Drumaness is a village and townland in the Newry and Down District Council area of County Down, Northern Ireland. It is 3 miles or 5 kilometres south beside the main A24 Belfast to Newcastle road, it is situated in the historic barony of Kinelarty. In the 2011 Census it had a population of 1,339 people; the population of Drumaness on Census day 2011 was 1339 people. The demographic characteristics of the people living in Drumaness was as follows: 22.93% were aged under 16 years. The village lost its employment role in 1968 following the closure of the mill and today it is a commuter settlement, it contains a limited range of shops. Christ The King Catholic Primary School and the Church of Christ the King are situated on the Drumsnade Road on the opposite side of the Newcastle Road a quarter or a mile or 0.5 kilometres south west of the village. The centre of the village has a distinctive appearance with listed terraces of mill buildings, courtyards and a millpond; the Dan Rice Memorial Hall, now used as a community centre, is a listed building.
Former world champion MMA Fighter Paul McVeigh started his martial arts with Down Community Jujitsu Clubs in Drumaness. Drumaness is in the Parish of Magheradroll. There is evidence of Gaelic football being played in the parish as far back as 1889 when a club was in existence in Glassdrummond, on the Belfast side of Ballynahinch. A club was formed in Ballynahinch in 1935 and continued until it moved to Drumaness in February 1957, where it has remained since; the Down All-Ireland-winning footballer Peter Withnell is a native of Drumaness. Drumaness Mills F. C. are a local football club playing in the NAFL Premier Division of the Northern Amateur Football League. Drumaness Cricket Club plays in the NCU Senior League. Drumaness GAA club has decided to bring back their Camogie club after closing it down following many years of running. Drumaness has a Catholic chapel called "Christ the King". Drumaness has one Catholic Primary School called'Christ The King'. Amanda McKittrick Ros, the writer, was born in Drumaness
The Inklings were an informal literary discussion group associated with the University of Oxford, for nearly two decades between the early 1930s and late 1949. The Inklings were literary enthusiasts who praised the value of narrative in fiction and encouraged the writing of fantasy; the more regular members of the Inklings, many of them academics at the University, included: More infrequent visitors included: Guests included: Roy Campbell Eric Rücker Eddison and his wife Molly Eddison "Properly speaking," wrote Warren Lewis, "the Inklings was neither a club nor a literary society, though it partook of the nature of both. There were no rules, agendas, or formal elections." As was typical for university literary groups in their time and place, the Inklings were all male. Readings and discussions of the members' unfinished works were the principal purposes of meetings. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, Lewis's Out of the Silent Planet, Williams's All Hallows' Eve were among the novels first read to the Inklings.
Tolkien's fictional Notion Club was based on the Inklings. Meetings were not all serious; the name was associated with a society of Oxford University's University College, initiated by the undergraduate Edward Tangye Lean circa 1931, for the purpose of reading aloud unfinished compositions. The society consisted among them Tolkien and Lewis; when Lean left Oxford during 1933, the society ended, Tolkien and Lewis transferred its name to their group at Magdalen College. On the association between the two'Inklings' societies, Tolkien said "although our habit was to read aloud compositions of various kinds, this association and its habit would in fact have come into being at that time, whether the original short-lived club had existed or not."Until late 1949, Inklings readings and discussions occurred during Thursday evenings in C. S. Lewis's college rooms at Magdalen College; the Inklings and friends were known to informally gather on Tuesdays at midday at a local public house, The Eagle and Child and alliteratively known in the Oxford community as The Bird and Baby, or The Bird.
Pub meetings were at The Lamb and Flag across the street, in earlier years the Inklings met irregularly in yet other pubs, but The Eagle and Child is the best known. The Marion E. Wade Center, located at Wheaton College, Illinois is devoted to the work of seven British authors including four Inklings and Dorothy L. Sayers. Overall, the Wade Center has more than 11,000 volumes including critical works. Other holdings on the seven foremost authors include letters, manuscripts and video tapes, dissertations, periodicals and related materials. Wheaton has a creative writing critique group inspired by the Inklings called "WhInklings"; the Mythopoeic Society is a literary organization devoted to the study of mythopoeic literature the works of J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, Charles Williams, founded in 1967 and incorporated as a non-profit organization in 1971. A resurrection of the Inklings in Oxford was made in 2006, it has similar methods to the original group, albeit with somewhat gentler criticism.
Named after the Inklings is The Inklings Society based in Aachen, their yearbook, Inklings Jahrbuch für Literatur und Ästhetik, published from 1983 by Brendow, Moers. The yearbook contains scholarly articles and reviews, dealing with Inklings members in particular, but with fantasy literature and mythopoeia in general; the undergraduate literary and art magazine at Miami University in Oxford, OH, is named Inklings. They meet on Thursday nights. In Swan Song by Edmund Crispin a discussion takes place between Professor Gervase Fen and others in the front parlour of the Eagle and Child. "There goes C. S. Lewis", said Fen suddenly. "It must be Tuesday." In the TV programme "Lewis", there is an episode called "Allegory of Love" in which a reborn version of the Inklings features. The Inklings reappear in Lewis "Magnus Opus" in 2016; the Late Scholar by Jill Paton Walsh is a sequel, set in 1951, to the Lord Peter Wimsey novels of Dorothy L. Sayers. Peter Wimsey, now 17th Duke of Denver, is investigating a mystery in the fictional St Severin's College, Oxford with his friend Charles Parker, now an assistant chief constable.
"Right," said Peter. "How about lunch, Charles? We could spin out to the Rose Revived." Charles looked bashful. "I have heard," he said "that there is a pub in Oxford at which C. S Lewis takes lunch." "There is indeed,", said Peter. "But he lunches with a group of cronies … Right, on with our overcoats and it's off to the Bird and Babe." Three of the founding members of the Inklings - Tolkien and Williams - are the main characters of James A. Owen's fantasy series, The Chronicles of the Imaginarium Geographica; the existence and founding of the organization is alluded to, in the third novel, The Indigo King. Carpenter, The Inklings: CS Lewis, JRR Tolkien, Charles Williams and
Julia A. Moore
Julia Ann Moore, was an American poetaster. Like Scotland's William McGonagall, she is famed chiefly for writing notoriously bad poetry. Young Julia grew up on the eldest of four children; when she was ten, her mother became ill, Julia assumed many of her mother's responsibilities. Her formal education was thereby limited. In her mid-teens, she started writing poetry and songs in response to the death of children she knew, but any newspaper account of disaster could inspire her. At age 17, she married a farmer. Julia, over the years, bore ten children, of whom six survived to adulthood, she continued to write poetry and songs. Moore's first book of verse, The Sentimental Song Book was published in 1876 by C. M. Loomis of Grand Rapids, went into a second printing. A copy ended up in the hands of James F. Ryder, a Cleveland publisher, who republished it under the title The Sweet Singer of Michigan Salutes the Public. Ryder sent out numerous review copies to newspapers across the country, with a cover letter filled with low key mock praise.
And so Moore received national attention. Following Ryder's lead, contemporary reviews were amusedly negative; the Rochester Democrat wrote of Sweet Singer, that Shakespeare, could he read it, would be glad that he was dead …. If Julia A. Moore would kindly deign to shed some of her poetry on our humble grave, we should be but too glad to go out and shoot ourselves tomorrow; the Hartford Daily Times said that to meet such steady and unremitting demands on the lachrymal ducts one must be provided, as Sam Weller suspected Job Trotter was,'with a main, as is allus let on.'… The collection became a curious best-seller, though it is unclear whether this was due to public amusement with Moore's poetry or genuine appreciation of the admittedly "sentimental" character of her poems. It was, more or less, the last gasp of that school of obituary poetry, broadly popular in the U. S. throughout the mid-19th century. Moore gave a reading and singing performance, with orchestral accompaniment, in 1877 at a Grand Rapids opera house.
She managed to interpret jeering as criticism of the orchestra. Moore's second collection, A Few Choice Words to the Public found few buyers. Moore gave a second public performance in late 1878 at the same opera house. By she had figured out that the praise directed to her was false and the jeering sincere, she began by admitting her poetry was "partly full of mistakes" and that "literary is a work hard to do". After the poetry and the laughter and jeering in response was over, Moore ended the show by telling the audience: You have come here and paid twenty-five cents to see a fool. Afterwards, her husband forbade her to publish any more poetry. Three more poems were published, she would write poems for friends. In 1880, she published, in newspaper serialization, a short story "Lost and Found", a moralistic story about a drunkard, a novella "Sunshine and Shadow", a peculiar romance set in the American Revolution; the ending of "Sunshine and Shadow" was intended to be self-referential: the farmer facing foreclosure is gratefully rescued by his wife's publishing her secret cache of fiction.
According to some reports, her husband was not grateful, but embarrassed. Shamed or not, he moved the family 100 miles north to Manton in 1882. Moore's notoriety was known in Manton, but the locals respected her, did not cooperate with the occasional reporter trying to revisit the past, they were a successful business couple, he with an orchard and sawmill, she with a store. Her husband died in 1914; the next year, Julia republished "Shadow" in pamphlet form. She spent much of her widowhood "melancholy", she died in 1920. The news of her death was reported, sometimes with a light touch; some comparison to William McGonagall is worth making. Unlike McGonagall, Moore commanded a wide variety of meters and forms, albeit like Emily Dickinson the majority of her verse is in the ballad meter. Like McGonagall, she held a maidenly bluestocking's allegiance to the Temperance movement, indited odes to the joys of sobriety. Most like McGonagall, she was drawn to themes of accident and sudden death. Edgar Wilson Nye called her "worse than a Gatling gun".
Here, she is inspired by the Great Chicago Fire: Her less morbid side is on display when she hymns Temperance Reform Clubs: Despite her acknowledgment that "Literary is a work difficult to do," she did not approve of the life of Byron: Mark Twain was a self-described fan of Moore. Twain alluded to her work in Following the Equator, it is assumed that Moore served as a literary model for the character of Emmeline Grangerford in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Grangerford's funereal ode to Stephen Dowling Botts: is not far removed from Moore's poems on subjects like Little Libbie: Moore was the inspiration for comic poet Ogden Nash, as he acknowledged in his first book, whose daughter reported that her work convinced Nash to become a "great bad poet" instead of a "bad good poet"; the Oxford Companion to American Literature describes Nash as using Moore's hyperdithyrambic meters, pseudo-poetic inversions, gangling asymmetrical lines pat or elaborately inexact rimes, parenthetical dissertations, unexpected puns.
Selections of Moore appeared in D. B. Wyndham-Lewis and Charles Lee's famous Stuffed Owl anthology, in
Smithsonian is the official journal published by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D. C; the first issue was published in 1970. The history of Smithsonian began when Edward K. Thompson, the retired editor of Life magazine, was asked by the then-Secretary of the Smithsonian, S. Dillon Ripley, to produce a magazine "about things in which the Smithsonian is interested, might be interested or ought to be interested."Thompson would recall that his philosophy for the new magazine was that it "would stir curiosity in receptive minds. It would deal with history, it would present art. It would peer of science and technology. Technical matters would be digested and made intelligible by skilled writers who would stimulate readers to reach upward while not turning them off with jargon. We would find the best writers and the best photographers—not unlike the best of the old Life."In 1973, the magazine turned a profit for the first time. By 1974, circulation had nearly quadrupled, to 635,000, it reached the one million milestone in 1975—one of the most successful launches of its time.
In 1980, Thompson was replaced by Don Moser, who had worked at Life, circulation reached upwards of two million, in turn, by Carey Winfrey upon his retirement in 2001. Smithsonian magazine provides in-depth analysis of varied topics within a diverse range of scientific areas, adds photography to supplement its comprehensive features; the monthly magazine looks at the topics and subject matters researched and exhibited by the Smithsonian Institution - science, art, popular culture and innovation - and chronicles them for its diverse readership. Every year since 2012, the Magazine has sponsored the American Ingenuity Awards, a recognition of innovation in the arts and technology. Winners have included Elon Musk, Lin-Manuel Miranda, OK Go, Dave Eggers, Aziz Ansari, Rosanne Cash, Jeff Bezos, Fred Armisen, Bill Hader and David Lynch. Presenters have included Stephen Hawking, Stephen Colbert, David Byrne, Herbie Hancock, Erin Brockovich, Ruben Blades, Bill Nye, Art Spiegelman and Senator Al Franken.
The American Ingenuity Award. Every year since 2003, Smithsonian magazine has run an international photography contest. Tens of thousands of images are submitted from over a hundred countries. 2017 Winners: Thong Huu, Sara Jacoby, Oreon Strusinski, Dan Fenstermacher, Tran Tuan Viet, SEYED MOHAMMAD SADEGH HOSSEINI, Adam Żądło and Mohammad Mohsenifar. 2016 Winners: Pradeep Raja Kannaiah, Milan Sachs, Prelena Soma Owen, Stephanie Foden, Peter Nutkins, Greta Rybus, João Borges, Jim Mneymneh and Alina Rudya. 2015 Winners: Albert Ivan Damanik, Alice Van Kempen, Hidetoshi Ogata, Lauren Pond, Tamina-Florentine Zuch, Tihomir Trichkov, Benedetta Ristori, Radim Schreiber, Jian Wang. 2014 Winners: Pham Ty, Nicolas Reusens, Lorenzo Mittiga, Olivier Douliery, David Martín Huamaní Bedoya, Joydeep Mukherjee, Jefflin Ling, Yilang Peng. 2013 Winners: Sergio Carbajo Rodriguez, Candy Feng, Graham McGeorge, Willie Huang, Nidal Adnan Kibria, Simon Morris, Shamma Esoof, Cesar Rodriguez. Notable past and current contributors to Smithsonian have included: Official website
Samuel Langhorne Clemens, known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, entrepreneur and lecturer. His novels include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the latter called "The Great American Novel". Twain was raised in Hannibal, which provided the setting for Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, he served an apprenticeship with a printer and worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to the newspaper of his older brother Orion Clemens. He became a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River before heading west to join Orion in Nevada, he referred humorously to his lack of success at mining, turning to journalism for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise. His humorous story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County", was published in 1865, based on a story that he heard at Angels Hotel in Angels Camp, where he had spent some time as a miner; the short story brought international attention and was translated into French. His wit and satire, in prose and in speech, earned praise from critics and peers, he was a friend to presidents, artists and European royalty.
Twain earned a great deal of money from his writings and lectures, but he invested in ventures that lost most of it—such as the Paige Compositor, a mechanical typesetter that failed because of its complexity and imprecision. He filed for bankruptcy in the wake of these financial setbacks, but he overcame his financial troubles with the help of Henry Huttleston Rogers, he chose to pay all his pre-bankruptcy creditors in full after he had no legal responsibility to do so. Twain was born shortly after an appearance of Halley's Comet, he predicted that he would "go out with it" as well, he was lauded as the "greatest humorist this country has produced", William Faulkner called him "the father of American literature". Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born on November 30, 1835, in Florida, the sixth of seven children born to Jane, a native of Kentucky, John Marshall Clemens, a native of Virginia, his parents met when his father moved to Missouri, they were married in 1823. Twain was of Cornish and Scots-Irish descent.
Only three of his siblings survived childhood: Orion and Pamela. His sister Margaret died when Twain was three, his brother Benjamin died three years later, his brother Pleasant Hannibal died at three weeks of age. When he was four, Twain's family moved to Hannibal, Missouri, a port town on the Mississippi River that inspired the fictional town of St. Petersburg in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Slavery was legal in Missouri at the time, it became a theme in these writings, his father was an attorney and judge, who died of pneumonia in 1847, when Twain was 11. The next year, Twain left school after the fifth grade to become a printer's apprentice. In 1851 he began working as a typesetter, contributing articles and humorous sketches to the Hannibal Journal, a newspaper that Orion owned; when he was 18, he left Hannibal and worked as a printer in New York City, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Cincinnati, joining the newly formed International Typographical Union, the printers trade union.
He educated himself in public libraries in the evenings, finding wider information than at a conventional school. Twain describes his boyhood in Life on the Mississippi, stating that "there was but one permanent ambition" among his comrades: to be a steamboatman. Pilot was the grandest position of all; the pilot in those days of trivial wages, had a princely salary – from a hundred and fifty to two hundred and fifty dollars a month, no board to pay. As Twain describes it, the pilot's prestige exceeded that of the captain; the pilot had to:...get up a warm personal acquaintanceship with every old snag and one-limbed cottonwood and every obscure wood pile that ornaments the banks of this river for twelve hundred miles. Twain studied the Mississippi, learning its landmarks, how to navigate its currents and how to read the river and its shifting channels, submerged snags, rocks that would "tear the life out of the strongest vessel that floated", it was. Piloting gave him his pen name from "mark twain", the leadsman's cry for a measured river depth of two fathoms, safe water for a steamboat.
As a young pilot, Clemens served on the steamer A. B. Chambers with Grant Marsh, who became famous for his exploits as a steamboat captain on the Missouri River; the two liked each other, admired one another, maintained a correspondence for many years after Clemens left the river. While training, Samuel convinced his younger brother Henry to work with him, arranged a post of mud clerk for him on the steamboat Pennsylvania. On June 13, 1858, the steamboat's boiler exploded. Twain claimed to have foreseen this death in a dream a month earlier, which inspired his interest in parapsychology. Twain held himself responsible for the rest of his life, he continued to work on the river and was a river pilot until the Civil War broke out in 1861, when traffic was curta
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