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American Athletic Conference

The American Athletic Conference, is an American collegiate athletic conference, featuring 12 member universities and six associate member universities that compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I, with its football teams competing in the Football Bowl Subdivision. Member universities represent a range of private and public universities of various enrollment sizes located in urban metropolitan areas in the Northeastern and Southern regions of the United States; the American's legal predecessor, the original Big East Conference, was considered one of the six collegiate power conferences of the Bowl Championship Series era in college football, The American inherited that status in the BCS's final season. With the advent of the College Football Playoff in 2014, The American became a "Group of Five" conference, which shares one automatic spot in the New Year's Six bowl games; the league is the product of substantial turmoil in the old Big East during the 2010–14 conference realignment period.

It is one of two conferences to emerge from the all-sports Big East in 2013. While the other successor, which does not sponsor football, purchased the Big East Conference name, The American inherited the old Big East's structure and is that conference's legal successor. However, both conferences claim 1979 as their founding date, the same history up to 2013; the American is headquartered in Providence, Rhode Island, led by Commissioner Michael Aresco. The Big East Conference was founded in 1979 as a basketball conference and included the colleges of Providence, St. John's, Syracuse, which in turn invited Connecticut, Holy Cross and Boston College to be members. UConn and Boston College would accept the invitation, while Holy Cross soon thereafter declined the invitation, Rutgers declined and remained in the Atlantic 10 Conference. Seton Hall was invited as a replacement and the conference started play with seven members. Villanova and Pittsburgh joined shortly thereafter under the leadership of the first Big East commissioner, Dave Gavitt.

The conference remained unchanged until 1991, when it began to sponsor football, adding Miami as a full member, Rutgers, Virginia Tech, West Virginia as football-only members. Rutgers and West Virginia were offered full all-sports membership in 1995, while Virginia Tech waited until 2000 for the same offer. Temple football was kicked out after the 2004 season, but rejoined in 2012 and intended to become a full member in 2013; the unusual structure of the Big East, with the "football" and "non-football" schools, led to instability in the conference. The waves of defection and replacement brought about by the conference realignments of 2005 and the early 2010s revealed tension between the football-sponsoring and non-football schools that led to the split of the conference in 2013; the conference was reorganized following the tumultuous period of realignment that hobbled the Big East between 2010 and 2013. The Big East was one of the most impacted conferences during the most recent conference realignment period.

In all, 14 member schools announced their departure for other conferences, 15 other schools announced plans to join the conference. Three of the latter group backed out of their plans to join. On December 15, 2012, the Big East's seven remaining non-FBS schools, all Catholic institutions consisting of DePaul, Marquette, Providence, St. John's, Seton Hall, Villanova announced that they voted unanimously to leave the Big East Conference effective June 30, 2015; the "Catholic 7", by leaving, were looking for a more lucrative television deal than the one they would receive by remaining with the football schools. In March 2013, representatives of the Catholic 7 announced they would leave the conference effective June 30, 2013, retaining the Big East name, $10 million, the right to hold the conference's basketball tournament at Madison Square Garden. Following the announcement of the departure of the Catholic 7 universities, the remaining ten football-playing members started the process of selecting a new name for the conference and choosing a new site to hold its basketball tournament.

Various names were considered, with the "America 12" conference one of the finalists until rejected by college presidents sensitive of adding a number to the end of the conference name. On April 3, 2013, the conference announced that it had chosen a new name: American Athletic Conference; the conference revealed that it prefers the nickname "The American" because it was thought "AAC" would cause too much confusion with the Atlantic Coast Conference. To restate and clarify a somewhat confusing series of events: on July 1, the original Big East changed its name to the American Athletic Conference, while the "Catholic 7" split off and joined Butler and Xavier to form a "new" Big East. While The American is reckoned as the original conference and the "new" Big East is considered a spinoff, the "new" Big East retained the rights to the original Big East logo and men's basketball tournament. Louisville and Rutgers spent one season in the newly renamed conference. On July 1, 2014, Louisville joined the Rutgers joined the Big Ten Conference.

On that same day, East Carolina and Tulsa joined The American for all sports, while Sacramento State and San Diego State joined as associate members for women's rowing. Navy joined as an associate member in football on July 1, 2015. For the next several years, The American did not discuss the addition of any new member

Kapka Kassabova

Kapka Kassabova is a poet and writer of fiction and narrative non-fiction. Her mother tongue is Bulgarian. Kapka Kassabova grew up in Sofia, Bulgaria, she studied at the French College in Sofia. After leaving Bulgaria with her family in her late teens, she lived in New Zealand for twelve years where she studied French and English Literature and Creative Writing at the universities of Otago and Victoria, published her first books of poetry and fiction, she moved to Scotland in 2005. After a number of years in Edinburgh, she settled in the Highlands of Scotland, her debut poetry collection All roads lead to the sea won a NZ Montana Book Award and her debut novel Reconnaissance won a Commonwealth Writers' Prize for Asia Pacific in 2000. In 2008, Kassabova published the memoir Street Without a Name, shortlisted for the Dolmann Club Travel Book Award and which Misha Glenny in The Guardian called a "profound meditation on the depth of change triggered by the events of 1989 throughout eastern Europe".

Scotland on Sunday described it as "A memorable piece of acutely observed writing where events are relayed with a novelist’s eye. With its humorous details of close family life and the evocative and sometimes spiritual portrayal of an era lost and a country changed forever, this book recalls the writings of Isabel Allende". Kassabova's tango biography Twelve Minutes of Love, was shortlisted for the Scottish Book Awards and hailed by The Independent as "an exquisitely crafted blend of travelogue, dance history, some good writing on the human condition." The Scotsman's reviewer wrote that "Kassabova is that rare thing, an author who excels in every genre". and the New Zealand Listener wrote that ‘Kassabova’s poetry explores exile and loss. She brings these elements together in this exhilarating account of tango’s addictive character. With a neat twist, she exposes its illusions, locating its place in a journey, both personal and universal.’In 2017, her book of narrative non-fiction Border: a journey to the edge of Europe was published in the UK, USA and Bulgaria, is expected to appear in other languages.

A "brave and moving study of the tragic borderland between Greece and Turkey", it has been described in The Sunday Times as "an exceptional book about Bulgaria's dark magical borderlands... Smokily intense and quiveringly powerful." By Peter Pomerantsev as "a book about borders that makes the reader feel sumptuously free, an effect achieved by the way she moves between literary borders so gracefully: travelogue and existential drama. Mark Mazower described it in The Guardian as "a marvellous book about a magical part of the world", "mystery... is at the heart of the book. Caroline Moorhead in The New Statesman greeted is as "a timely, powerful story of immigration and travel", "an exceptional book, a tale of travelling and listening and it brings something altogether new to the mounting literature on the story of modern migration". Professor Ash Amin of the British Academy in an award speech described Border as being "about the Eastern reaches of Europe but about the essence of place and the essence of human encounter."

The Calvert Journal wrote that Border "reinvents writing about the Balkans." Border won the 2018 British Academy Nayef Al-Rodhan Prize for Global Cultural Understanding, the 2018 Stanford Dolman Travel Book of the Year and the 2017 Saltire Society Scottish Book of the Year, won the inaugural Highland Book Prize in 2018. It was shortlisted in the UK for the Baillie Gifford Prize, the Royal Society of Literature Ondaatje Prize, the Duff Cooper Prize, the Gordon Burns Prize, the Bread and Roses Award, the National Book Critics Circle Awards in the USA. All Roads Lead to the Sea, Auckland University Press 1997 ISBN 1869405285, OCLC 957262995 Reconnaissance, Penguin NZ 1999 Love in the land of Midas, London: Penguin, 2001, ISBN 9780141000121, OCLC 45339588 Someone Else's Life, Bloodaxe 2003 Marti Friedlander by Leonard Bell, Auckland University Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1-8694-0444-4 Geography for the Lost, Bloodaxe 2007 Street Without a Name, Portobello 2008 Villa Pacifica, Penguin NZ/ Alma Books 2011, ISBN 9781846881862, OCLC 779245751 Twelve Minutes of Love: a tango story, Portobello 2011, ISBN 9781846272851, OCLC 784580894 Border: a journey to the edge of Europe, Granta 2017/ Greywolf 2017, ISBN 9781783782147, OCLC 973023241 To the Lake: a Balkan Journey of War and Peace, Granta 2020, ISBN 9781783783977 Author's official website British Academy Al-Rodhan Prize Listen to Kapka Kassabova reading her poetry for the British Library British Council author page

Bowler, Wisconsin

Bowler is a village in Shawano County, United States. The population was 302 at the 2010 census. Bowler was named for Col. J. C. Bowler, who owned a tract of land near the town site. Bowler is located at 44°51′45″N 88°58′51″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.02 square miles, all of it land. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfb"; as of the census of 2010, there were 302 people, 130 households, 87 families living in the village. The population density was 296.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 150 housing units at an average density of 147.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 74.5% White, 17.2% Native American, 8.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population. There were 130 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.1% were non-families.

29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age in the village was 41.7 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 52.6 % female. As of the census of 2000, there are 343 people, 126 households, 90 families living in the village; the population density is 337.7 people per square mile. There are 135 housing units at an average density of 132.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village is 78.13% White, 0.87% African American, 16.62% Native American, 4.37% from two or more races. 0.00 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 126 households out of which 42.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% are married couples living together, 18.3% have a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% are non-families. 24.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.7% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size is 2.62 and the average family size is 3.11. In the village, the population is spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 12.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females, there are 80.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 81.7 males. The median income for a household in the village is $34,167, the median income for a family is $36,563. Males have a median income of $24,375 versus $20,000 for females; the per capita income for the village is $13,285. 6.6% of the population and 3.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 9.0% of those under the age of 18 and 23.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Paul T. Fuhrman, Wisconsin State Representative and businessman lived in Bowler. Skip Jones, a Bowler based folk musician and educator. Bowler School District