoki in an entry for the year 657 AD. During the Nara period and early Heian period it was a stopping place for envoys from Japan to the court of Tang dynasty China. Mother of pearl was an important export item to Japan; until 1611, Amami Ōshima was part of the Ryukyu Kingdom. The island was invaded by samurai from Shimazu clan in 1609 and its incorporation into the official holdings of that domain was recognized by the Tokugawa shogunate in 1624.
Shimazu rule was harsh, with the inhabitants of the island reduced to serfdom and forced to raise sugar cane to meet high taxation, which resulted in famine. Saigō Takamori was exiled to Amami Ōshima in 1859, staying for two years, his house has been preserved as a memorial museum. After the Meiji Restoration Amami Ōshima was incorporated into Ōsumi Province and became part of Kagoshima Prefecture. Following World War II, along with the other Amami Islands, it was occupied by the United States until 1953, at which time it reverted to the control of Japan. Since February 1974, a 7,861-hectare area that includes portions of the island and surrounding sea has been protected as Amami Gunto Quasi-national Park; the area has a large mangrove forest. IN 2001 there was a naval battle between a North Korean trawler and Japanese Coast Guard ships near the island, in which the North Korean ship was sunk; the economy of Amami Ōshima is based on agriculture, commercial fishing, the distillation of shōchū.
The favorable climate allows for two rice crops a year. Seasonal tourism is an important part of the economy; the traditional crafts include the production of high quality hand-crafted silk, which has, suffered from the abandonment of traditional Japanese clothing and competition from overseas. The port of Naze, located in the city of Amami is a major regional ferry hub. Amami Airport, located at the northern end of the island, is connected to Tokyo, Naha and Kagoshima as well as local flights to the other Amami islands. Two dialects of the Amami language are spoken in Amami Ōshima: the Northern Ōshima dialect and the Southern Ōshima dialect; these dialects are part of the Ryukyuan languages group. According to Ethnologue, as of 2005 there were about 10,000 speakers of the Northern Ōshima dialect and about 1,800 speakers of the Southern Ōshima dialect; these dialects are now spoken by older residents of the island, while most of the younger generations are monolingual in Japanese. The Amami language, including the Ōshima dialects, is classified as e
Samurai were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan. In Japanese, they are referred to as bushi or buke. According to translator William Scott Wilson: "In Chinese, the character 侍 was a verb meaning'to wait upon','accompany persons' in the upper ranks of society, this is true of the original term in Japanese, saburau. In both countries the terms were nominalized to mean'those who serve in close attendance to the nobility', the Japanese term saburai being the nominal form of the verb." According to Wilson, an early reference to the word samurai appears in the Kokin Wakashū, the first imperial anthology of poems, completed in the first part of the 10th century. By the end of the 12th century, samurai became entirely synonymous with bushi, the word was associated with the middle and upper echelons of the warrior class; the samurai were associated with a clan and their lord, were trained as officers in military tactics and grand strategy. While the samurai numbered less than 10% of Japan's population, their teachings can still be found today in both everyday life and in modern Japanese martial arts.
Following the Battle of Hakusukinoe against Tang China and Silla in 663 AD which led to a retreat from Korean affairs, Japan underwent widespread reform. One of the most important was that of the Taika Reform, issued by Prince Naka-no-Ōe in 646 AD; this edict allowed the Japanese aristocracy to adopt the Tang dynasty political structure, culture and philosophy. As part of the Taihō Code of 702 AD, the Yōrō Code, the population was required to report for the census, a precursor for national conscription. With an understanding of how the population was distributed, Emperor Monmu introduced a law whereby 1 in 3–4 adult males were drafted into the national military; these soldiers were required to supply their own weapons, in return were exempted from duties and taxes. This was one of the first attempts by the Imperial government to form an organized army modeled after the Chinese system, it was called "Gundan-Sei" by historians and is believed to have been short-lived. The Taihō Code classified most of the Imperial bureaucrats into 12 ranks, each divided into two sub-ranks, 1st rank being the highest adviser to the Emperor.
Those of 6th rank and below were dealt with day-to-day affairs. Although these "samurai" were civilian public servants, the modern word is believed to have derived from this term. Military men, would not be referred to as "samurai" for many more centuries. In the early Heian period, during the late 8th and early 9th centuries, Emperor Kanmu sought to consolidate and expand his rule in northern Honshū, sent military campaigns against the Emishi, who resisted the governance of the Kyoto-based imperial court. Emperor Kanmu introduced the title of sei'i-taishōgun, or shōgun, began to rely on the powerful regional clans to conquer the Emishi. Skilled in mounted combat and archery, these clan warriors became the Emperor's preferred tool for putting down rebellions. Though this is the first known use of the title shōgun, it was a temporary title and was not imbued with political power until the 13th century. At this time, the Imperial Court officials considered them to be a military section under the control of the Imperial Court.
Emperor Kanmu disbanded his army. From this time, the emperor's power declined. While the emperor was still the ruler, powerful clans around Kyoto assumed positions as ministers, their relatives bought positions as magistrates. To amass wealth and repay their debts, magistrates imposed heavy taxes, resulting in many farmers becoming landless. Through protective agreements and political marriages, the aristocrats accumulated political power surpassing the traditional aristocracy; some clans were formed by farmers who had taken up arms to protect themselves from the Imperial magistrates sent to govern their lands and collect taxes. These clans formed alliances to protect themselves against more powerful clans, by the mid-Heian period, they had adopted characteristic Japanese armor and weapons; the Emperor and non-warrior nobility employed these warrior nobles. In time they amassed enough manpower and political backing, in the form of alliances with one another, to establish the first samurai-dominated government.
As the power of these regional clans grew, their chief was a distant relative of the Emperor and a lesser member of either the Fujiwara, Minamoto, or Taira clans. Though sent to provincial areas for fixed four-year terms as magistrates, the toryo declined to return to the capital when their terms ended, their sons inherited their positions and continued to lead the clans in putting down rebellions throughout Japan during the middle- and later-Heian period; because of their rising military and economic power, the warriors became a new force in the politics of the Imperial court. Their involvement in the Hōgen Rebellion in the late Heian period consolidated their power, which pitted the rivalry of Minamoto and Taira clans against each other in the Heiji Rebellion of 1160; the victor, Taira no Kiyomori, became an imperial advisor and was the first warrior to attain such a position. He seized control of the central government, establishing the first samurai-dominated government and relegating the Emperor to figurehead status.
However, the Taira clan was still conservative when compared to its eventual successor, the Minamoto, instead of expanding or stre
Setouchi is a town located on Amami Ōshima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. As of June 2013, the town had an estimated population of 9,379 and a population density of 39.1 persons per km². The total area was 239.91 km². Setouchi occupies the southern portion of Amami Ōshima, facing the East China Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west, it includes numerous offshore islands of Amami Ōshima, including the inhabited islands of Kakeromajima and Yoroshima. The climate is classified as humid subtropical with warm summers and mild winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year, but is highest in the months of May and September; the area is subject to frequent typhoons. Amami Uken Higashikata Village was established on April 1, 1908, it became the town of Koniya on April 1, 1936. As with all of the Amami Islands, the village came under the administration of the United States from July 1, 1946 to December 25, 1953. On September 1, 1956 Koniya merged with three neighboring villages to form the town of Setouchi.
The town economy is based on agriculture, with sugar cane and citrus horticulture as the main crops, commercial fishing. Industries include shochu refining Koniya Port, with ferry connections to Kagoshima and to the other Amami islands. Japan National Route 58 Ikue Asazaki – musician Chitose Hajime – musician Tadashi Kanehisa – folklorist Kenji Midori – Karateka Shomu Nobori - Russian translator Meisei Chikara - sumo wrestler Media related to Setouchi, Kagoshima at Wikimedia Commons Official website Official website
Kikaijima is one of the Satsunan Islands, classed with the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa. The island, 56.93 square kilometres in area, has a population of 7,657 persons. Administratively the island forms the town of Kagoshima Prefecture. Much of the island is within the borders of the Amami Guntō Quasi-National Park. Kikaijima is isolated from the other Amami islands, is located 25 kilometres east of Amami Ōshima and 380 kilometres south of the southern tip of Kyūshū, it is the easternmost island in the Amami chain. Compared with Amami Ōshima and Tokunoshima, Kikaijima is a flat island, with its highest point at 214 metres above sea level, it is a raised coral island with limestone cliffs, draws the attention of geologists as it is one of the fastest rising coral islands in the world. The climate of Kikaijima is classified as has a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and mild winters; the rainy season lasts from May through September. The island is subject to frequent typhoons.
Due it is relative isolation, Kikaijima is home to several rare species endemic to the island itself, or more to the Ryukyu archipelago. However, it is one of the few islands in the Amami chain to which the habu poisonous viper is not indigenous. Although the Ryukyu Islands appeared in written history as Japan's southern frontier, the name of Kikaijima was not recorded in early years; the Nihongi ryaku states that in 998 Dazaifu, the administrative center of Kyūshū ordered Kikajima to arrest the Nanban, who in the previous year had pillaged a wide area of western Kyūshū. The Nanban were identified as Amami islanders by the Shōyūki. Accordingly, it is assumed; the Shinsarugakuki, a fiction written by an aristocrat Fujiwara no Akihira in the mid-11th century, introduced a merchant named Hachirō-mauto, who traveled all the way to the land of the Fushū in the east and to Kika-no-shima in the west. Some articles of 1187 of the Azuma Kagami state that during the period of the Taira clan's rule, Ata Tadakage of Satsuma Province fled to Kikaijima.
The Azuma Kagami states that in 1188 Minamoto no Yoritomo, who soon became shōgun, dispatched troops to pacify Kikaijima. It was noted that the imperial court objected the military expedition claiming that it was beyond Japan's administration; the Tale of the Heike depicted Kikaijima, where Shunkan, Taira no Yasuyori, Fujiwara no Naritsune were exiled following the Shishigatani Incident of 1177. The island depicted, characterized by sulfur, is identified as Satsuma Iōjima of the Ōsumi Islands, part of Kikai Caldera. There are some controversies over, it may be Satsuma Iōjima or a collective name for the southern islands. From the late 10th century, Kikaijima was seen as the center of the southern islands by mainland Japan, it is noted by scholars that the character representing the first syllable of Kikai changed from "貴" to "鬼" from the end of the 12th century to the early 13th century. Archaeologically speaking, the Gusuku Site Complex, discovered in Kikaijima in 2006, rewrites the history of the Ryukyu Islands.
The group of archaeological sites on the plateau is one of the largest sites of the Ryukyu Islands of the era. It lasted from 9th to 13th centuries and at its height from the second half of the 11th to the first half of the 12th century, it was characterized by a near-total absence of the native Kaneku Type pottery, which prevailed in coastal communities. What were found instead were goods imported from mainland Japan and Korea. Found was the Kamuiyaki pottery, produced in Tokunoshima from the 11th to 14th centuries; the skewed distribution of Kamuiyaki peaked at Kikaijima and Tokunoshima suggests that the purpose of Kamuiyaki production was to serve it to Kikaijima. The Gusuku Site Complex supports the literature-based theory that Kikaijima was a trade center of the southern islands. In 1306, Chikama Tokiie, a deputy jitō of Kawanabe District, Satsuma Province on behalf of the Hōjō clan, the de facto ruler of the Kamakura shogunate, created a set of documents that specified properties to be inherited by his family members, which included Kikaijima, together with other islands of the Ōsumi and Amami Islands.
After the fall of the Kamakura shogunate, the southern islands seem to have been transferred to the Shimazu clan. It claimed the jito of the Twelve Islands, which were limited to the Tokara Islands. However, when Shimazu Sadahisa, the head of the clan, handed over Satsuma Province to his son Morohisa in 1363, he added the extra Five Islands as the territories to be succeeded, which seem to refer to the Amami Islands including Kikaijima. Kikaijima was conquered by the Ryūkyū Kingdom; the Haedong Jegukgi, whose source was a Japanese monk visiting Korea in 1453, describes Kikaijima as a territory of Ryūkyū. An article of 1462 in the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty, which records an interview from a Jeju islander who had drifted to Okinawa in 1456, states that Kikaijima was resisting Ryūkyū's repeated invasions. According to the Chūzan Seikan, King Shō Toku himself pacified Kikaijima in 1466, claiming that Kikaijima had not paid tribute for years; as a result of Satsuma Domain's conquest of the Ryūkyū Kingdom of 1609, Kikaijima fell under the direct control of Satsuma.
After the Meiji Restoration it was incorporated into Ōsumi Province and became part of Kagoshima Prefecture. Followi
Tokunoshima known in English as Tokunoshima Island and Tokuno Island, is one of the Satsunan Islands, classed with the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa. The island, 247.77 km2 in area, has a population of 27,000. Administratively it is divided into the three towns of Tokunoshima and Amagi in Kagoshima Prefecture. Much of the island is within the borders of the Amami Guntō Quasi-National Park. Tokunoshima is isolated from the other Amami islands, is located halfway between Amami Ōshima and Okinoerabujima 489 kilometers south of the southern tip of Kyūshū and 100 kilometres north of Okinawa; the island is of volcanic origin with a length of 25 kilometers and width of 18 kilometers, with Mount Inokawadake at 645 meters above sea level at its highest peak. Mount Amagidake in the north has a height of 533 meters; the coast of the island is surrounded by a coral reef. The island has been extensively cleared for agriculture. There are many caves on the island, the longest of which measures 2,052 meters and is located in the area of Isen.
The climate of Tokunoshima is classified as a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and mild winters. The rainy season lasts from May through September; the island is subject to frequent typhoons. Tokunoshima is home to several rare species endemic to the island itself, or more to the Ryukyu archipelago; the Amami rabbit is listed as endangered. Endangered is the Tokunoshima spiny rat, found only on the island, it is uncertain. It is mentioned in the ancient Japanese chronicle Nihon Shoki in the 720s; until 1624, Tokunoshima was part of the Ryukyu Kingdom and was famous for a unique form of bullfighting called Tōgyū. The island was invaded by samurai from Satsuma Domain in 1609 and its incorporation into the official holdings of that domain was recognized by the Tokugawa shogunate in 1624. Satsuma rule was harsh, with the inhabitants of the island reduced to serfdom and forced to raise sugar cane to meet high taxation, which resulted in famine. In a famine in 1755, some 3000 islanders perished.
Saigō Takamori was exiled to Tokunoshima in 1862 for less than two months, before he was resentenced to harsher conditions on Okinoerabujima. After the Meiji Restoration it was incorporated into Ōsumi Province and became part of Kagoshima Prefecture. Following World War II, with the other Amami Islands, it was occupied by the United States until 1953, at which time it reverted to the control of Japan. In 2006, Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama offered the use of Tokunoshima to the United States as a relocation site for Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, leading to widespread protests; the port of Kametoku, located in the town of Tokunoshima has regular ferry service to Okinawa and Kobe. The smaller port of Hetono, in the town of Amagi, has ferries to Amami. Tokunoshima Airport, located in Amagi, is connected to Amami by Japan Air Commuter. Tokunoshima is a popular tourist destination. Hiking is discouraged because of the habu snake; the beaches are quite stunning, there is a strange shore on the island's north in which the open sea crashes against massive flat stone slabs.
At Cape Intabu, the westernmost point of the island, is a memorial to the battleship Yamato and her escorts, which were sunk near Tokunoshima during the final stages of World War II. Eldridge, Mark; the Return of the Amami Islands: The Reversion Movement and U. S.-Japan Relations. Levington Books ISBN 0739107100 Hellyer. Robert. Defining Engagement: Japan and Global Contexts, 1640-1868. Harvard University Press ISBN 0674035771 Turnbull, Stephen; the Most Daring Raid of the Samurai. Rosen Publishing Group ISBN 978-1-4488-1872-3 Ravina, Mark; the Last Samurai: The Life and Battles of Saigo Takamori. Whiley ISBN 1118045564 Yeo, Andrew. Activists and Anti-U. S. Base Protests. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 1107002478 Tokunoshima Visitors Guide
The Ryukyu Kingdom was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th to the 19th century. The kings of Ryukyu unified Okinawa Island and extended the kingdom to the Amami Islands in modern-day Kagoshima Prefecture, the Sakishima Islands near Taiwan. Despite its small size, the kingdom played a central role in the maritime trade networks of medieval East and Southeast Asia the Malacca Sultanate. In the 14th century, small domains scattered on Okinawa Island were unified into three principalities: Hokuzan, Chūzan, Nanzan; this was known as the Three Kingdoms, or Sanzan period. Hokuzan, which constituted much of the northern half of the island, was the largest in terms of land area and military strength but was economically the weakest of the three. Nanzan constituted the southern portion of the island. Chūzan was economically the strongest, its political capital at Shuri, Nanzan was adjacent to the major port of Naha, Kume-mura, the center of traditional Chinese education.
These sites and Chūzan as a whole would continue to form the center of the Ryukyu Kingdom until its abolition. Many Chinese people moved to Ryukyu to serve the government or to engage in business during this period. At the request of the Ryukyuan King, the Ming Chinese sent thirty-six Chinese families from Fujian to manage oceanic dealings in the kingdom in 1392, during the Hongwu emperor's reign. Many Ryukyuan officials were descended from these Chinese immigrants, being born in China or having Chinese grandfathers, they assisted the Ryukyuans in advancing diplomatic relations. On 30 January 1406, the Yongle Emperor expressed horror when the Ryukyuans castrated some of their own children to become eunuchs to serve in the Ming imperial palace. Emperor Yongle said that the boys who were castrated were innocent and did not deserve castration, he returned them to Ryukyu, instructed the kingdom not to send eunuchs again. According to statements by Qing imperial official Li Hongzhang in a meeting with Ulysses S. Grant, China had a special relationship with the island and the Ryukyu had paid tribute to China for hundreds of years, the Chinese reserved certain trade rights for them in an amicable and beneficial relationship.
These three principalities battled, Chūzan emerged victorious. The Chūzan leaders were recognized by Ming dynasty China as the rightful kings over those of Nanzan and Hokuzan, thus lending great legitimacy to their claims; the ruler of Chūzan passed his throne to King Hashi. Hashi received the surname "Shō" 尚 from the Ming emperor in 1421, becoming known as Shō Hashi 尚巴志. Shō Hashi adopted the Chinese hierarchical court system, built Shuri Castle and the town as his capital, constructed Naha harbor; when in 1469 King Shō Toku, a grandson of Shō Hashi, died without a male heir, a palatine servant declared he was Toku's adopted son and gained Chinese investiture. This pretender, Shō En, began the Second Shō Dynasty. Ryukyu's golden age occurred during the reign of Shō Shin, the second king of that dynasty, who reigned from 1478 to 1526; the kingdom extended its authority over the southernmost islands in the Ryukyu archipelago by the end of the 15th century, by 1571 the Amami Ōshima Islands, to the north near Kyūshū, were incorporated into the kingdom as well.
While the kingdom's political system was adopted and the authority of Shuri recognized, in the Amami Ōshima Islands, the kingdom's authority over the Sakishima Islands to the south remained for centuries at the level of a tributary-suzerain relationship. For nearly two hundred years, the Ryukyu Kingdom would thrive as a key player in maritime trade with Southeast and East Asia. Central to the kingdom's maritime activities was the continuation of the tributary relationship with Ming dynasty China, begun by Chūzan in 1372, enjoyed by the three Okinawan kingdoms which followed it. China provided ships for Ryukyu's maritime trade activities, allowed a limited number of Ryukyuans to study at the Imperial Academy in Beijing, formally recognized the authority of the King of Chūzan, allowing the kingdom to trade formally at Ming ports. Ryukyuan ships provided by China, traded at ports throughout the region, which included, among others, China, Đại Việt, Java, Luzon, Pattani, Palembang and Sumatra.
Japanese products—silver, fans, folding screens—and Chinese products—medicinal herbs, minted coins, glazed ceramics, textiles—were traded within the kingdom for Southeast Asian sappanwood, rhino horn, sugar, ambergris, Indian ivory, Arabian frankincense. Altogether, 150 voyages between the kingdom and Southeast Asia on Ryukyuan ships were recorded in the Rekidai Hōan, an official record of diplomatic documents compiled by the kingdom, as having taken place between 1424 and the 1630s, with 61 of them bound for Siam, 10 for Malacca, 10 for Pattani, 8 for Java, among others; the Chinese policy of haijin, limiting trade with China to tributary states and those with formal authorization, along with the accompanying preferential treatment of the Ming Court towards Ryukyu, allowed the kingdom to flourish and prosper for 150 years. In the late 16th century, the kingdom's commercial prosperity fell into decline; the rise of the wokou ("Japanese
A unisex name is a given name that can be used by a person regardless of their sex. Unisex names are common in the English speaking world in the United States. By contrast, some countries have laws preventing unisex names, requiring parents to give their children sex-specific names. In other countries, unisex names are sometimes avoided for social reasons such as potential discrimination and psychological abuse. Names may have different gender connotations from country to language to language. For example, the Italian male name Andrea is understood as a female name in many languages, such as English, Hungarian and Spanish. Parents may name their child in honor of a person of another sex, which – if done – can result in the name becoming unisex. For example, Christians Catholics, may give a child a second/middle name of the opposite sex, e.g. name a son Marie or Maria in honor of the Virgin Mary or Anne for Saint Anne. This practice is rare in English-speaking countries; some masculine and feminine names are homophones, pronounced the same for both sexes but spelled differently.
For example and Eve and Artemus and Artemis. These names are not unisex names. Unisex names can be used as a source of humor, such as Julia Sweeney's sexually ambiguous character "Pat" on Saturday Night Live. A running joke on the TV show Scrubs is that every woman J. D. sleeps with has a unisex name: Jordan, Danni, Jamie, etc. The sex of the baby Jamie in Malcolm in the Middle was purposely kept ambiguous when first introduced at the end of the show's fourth season to build suspense. In Gilmore Girls, Rory is bothered by the discovery that her boyfriend Logan's workmate Bobby, is female. Rory had assumed Bobby was male and it is only upon their first meeting that Rory discovers Bobby's gender; the name "Rory" was a male name until Gilmore Girls reached popularity, at which point the name reached rough gender parity. In Japanese dramas and manga, a unisex name may be given to an androgynous or gender-bending character as part of a plot twist to aid in presenting the character as one sex when they are another.
In mystery fiction, unisex names have been used to tease readers into trying to solve the mystery of a character's sex. The novels of Sarah Caudwell feature a narrator named Hilary Tamar, a law professor, never identified as either male or female. Unisex names of African origin include: Armani Ashanti Ivory Jaylen Jaylin Lashawn Alemayehu Berhane Businge Desta Imani Lishan Makena Amahle Andile Bandile Buhle Chifundo Chimwemwe Dalitso Farai Kagiso Neo Thando Tsholofelo Thapelo Refilwe Lerato Lesego Thabang Thembeka Botshelo Bohlale Lethabo Tumelo Tshiamo Onthatile Onalerona Shona, a Bantu group in Zimbabwe, have unisex names which may indicate the circumstances of the baby or the family during the time of the birth. All Shona names have a meaning, some celebrate virtue or worship God. Popular unisex names in the Shona ethnic groupare: Akatendeka Anenyasha Anesu Chipo Farai Kudzai Nyasha Rufaro Shingirayi Tendai Tafadzwa Tanaka Tatenda Vimbai Abimbola Ade Anan Ayo Chi Chidi Chike Dayo Efe Folami Kayin Udo Tolu Chinese given names are based on Chinese characters.
Some characters are specially given to males. Below are examples of unisex Chinese given names. 洋 睿 喜 Many of the modern Hebrew names have become unisex, that suitable for both girls. Some popular examples are: Many Indian names become unisex when written with Latin characters because of the limitations of transliteration; the spellings Chandra and Krishna, for example, are transliterations of both the masculine and feminine versions of those names. In Indian languages, the final a in each of these names are different letters with different pronunciations, so there is no ambiguity. However, when they are seen by someone unfamiliar with Indian languages, they become sexually ambiguous. Other Indian names, such as Ananda, are or nearly masculine in India, but because of their a ending, are assumed to be feminine in Anglophone societies. Many unisex names in India are ridiculed. For instance Nehal, Snehal, Niral and Anmol are used to name baby boys or girls in western states of India such as Gujarat.
Names like Kajal, Viral, Deepal, Mrinal, Shakti, Kiran, Ashwini, Malhar, Umang and Anupam are very common sex-neutral names or unisex names in India. Most Punjabi Sikh first names such as "Sandeep, Kuldeep, Mandeep", "Surjeet, Kuljeet, Manjeet", "Harpreet, Jaspreet, Manpreet", "Prabhjot, Gurjot, Jasjot" and "Sukhjinder, Jasbinder, Kulvinder, Ranjodh, Hardeep, Sukhdeep, Encarl, Rajan" are unisex names and commonly given to either sex. Names derived from Dari Persian and Arabic, but not used among native speakers of those languages, are common among South Asian Muslims. Since Persian does not assign genders to inanimate nouns, some of these names are gender-neutral, for example Roshan and Insaaf. Cahya, Cahaya Dian Eka, Eko Mega Rizki, Rizqi Tirta Tri Despite there being only a small number of Japanese unisex