The American Cancer Society is a nationwide voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer. Established in 1913, the society is organized into six geographical regions of both medical and lay volunteers operating in more than 250 Regional offices throughout the United States, its global headquarters is located in the American Cancer Society Center in Georgia. The ACS publishes the journals CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians and Cancer Cytopathology; the society was founded on May 22, 1913, by ten physicians and five businessmen in New York City under the name "American Society for the Control of Cancer". The current name was adopted in 1944. According to Charity Navigator, the ACS is one of the oldest and largest volunteer health organizations. At the time of founding, it was not considered appropriate to mention the word "cancer" in public. Information concerning this illness was cloaked in a climate of denial. Over 75,000 people died each year of cancer in just the United States.
The top item on the founders' agenda was to raise awareness of cancer, before any other progress could be made in funding research. Therefore, a frenetic writing campaign was undertaken to educate doctors, nurses and family members about cancer. Articles were written for professional journals; the ASCC undertook to publish their own journal, Campaign Notes, a monthly bulletin with information about cancer. They began recruiting doctors from all over the United States to help educate the public about cancer. In 1936, Marjorie Illig, an ASCC field representative, suggested the creation of a network consisting of new volunteers for the purpose of waging "war on cancer". From 1935 to 1938 the number of people involved in cancer control in the US grew from 15,000 to 150,000. According to Working to Give, the Women's Field Army, a group of volunteers working for the ASCC, was responsible for this increase; the sword symbol, adopted by the American Cancer Society in 1928, was designed by George E. Durant of Brooklyn, New York.
According to Durant, the two serpents forming the handle represent the scientific and medical focus of the society's mission, the blade expresses the "crusading spirit of the cancer control movement". In 2013 the American Cancer Society embarked on a nationwide reorganization, it centralized its operations and consolidated, merging previous regional affiliates into the parent organization. It required all employees to reapply for their jobs; the ACS' activities include providing grants to researchers, including funding 49 Nobel Laureate researchers. The Nobel Prize laureates include James D. Watson, Mario Capecchi, Oliver Smithies, Paul Berg, E. Donnall Thomas, Walter Gilbert; the American Cancer Society's website contained a chronological listing of specific accomplishments in the fight against cancer. More than two million people volunteer with the ACS; the organization runs public health advertising campaigns, organizes projects such as the Relay For Life and the Great American Smokeout. It operates a series of thrift stores to raise money for its operations.
The ACS participates in the Hopkins 4K for Cancer, a 4000-mile bike ride from Baltimore to San Francisco to raise money for the society's Hope Lodge. The society's allocation of funds for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2015, lists 75% of funds for Program Services; the remaining 25% are allocated for supporting services. This meets the Better Business Bureau's Standards for Charity Accountability: Standard 8 of at least 65% of total expenses spent on program activities. In 2012 the American Cancer Society raised $934 million and spent $943 million prompting a national consolidation and cost-cutting reorganization. John R. Seffrin, former CEO of the American Cancer Society, received $2,401,112 salary/compensation from the charity for the 2009–2010 fiscal year; this is the second most money given by any charity to the head of that charity, according to Charity Watch. The money included $1.5 million in a retention benefit approved in 2001, "to preserve management stability". Seffrin's compensation for the fiscal year ending August 31, 2012, was $832,355.
In 2017, it was announced that the American Cancer Society had integrated Mitek Mobile Deposit and MiSnap technology into its mobile fundraising app for iOS and Android platforms. This technology eliminates the need for participants to mail donation checks. In 1994, the Chronicle of Philanthropy, a nonprofit industry publication, released the results of the largest study of charitable and non-profit organization popularity and credibility, conducted by Nye Lavalle & Associates; the study showed that the American Cancer Society was ranked as the 10th "most popular charity/non-profit in America" of over 100 charities researched, with 38% of Americans over the age of 12 choosing "love" and "like a lot" for the ACS. The Better Business Bureau lists American Cancer Society as an accredited charity meeting all of its Standards for Charity Accountability as of January 2012. Charity Navigator rates the society two of four stars for fiscal year 2011. According to Charity Navigator, the society is focused on "eliminating cancer".
Charity Watch rates American Cancer Society a "C", stating that the
Jimbalakudunj is a small Aboriginal community, located 100 kilometres north west of Fitzroy Crossing in the Kimberley Region of Western Australia, within the Shire of Derby-West Kimberley. Jimbalakudunj occupies a unique location in the West Kimberley settlement pattern in the sense that it is proximate to the midway point between the coastal regional centres of Broome/Derby and the inland regional centre of Fitzroy Crossing. Jimbalakudunj was established in the early 1990s by members of the Nargoodah family moving away from Noonkanbah and Fitzroy Crossing onto Paradise Downs Station. An entity to manage the affairs of the community was established in 199; the community is located within the SDWK Nyikina Mangala Indigenous Land Use Agreement area. The community is managed through its incorporated body, Jimbalakudunj Aboriginal Corporation, incorporated under the Aboriginal Councils and Associations Act 1976 on 27 May 1991. Jimbalakudunj Layout Plan No.1 has been prepared in accordance with State Planning Policy 3.2 Aboriginal Settlements.
Layout Plan No.1 was endorsed by. Office of the Registrar of Indigenous Corporations Native Title Indigenous Land Use Agreement summary
Fabian is the English form of the late Roman name Fabianus. This was a name given to those adopted into or descended through the female line from a Roman family named Fabius, that derived from the Latin faba for the broad bean, an important food crop in antiquity, it entered the English language with the Normans, but has never achieved the popularity of Fabien in France, Fabio or Fabiano in Italy and Fabián in Spain. Fabian, or its variants, may be a surname. Pope Fabian, saint to whom is dedicated the Chapel of Saints Fabian and Sebastian in Donji Humac on the island of Brač, Croatia Fabian Aichner, Italian professional wrestler Fabian Almazan, Cuban born American pianist and composer Fabian Bachrach, an American photographer Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer and preacher Fabian Cancellara, Swiss professional road cyclist Fabian Delph, English Footballer Fabian Freyenhagen, British philosopher Fabian von Fersen, Swedish courtier and politician Fabian Forte, 1950s American teen idol and singer known as Fabian Fabian Hambüchen, German gymnast Fabian Hamilton, British politician Fabian Månsson, Swedish socialist Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus ca. 280 BC – 203 BC, Roman politician and general, namesake of the Fabian strategy Fabian Moreau, American football player Fabian Nicieza, American comic book writer Fabian Núñez, American politician Fabian Stang, Norwegian lawyer and politician Fabian Varesi, Italian composer and keyboardist Fabián Vargas, Colombian midfielder Fabian Velardes, Argentinian boxer Fabian Washington, American Football player Fabian Wilnis, Dutch football player Fabian Umoh, Nigeria Data clerk Andrew Fabian, British astronomer and astrophysicist Ava Fabian, Playboy Playmate Christopher Fabian, American technologist Doug Fabian, American investment writer and advisor Eva Fabian, American-Israeli world champion swimmer Dušan Fabian, Slovak writer Genah Fabian, New Zealand mixed martial artist Lara Fabian, Canadian-Belgian singer Steven Fabian, American news anchor Miriam Fabijan, Slovenian-Canadian artist